Sexual Health Trivia

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1 Instructions: Sexual Health Trivia You will need the following pages to complete this review activity. Scoring Grid Girl Talk Boy Talk All About Puberty Potpourri The Grande Finale The Scoring Grid should be photocopied onto a transparency. A washable overhead marker can be used to cross off the answered point values. The teacher can select one (or more) students to keep score on the chalkboard. The teacher will be the judge to determine which student raises their hand first. Divide the class into 3-4 teams. Students within each team will be assigned a number from 1 to X to determine who is eligible to answer the question (i.e. #1 s on each team are the only eligible students to answer the current question). Students must rotate turns within their teams so that everyone has a turn. There are 4 categories and 10 questions under each category with point values ranging from 5 to 50 points. The game takes approximately 45 minutes to an hour to play. Try to have enough time allotted so that you can answer further questions at the end or use the time to encourage a discussion. Be liberal in the answers you accept if you think they know the answer, keep probing until you get it. If the students don t know the answer, throw it open to the audience. While it is important to keep the game moving, it is equally important to stop and deal briefly with questions. The commentaries written after some Grade 8 - Appendix #9 - C

2 of the questions are just suggested comments or for clarification. The main thing is to be brief. If you go on too long, you lose your audience. You may not have time to complete all categories, therefore, watch the time to allow at least 10 minutes for The Grande Finale. Starting the Game: The teacher can decide (i.e. choosing a number between 1 and 10) which team will choose the category and point value first. The teacher will read the clue from the category sheet. The student response must be in the form of a question (i.e. What is or Who is ). The student that raises their hand first will have the first opportunity to answer the question and earn the points for their team. If the student answers correctly, they will then choose the next category and point value. If the student answers incorrectly, the next eligible student (from another team) to put up their hand will be allowed to answer the question. If they answer correctly, they will earn the points and will choose the next category and point value. The Grande Finale Each team will play in The Grande Finale round and will bring with them the points they had accrued by the end of the game. Points will be taken off for incorrect answers. Ties can occur decide ahead of time how you will a handle a tie. Teams are asked to write down how many of their points they would like to wager. Teams are then given the final clue and must write down their answer in the form of a question (i.e. What is ). The team with the most points at the end is the winner. Grade 8 - Appendix #9 - C

3 Scoring Grid GIRL TALK BOY TALK ALL ABOUT PUBERTY POTPOURRI

4 CATEGORY : GIRL TALK (5) Eggs are produced here. What are the ovaries? (15) (15) (20) (20) Ovaries are almond shaped glands that produce ova (eggs) and hormones. A girl is born with all the ova she will have in her lifetime (200, ,000). At puberty they begin to mature. Two narrow tubes which curve around each ovary and open into What are the Fallopian Tubes? the uterus. Fallopian tubes serve as a passageway for the fertilized egg. They are about 10 cm. long and about the width of a string of spaghetti. The time when a girl s body sheds the spongy blood filled lining of the What is menstruation? uterus. Menstruation usually lasts 3-7 days. Occurs every days. It is normal for girls periods to be irregular when puberty starts. An organ that is also called the womb. What is the uterus? The uterus is about the size and shape of a pear. It is a muscular organ that is able to expand to accommodate the growing fetus. Release of mature egg. What is ovulation? The woman may or may not notice when it occurs. Alternates from one ovary to another. During puberty the girl s body produces this hormone. What is estrogen? Estrogen is responsible for many of the secondary characteristics that a girl develops during puberty. A mature egg cell. What is an ovum? Normally, one is released monthly. It is about the size of a pin head.

5 CATEGORY : GIRL TALK (25) Passageway leading from the uterus to the outside of the body. What is the vagina? A muscular collapsible tube approximately 7.5 cm. long. Sperm are deposited here during sexual intercourse. Also called the birth canal. (30) A thin layer of skin that may partly cover the opening of the vagina. What is the hymen? (35) The hymen can completely or partially cover the opening and is not an indicator of virginity. Two folds of tissue which cover the opening of the vagina and the What are the labia majora? opening of the urethra. The labia majora is part of the vulva or external genitalia and may be different in shape, size and colour. (35) Two thin folds of tissue inside the labia majora. What are the labia minora? (40) Also called the inner lips. Serves as protection of female genital area. The upper end forms the clitoris, which is the sexual response organ. The period of time in a woman s life when menstruation ceases What is menopause? permanently. Can occur sometime between mid-40 s to late-50 s. (45) The lower part of the uterus that extends into the vagina. What is the cervix? (50) Opens to 10 cm. during birth to allow the baby to pass from the uterus through the birth canal. These muscular contractions produce a strong feeling of What is an orgasm? pleasure. A person can have sexual intercourse without having an orgasm.

6 CATEGORY : BOY TALK (5) External male reproductive organ. What is the penis? Size varies and does not indicate masculinity. Grows during puberty. (15) The removal of the foreskin of the What is circumcision? penis. At one time circumcision was thought to be medically necessary. Now it is the parents decision. Proper hygiene is necessary if the male is not circumcised. Circumcision is also an important part of some cultures and/or religious ceremonies. Covers the testicles. What is the scrotum? Helps maintain healthy sperm through temperature regulation (i.e. relaxes during heat and contracts during cold). Released from the pituitary gland and causes the testicles to What are hormones? produce sperm and testosterone. Hormones are responsible for many body changes during puberty. They are chemical messages which travel in the bloodstream. (20) Male sex hormone produced by the testicles. What is testosterone? (25) This hormone is responsible for the male secondary sex characteristics which develop during puberty. A boy releases some fluid through the penis during the night while he is asleep. What is a wet dream (or nocturnal emission)? This occurs more frequently during puberty. There is no normal or abnormal number of wet dreams. (30) Discharge of semen. What is ejaculation? Semen is sperm plus fluid. 90% of this is fluid. A normal amount of semen is about a teaspoon containing 3 5 million sperm.

7 CATEGORY : BOY TALK (35) (40) (45) (50) The tube through which urine leaves the bladder. Semen is also What is the urethra? ejaculated through this opening. Comment on the mechanism involved whereby urine and semen do not pass through the urethra at the same time. Glands that secrete fluid to What are the seminal vesicles? nourish and protect the sperm. The seminal vesicles are a pair of glands near the male bladder. They secrete a significant proportion of the fluid that ultimately becomes semen. Two tubes that carry sperm from the testicles to the ejaculatory What is the vas deferens? duct. During ejaculation the muscle in the wall of the vas deferens contracts reflexively, thus propelling the sperm forward. Male gland located under the bladder. What is the prostate? This gland also secretes fluid that is added to the sperm. This gland is a frequent site of cancer in older males.

8 CATEGORY : ALL ABOUT PUBERTY (5) A period of growth and development when boys and girls What is puberty? mature physically, emotionally and socially. Everyone has their own time clock and it may vary from individual to individual. Puberty begins at this age for a girl. Girls generally start puberty sooner than boys. What is 9 16? Puberty begins at this age for boys. What is 11 18? You may notice that girls are taller than some boys at the same age. (15) (15) (20) (20) Shoulder development, deepening voice, muscles. What are male puberty changes? Male shoulders will grow wider and their bodies will become more muscular. Their voices will become deeper. For some males, the breasts may grow a bit, but for most this growth goes away by the end of puberty. Breasts, hip development, menstruation. What are female puberty changes? Breasts may develop at different rates and there is no perfect breast or body size or shape. Comment on our society s preoccupation with the perfect body. During puberty this begins to grow under the arms and in the pubic What is hair? area. Ask students to list other areas of hair growth in males and females. Example facial hair in males. This gland in the brain causes the body to produce growth What is the pituitary gland? hormones. This gland is located at the base of the brain and is sometimes referred to as the master gland because it is involved in a lot of different

9 CATEGORY : ALL ABOUT PUBERTY functions of the body. (25) The chemical substances which trigger changes in the body. What are hormones? During puberty, hormones turn you from a child into an adult. (30) (35) (40) (45) (50) Clogging of oil glands produces What is acne? this. It is a common myth that infrequent washing or certain foods cause acne. The bump at the base of the throat caused by the growth of the What is the Adam s apple? larynx. The purpose of the cartilage is to protect the larynx. The larynx grows in males during puberty more than in females, and as a result the Adam's apple is typically more prominent in men than in women. Feeling like you are riding a roller What are emotional changes or coaster - happy one minute, sad mood swings? the next minute. It is quite common during puberty to experience many mood swings. Sometimes those moods can make living with you difficult. However, you do have the maturity to have some control over those emotions. Name someone you can go to who can explain all the changes that are occurring Who are teachers, school nurse, parents, doctor, counsellor? Everyone has questions about growing up. It is important that you go to the right people to get the facts. Feeling like you have to go along with your friends even though you What is peer pressure? feel uncertain about it. It is important to be aware of peer pressure and how it may influence you. Stick with what you feel is right for you because the consequences of some decisions can affect you for the rest of your life (e.g. drugs, alcohol, sex)

10 CATEGORY : POTPOURRI (5) The fetus develops here and not in What is the uterus? the stomach. Also called the womb. The uterus is very low in the abdomen and is not near the stomach. It is the uterus that enlarges during pregnancy not the stomach. 100 % effective in preventing What is abstinence? pregnancy. There are many ways of expressing ourselves sexually besides having sexual intercourse. The whole process of birth is (15) What is labour? called this. Labour occurs when the uterus begins to contract and concludes with the baby moving down the birth canal. An average first time labour for a woman is hours. What is the time it takes for a (20) 9 months or 40 weeks baby to develop in the uterus? Because so many developments are occurring to the fetus, it is important that the mother abstain from alcohol, drugs and smoking which could harm the developing fetus. (25) Union of egg and sperm What is fertilization? (30) Once a month, an egg is released from one of the ovaries. It is during this time that a woman is fertile and if sperm are present, fertilization can occur. Julius Caesar was rumoured to be What is a Caesarean section? born this way. A Caesarean section is the delivery of a baby through an incision in the mothers abdomen and uterus.

11 CATEGORY : POTPOURRI (35) (40) (45) (50) The organ which dilates during labour and early sexual activity What is the cervix? can cause disease here. The cervix has the ability to open 10cm. during labour. It feels like the tip of your nose. It has been shown that early sexual intercourse increases the likelihood of precancerous lesions on the cervix. This is the reason why PAP tests on a yearly basis are important once a person is sexually active. A group of diseases you can get What is a STI? from a sexual act. Infertility can be a serious complication of STIs which can be prevented by knowledge, early treatment and follow-up. Almost ½ of teens have What is sexual intercourse? experienced this by grade 11. Teens believe that everyone is having sexual intercourse when in fact many are not. Fewer teens in 2002 reported intercourse experience than in (Boyce et al. 2003) Not everyone who talks about it is actually having sexual intercourse. The mother nourishes the baby through this structure until the What is the umbilical cord? baby is born. This is often referred to as the lifeline to the fetus. The umbilical cord transports oxygen and nourishment to the baby and also removes waste products.

12 CHOOSE ONE # 1 # 2 # 3 Sexual Health Trivia Choose ONE of the following The Grande Finale questions. CATEGORY: GRANDE FINALE CLUE The freedom to be in control of your life, to focus your energy on life s goals, to develop respect for yourself and others, no risk of STI s or pregnancy. ANSWER What are the advantages of abstinence? These are only some of the emotional and physical advantages of abstinence. Teens are often faced with the decision of how to show affection in a loving relationship without having sexual intercourse. Look at abstinence as a positive choice and as a way to counter peer pressure. Love, honest, open communication, respect, values, possible pregnancy What are things to consider before becoming sexually active? There are many consequences involved in sexual intercourse. It is important to be able to honestly communicate your values, what birth control will be used, as well as knowing and respecting each others decisions long before you have sexual intercourse. Higher rate of premature birth, low birth weight, birth defects. Possible death of the mother or baby. What is teenage pregnancy? Teens are still growing themselves and may not have healthy lifestyle habits. This could affect the developing fetus and put the mother and baby at risk. Some teenage girls deny their pregnancy and do not get medical care. Those who become teenage parents may not go on to finish their education and end up unemployed or with low paying jobs.

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