Study Island. Generation Date: 04/03/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 8 History

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1 Study Island Copyright 2014 Edmentum - All rights reserved. Generation Date: 04/03/2014 Generated By: Cheryl Shelton Title: Grade 8 History 1. According to the timeline, which of these happened first? A. Proclamation of Neutrality B. Jefferson elected C. Sedition Act D. John Adams elected 2. According to the timeline, which of the following occurred first?

2 A. Constitutional Convention B. Bill of Rights ratified C. Constitution ratified D. George Washington inaugurated 3. According to the timeline, what occurred between 1785 and 1790? A. Jefferson elected B. Proclamation of Neutrality C. Boston Tea Party D. Constitutional Convention 4. According to the timeline, which occurred later? A. John Adams elected B. Boston Tea Party C. Victory at Yorktown D. Jefferson elected

3 5. According to the timeline above, what was the FIRST event of the American Revolutionary War? A. shots fired at Lexington and Concord B. American victory at Saratoga C. Battle of Bunker Hill D. crossing the Delaware on Christmas night

4 6. According to this timeline, how long did the Revolutionary War officially last? A. eight years B. five years C. 12 years D. two years Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico in As soon as he heard about the fabulous riches of the Aztec Empire, he made a daring plan to conquer it. Within two years, the Spanish destroyed the powerful Aztec Empire. How did a tiny Spanish force defeat the Aztecs? Many factors helped Cortes. First, the Aztec emperor Montezuma hesitated to fight the Spanish. He believed that Cortes was the god-king Quetzalcoatl, returning as he promised he would. Second, Cortes won allies among the people the Aztecs had conquered. Their armies strengthened the Spanish forces. Third, smallpox and other diseases that Europeans brought to the Americas killed thousands of Aztecs. 7. Analyze the passage above. Who do you think wrote it? A. a modern historian B. Montezuma C. Hernando Cortes D. a member of Cortes' army 8. Which of the following sentences shows the author's opinion or interpretation? A. Third, smallpox and other diseases that Europeans brought to the Americas killed thousands of Aztecs. B. He believed that Cortes was the god-king Quetzalcoatl, returning as he promised he would. C. Hernando Cortes landed on the coast of Mexico in D. As soon as he heard about the fabulous riches of the Aztec Empire, he made a daring plan to conquer it. 9. What is one reason for the strong Hispanic heritage and culture in the Southwest region of the United States? A. The Southwest region of the United States borders Mexico. B. Hispanics pay fewer taxes by living in the Southwest region. C. Hispanic people moved from the northern part of the U.S. to the Southwest region.

5 D. The Southwest region s cold climate is similar to that of Latin America. 10. In the late 1700s, the demand for raw cotton from the American South increased, and therefore, plantations expanded. Which of the following was essential for the growth of the plantations? A. cheap boll weevil poison B. cheap labor C. cheap electricity D. cheap advertising 11. In 1830, Congress passed the Indian Removal Act. Thousands of Native Americans were forced from their homes in Tennessee, North Carolina, and Georgia and were forced to move west of the Mississippi River. As a result, what present-day state still has a large population of Native Americans? A. Oregon B. Oklahoma C. Michigan D. Idaho 12. The introduction of slavery in the American colonies eventually replaced which of the following in America and the United States? A. indentured servitude B. the plantation system C. private land ownership D. Northern factories 13. This lithograph shows onlookers waving their hats during the Boston Tea Party. What attitude or feeling is the artist trying to convey? A. sadness

6 B. shame C. excitement D. humor 14. Jazz music rose in popularity in the United States throughout the 1920s and 1930s. What ethnic group is credited for creating jazz music and maintaining its strong presence in American life? A. European Americans B. African Americans C. Native Americans D. Latin Americans 15. When the United States was founded in 1776, the culture of the United States was most influenced by which ethnic groups? A. English, Portuguese, and Irish B. English, Canadian, and Mexican C. English, Japanese, and Chinese D. English, French, and German 16. The Louisiana sugar industry thrived when sugar was produced on a large scale. The largescale cultivation of sugar required which of the following? A. expensive machinery B. a huge labor force C. a skilled labor force D. plenty of mules and oxen 17. What is the most likely source of African music in the American South? A. England forcing diversity among colonists B. slaves bringing their culture with them C. Union soldiers teaching diversity to Confederates D. colonists trading with African people

7 18. When England captured the Dutch town of New Amsterdam and renamed it New York in 1664, it had a diverse population from the Dutch, Germans, and Jews who had already settled there. New York maintained this diversity and became an entrance for immigrants after the United States gained independence. New York City's large population developed several communities of people from different parts of the world, all bringing their own languages, traditions, beliefs, and ways of life. Which of these most likely influenced the diversity of religion in New York? A. New York had a high population. B. New York saw many newcomers. C. New York was influenced by England. D. New York had the most churches. 19. Child Laborers in Indiana Glass Works at Midnight, 1908 In this image from the Industrial Revolution, the photographer shows children working in a factory and wearing ripped clothing. What is the reason he chose to feature these boys in the picture? A. to show the laziness of people on the job B. to show the true hardship of the time C. to show the benefits of industry D. to encourage more children to work 20. "The natives find much more use for these animals than could be of use to our European fur market. The buffalo alone supplies them [the Assiniboines of Canada] with everything which they are accustomed to want. The hide of the animal, when dressed, furnishes soft clothing for the women; and, dressed with the hair on, it clothes the men. The flesh feeds them; the sinews afford them bow-strings; and even the paunch provides them with that important utensil, the kettle." Based on the author's writing tone, what attitude does he probably have toward the natives he describes? A. He is disgusted with their wastefulness. B. He feels they are uncivilized. C. He respects their military strength.

8 D. He is impressed by their way of life.

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