Test Review Chapter 7

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Test Review Chapter 7"

Transcription

1 Name: Test Review Chapter 7 Period: 1. An unconditioned stimulus: A) becomes a response to the conditioned stimulus. B) causes the conditioning to happen. C) is a previously neutral response that becomes paired with a reflexive response. D) triggers an unconditioned response reflexively or automatically. 2. In classical conditioning, the UCR: A) happens after the CR. B) is the response to the CS. C) is the response to the UCS. D) triggers the UCS to occur. 3. The conditioned stimulus (CS): A) is the response to the UCS. B) is the originally neutral stimulus that gains the power to cause the CR. C) triggers an unconditioned response reflexively or automatically when the CR happens. D) is what triggers the UCS to occur. 4. The conditioned response (CR) is the response to the: A) CS. B) learning. C) UCS. D) UCR. 5. During acquisition, the is paired with a. A) CR; CS B) CS; UCR C) UCS; CS D) UCS; UCR 6. Which of the following is an unconditioned response? A) clapping after a thrilling concert performance B) playing jump rope C) running through a maze to get a food reward D) sweating in hot weather 7. Extinction occurs when a is no longer paired with a. A) CS; UCS B) UCR; CR C) UCS; CR D) UCS; UCR 8. Spontaneous recovery refers to the: A) expression of learning that had occurred earlier but had not been expressed because of lack of incentive. B) organism's tendency to respond spontaneously to stimuli similar to the CS as though they were the CS. C) reappearance, after a rest period, of an extinguished conditioned response. D) return of a response after punishment has been terminated. Page 1

2 9. Kathleen developed an intense fear of flying 5 years ago when she was in a plane crash. The fact that today she can again fly without distress indicates that her fear has undergone: A) discrimination. B) extinction. C) generalization. D) spontaneous recovery. 10. In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the taste of food was a(n): A) conditioned response. B) conditioned stimulus. C) unconditioned response. D) unconditioned stimulus. 11. In Pavlov's experiments, the dog's salivation triggered by the sound of the tone was a(n): A) conditioned response. B) conditioned stimulus. C) unconditioned response. D) unconditioned stimulus. 12. Generalization occurs when: A) a person learns to like similar stimuli. B) an organism produces the same response to similar stimuli. C) similar responses are caused by the same stimuli. D) the same UCS causes two similar UCRs. 13. Discrimination occurs when: A) a person shows prejudice against someone else due to a personal characteristic, such as race. B) a very specific UCS causes a specific UCR. C) an organism responds to a specific CS, instead of all similar CSs. D) an organism responds in the same way to all similar stimuli. 14. If Pavlov's dogs started to salivate whenever they heard any type of tone similar to the tuning fork (like the doorbell, or a church bell), Pavlov would explain that the dogs the response. A) discriminated B) extinguished C) generalized D) recovered 15. After learning to fear a white rat, Little Albert responded with fear to the sight of a rabbit. This best illustrates the process of: A) generalization. B) reinforcement. C) shaping. D) spontaneous recovery. 16. Rescorla and Wagner showed that predictability rather than the number of times a CS and UCS are paired is important for classical conditioning. This finding highlights the importance of in conditioning. A) cognition B) discrimination C) generalization D) spontaneous recovery Page 2

3 17. Operant conditioning is: A) a type of learning in which the frequency of responding depends on consequences. B) a way to describe certain thoughts or cognitions about operations, like problem solving. C) conditioning that involves pairing unconditioned and conditioned stimuli. D) learning by observing the operations of other people. 18. The law of effect refers to the tendency to: A) learn associations between unconditioned stimuli and conditioned stimuli, leading to unconditioned and conditioned responses. B) learn without reinforcement. C) lose interest in an activity after we're rewarded for it. D) repeat behaviors with favorable consequences, and avoid behaviors with unfavorable consequences. 19. The psychologist most closely associated with the study of operant conditioning was: A) Bandura. B) Pavlov. C) Skinner. D) Watson. 20. Reinforcement is defined as: A) any consequence that decreases the likelihood a behavior will be repeated. B) any consequence that increases the likelihood a behavior will be repeated. C) any stimuli an organism thinks is favorable or pleasurable. D) verbal praise provided after an action. 21. Punishment is defined as: A) any consequence that decreases the likelihood a behavior will be repeated. B) any consequence that increases the likelihood a behavior will be repeated. C) any stimuli an organism thinks is favorable or pleasurable. D) verbal praise provided after an action. 22. In what way is positive reinforcement different than negative reinforcement? A) Both are types of rewards, but negative reinforcement refers to rewards that an organism doesn't like. B) Positive reinforcement involves adding a stimulus, and negative reinforcement involves taking a stimulus away. C) Positive reinforcement is like a reward and negative reinforcement is like a punishment. D) Positive reinforcement is used with humans and negative reinforcement is used with animals. 23. Masako was hit with a baseball last week during practice and now refuses to play. This behavior best illustrates the effects of: A) delayed reinforcers. B) negative reinforcers. C) primary reinforcers. D) punishment. 24. Esme's mom cooks a big plate of cooked tofu as a reward, because Esme cleaned her room this weekend. Esme doesn't ever clean her room again. In this situation, the tofu might be A) a punishment. B) a conditioned stimulus. C) a reinforcement. D) an unconditioned stimulus. Page 3

4 25. Because Carol would always pick up her newborn daughter when she began to cry, her daughter is now a real crybaby. In this case, picking up the infant served as a(n) for crying. A) conditioned stimulus B) negative reinforcer C) positive reinforcer D) unconditioned stimulus 26. Secondary reinforcers are reinforcing because: A) getting two reinforcers (the first and the second one) changes behavior more quickly. B) most people think about them in favorable ways. C) they occur after an event (second) so we associate them with a specific stimulus. D) we learned to pair them with primary reinforcers. 27. A circus trainer is trying to get his tigers to jump through a flaming hoop. He gives the tiger a food reward for moving toward the hoop, then getting up on her hind legs, and finally for jumping through the hoop. Which operant conditioning technique is the circus trainer using? A) classical conditioning B) extinction C) schedules of reinforcement D) shaping 28. When an organism has been conditioned to distinguish between similar stimuli, behaviorists say the organism can: A) discriminate. B) generalize. C) operantly behave. D) reinforce. 29. David's parents give him $20 every time he gets an A in a class. When he moves away to college, his parents stop giving him this money for his grades, and he doesn't get As any more. Which of the following concepts best explains why David stops getting As? A) extinction B) negative reinforcement C) shaping D) spontaneous recovery 30. Which type of reinforcement schedules require the learner to wait a period of time after a correct response for reinforcement? A) continuous reinforcement schedules B) interval schedules C) partial reinforcement schedules D) ratio schedules 31. Jennifer edits manuscripts for a publisher and is paid $5 for every three pages she edits. Jennifer is reinforced on a schedule. A) fixed-interval B) fixed-ratio C) variable-interval D) variable-ratio 32. Which of the following behaviors is typically reinforced on a variable-interval schedule? A) checking the mailbox to see if the mail has arrived B) inserting coins into a slot machine C) paying a cashier for a candy bar D) studying for weekly quizzes Page 4

5 33. When the Zantays eat dinner, the family dog begs for food. Sometimes, but not often, the children give in to the dog's begging and pass their pet a tasty morsel. You would be most justified in predicting that: A) as soon as the children stop reinforcing the dog's begging, it will stop begging. B) the dog is eventually going to stop begging for food. C) the dog is going to be quite persistent in its begging in the future. D) the dog will always beg for food even if the Zantays never reinforce the begging. 34. If only some correct responses are being reinforced, is being used. A) continuous reinforcement B) operant conditioning C) partial reinforcement D) positive reinforcement 35. Spenser disrupts class by telling jokes all the time. His teacher ignores the jokes, and eventually Spenser stops telling them. How would an operant conditioning theorist explain this situation? A) Spenser was punished for telling jokes so he stopped telling them. B) Spenser wasn't reinforced for telling jokes, so the behavior became extinct. C) Telling jokes can't be conditioned because it is a cognitive phenomenon. D) The teacher reinforced Spenser for not telling jokes. 36. Dr. Raheja places a rat in a small, glass-enclosed chamber where it learns to press a bar to obtain a food pellet. Dr. Raheja is using a to study learning. A) Bandura compartment B) Garcia chamber C) Pavlovian maze D) Skinner box 37. Observational learning primarily involves: A) pairing of an unconditioned and a conditioned stimuli. B) repetition and memory of facts. C) rewards and punishments. D) watching others and modeling. 38. Three-year-old Alesha sees her father hit the cat after the cat scratches the sofa. The next day, Alesha hits the cat. Alesha's actions are an example of: A) classical conditioning. B) latent learning. C) observational learning. D) operant conditioning. 39. Which of the following psychologists is known for her/his research with observational learning? A) Bandura B) Freud C) Skinner D) Watson 40. The Bobo doll experiments in which children saw an adult hit a Bobo doll and then imitated the violence themselves demonstrated the existence of what type of learning? A) classical conditioning B) observational learning C) operant conditioning D) the practice effect Page 5

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Learning A relatively permanent change in behavior caused by experience Classical Conditioning Type of learning where a stimulus gains the power to cause a response The stimulus

More information

Definition Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience.

Definition Learning is a relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience. EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (7th Edition) David Myers Chapter 7 How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Operant Conditioning Skinner s Experiments Contrasting Classical & Operant Conditioning

More information

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 10: Operant & Cognitive Approaches. Module 10. Operant & Cognitive Approaches

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 10: Operant & Cognitive Approaches. Module 10. Operant & Cognitive Approaches Module 10 Operant & Cognitive Approaches OPERANT CONDITIONING Thorndike s law of effect states that behaviors followed by positive consequences are strengthened, while behaviors followed by negative consequences

More information

Chapter Outline. Learning. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D.

Chapter Outline. Learning. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D. Ch. 6 Learning and Behavior General Psychology Jeffrey D. Leitzel, Ph.D. Chapter Outline Types of Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning 2 Learning Learning: Relatively

More information

Learning. Classical Conditioning. Neutral stimulus (NS)- a stimulus that does not cause a response. Before Conditioning

Learning. Classical Conditioning. Neutral stimulus (NS)- a stimulus that does not cause a response. Before Conditioning Term Explanation Application/Example/Extension Classical conditioning is a type of learning where a previously neutral stimulus that is continuously paired with an unconditioned stimulus (a natural stimulus

More information

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 9: Classical Conditioning. Module 9. Classical Conditioning

Introduction to Psychology, 7th Edition, Rod Plotnik Module 9: Classical Conditioning. Module 9. Classical Conditioning Module 9 Classical Conditioning THREE KINDS OF LEARNING 1. Classical conditioning a kind of learning in which a neutral stimulus acquires the ability to produce a response that was originally produced

More information

Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg ) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: o Example:

Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg ) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: o Example: Koch AP Psych Unit VI Reading Guide Learning Module 26: How We Learn and Classical Conditioning (pg. 262-274) Learning: What does it mean that we learn by association? Habituation: Associative Learning:

More information

Chapter 6. Chapter 6 Preview. What is Learning? Learning defined

Chapter 6. Chapter 6 Preview. What is Learning? Learning defined Learning defined Chapter 6 Learning and Behavior Analysis Chapter 6 Preview The Study of Learning Classical Conditioning: Learning Predictable Signals Operant Conditioning: Learning About Consequences

More information

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Chapter 7 Learning Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Association We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence

More information

LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6

LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6 LEARNING MEYERS AND DEWALL CHAPTER 6 LEARNING OVERVIEW HOW DO WE LEARN? CLASSICAL CONDITIONING OPERANT CONDITIONING BIOLOGY, COGNITION, AND LEARNING LEARNING BY OBSERVATION LEARNING Learning the process

More information

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience

Learning. Learning. relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Learning Learning relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience Association *We learn by association Our minds naturally connect events that occur in sequence Aristotle 2000 years

More information

Learning Notes. I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior.

Learning Notes. I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior. Learning Notes I think this is a fun lesson! Anyone with pets or children has seen how these principles are applied to behavior. Learning is more than taking classes! It changes your behavior and how you

More information

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning

Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter 7 Conditioning and Learning Chapter Summary Definitions Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience. A stimulus is anything that comes in through your senses.

More information

UNIT 6: LEARNING. 6. When the US is presented prior to a neutral stimulus, conditioning DOES NOT (does/does not) occur.

UNIT 6: LEARNING. 6. When the US is presented prior to a neutral stimulus, conditioning DOES NOT (does/does not) occur. UNIT 6: LEARNING HOW DO WE LEARN? OBJECTIVE 1: Define learning, and identify two forms of learning. 1. A relatively permanent change in an organism s behavior due to experience is called LEARNING. 2. More

More information

Chapter 5 OC (operant conditioning) quiz practice Name Period Date

Chapter 5 OC (operant conditioning) quiz practice Name Period Date Chapter 5 OC (operant conditioning) quiz practice Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Thorndike was known for his

More information

Section One: Classical Conditioning

Section One: Classical Conditioning Operational Definitions Learning Learning Page 1 of 8 o A relatively change in behavior (or behavior potential) due to Behaviorism experience o Research on learning has been influenced by this approach

More information

Welcome to Psychology, The First Assessment

Welcome to Psychology, The First Assessment Your first assessment task begins here!! Below you will find some reading about an approach in psychology called behaviourism. This is not the only type of psychology that we will consider but it was one

More information

CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS

CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS CALICUT UNIVERSITY SCHOOL OF DISTANCE EDUCATION CORE COURSE OF BSc. COUNSELLING PSYCHOLOGY LEARNING AND BEHAVIOUR MULTIPLE CHOICE QUESTIONS 1. Learning may be defined as a change in behavior that occurs

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter in Review 1. Learning is difficult to define, but most psychologists would agree that: In learning the organism acquires some new knowledge or behavior as a result of experience; learning can

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning ClASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience

Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience 1 Learning: A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience What are some ways that you learn? Seeing Doing Associating Other ways? 3 Unlike some animals we are not necessarily born with a

More information

Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories

Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories Psychology Teach Yourself Series Topic 10: Learning Theories A: Level 14, 474 Flinders Street Melbourne VIC 3000 T: 1300 134 518 W: tssm.com.au E: info@tssm.com.au TSSM 2013 Page 1 of 6 Contents Learning

More information

5) A reinforcer that removes something unpleasant from a situation is a(n) reinforcer. A) negative B) secondary C) positive D) primary

5) A reinforcer that removes something unpleasant from a situation is a(n) reinforcer. A) negative B) secondary C) positive D) primary CH 5 review Name If you haven't outlined the chapter in its entirety, please do so by Jan 1. MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) A

More information

Chapter 7: Learning. Learning. Learning. PSY 110: General Psychology

Chapter 7: Learning. Learning. Learning. PSY 110: General Psychology Chapter 7: Learning PSY 110: General Psychology Learning Monkeys beginning to wash their food before they eat it The rituals that athletes perform before/during contests Birds learning to flutter their

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Classical Conditioning Module 21 2 Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn?

More information

Unit VI: Learning. Ms. Justice AP Psychology

Unit VI: Learning. Ms. Justice AP Psychology Unit VI: Learning Ms. Justice AP Psychology 2014-2015 Unit VI - Overview 26 How We Learn & Classical Conditioning 27 Operant Conditioning 28 Operant Conditioning s Applications, and Comparison to Classical

More information

Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 "Learning" LEARNING TARGETS

Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 Learning LEARNING TARGETS Psychology with Mr. Duez UNIT 3 "Learning" LEARNING TARGETS If you learn only 6 things from this chapter... 1. Learning refers to a relatively permanent change in behavior based on experience. 2. Classical

More information

2. Which of the following would be an example of second-order conditioning?

2. Which of the following would be an example of second-order conditioning? Princeton-Learning 1. After having been struck by a car, a dog now exhibits fear response every time a car approaches. The dog also exhibits a fear response to the approach of a bus, a truck, a bicycle,

More information

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning

How do we Learn? How do you know you ve learned something? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? Chapter 6 Learning How do we Learn? Chapter 6 Learning CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is learning? What is Classical Conditioning? How do you know you ve learned something? 1 Can our beliefs and attitudes be a result of learning??

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 7 1 Chapter Test 1. Knowing how to do something, like drive a car or play a sport, is referred to as a. explicit knowledge b. behavioral knowledge c. procedural knowledge d. implicit knowledge 2. All of

More information

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions

Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions Chapter 6 Learning Objectives with SubQuestions #1) Describe Pavlov's demonstration of classical conditioning and the key elements in this form of learning (pp 170 171) What is classical conditioning?

More information

Programmed Learning Review

Programmed Learning Review Programmed Learning Review L-HO1-121907 Take another sheet of paper and cover the answers located in the right hand column. Then read through the unit filling in the blanks as you go. After filling in

More information

Written Assignment 2. Chapters Covering Learning and Memory. Corresponds with Exam 2

Written Assignment 2. Chapters Covering Learning and Memory. Corresponds with Exam 2 Written Assignment 2 Chapters Covering Learning and Memory Corresponds with Exam 2 In partial fulfillment of the requirements for PSYC 2301 Introduction to Psychology Houston Community College Professor:

More information

Behavioral Principles. S-R Learning. Pavlov & Classical Conditioning 12/2/2009

Behavioral Principles. S-R Learning. Pavlov & Classical Conditioning 12/2/2009 Behavioral Principles S-R Learning Classical conditioning The most basic form of learning; one stimulus comes to serve as a signal for the occurrence of a second stimulus (the response) Stimulus a physical

More information

AP Psychology-Leaning Mod Practice Exam Final Page 1 Choose the best response to each question.

AP Psychology-Leaning Mod Practice Exam Final Page 1 Choose the best response to each question. AP Psychology-Leaning Mod Practice Exam Final Page 1 Choose the best response to each question. 1.To be effective in promoting observational learning, models should be: A) successful. D) consistent in

More information

Learning. Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience

Learning. Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience Learning Relatively permanent behavior change that is acquired through experience Learning vs Maturation Not all behavior change is best described as learning Maturation (neuromuscular development) usually

More information

Visualizing Psychology

Visualizing Psychology Visualizing Psychology by Siri Carpenter & Karen Huffman PowerPoint Lecture Notes Presentation Chapter 6: Learning Siri Carpenter, Yale University Karen Huffman, Palomar College Lecture Overview Classical

More information

The Adaptive Mind 4/15/15. Reflexes. Instincts. Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through experience.

The Adaptive Mind 4/15/15. Reflexes. Instincts. Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through experience. The Adaptive Mind What Is Classical Conditioning? What Is Operant Conditioning? What Is Observational Learning? Reflexes Reflexes are simple, inflexible (we can t stop them), and are not learned through

More information

John Watson: Little Albert Study

John Watson: Little Albert Study Three Types of Learning Learning Chapter 6 Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Observational learning John Watson: Little Albert Study Pavlov Classical Conditioning Neutral Stimulus (NS) Unconditioned

More information

The Behavioral Approach

The Behavioral Approach The Behavioral Approach It s all about observable behavior! In order to understand another person, you must simply understand the consequences he/she experienced during a lifetime. Ivan Pavlov B.F. Skinner

More information

Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning

Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning PSYC 1001 Page 1 Chapter 6 Phobias: Irrational fears of specific objects or situations, often the result of a type of learning called classical conditioning Learning: A relatively durable change in behaviour

More information

Practice. PSYCHOLOGY Practice

Practice. PSYCHOLOGY Practice PSYCHOLOGY Practice Practice Directions: Each of the questions or incomplete statements below is followed by five suggested answers or completions. Select the one that is best in each case and then fill

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Worth Publishers, 2007 1 Classical Conditioning Module 21 2 Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments

More information

Learning: Classical Conditioning

Learning: Classical Conditioning How Do We Learn? Learning Learning: Classical Conditioning Chapter 7 One way is through Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending Pavlov s Understanding Pavlov s Legacy Psy 12000.003 1 2 Definition

More information

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov

Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? learning Conditioning II. Classical Conditioning: Associating Stimuli Ivan Pavlov Chapter 5: Learning I. Introduction: What Is Learning? A. Psychologists define learning as a process that produces a relatively enduring change in behavior or knowledge as a result of an individual s experience.

More information

Learning: Classical Conditioning

Learning: Classical Conditioning Learning: Classical Conditioning Outline Learning Overview Classical conditioning Ivan Pavlov & his dogs Watson Terminology Applications Transitioning from classical conditioning to operant conditioning

More information

Learning Theories 4- Behaviorism

Learning Theories 4- Behaviorism LEARNING THEORIES - BEHAVIORISM CHAPTER 4 CHAPTER Learning Theories 4- Behaviorism LEARNING OUTCOMES After studying this chapter, you should be able to: 1. Explain the principles of classical conditioning,

More information

Classical Conditioning Notes by Dr. Ilija Gallego. The Simplest Type of Learning: Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Notes by Dr. Ilija Gallego. The Simplest Type of Learning: Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning Classical Conditioning Notes by Dr. Ilija Gallego The Simplest Type of Learning: Pavlovian or Respondent Conditioning Classical conditioning is based on Stimulus > Response A stimulus in anything you can

More information

Learning. Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. Permanent Experience Practice

Learning. Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. Permanent Experience Practice Learning Any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice Permanent Experience Practice Ivan Pavlov (1849-1936) Russian Physiologist Father= Village Priest Father-in-law=

More information

Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process.

Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process. Learning is a relatively permanent change in behaviour that occurs through experience. It is a continuous process. It is a gradual process. Process of Learning A stimulus could be an event, situation,

More information

What is learning? - I

What is learning? - I What is learning? - I Learning is a continuous process of interaction between an organism and its environment. Learning involves the perception and processing of information at a number of levels. At a

More information

Psychology HW pg

Psychology HW pg Psychology HW pg. 313-325 Stimulus: something that produces a reaction, or response Pavlov's Dog Pavlov knew that dogs normally salivate (mouth watering) if meat powder is placed on their tongue. In other

More information

CHAPTER 6: Learning Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning

CHAPTER 6: Learning Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING. Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning CHAPTER 6: Learning 2004 Prentice Hall Publishing LEARNING Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning LEARNING DEFINING LEARNING The modification through experience of pre-existing

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning CHAPTER 8 Classical Conditioning 131. A group of ranchers attempts to discourage coyotes from attacking their sheep by placing a substance on the wool of the sheep that makes coyotes violently ill if they

More information

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS

HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS HONORS PSYCHOLOGY REVIEW QUESTIONS The purpose of these review questions is to help you assess your grasp of the facts and definitions covered in your textbook. Knowing facts and definitions is necessary

More information

Skinner and Operant Conditioning. Slide One:

Skinner and Operant Conditioning. Slide One: Skinner and Operant Conditioning Slide One: Two characteristics help us distinguish between the two forms of associative learning. As you learned in classical conditioning, the organism learns associations

More information

REVISION NOTES. Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology LEARNING THEORIES. Understanding the Individual

REVISION NOTES. Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology LEARNING THEORIES. Understanding the Individual Intermediate 1 & 2 Psychology Understanding the Individual LEARNING THEORIES REVISION NOTES 1 www.curriculumpress.co.uk Number 55 Psychology Factsheets s 2 3 4 OPERANT CONDITIONING Trial and Error Learning

More information

Psychology Unit 5 Test

Psychology Unit 5 Test Psychology Unit 5 Test 1 Choose the best answer. (2 pts each). Psychology Unit 5 Test 1. Twenty years after graduating, a subject is able to correctly identify photographs of students she attended high

More information

Psychology Dr. Saman Lecture 2 - Learning

Psychology Dr. Saman Lecture 2 - Learning Psychology Dr. Saman Lecture 2 - Learning Learning refers to relatively permanent changes in behavior resulting from practice or experience Observation can lead to learning Learning requires an operational

More information

Introduction to Learning. Chapter 1

Introduction to Learning. Chapter 1 Introduction to Learning Chapter 1 A Definition of Learning Learning is: An experiential process Resulting in a relatively permanent change Not explained by temporary states, maturation, or innate response

More information

UNIT 6: LEARNING A. SIMPLE FORMS OF LEARNING

UNIT 6: LEARNING A. SIMPLE FORMS OF LEARNING UNIT 6: LEARNING Learning: Stressing the lasting change/permanent Behaviorist Psychologists vs. Cognitive Psychologists Behavioral: Learning only occurs with behavior since they can observe behavior. Cognitive:

More information

During this unit, we will be looking at the following topics:

During this unit, we will be looking at the following topics: Unit 5: Learning and Conditioning For many species, including of course human beings, the ability to survive depends upon our ability to modify our behavior based upon experience. In other words, our survival

More information

Learning. Exam 2 Results. Learning. Learning. Definition. Learning. Chapter 8. How Do We Learn? Operant Conditioning. Classical Conditioning

Learning. Exam 2 Results. Learning. Learning. Definition. Learning. Chapter 8. How Do We Learn? Operant Conditioning. Classical Conditioning Exam 2 Results Top Score: 49 Mean: 35.80 Bimodal: 34 and 37 Median: 36 Standard Deviation: 5.81 To calculate your approximate grade, divide 49 by your score. Example: 36/49 = 73.5% = C Chapter 8 1 2 How

More information

Why do people like extra credit?

Why do people like extra credit? Why do people like extra credit? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is Operant Conditioning? Ch.6-Learning 1 Classical Conditioning was a good start but B. F. Skinner believed that more behaviors can be explained

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Chapter 5 Learning Classical Conditioning Learning relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience Behaviorism emphasizes the study of observable behavior and the role of the environment as determinant

More information

Slide 1: What is Learning? Learning- a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience.

Slide 1: What is Learning? Learning- a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience. Slide 1: What is? - a relatively durable change in behavior that is due to experience. Common examples- Language Sports Mastery Social Behavior Reading etc Types of to be studied Observational (Bandura)-

More information

Thinking About Psychology

Thinking About Psychology Thinking About Psychology Charles T. Blair-Broeker & Randal M. Ernst PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2012 Development and Learning Domain Drbimages/istockphoto

More information

Chapter 5. Learning. Outline

Chapter 5. Learning. Outline Chapter 5 Learning Outline I. What Is Learning? A. Learning is demonstrated by a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as the result of practice or experience. 1. Learning cannot be observed

More information

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION

GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 LEARNING REVISION GCSE PSYCHOLOGY UNIT 2 CLASSICAL CONDITIONING LEARNING LEARNING= Is a relatively permanent change in behaviour due to experience Some behaviours are learnt, but

More information

Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice "Quiz" Name Period Date

Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice Quiz Name Period Date Chapter 5 CC (Classical Conditioning) Practice "Quiz" Name Period Date MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1) Conditioned taste aversions

More information

Psychology of Learning

Psychology of Learning Classical Conditioning Pavlov and the Dogs Little Albert UCS UCR Neutral stimulus CS CR Stimulus discrimination Stimulus generalization Extinction Spontaneous recovery Conditioned compensatory response

More information

Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning

Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning Psychology Behavior 01 Notes Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning Behaviorism is essentially the study of how we learn. Humans are different from many animals in that we possess very little instinct, or

More information

Study Test Chapter 6. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question.

Study Test Chapter 6. Name: Class: Date: Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. Name: Class: _ Date: _ Study Test Chapter 6 Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question. 1. A relatively durable change in behavior or knowledge that is

More information

Learning UNIT 6 UNIT PREVIEW UNIT GUIDE

Learning UNIT 6 UNIT PREVIEW UNIT GUIDE UNIT 6 Learning UNIT PREVIEW Learning helps us adapt to our environment. Pavlov explored classical conditioning, in which we learn to anticipate events, such as being fed or experiencing pain. In his famous

More information

Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning What is Classical Conditioning and how does it work... Conditioning involves learning associations between events that occur in an organism's environment. Classical Conditioning

More information

Why do people like extra credit?

Why do people like extra credit? Why do people like extra credit? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is Operant Conditioning? Ch.6-Learning 1 Classical Conditioning was a good start but B. F. Skinner believed that more behaviors can be explained

More information

Behavioral & Cognitive Approaches to Learning

Behavioral & Cognitive Approaches to Learning Behavioral & Cognitive Approaches to Learning Learning is a relatively permanent influence on behavior, knowledge, and thinking skills, which comes about through experience. Behavioral and Cognitive Approaches

More information

Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague

Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague Final Exam Review for EDP304 Prague Types of Instruction 1. The term used to describe lessons in which the teacher provides information directly to students, structuring class time to reach a clearly defined

More information

Learning CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER OUTLINE

Learning CHAPTER 5 CHAPTER OUTLINE CHAPTER 5 Learning CHAPTER OUTLINE Adaptation is adjustment to changes in the environment. The process of development, from birth to death, involves adapting to increasingly complex, ever-changing environments,

More information

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning

Classical Conditioning. Classical and Operant Conditioning. Basic effect. Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning Classical and Operant Conditioning January 16, 2001 Reminder of Basic Effect What makes for effective conditioning? How does classical conditioning work? Classical Conditioning Reflex-basic

More information

Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning

Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning CHAPTER 9 Operant Conditioning and Cognitive Learning 151. What is one major difference between operant conditioning and classical conditioning? (A) Operant conditioning takes place as a result of some

More information

Learning from Experience. Definition of Learning. Psychological definition. Pavlov: Classical Conditioning

Learning from Experience. Definition of Learning. Psychological definition. Pavlov: Classical Conditioning Learning from Experience Overview Understanding Learning Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Observational Learning Definition of Learning Permanent change Change in behavior or knowledge Learning

More information

Why do people like extra credit?

Why do people like extra credit? Why do people like extra credit? CLASS OBJECTIVES: What is Operant Conditioning? Ch.6-Learning 1 Classical Conditioning was a good start but B. F. Skinner believed that more behaviors Also referred to

More information

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY. (8th Edition) David Myers. PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson

EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY. (8th Edition) David Myers. PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson EXPLORING PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition) David Myers PowerPoint Slides by Aneeq Ahmad Modified by Leland Swenson 1 Learning Chapter 7 2 Learning How Do We Learn? Classical Conditioning Pavlov s Experiments Extending

More information

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons

Today. Learning. Learning. What is Learning? The Biological Basis. Hebbian Learning in Neurons Today Learning What is Learning? Classical conditioning Operant conditioning Intro Psychology Georgia Tech Instructor: Dr. Bruce Walker What is Learning? Depends on your purpose and perspective Could be

More information

Chapter 15. Historical Perspective. How the world creates who you are: behaviorism and social learning theory

Chapter 15. Historical Perspective. How the world creates who you are: behaviorism and social learning theory Chapter 15 How the world creates who you are: behaviorism and social learning theory Learning 2 stimuli events, things, or people repeatedly experienced together will eventually come to elicit the same

More information

Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience.

Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience. Content Outline Lesson 1 Attributes of Learning and Classical Conditioning I. Attributes of learning Learning is defined as a relatively permanent change in behavior that occurs as a result of experience.

More information

CHAPTER TEN. SKINNER AND STAATS: The Challenge of Behaviorism 10/14/08. Personality Psychology. Chapter Overview. Chapter Overview

CHAPTER TEN. SKINNER AND STAATS: The Challenge of Behaviorism 10/14/08. Personality Psychology. Chapter Overview. Chapter Overview Personality Psychology Psychology 370 Sheila K. Grant, Ph.D. Professor California State University, Northridge CHAPTER TEN SKINNER AND STAATS: The Challenge of Behaviorism Chapter Overview RADICAL BEHAVIORISM:

More information

Quiz: Operant Conditioning 1 1. The food given to a mouse in the Skinner Box would be classified as a. a) positive reinforcer b) negative reinforcer

Quiz: Operant Conditioning 1 1. The food given to a mouse in the Skinner Box would be classified as a. a) positive reinforcer b) negative reinforcer Quiz: Operant Conditioning 1 1. The food given to a mouse in the Skinner Box would be classified as a. a) positive reinforcer b) negative reinforcer c) punishment d) neutral stimulus 2. Ellen is training

More information

Chapter 7 Learning. Saylor URL: 1

Chapter 7 Learning. Saylor URL:  1 Chapter 7 Learning The topic of this chapter is learning the relatively permanent change in knowledge or behavior that is the result of experience. Although you might think of learning in terms of what

More information

A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING

A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING Chapter 10 Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning: The Story of Dogs and Little Albert A BEHAVIORAL VIEW OF LEARNING As you read below you may come to think that behavioral learning theories seem

More information

GCSE Psychology Learning

GCSE Psychology Learning GCSE Psychology Learning Student: Tutor: Unit 2: Understanding other people 1 Learning What is classical conditioning? What do we mean when we say we have learnt something? Read the statements below and

More information

Classical Conditioning I

Classical Conditioning I Classical Conditioning I Pavlov s Discovery Basic Procedure Acquisition, Extinction, And Spontaneous Recovery Ivan Pavlov Russian Physiologist Nobel Prize in 1904 for work on the role of the nervous system

More information

Outline. General Psychology PSYC 200. Definition. Habituation. Habituation. Classical Conditioning 3/17/2015. Learning

Outline. General Psychology PSYC 200. Definition. Habituation. Habituation. Classical Conditioning 3/17/2015. Learning /17/015 General Psychology PSYC 00 Outline 0) Definition of Learning 1) Habituation ) Classical Conditioning ) Operant Conditioning Learning Definition Learning = change in behavior or thought as a result

More information

Review of Classical and Instrumental Conditioning

Review of Classical and Instrumental Conditioning Review of Classical and Classical (Pavlovian) Conditioning Watson s Little Albert Little Albert was afraid of loud noises (but not white rats) UCS (loud noise) UCR (fear) A loud noise was made while Albert

More information

Operant Conditioning. Concepts and Schedules of Reinforcements

Operant Conditioning. Concepts and Schedules of Reinforcements Operant Conditioning Concepts and Schedules of Reinforcements Vocabulary: Shaping A procedure used for teaching complex behaviors that at first, reinforces approximations of the target behavior Example:

More information

Overview of Ch. 6: Behavioral Views of Learning

Overview of Ch. 6: Behavioral Views of Learning Overview of Ch. 6: Behavioral Views of Learning Understanding Learning The ABC s of Behavior Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Classroom Behavioral Interventions Problems & Issues Applied Behavior

More information

Learning Goals Behaviorism: Classical Conditioning

Learning Goals Behaviorism: Classical Conditioning Learning Goals Behaviorism: Dr. K. A. Korb Components of classical conditioning Identify the,, Conditioned Stimulus, and in a learning situation Phases of classical conditioning Important factors in classical

More information

Learning. Learning. Associations 2/2/11. Classical Conditioning

Learning. Learning. Associations 2/2/11. Classical Conditioning Learning Classical Conditioning Learning Any relatively permanent change in the behavior, thoughts, and feelings of an organism Learning differs from reflex Our minds naturally connect events appearing

More information