World War II Unit Test

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1 World War II Unit Test Matching: Match the correct term on the left with its definition on the right (2 points each) 1. National Socialist 2. Treaty of Versailles 3. Fascism 4. Nazi-Soviet Non-Aggression Pact 5. Anschluss 6. Blitzkrieg 7. RAF 8. Luftwaffe 9. Turning Point 10. Segregated Units a. The British air force b. An event which marks a shifting in the tides or fortunes of war c. Military groupings where whites and blacks serve separately d. The secret agreement between Germany and Russia to not attack each other e. The unification of Austria and Germany f. Lightning War characterized by the use of overwhelming force and rapid speed g. Another name for the Nazi party h. The German air force i. The agreement which ended WWI and punished Germany harshly j. Aggressive nationalism which believes the nation is more important than the individual Multiple Choice: Choose the best answer (2 points each) 1. When Hitler referred to the men of November, 1918, he meant a. the soldiers of WWI b. the Jews c. the soldiers of WWII d. the signers of the Treaty of Versailles 2. Hitler used all of the following to get elected EXCEPT a. Blaming the Jews b. Blaming economic depression c. Blaming the Germany s re-armament d. Blaming the Treaty of Versailles

2 3. After WWI, inflation in Germany was a. Really high b. Moderate c. Low d. Non-existant 4. When Germany elected Hitler in 1933, the country was a. Prosperous b. Full of economic and political unrest c. Militarily dominant d. Closely allied to France 5. Which of the following was NOT part of Hitler s aggression which led to WWII? a. Re-armament b. Re-militarization of the Rhineland c. Conquest of Britain d. Annexation of the Sudetenland 6. The annexation of the Sudetenland refers to a. Hitler s attempt to sabotage the Russian railroad system b. Hitler s seizing of a German-speaking portion of Czechoslovakia c. Hitler s alliance with Italy d. Hitler s secret pact of the USSR 7. WWII began as soon as Hitler invaded a. Czechoslovakia b. France c. Austria d. Poland 8. France was defeated by Germany a. Quickly (several weeks) b. Slowly (several years) c. Never; France beat back the Germans d. France immediately surrendered and didn t put up a fight 9. The only country in Western Europe fighting Hitler by the summer of 1940 was a. France b. Britain c. Switzerland d. Spain

3 10. Winston Churchill, Prime Minister of Britain, encouraged the British people to a. Surrender to Germany b. Try for a diplomatic solution c. Achieve complete victory d. Surrender to Russia 11. Hitler s main goal in the Battle of Britain was a. To defeat the British ground forces b. To defeat the British Navy c. To defeat the British civilian defense corps d. To defeat the British air force 12. The Battle of Britain was a. A significant British victory b. A significant German victory c. An insignificant British victory d. An insignificant German victory 13. Operation Barbarossa refers to Hitler s a. Invasion of the Soviet Union b. Invasion of Poland c. Invasion of France d. Invasion of Britain 14. Japan invaded China a. Looking for more resources b. Looking for their emperor c. Looking for the Chinese emperor d. Looking for love, in all the wrong places 15. The Rape of Nanking a. Refers to the brutal treatment of Japanese civilians by Chinese soldiers b. Refers to the brutal treatment of Chinese civilians by Japanese soldiers c. Refers to the brutal treatment of American civilians by Japanese soldiers d. Refers to the brutal treatment of American soldiers by Japanese soldiers 16. The Axis refers to the alliance of a. Germany, Italy, Japan b. Germany, United States, Britain c. United States, Britain, USSR d. USSR, Germany, Italy

4 17. The Allies refers to the alliance of a. Germany, Italy, Japan b. Germany, United States, Britain c. United States, Britain, USSR d. USSR, Germany, Italy 18. America entered WWII after Japan attack the US at Pearl Harbor. Why did Japan attack Pearl Harbor? a. The US had already invaded Japanese territory b. The US was about to attack Japan c. Japan thought they could knock the US out with one surprise attack d. Japan wanted to get the US to attack Germany 19. At the Battle of El Alamein, Germany tried to defeat Britain in order to capture a. The English Channel and Normandy b. The Suez Canal and Middle Eastern oil fields c. Paris and Salamanca d. The Dardanelles and Stalingrad 20. The turning point in the Pacific Theatre was a. Pearl Harbor b. Okinawa c. Midway d. Guam 21. The turning point on the Eastern front was a. The Battle of the Bulge b. The Battle of Stalingrad c. The Battle of the Kasserine Pass d. The Battle of Moscow 22. D-Day refers to the American invasion of a. Normandy b. Germany c. Japan d. Italy 23. During WWII, blacks a. Could not serve in the military b. Served, but in segregated units c. Served right alongside whites d. Were given the most dangerous missions

5 24. The Bataan Death March was a. The march of American POWs, where many lost their lives b. The march of Japanese POWs, where many lost their lives c. The march of German POWs, where many lost their lives d. The march of British POWs, where many lost their lives 25. The final solution was a. Germany s plan to repel the D-Day invasion b. Germany s plan to exterminate all Jews in Europe c. Germany s plan to invade the Soviet Union d. Germany s plan to surrender once the war was lost True of False (2 points each) 1. The Holocaust targeted only the Jews 2. The Japanese treated their prisoners relatively well 3. America used Navajo Indians to transmit codes 4. Many women worked outside the home during WWII 5. The US imprisoned many Japanese-Americans because of their heritage 6. WWII was less bloody than WWI 7. The Tuskegee Airmen never flew in combat 8. The American entertainment industry supported the war effort 9. American focused on defeating Hitler before Japan 10. The US pursued a strategy called island hopping in the Pacific

6 Short Answer: Answer the following questions in complete sentences (5 points each): 1. Explain how Hitler s actions between , and Britain and France s policy of appeasement, led to WWII 2. What was the holocaust? What groups were targeted? Were those responsible ever prosecuted?

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