Ancient Rome Week 1. Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire.

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1 Ancient Rome Week 1 Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire.

2 ANCIENT ROME Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire; the Rise and Fall/Decline of the Empire; the scientific and cultural advancements; and the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome.

3 Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire; the Rise and Fall/Decline of the Empire; the scientific and cultural advancements; and the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome. Exceeds Proficiency Level 4 Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire; the Rise and Fall/Decline of the Empire; the scientific and cultural advancements; and the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome. Students will be to compose a multiple paragraph speech as the new Emperor. Proficiency Level 3 Students are able to describe FOUR of the following: 1) to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire 2) the Rise of the Empire 3) Fall/Decline of the Empire 4) the scientific and cultural advancements 5) the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome Approaching Proficiency Level 2 Students are able to describe THREE of the following: 1) to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire 2) the Rise of the Empire 3) Fall/Decline of the Empire 4) the scientific and cultural advancements 5) the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome Below Proficiency Level 1 Students are able to describe TWO of the following: 1) to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire 2) the Rise of the Empire 3) Fall/Decline of the Empire 4) the scientific and cultural advancements 5) the roles and contributions of individuals in Ancient Rome Far Below Proficiency- Level 0 No Evidence

4 ISN Table of Contents Left Side Page Right Side Page Greece Study Guide 16 Ancient Greece CSA/Test 17 Rome Anticipatory Set 18 Rome L. Goal & Scale 19 Geography & Map of Rome 20 Geography & Origin of Rome 21 Republic Acrostic Poem 22 Roman Republic 23 Transition from Republic to Empire Activity 24 Roman Empire 25 New Emperor Speech 26 Powerful Roman Emperors 27 Social Class Pyramid 28 Social Class System 29 Current U.S. Issue Ranks 30 The Fall of the Roman Empire 31 Eastern & Western Comparison 32 Split of the Roman Empire (East & West) 33 Guess the Artifacts- Name & Purpose 34 Cultural & Scientific Advancements 35 Glory of Rome Timeline 36 Interview with a Gladiator 37 Ancient Rome Study Guide 38 Ancient Rome TEST 39

5 ANCIENT ROME THE ETERNAL CITY

6 Today s Learning Target to reach our Goal! Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. (Week 1)

7 Based on Today s Learning Target, Students will be able to describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. I COULD TEACH today s learning target! I MET today s learning target! I ALMOST met today s learning target! I m WORKING on today s learning target! I DON T UNDERSTAND today s learning target! I can describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire as well as TEACH someone who is struggling to understand. I can describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire. without reviewing my ISN. I got this! I can describe SOME OF the transition from a Republic to an Empire without reviewing my ISN. I can describe the difference between a Republic and an Empire. with the help of my ISN notes. I can NOT describe the transition or identify the difference of a Republic to an Empire. I don t have useful notes in my ISN. I need help!

8 MAP OF ITALY GEOGRAPHY Use the map of Italy to help you complete the blank map; make sure you read the directions!! This map will be placed on page 20 in your ISN Notebook.

9 GEOGRAPHY OF ANCIENT ROME ISN P. 21 Italy is a peninsula; surrounded by water on three sides and is shaped like a boot; heal points toward Greece while toe points across the sea to Africa. Two main mountain ranges, the Alps on the north and the Apennines form Italy s spine. These mountains provided an extra protection from invaders during the ancient times. The Tiber River played a very important role in the development of Rome; it also provided protection from invaders. Italy s location on the Mediterranean Sea made it pretty easy for Roman ships to reach other lands around the sea. This position made it easier for Rome to eventually conquer and gain new territories. Also helped in the development of trade routes.

10 THE BEGINNINGS OF ROME- Origins (about 6 mins) Romans believed that Romulus, the 1 st ruler of Rome and legendary hero founded the city on April 21, 753 B.C. According to the legend, the twins Romulus and Remus were abandoned by their mother but rescued by a wolf. When they grew up, they decided to found a city but fought over its location, they argued and Romulus killed Remus. After the city was built, Romulus named it after himself calling it Rome.

11 A MEDITERRANEAN DIET- Human Environmental Interaction The Ancient Romans ate three main foods: olive oil, fish, and bread. Living by the Mediterranean Sea provided a never-ending supply of fish and seafood. The Romans ate very little meat except for fish. Crops that grew well on the hillsides and temperate (moderate) climate were grapes, olives, barley and wheat. Barley and wheat were mainly grown to make bread while grapes were grown for fruit and wine. Olive oil became an important part of their lives because it was used for cooking, as fuel for lamps, and as a skin moisturizer/cleanser.

12 REVIEW OF GEOGRAPHY On a piece of notebook paper write a note/letter to the person next to you or across from you explaining what you have just learned about the geography of Italy, Italy s beginnings and their diet. Exchange your note/letter with your partner, read what they wrote, and if they ve left out anything important, add to it. Write a positive comment to your partner and return to owner.

13 THE ROMAN REPUBLIC- Government & Citizenship (about 2 mins) The Roman Republic was a very strong government that lasted over 500 years!! Citizenship is an important part of a republican government. In the Roman Republic only free adult males, 18 and older were citizens and could vote and elect their leaders who create the laws. Only these citizens enjoyed the protection of Roman law. They were also expected to perform civic duties. But not all people living in Rome were citizens. To be a citizen, both you and your parents had to be born in Rome. Many foreign businessmen came to Rome to work and even became wealthy but they still couldn t vote. Women and slaves could NOT vote or hold office under no circumstances!

14 ROMAN REPUBLIC- Continued The leaders of the Roman Republic established a tripartite (three branches) government: the executive branch which enforces a country s laws; the legislative branch makes the laws, and the judicial branch interprets the laws in court. There were many roles within the government to keep it balanced: Two consuls led Rome s executive branch. They commanded the army and directed the government for one year. Each consul had the power to veto, or overrule, the other. In times of crisis, the consuls could choose a dictator a leader with absolute power to rule in their place for a limited time.

15 ROMAN REPUBLIC- Continued The legislative branch of Roman government included the Senate and assemblies. The Senate was a powerful body of 300 members that advised Roman leaders. Most senators were patricians, upper class, and assemblies were mainly plebeians, lower class. The judicial branch consisted of eight judges who served for one year; they oversaw the courts. The United States government has adopted several features of the Roman Republic; the tripartite system, a written constitution, and the importance of citizenship.

16 ROMAN REPUBLIC SUMMARY On a piece of notebook paper, in 12 words or less, summarize the most important aspects from what you ve learned about the Roman Republic. Choose key words or phrases. Share your summary with someone you are sitting by. THEN. On page 22 of your ISN Notebook, create an acrostic poem about the ROMAN REPUBLIC.use your notes to help you.

17 THE ROMAN EMPIRE For hundreds of years after the founding of the republic, Rome expanded its territories which stretched from Spain to Greece. This expansion changed the balance of power in Rome s republican government. These changes would lead to the overthrow of the republic and create an empire. As Rome expanded, many wealthy Romans neglected their civic duties and thought only about gaining more power and wealth. This increased the differences between rich and poor; the threat of uprisings grew! Reformers tried to fix these problems by wanting to break up huge estates and give land to the poor; wealthy landowners felt threatened and had reformers killed. At the same time, generals who had conquered other lands were becoming greedy for power and wealth. This also lead to conflict.

18 THE ROMAN EMPIRE Continued A civil war, an armed conflict between groups within the same country, eventually broke out. On one side were the generals who supported the plebeians and on the other were generals who were backed by patricians and senators. The patricians won and a dictator named Sulla took power.

19 REPUBLIC TO EMPIRE HOW WOULD YOU DESCRIBE THE TRANSITION OF THE ROMAN REPUBLIC TO THE ROMAN EMPIRE? WITH A PARTNER, ON PAGE 24 IN YOUR ISN NOTEBOOK, CREATE A GRAPHIC ORGANIZER/SUMMARY TO HELP YOU ORGANIZE THE INFORMATION YOU HAVE JUST LEARNED ABOUT THE ROMAN REPUBLIC/EMPIRE. USE YOUR NOTES TO HELP YOU WITH THIS TASK. This could be in the form of a Venn diagram, double bubbles, cartoon strip

20 Short Answer QUIZ On a ½ sheet of lined paper, respond to the following in proper paragraph form using complete sentences. Describe the transition from a Republic to an Empire.

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