Lesson 3: YOU RE GOING TO THE MOON!

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Lesson 3: YOU RE GOING TO THE MOON!"

Transcription

1 Key to Curriculum Formatting: Volunteer Directions Volunteer Notes Volunteer-led Classroom Experiments Lesson 3: YOU RE GOING TO THE MOON! Begin the presentation by telling the class that this is Lesson 3: You re Going to the Moon! If this is your second or third visit, reintroduce yourself and the program. Briefly review key concepts from the first and second lessons, You re Piloting a Plane! and You re Planning to Launch a Rocket. If this is your first visit, here is a suggested personal introduction: Hello, my name is, and I am a (position title) at Aerojet Rocketdyne. I will be visiting your class once a month over the next few months to speak to you about space exploration and space travel. We will learn about the basics of aerodynamics, rocket propulsion, and spaceflight to the space station, the moon, and future missions to Mars! Answer any questions left over from the previous visit. MATERIALS NEEDED DVD/Presentation Projector screen/tv Handout Moon Quiz Page 1 of 10

2 Index cards See lesson to assess total equipment needs. LESSON OUTLINE (NOTE: total time of videos is about 5 minutes) Introduction Lesson Concepts Vocabulary Moon Facts Missions and Main Players in the Space Race to the Moon What is It Like on the Moon? Why Might We Go Back? Applying What We Have Learned Experiments INTRODUCTION Early science fiction writers envisioned the exploration of space decades before the first rocket was even launched! These writers included Jules Verne, H.G. Wells, and Edgar Rice Burroughs. This presentation provides an overview of early space exploration programs that helped paved the way to moon exploration. Student will make critical connections between the history of space exploration and our motives for further space exploration, as well as compare and contrast the environments on earth and the moon through experiments and multimedia. LESSON CONCEPTS Why explore? History of travel to the moon Page 2 of 10

3 Technology spin-offs Extreme distances between planets Effects of spaceflight on humans Identify current motivations for revisiting the moon VOCABULARY Craters: Bowl-shaped depressions on the surfaces of planets and their satellites, including the moon, caused by objects from space colliding with the surface of the object Gravity: Objects with mass attract each other. This force is called gravitation, or more commonly, gravity. Highlands: The light areas seen on the moon which are rough and mountainous Maria (singular: mare): The dark patches seen on the moon which are lowlands covered by a thin layer of rocky soil Orbit: The path taken by an object moving around another object Phases of the moon: The various shapes the moon seems to have each night as it moves through its approximately monthly cycle (29.5 days) Revolution: One object tracing a path or orbit around another object Rotation: The spinning of an object about its axis Satellite: An object that orbits around another object Tide: The rise and fall of water along the ocean shore Waning: The time when the moon appears to be growing smaller each passing night. The lighted side is on the left. Waxing: The time when the moon appears to be growing larger with each passing night. The lighted side is on the right. EARLY MOON ADVENTURES Ask students to write down three things they know about the moon and three things they would like to know more about the moon. Share out as a class. Page 3 of 10

4 Question 3.1: What is Sputnik? Answer 3.1: Sputnik, a Russian satellite launched in October 1957, was the first man-made object to orbit the earth, 23 in diameter and 183 pounds, took 96 minutes to circle the earth and the launching of Sputnik started the "Space Race," a time of rapid aerospace technology development by the U.S. and Russia. Question 3.2: What is Explorer I? Answer 3.2: America launched its first satellite, "Explorer I," in January of It was 80 long and 30.7 pounds. Page 4 of 10

5 Question 3.3: Who is Yuri Gagarin? Answer 3.3: Gagarin was the first man in space. He was launched by the Russians in April, Question 3.4: Who is Alan Shepard? Answer 3.4: Less than one month after Gagarin, Shepard was launched into space by the United States. Shepard was an astronaut on the Mercury program, the first major U.S. manned flight program. Question 3.5: Who is John Glenn? Answer 3.5: Soon after Shepard, Project Mercury astronaut, John Glenn, who later served as a US Senator, became the first American to orbit the earth. Page 5 of 10

6 Question 3.6: Which US president set the goal to travel to the moon and back by 1969? Play John F. Kennedy video for students. Answer 3.6: Under the leadership of President Kennedy, the U.S. set out on an ambitious program to land a man on the moon by Question 3.7: What is Project Gemini? Answer 3.7: The Gemini program is a series of two-man space flights to learn more about the effects of space flight on man, to practice space docking, and to learn how to walk and work in space. Aerojet-built Titan II liquid rocket engines powered the project Gemini booster rocket. Play Gemini launch video for students. Question 3.8: What is the Apollo Program? Page 6 of 10

7 Answer 3.8: The Apollo program involved the design and building of the huge Saturn V rocket, which could send a three-man spacecraft to the moon, along with a smaller spaceship to return the three astronauts to Earth. The Apollo program also benefited from unmanned spacecraft which orbited the moon and provided detailed photographs used to select landing sites. Play Apollo launch video for students. Question 3.9: Who is Neil Armstrong? Answer 3.9: On July 20, 1969, Neil Armstrong stepped on the on the moon. The spacecraft that actually landed, the Eagle, stood about 20 feet high. "The Eagle has landed," and "That's one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind" are two of the most famous statements in space exploration history. Play First Steps on Moon video. 3.10: What is a Lander or Lunar Module? Page 7 of 10

8 Answer 3.10: The lander was the portion of the Apollo spacecraft built to carry a crew of two from lunar orbit to the surface and back. Lunar modules have basically stayed the same through the years because the needs to land and depart have not changed. 3.11: What is the Lunar Rover? Answer 3.11: Later Apollo trips included the use of the Lunar Rover, a four wheeled "moon car" used to explore the moon. The Apollo astronauts conducted many scientific experiments on the moon and left behind scientific data gathering instruments from which we learned much about the moon and its interaction with earth. Play Lunar Rover video. WHAT IS IT LIKE ON THE MOON? As a result of our exploration, we now know a great deal about the environment of the moon. Page 8 of 10

9 WHY GO BACK? There are new technologies that will make it faster, cheaper and better to revisit the moon. We would be able to practice landing and launching for future Mars missions. The International Space Station (ISS) adds a new dimension to space travel. Moon Story Experiment Experiment Concepts Gravitational Pull Mass Weight Experiment Instructions 1. After talking with the students about the moon s environment, i.e. no atmosphere and 1/6 of Earth's gravity, ask the students to write a description of recreation activities on the moon. 2. With only 1/6 the gravitational pull of earth, what could a child do better, faster, higher, longer? 3. With no atmosphere as we know it, what would happen if some of our earth games were played on the moon? Experiment Explanation Because the moon's gravity is only one-sixth of Earth's gravity, a person would be able to do Page 9 of 10

10 daily activities (like playing) quite differently. Alan Sheppard hit a golf ball on the moon it went a very long distance! LET S REVIEW QUIZ THE TEACHER (Q & A) Hand out index cards to the class and ask them to write down one or two questions for you. Ask for a volunteer to collect the cards. Read some of the questions aloud and answer them for the entire class. If time permits, hand out the Moon Quiz and ask them to complete and discuss answers. Or teacher can use as review for homework. If you and your teacher have set a meeting for the next presentation, let students know what they will be exploring next session: In the next session, You re Controlling a Robot!, your class will learn about robots, how they work, and what their current and future uses are and will be, in our society. Thank class. Page 10 of 10

Space Exploration. A Visual History. Philip Stooke

Space Exploration. A Visual History. Philip Stooke Space Exploration A Visual History Philip Stooke It all began with Sputnik 4 th October 1957 It all began with Sputnik 4 th October 1957 It all began with Sputnik 4 th October 1957 and Laika Laika on the

More information

1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith

1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith 1. Soaring Through Our Solar System By Laura G. Smith 1 Five, four, three, two, one... BLAST OFF! Come along as we explore our solar system! If we were flying high above the Earth, what would you see?

More information

Race to the Moon! Essential Question How does an historical narrative and timeline help us understand a primary source?

Race to the Moon! Essential Question How does an historical narrative and timeline help us understand a primary source? Race to the Moon! Topic: The Space Race Grade Level: 2-5 Subject Area: Social Studies, ELA, Science Time Required: 60 minutes Goals/Rationale This social studies lesson uses the topic of the space race

More information

Lesson 4: YOU RE IN CONTROL OF A ROBOT ON MARS!

Lesson 4: YOU RE IN CONTROL OF A ROBOT ON MARS! Key to Curriculum Formatting: Volunteer Directions Volunteer Notes Volunteer-led Classroom Experiments Lesson 4: YOU RE IN CONTROL OF A ROBOT ON MARS! Begin the presentation by telling the class that this

More information

Space Travel B OT H MANNED A ND U NMANNED

Space Travel B OT H MANNED A ND U NMANNED Space Travel B OT H MANNED A ND U NMANNED What Caused the Start of Space Travel? Cold War- After WWII, the United Stated and Russia severed all ties to each and became enemies. The two countries lost trust

More information

The space race PROVIDED BY NASA

The space race PROVIDED BY NASA The space race PROVIDED BY NASA On May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy spoke before a special joint session of Congress and challenged the country to safely send and return an American to the Moon

More information

Lesson 2: YOU RE PLANNING TO LAUNCH A ROCKET!

Lesson 2: YOU RE PLANNING TO LAUNCH A ROCKET! Key to Curriculum Formatting: Volunteer Directions Volunteer Notes Volunteer-led Classroom Experiments Lesson 2: YOU RE PLANNING TO LAUNCH A ROCKET! Begin the presentation by telling the class that this

More information

Top 10 Moments in Space Travel

Top 10 Moments in Space Travel Bob McDonald s Top 10 Moments in Space Travel So many important events have happened in space that it s hard to choose just ten. These events are all important in space history because they started something

More information

Name Class Date. How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance change with time? What moons revolve around other planets?

Name Class Date. How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance change with time? What moons revolve around other planets? CHAPTER 4 A Family of Planets SECTION 4 Moons BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How did Earth s moon probably form? How does the moon s appearance

More information

The Apollo Program. PTYS 395 October 9, 2008 Sarah Mattson

The Apollo Program. PTYS 395 October 9, 2008 Sarah Mattson The Apollo Program PTYS 395 October 9, 2008 Sarah Mattson May 25, 1961 President Kennedy announces the Apollo Program. The goal was to put a man on the Moon, and return him safely to Earth, by the end

More information

Earth & Moon Notes. Chapter 19

Earth & Moon Notes. Chapter 19 Earth & Moon Notes Chapter 19 Earth s Movement The Earth moves in 2 ways orotation orevolution The effects of the movements odays/nights oseasons Rotation Rotation is spinning of the earth on its axis

More information

Grade 6 Science Space Unit Test

Grade 6 Science Space Unit Test Name: Grade 6 Science Space Unit Test 1. The Earth s axis in tilted 23.5 Section C Short Answer (Use complete sentences, and diagrams to help) 1. Explain the difference between the rotation and revolution.

More information

Exploring Space: The High Frontier by Jones and Bartlett 89

Exploring Space: The High Frontier by Jones and Bartlett 89 Exploring Space: The High Frontier by Jones and Bartlett 89 Exploring Space: The High Frontier This is a science course that includes the latest information available in space science and space exploration.

More information

Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. The Sun is a, star or a fiery ball of hot gases.

Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. The Sun is a, star or a fiery ball of hot gases. Lesson 1 Study Guide What is? Read the lesson. Use the words in the box to complete the concept web. chromosphere corona innermost photosphere prominences solar flare star sunspots Use with pages 257 259.

More information

Another Giant Leap. for Mankind. Lesson Development

Another Giant Leap. for Mankind. Lesson Development Lesson Development Apollo capsule (Image: NASA) Earth (Image: NASA) Instructional Objectives Students will decompose a geometric shape into smaller parts; apply the appropriate formulas for various geometric

More information

Science Fusion. Module G: Space Science Homeschool Pacing Guide

Science Fusion. Module G: Space Science Homeschool Pacing Guide Science Fusion Module G: Space Science Homeschool Pacing Guide Options for Instruction: Two parallel paths meet the unit objectives, with a strong inquiry strand woven into each. Follow the Print Path,

More information

4 3 Astronomy Recall that Earth is one of the many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun.

4 3 Astronomy Recall that Earth is one of the many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. 4 3 Astronomy 4 3.1 Recall that Earth is one of the many planets in the solar system that orbit the Sun. Essential Question: What is in our solar system? Textbook Pages: 208 209 Sun central star in our

More information

2 boardgamegeek. It s an interesting place to be. I recommend it. Neil Armstrong

2 boardgamegeek. It s an interesting place to be. I recommend it. Neil Armstrong F I R E D R A K E @ B O A R D G A M E G E E K L E A V I N G E A R T H : T H E B O O K O F M I S S I O N S 2 firedrake @ boardgamegeek It s an interesting place to be. I recommend it. Neil Armstrong Contents

More information

1. Put these space events into the right order. They happened between 1961 and 2013.

1. Put these space events into the right order. They happened between 1961 and 2013. 1. Put these space events into the right order. They happened between 1961 and 2013. first person to walk on the moon first tweet from space first music video recorded in space first person in space first

More information

Rocket Science. Educational support materials for groups participating in this activity

Rocket Science. Educational support materials for groups participating in this activity Rocket Science Educational support materials for groups participating in this activity This pack contains information designed to support teachers whose classes are visiting the RAF Museum and participating

More information

NATURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY

NATURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY NATURAL SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY TERM 4 GRADE 6 2016 1 Natural Science: The Scientific Method... 3 Use this format to follow the scientific method for your experiments... 3 Technology: The design process...

More information

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide

Science Investigations: Investigating Astronomy Teacher s Guide Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6 12 Curriculum Focus: Astronomy/Space Duration: 7 segments; 66 minutes Program Description This library of videos contains seven segments on celestial bodies and related science.

More information

Moon. Compiled by Donnette E Davis www.staidenshomeschool.com

Moon. Compiled by Donnette E Davis www.staidenshomeschool.com Moon Compiled by Donnette E Davis www.staidenshomeschool.com The Moon Moon Facts When we look at the Moon from Earth, we always see the same side. Until Luna 3 sent back photos in 1959, no-one knew what

More information

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness.

8. Mercury, the planet nearest to the Sun, has extreme surface temperatures, ranging from 465 C in sunlight to 180 C in darkness. 6.E.1 Unit Test DO NOT WRITE ON THIS QUIZ!!! 1. The largest body in our solar system is Earth. the Sun. Jupiter. the Moon. 4. What do the four planets closest to the Sun have in common? Their solid, rocky

More information

Science Monday 4/13/15

Science Monday 4/13/15 Science Monday 4/13/15 Today's Focus: How do the motions between the Earth, moon and sun help us better understand moon phases? Moon Phase Notes/ Partner Discussion Moon Phase Modeling Assignment: Moon

More information

The Space Shuttle: Teacher s Guide

The Space Shuttle: Teacher s Guide The Space Shuttle: Teacher s Guide Grade Level: 6-8 Curriculum Focus: Astronomy/Space Lesson Duration: Two class periods Program Description This video, divided into four segments, explores scientists'

More information

Earth in the Solar System

Earth in the Solar System Copyright 2011 Study Island - All rights reserved. Directions: Challenge yourself! Print out the quiz or get a pen/pencil and paper and record your answers to the questions below. Check your answers with

More information

Educator Guide to S LAR SYSTEM. 1875 El Prado, San Diego CA 92101 (619) 238-1233 www.rhfleet.org

Educator Guide to S LAR SYSTEM. 1875 El Prado, San Diego CA 92101 (619) 238-1233 www.rhfleet.org Educator Guide to S LAR SYSTEM 1875 El Prado, San Diego CA 92101 (619) 238-1233 www.rhfleet.org Pre-Visit Activity: Orbital Paths Materials: Plastic Plate Marble Scissors To Do: 1. Put the plate on a flat

More information

Extreme Exploration Solar System Missions Timeline Activity

Extreme Exploration Solar System Missions Timeline Activity Extreme Exploration Solar System Missions Timeline Activity Objectives Students will: Make observations, collect data, and make simulated mission decisions as they depict robotic exploration. Identify

More information

You may want to offer a small prize for students who answer questions correctly, or teams who win the game.

You may want to offer a small prize for students who answer questions correctly, or teams who win the game. Space Q & A Game How to play: This is a simple oral question/answer game that will teach your students lots of fascinating space facts. You can play by calling on individual students, or allowing groups

More information

Chapter 7 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc.

Chapter 7 Lecture. The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition. Our Planetary System Pearson Education, Inc. Chapter 7 Lecture The Cosmic Perspective Seventh Edition Our Planetary System Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What

More information

Name Date Hour Table. Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.)

Name Date Hour Table. Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.) Open the Solar System App Cosmic Relations (Select each location and record how the Earth fits into the universe.) 1. Earth 2. Solar System 3. Milky Way 4. Universe The Milky Way is the home of Earth s

More information

Ch. 1 Exploring Space

Ch. 1 Exploring Space Ch. 1 Exploring Space 1.1 Some space objects are visible to the human eye. -For most of history, the only thing we knew about space was what we could see with our eyes or with simple tools. We had to imagine

More information

Grade 8 Science Curriculum Document: Third Nine Weeks, Unit 7 (12 days) Unit 7-Sun, Earth, Moon Systems

Grade 8 Science Curriculum Document: Third Nine Weeks, Unit 7 (12 days) Unit 7-Sun, Earth, Moon Systems Grade 8 Science Curriculum Document: Third Nine Weeks, Unit 7 (12 days) Unit 7-Sun, Earth, Moon Systems Enduring Understandings: The moon's orbit around the earth once in about 28 days changes what part

More information

Teaching Time: One 45-minute class period

Teaching Time: One 45-minute class period Lesson Summary Students will learn about the magnetic fields of the Sun and Earth. This activity is a questionanswer activity where the students re using minds-on rather than hands-on inquiry. Prior Knowledge

More information

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity Understanding the motion of the Universe Motion, Force, and Gravity Laws of Motion Stationary objects do not begin moving on their own. In the same way, moving objects don t change their movement spontaneously.

More information

To the Moon Space Trivia Board Game

To the Moon Space Trivia Board Game To the Moon Space Trivia Board Game Materials: game board (pages 2-3) space trivia question cards (pages 4-7) 6-sided die markers (any small object) Preparation Tips: Print the question cards on card stock

More information

Atmospheric Reentry. Introduction, Mathematical Model and Simulation

Atmospheric Reentry. Introduction, Mathematical Model and Simulation Atmospheric Reentry Introduction, Mathematical Model and Simulation Julian Köllermeier Theodor-Heuss Akademie, August 23rd 2014 A short history of human spaceflight 1944 V2 is first rocket in space 1957

More information

Exploring Earth, Sun, and Moon

Exploring Earth, Sun, and Moon Exploring Earth, Sun, and Moon Teacher's Guide Editors: Brian A Jerome Ph.D. Stephanie Zak Jerome Assistant Editors: Louise Marrier Graphics: Fred Thodal Heidi Berry Dean Ladago Brian Bliven Emily Merkert

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. What does the solar system look like? Thought Question How does the Earth-Sun distance compare with the Sun s radius Chapter 7 Our Planetary System 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning:! What does the solar system look like?! What can we learn by comparing the planets to one another?! What are the major

More information

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1

THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SOLAR SYSTEM - EXERCISES 1 THE SUN AND THE SOLAR SYSTEM Name the planets in their order from the sun. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 The asteroid belt is between and Which planet has the most moons? About how many?

More information

It is 1969 and three Apollo 11

It is 1969 and three Apollo 11 The Man Who Went to the Far Side of the Moon by Bea Uusma Schyffert Reading Level (Lexile) 850L Format/Length Biography, 80 pages Picture Support Photos, diagrams, and illustrations Language Register Middle

More information

Lunar Features - Why Is The Moon Blotchy?

Lunar Features - Why Is The Moon Blotchy? Lunar Features - Why Is The Moon Blotchy? When you look up at a full Moon, at first glance you are met with a bright, white shining globe. But upon closer inspection, the lunar surface is not as uniform

More information

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2

Look at Our Galaxy. by Eve Beck. Space and Technology. Scott Foresman Reading Street 2.1.2 Suggested levels for Guided Reading, DRA, Lexile, and Reading Recovery are provided in the Pearson Scott Foresman Leveling Guide. Space and Technology Look at Our Galaxy Genre Expository nonfiction Comprehension

More information

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy

LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM. Chapter 8, Astronomy LESSON 3 THE SOLAR SYSTEM Chapter 8, Astronomy OBJECTIVES Identify planets by observing their movement against background stars. Explain that the solar system consists of many bodies held together by gravity.

More information

Moon Phases. Grade Level: Eighth - Eleventh. Subject Areas: Earth Space Science. Timeline: One class period

Moon Phases. Grade Level: Eighth - Eleventh. Subject Areas: Earth Space Science. Timeline: One class period Moon Phases Objectives: Students will model the phases of the moon Students will be able to explain why the moon s appearance changes Students will understand that only one side of the moon is ever visible

More information

Name Period Date Unit 5 Test: Earth-Sun-Moon System. 1. The diagram below shows the relative positions of Earth and the Moon and rays of sunlight.

Name Period Date Unit 5 Test: Earth-Sun-Moon System. 1. The diagram below shows the relative positions of Earth and the Moon and rays of sunlight. Name Period Date Unit 5 Test: Earth-Sun-Moon System Multiple Choice: 30 questions at 2 points each (60 points) 1. The diagram below shows the relative positions of Earth and the Moon and rays of sunlight.

More information

MoonStruck, Grades 3-4

MoonStruck, Grades 3-4 MoonStruck, Grades 3-4 Program Description: Using hands-on activities and modeling, students examine why the Moon changes shape every night and how it orbits the Earth. They will study the Moon s features

More information

LEADER GUIDE for MODULE SIX

LEADER GUIDE for MODULE SIX LEADER GUIDE for MODULE SIX SPACECRAFT Chapter 1 Unmanned Spacecraft Learning Outcomes After completing this chapter, you should be able to: Define a satellite. Describe an orbit. Define apogee and perigee.

More information

Astronomy Test 2 Concept Review and Practice

Astronomy Test 2 Concept Review and Practice Name: Date: Class Period: Astronomy Test 2 Concept Review and Practice Gravity and Motion Skill: Describe how mass and weight would change (or not) going from one place in the universe to another. Practice:

More information

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line

Asteroids. Earth. Asteroids. Earth Distance from sun: 149,600,000 kilometers (92,960,000 miles) Diameter: 12,756 kilometers (7,926 miles) dotted line Image taken by NASA Asteroids About 6,000 asteroids have been discovered; several hundred more are found each year. There are likely hundreds of thousands more that are too small to be seen from Earth.

More information

Answers. Sun, Earth, Moon. Year 7 Science Chapter 10

Answers. Sun, Earth, Moon. Year 7 Science Chapter 10 Answers Sun, Earth, Moon Year 7 Science Chapter 10 p216 1 Geocentric indicates a model in which Earth is the centre of the universe. 2 Pythagoras reasoning was that the sphere is the perfect shape and

More information

Into the Final Frontier : America s Journey into Space

Into the Final Frontier : America s Journey into Space Into the Final Frontier : America s Journey into Space Course Syllabus Instructor: Prof. Physics Department Mark.McConnell@unh.edu phone : 862-2047 Quote from Alan Bean (Apollo 12 moonwalker): Why had

More information

Introduction.. 2. Sputnik I October 4, The Sputnik Program.. 6. The Vostok Program 7. The Pioneer Program. 8. The Surveyor Program..

Introduction.. 2. Sputnik I October 4, The Sputnik Program.. 6. The Vostok Program 7. The Pioneer Program. 8. The Surveyor Program.. Introduction.. 2 Sputnik I October 4, 1957 4 The Sputnik Program.. 6 The Vostok Program 7 The Pioneer Program. 8 The Surveyor Program.. 9 The Mars Viking Program. 10 First Manned Moon Landing July 20,

More information

1 of 5 1/1/2011 9:11 AM

1 of 5 1/1/2011 9:11 AM 1 of 5 1/1/2011 9:11 AM The National Aeronautics and Space Administration The National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) succeeded the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) as the

More information

Relative Positions and Motion of the Earth, Moon and Sun

Relative Positions and Motion of the Earth, Moon and Sun Relative Positions and Motion of the Earth, Moon and Sun Grade 6 Activity Plan 6.6 Relative Positions and Motion of the Earth, Moon and Sun Objectives: 1. To show the approximate relative size of the planets

More information

Activity booklet Level 2

Activity booklet Level 2 Space Place Education Team Activity booklet Level 2 This booklet contains: Teacher s notes for Level 2 Level 2 assessment points Curriculum links Classroom worksheets Classroom worksheets: Use these flexible

More information

EXPLORE! A Cooperative Project of the Lunar and Planetary Institute, NASA's Office of Space Science and public libraries

EXPLORE! A Cooperative Project of the Lunar and Planetary Institute, NASA's Office of Space Science and public libraries EXPLORE! A Cooperative Project of the Lunar and Planetary Institute, NASA's Office of Space Science and public libraries Activity: Space Capsules: The Egg-stronaut Egg Drop Level: Grades 5-8 To Take Home:

More information

Apollo: To the Moon. Moon Facts. Classroom. Connections. Teacher Resources. The Moon is about one-fourth the diameter of the Earth.

Apollo: To the Moon. Moon Facts. Classroom. Connections. Teacher Resources. The Moon is about one-fourth the diameter of the Earth. Classroom Connections For teachers and students grades 6-12 Teacher Resources Apollo: To the Moon By Mary Hall Surface Originally Designed and Performed by Kevin Reese Moon Facts In the Classroom Apollo:

More information

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics

Chapter 7 Our Planetary System. Agenda. Intro Astronomy. Intro Astronomy. What does the solar system look like? A. General Basics Chapter 7 Our Planetary System Agenda Pass back & discuss Test 2 Where we are (at) Ch. 7 Our Planetary System Finish Einstein s Big Idea Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft A. General Basics Intro

More information

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity

Understanding the motion of the Universe. Motion, Force, and Gravity Understanding the motion of the Universe Motion, Force, and Gravity Laws of Motion Stationary objects do not begin moving on their own. In the same way, moving objects don t change their movement spontaneously.

More information

4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction

4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction CHAPTER 1 SECTION Matter in Motion 4 Gravity: A Force of Attraction BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: What is gravity? How are weight and mass different?

More information

Teacher Idea Kit for Assignment: Earth A Space Science Program For Grades 3-4 Presented by

Teacher Idea Kit for Assignment: Earth A Space Science Program For Grades 3-4 Presented by Teacher Idea Kit for Assignment: Earth A Space Science Program For Grades 3-4 Presented by Funded in part by: Assignment: Earth Suggested for Grades 3-4 Objectives After visiting the planetarium for Assignment:

More information

Our World in Space [6th grade]

Our World in Space [6th grade] Trinity University Digital Commons @ Trinity Understanding by Design: Complete Collection Understanding by Design 7-2-2008 Our World in Space [6th grade] Courtney Spickelmier Trinity University Follow

More information

Our Solar System Facts for students

Our Solar System Facts for students Our Solar System is our local neighbourhood in space and is dominated by the Sun. The Sun is huge about one million Earths could fit inside it, and it makes up about 99.8 percent of our Solar System s

More information

Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School

Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School Appropriate space vocabulary for Primary School Stuff Looks like Gas Dust Rock Liquid Fatter (moon) Thinner (moon) Faster Slower Hot Cold Material Shape Straight at (an object) Direct (light) Indirect

More information

The Earth, Sun, and Moon

The Earth, Sun, and Moon reflect The Sun and Moon are Earth s constant companions. We bask in the Sun s heat and light. It provides Earth s energy, and life could not exist without it. We rely on the Moon to light dark nights.

More information

Kinesthetic Astronomy: Moon Phases

Kinesthetic Astronomy: Moon Phases GRADE LEVEL 3 rd -8 th ; Content Standards for 3 rd, 6 th 8 th SUBJECTS Earth & Space Science, Using Models DURATION Preparation: 5 minutes Activity: 20 minutes SETTING Classroom Objectives In this activity

More information

Version A Page 1. 1. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7.00 kilograms, placed 2.00 meters apart.

Version A Page 1. 1. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7.00 kilograms, placed 2.00 meters apart. Physics Unit Exam, Kinematics 1. The diagram shows two bowling balls, A and B, each having a mass of 7.00 kilograms, placed 2.00 meters apart. What is the magnitude of the gravitational force exerted by

More information

8.5: Motions of Earth, the Moon, and Planets pg. 320

8.5: Motions of Earth, the Moon, and Planets pg. 320 8.5: Motions of Earth, the Moon, and Planets pg. 320 Key Concepts: 1. Careful observation of the night sky can offer clues about the motion of celestial objects. 2. Celestial objects in the Solar System

More information

Motion and Gravity in Space

Motion and Gravity in Space Motion and Gravity in Space Each planet spins on its axis. The spinning of a body, such a planet, on its axis is called rotation. The orbit is the path that a body follows as it travels around another

More information

SPACE EXPLORATION BYU Merit Badge PowWow Official Merit Badge Worksheet

SPACE EXPLORATION BYU Merit Badge PowWow Official Merit Badge Worksheet SPACE EXPLORATION BYU Merit Badge PowWow Official Merit Badge Worksheet Scout's Name Instructor's Name Scout's Address City State Zip Instructions 1) The Scout is to review the merit badge book before

More information

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc.

Our Planetary System. Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft. 2014 Pearson Education, Inc. Our Planetary System Earth, as viewed by the Voyager spacecraft 7.1 Studying the Solar System Our goals for learning: What does the solar system look like? What can we learn by comparing the planets to

More information

Dance of Earth and Moon

Dance of Earth and Moon Science Benchmark: 03 : 01 Earth orbits around the sun, and the moon orbits around Earth. Earth is spherical in shape and rotates on its axis to produce the night and day cycle. To people on Earth, this

More information

b. Read about rotation, axis and revolution. Be able to tell what each means.

b. Read about rotation, axis and revolution. Be able to tell what each means. Environmental Studies Program Science Enrichment and Extensions 1. Our Solar System STARLAB Read books about our solar system. a. Make a picture chart or design your own project of our solar system. Be

More information

Sputnik and the Space Race. By: AJ Scangamor and Joseph Reed

Sputnik and the Space Race. By: AJ Scangamor and Joseph Reed Sputnik and the Space Race By: AJ Scangamor and Joseph Reed Background After WWII ended the Cold War had just begun. Within this war between two great powers competed in the battle of the Space Race, the

More information

Classroom Space Satellites

Classroom Space Satellites Key Idea Which Satellite am I? A satellite is any object (natural or man-made) that orbits around a planet in a regular way. Orbits can be circular or elliptical which is a sort of oval shape, and is really

More information

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe

Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Earth Is Not the Center of the Universe Source: Utah State Office of Education Introduction Have you ever looked up at the night sky and wondered about all the pinpoint lights? People through the ages

More information

This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS

This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS CURRICULUM FOR SCIENCE GRADE 7 This curriculum is part of the Educational Program of Studies of the Rahway Public Schools. ACKNOWLEDGMENTS Christine H. Salcito, Director of Curriculum and Instruction Kevin

More information

7.2 Calculate force of gravity at a given distance given the force of gravity at another distance (making use of the inverse square relationship).

7.2 Calculate force of gravity at a given distance given the force of gravity at another distance (making use of the inverse square relationship). Chapter 7 Circular Motion and Gravitation 7.1 Calculate force of gravity using Newton s Law of Universal Gravitation. 5. What is the gravitational force between the Earth and the Sun? (Mass of Earth: 5.98

More information

NJ Physics Professor Has the 'Right Stuff' Valorie Sands

NJ Physics Professor Has the 'Right Stuff' Valorie Sands NJ Physics Professor Has the Right Stuff NJ Physics Professor Has the 'Right Stuff' Valorie Sands In 2005, Dr. Greg Olsen became the third person ever to travel into outer space as a private citizen. Unlike

More information

Table of Contents. Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4

Table of Contents. Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4 The Solar System 2 Table of Contents Our Solar System 3 The Planets in the Solar System 4 Mercury 5 Venus 6 Earth 7 Mars 8 Jupiter 9 Saturn 10 Uranus 11 Neptune 12 Pluto 13 The Asteroid Belt 14 The Moon

More information

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon

STUDY GUIDE: Earth Sun Moon The Universe is thought to consist of trillions of galaxies. Our galaxy, the Milky Way, has billions of stars. One of those stars is our Sun. Our solar system consists of the Sun at the center, and all

More information

Produced by Billy Hix and Terry Sue Fanning. As part of the TeachSpace Program. For more ideas and an image of the current phase of the moon, visit:

Produced by Billy Hix and Terry Sue Fanning. As part of the TeachSpace Program. For more ideas and an image of the current phase of the moon, visit: The Moon Phase Book Produced by Billy Hix and Terry Sue Fanning As part of the TeachSpace Program For more ideas and an image of the current phase of the moon, visit: www.teachspace.us Printing Date: 10/29/2010

More information

The Greatest Engineering Race: Part 3 Cheap Access to Space The New Race to Space & The Key to our Future in Space

The Greatest Engineering Race: Part 3 Cheap Access to Space The New Race to Space & The Key to our Future in Space The Greatest Engineering Race: Part 3 Cheap Access to Space The New Race to Space & The Key to our Future in Space By Glenn Chapman Why Go Into Space? Exploration of the Moon & Planets When you are in

More information

FOSS Sun Moon and Planets Unit Plan

FOSS Sun Moon and Planets Unit Plan FOSS Sun Moon and Planets Unit Plan Desired Results BVSD Standard(s)/Grade Level Expectations Fourth Grade Science GLE3.1. Earth is part of the Solar System, which includes the Sun, Moon, and other bodies

More information

Investigating Lunar Phases

Investigating Lunar Phases LESSON 5 Investigating Lunar Phases INTRODUCTION At certain times of the month, the Moon seems to rise over the horizon right before the Sun appears. When this apparent chase begins, the Moon usually looks

More information

Mercury by Cynthia Sherwood

Mercury by Cynthia Sherwood Mercury 1. Why is Mercury usually hard to see without a telescope? It's often blocked by the sun's glare. 2. Mercury is the closest planet to the sun, but Venus is the hottest. Why? Venus has clouds that

More information

Grade 9 - Space Exploration - Pre-Assessment

Grade 9 - Space Exploration - Pre-Assessment Purpose: This document is for grade 9 teachers to use as a pre-assessment for the Space Exploration unit. It assesses students understanding of the of the end of unit knowledge outcomes from the grade

More information

50 UNIT 5 LESSON 5. Comprehension: Understand main ideas of an informational text READING

50 UNIT 5 LESSON 5. Comprehension: Understand main ideas of an informational text READING 4 Comprehension: Understand main ideas of an informational text Use Super Smart The Planets of Our Solar System. Discuss the Super Smart title page. Display the Super Smart, and forward to the title page.

More information

5GRADE Opinion Genre

5GRADE Opinion Genre 5GRADE Opinion Genre All items contained in this Assesslet are the property of the Georgia Center for Assessment. Items may be used for formative purposes by the customer within their school setting. Forms

More information

Space Exploration Classroom Activity

Space Exploration Classroom Activity Space Exploration Classroom Activity The Classroom Activity introduces students to the context of a performance task, so they are not disadvantaged in demonstrating the skills the task intends to assess.

More information

CORE STANDARDS, OBJECTIVES, AND INDICATORS

CORE STANDARDS, OBJECTIVES, AND INDICATORS Aerospace Engineering - PLtW Levels: 11-12 Units of Credit: 1.0 CIP Code: 14.0201 Core Code: 38-01-00-00-150 Prerequisite: Principles of Engineering, Introduction to Engineering Design Test: #967 Course

More information

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 4, Day 1

Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 4, Day 1 Earth Science Lesson Plan Quarter 4, Week 4, Day 1 Outcomes for Today Standard Focus: PREPARE 1. Background knowledge necessary for today s reading. The best tool an astronomer can use to learn about the

More information

Moon Craters. Concept: Craters are formed by meteorites. Materials: large, rectangular box (at least 5 inches deep) dry sand marbles and golf balls

Moon Craters. Concept: Craters are formed by meteorites. Materials: large, rectangular box (at least 5 inches deep) dry sand marbles and golf balls Moon Craters Concept: Craters are formed by meteorites Materials: large, rectangular box (at least 5 inches deep) dry sand marbles and golf balls Thinking and Predicting Questions: What are craters? How

More information

Hatch a Plot to Track Some Satellites!

Hatch a Plot to Track Some Satellites! Hatch a Plot to Track Some Satellites! Overview There are literally hundreds of satellites that are currently orbiting Earth, including the International Space Station. Clearly, satellites are important

More information

Relationship Between the Earth, Moon and Sun

Relationship Between the Earth, Moon and Sun Relationship Between the Earth, Moon and Sun Rotation A body turning on its axis The Earth rotates once every 24 hours in a counterclockwise direction. Revolution A body traveling around another The Earth

More information

MOON DANCE. from A Spin Around the Solar System Series. Video Produced by... Maslowski Wildlife Productions. Teacher s guide by...

MOON DANCE. from A Spin Around the Solar System Series. Video Produced by... Maslowski Wildlife Productions. Teacher s guide by... MOON DANCE from A Spin Around the Solar System Series Video Produced by... Maslowski Wildlife Productions Teacher s guide by... Lauren LaComb Published and Distributed by... 1560 Sherman Avenue, Suite

More information

Lesson 2 (45 min) Advanced Planning/Notes to Teachers Lab setup

Lesson 2 (45 min) Advanced Planning/Notes to Teachers Lab setup Unit The Earth, Sun, and Moon System Essential Question: What roles do forces play in the patterns and stability of the solar system? CHAPTER 11 The Sun-Earth-Moon System, pp. 312 341 Major Understandings:

More information

Use the following information to deduce that the gravitational field strength at the surface of the Earth is approximately 10 N kg 1.

Use the following information to deduce that the gravitational field strength at the surface of the Earth is approximately 10 N kg 1. IB PHYSICS: Gravitational Forces Review 1. This question is about gravitation and ocean tides. (b) State Newton s law of universal gravitation. Use the following information to deduce that the gravitational

More information