WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade

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1 WS/FCS Unit Planning Organizer Subject(s) Social Studies Conceptual Lenses Grade/Course 9 th Grade Global Economy Unit of Study Interwar Years and WWII (7.1, 7.2, 7.3, 7.6, 8.1) Power Nationalism Unit Title Unit 9: Interwar Years and WWII War Pacing 8 days (block) Unit Overview Points of focus in this unit include the political, ethnic, and economic forces which result in widespread wars. Students will develop a understanding of The Interwar Years: economic depression and a shift in political influence and power - influence of Karl Marx, rise of communism, creation of Soviet Union - rise of fascism resulted from economic pressures and social class struggles World War II: causes, significant events and effects, ending with 1945 events Unit Enduring Understanding(s) Unit Essential Question(s) 1. Economic crisis in one country can impact the global economy. 2. Political power often shifts when a nation faced economic instability. 3. Nationalism and the quest for power are often underlying causes for war. 4. Key events in history can signal turning points that shift the balance of power within regions and between nations. 1. How can a country s economic problems affect the global economy? 2. How can political and economic instability lead to a shift in power? 3. How can Nationalism and the quest for power lead to war? 4. Why would the changes in the balance of power as a result of World War II be considered a turning point in history? 1

2 Essential State Standards Priority Objectives Supporting Objectives Evaluate key turning points of the modern era in terms of their lasting impact (e.g. conflicts, documents, policies, movements, etc.). Analyze the increase in economic and military competition among nations in terms of the influences of nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and industrialization (e.g. Ottoman Empire, Japanese Empire, Prussian Empire, the German Empire, Have and Have Nots of Europe, industrial America, etc.). WH.H.6.2 Analyze political revolutions in terms of their causes and impact on independence, governing bodies and church-state relations (e.g. Glorious Revolution, American Revolution, French Revolution, Russian Revolution, Haitian, Mexican, Chinese, etc.). Analyze economic and political rivalries, ethnic and regional conflicts, and nationalism and imperialism as underlying causes of war (e.g. WWI, Russian Revolution, WWII). WH.H.7.6 Explain how economic crisis contributed to the growth of various political and economic movements (e.g. Great, nationalistic movements of colonial Africa and Asia, socialist and communist movements, effect on capitalist economic theory, etc.). Evaluate global wars in terms of how they challenged political and economic power structures and gave rise to new balances of power (e.g. Spanish American War, WWI, WWII, Vietnam War, Colonial Wars in Africa, Persian Gulf, etc.). 2

3 Unpacked Concepts (students need to know) key turning points of the modern era in terms of their lasting impact the increase in economic and military competition among nations influences of nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and industrialization economic and political rivalries, ethnic and regional conflicts, nationalism and imperialism as underlying causes of war WH.H.7.6 economic crisis contributed to the growth of various political and economic movements global wars political and economic power structures new balances of power Unpacked Skills (students need to be able to do) Evaluate (turning points) Analyze (the influence) Analyze (causes of war) WH.H.7.6 Explain (how it contributed) Evaluate (the challenges) COGNITION (RBT Level) Evaluating Analyzing Analyzing WH.H.7.6 Understanding Evaluating 3

4 Standard(s) Unit Chunking & Enduring Understandings Suggested Lesson Essential Questions Possible Factual Content (Bold Found in Standards) Example(s) From Unpacked Standard Evaluate key turning points of the modern era in terms of their lasting impact. Analyze the increase in economic and military competition among nations in terms of the influences of nationalism, imperialism, militarism, and industrialization. Analyze economic and political rivalries, ethnic and regional conflicts, and nationalism and imperialism as underlying causes of war. The Interwar Years The global economy is impacted when the leading economic power faces a financial crisis. When government is no longer able to meet the needs of the people, alternative systems often emerge to provide stability and security. How did the Great affect the global community? How did the writings of Karl Marx influence the Russian Revolution? How can economic instability lead to nationalism? Great Economic Unequal Distribution of Wealth Stock Market Crash Karl Marx Soviet Union Russian Revolution Marxism Communism Czar Nicolas II Bolsheviks Vladimir Lenin Leon Trotsky Joseph Stalin Gulag Totalitarianism Nationalism Germany German Debt from WWI Italy Imperial Japan Fascism Dictators Benito Mussolini Adolf Hitler Nazi Party Economic depression in one country can substantially affect the economies of other nations. The writings of Karl Marx influenced the Russian Revolution and created the Soviet Union. Changes in leadership prompted by the political action of citizens can be a direct result of economic problems. 4

5 WH.H.7.6 Explain how economic crisis contributed to the growth of various political and economic movements. Evaluate global wars in terms of how they challenged political and economic power structures and gave rise to new balances of power. World War II Causes A lack of global collaboration can lead to war. How did the result of World War I, the Great, and German and Italian nationalism lead to World War II? Anti-Semitism Nuremburg Laws Kristallnacht Propaganda Treaty of Versailles Global Expansionist Policies Axis Powers American Isolationism Reparations Alliances Appeasement Winston Churchill Nazi-Soviet Non- Aggression Pact Resources Allies The failure of the Treaty of Versailles, the impact of the global depression, and the expansionist policies and actions of Axis nations are viewed as major factors that resulted in WWII. World War II Global wars can result in the development of new technology and a change in the balance of power. How do total wars lead to technological innovation and changes in political boundaries? Total War Battle of Britain Pearl Harbor Franklin D. Roosevelt Battle of Stalingrad Battle of Midway D-Day V-E Day V-J Day Technology Atomic Bomb World War II was a total war in which nations mobilized entire populations and economies and employed new military tactics that resulted in unprecedented death and destruction, as well as drastic changes in political boundaries. 5

6 Global wars can shift political and economic power, which can result in the development of new global tensions. What are the positive and negative outcomes of war? How do countries address the outcomes of war? Turning Points Genocide Ethnic Conflict Holocaust Yalta Conference United Nations Potsdam Conference Changes in political and economic power can be a direct result of global conflict. HISTORY Nationalism War GEOGRAPHY CIVICS & GOVERNMENT Treaties ECONOMICS Competition CULTURE Global Connections Alliances Genocide Language Objective EXAMPLES Key Vocabulary LO: SWBAT define and explain the terms depression, competition, imperialism, alliance, treaties, genocide, and nationalism. Language Functions LO: SWBAT explain how economic and military competition lead to war Language Skills LO: SWBAT read a passage about nationalism and identify a cause that could lead to war. (Reading passages should be chosen/modified in accordance with the LEP students zone of proximal development). Grammar and Language LO: SWBAT use descriptive words in a writing assignment that describes the quality of life for citizens during a depression.. Lesson Tasks LO: SWBAT read and summarize a passage about World War Iand explain this summary to a group. Language Learning Strategy LO: SWBAT develop a cause/effect graphic organizer analyzing and identifying the causes and effects Nationalism, imperialism, industrialism, and increased competition had on the nations. (The linguistic load will vary from LEP student to LEP student. Level 1-2 LEP students may need a word bank or other supplement to complete this activity using this strategy). 6

7 Historical Thinking and Geography Skill Resources Straight Ahead Uphill Mountainous Historical Thinking Geography Skills General Unit Resources. SAS Curriculum Pathways #933 World War I: Failure of European Diplomacy #193 World War I: The Schlieffen Plan #935 The Munich Crisis #194 World War II: Japanese Expansion Learn 360 Causes of WWI Remarkable 20 th Century (see individual decade programs) Treaty of Versailles Between the Wars series (includes The Great and Foreign Policy) Bridging World History Bridging World History Unit 20: Imperial Designs Unit 22: Global War and Peace World History for us all World History for Us All Unit 8: A Half Century of Crisis

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