What is Geography? The study of the physical features and people of the Earth.

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1 NEWPORT, OREGON

2 What is Geography? The study of the physical features and people of the Earth.

3 What are the 5 themes? Location Place Human-Environment Interaction (HEI) Movement Region

4 Location Absolute and Relative location Where is it located? Latitude and Longitude = absolute Next to, below, above, near to = relative

5 Location Describes where places are at on earth. Types of Location: ABSOLUTE: exact location on earth (fixed) Doesn t change Latitude/Longitude Hemispheres Grid System Address RELATIVE: compared to other places (variable) Changes dependent upon where you re comparing it to. Miles Distance Direction

6 Absolute Location Examples: Rome is located at 41 N, 12 E Argentina is located in the southern hemisphere Ecuador is located in Tropic of Cancer. RHS is located in Redmond, OR.

7 Relative Location Examples: Rome is located near the Mediterranean Sea. Argentina is near Brazil. Ecuador is south of Mexico. Redmond is approximately 20 miles from Bend.

8 Place What does it look like? This describes the appearance and special characteristics that set a place apart. Physical Characteristics Cultural Characteristics

9 Physical Characteristics Specific to THAT place, not generic. The way a place looks. Created by nature. Mountains Rivers, Lakes, Seas Climate Vegetation Examples: Andes Mountains are in South America. Amazon River flows through Brazil. Pampas are located in Argentina. The isthmus of Panama connects Central & South America

10 Cultural Characteristics Specific to THAT place, not generic. Peoples activities change the way a place looks or is represented. Man-made or invented. Language Unique buildings Religious Practices Celebrations/traditions/holidays Examples: Portuguese is the official language of Brazil. Many Mexicans are Catholic. Mayan ruins are located in Mexico. Cinco de Mayo is a national holiday in Mexico.

11 Human-Environment Interaction How have people changed the environment? How has the environment changed people?

12 HEI The environment & people are interconnected. Consequences to those actions depend upon how people choose to interact with the world and use their resources. Positive/Negative Intentional/Accidental Favorable/Destructive

13 HEI Current Environmental Issues: Climate Change (global warming) Energy Resources Water Conservation Deforestation

14 Movement How is it connected to other places? Movement of information, goods, people and ideas

15 Movement Places do not exist in isolation. Interconnectedness of the world changes the way places look. Today: globalization People, goods & ideas move from place to place. Examples Immigration from Latin America to US. War in Afghanistan (troops, supplies, ideas, people) Twitter, Facebook (ideas)

16 Region How can places be grouped? What makes it different from other places in the world? Some places are defined by their government, others by their language, some by their culture

17 Region The world is divided into different regions based upon similarities & differences. Climate Location Beliefs Languages Ethnicity/Race Types: Formal Functional Perceptual

18 Formal Region Most common/familiar. Determined by the distribution of a uniform characteristic (physical or cultural) Location Climate Religion Examples Central America (Mexico, Guatemala, Nicaragua, Panama) Latin America (spanish-speaking nations) Tropics (countries located near equator)

19 Functional Region Serves a purpose that affects places around it. Distributes goods/people Serves specific purpose Examples: Panama Canal Amazon River Basin Hollywood

20 Perceptual Region Groups of areas that provoke a certain stereotype or feeling. Examples: The Bronx The ghetto China town Jersey Shore

21 Newport, Oregon Location Absolute: 44.6 N. Lat. by 124 W. Long. Relative: On the central Oregon coast. 65 miles west of Salem, the capital of Oregon. North of Florence and South of Lincoln City.

22 Newport, Oregon Place Physical: Newport is a fishing town located on the Pacific Ocean. Newport is located on the Oregon Coast, with both beaches and rugged cliffs lining the ocean.

23 Place Cultural Commercial Fishing is part of the coastal culture, as is eating seafood.

24 HEI People have built homes so close to the ocean, that the environment is changing how they live. Fishing docks have affected the animals who naturally live in the area.

25 Movement Information and people are moved by road, plane, ships, computers and phones. Example: coastal residents can find out what time to expect shifts in the tide by looking on the internet. International research is conducted in Newport, Oregon on research vessels moored there.

26 Region Formal: Part of the Pacific Northwest Region Coastal Region Ocean, climate, location. Functional: Seafood Region Glass blowing and salt water taffy Region Tourist Region Perceptual: Blue Collar Region

27 Region continued

28 Now it s your turn. How can you use the 5 themes to describe Redmond?

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