Civil RPAS Regulation & Certification

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1 EUROPEAN COMMISSION HEARING ON LIABILITY & INSURANCE Brussels, Belgium Civil RPAS Regulaion & Cerificaion By Peer van Blyenburgh On recommendaion of ICAO, and in compliance wih he erminology of he European RPAS Roadmap, he erms Remoely Piloed Aircraf (RPA) & Remoely Piloed Aircraf Sysems (RPAS) are used in his presenaion [insead of Unmanned Aircraf (UA) & Unmanned Aircraf Sysem (UAS) & Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) & drone]. RPA & RPAS are invarian Singular = Plural. UVS Inernaional Page: 1/25

2 Explanaion of Terms Used in his presenaion Cerificaion Civil RPAS Applicaions Naional Aviaion Auhoriy Operaions Faciliaed Qualified Eniy (QE) RPAS RPAS Operaor Any form of recogniion ha a produc, par or appliance, organisaion or person complies wih he applicable requiremens, including he provisions of his regulaion and is implemening rules, as well as he issuance of he relevan cerificae aesing such compliance (EASA Basic Reg. Ar. 3). (The erm Cerificaion is used because here is no common undersanding of he erms Auhorized & Approved ) Commercial & non-commercial aerial work (Specialised Operaions). NAA of each of he 28 European Union (EU) Member Saes is responsible in is counry for rulemaking, cerificaion & operaional approval of: - Civil RPAS wih a MTOM <150 kg - Civil RPAS fligh crews (pilos) - Civil RPAS operaors employing he fligh crews Permis o Fly are graned by NAA, based on specific naional rules, and possibly on a case-o-case exempion basis (also in counries where no naional regulaion exiss). Eniy o which a specific cerificaion ask has been allocaed by he European Aviaion Safey Agency (EASA) or a NAA (and is hen no necessarily complian wih EC Regulaion 216/2008). A se of configurable elemens consising of a remoely-piloed aircraf, is associaed remoe pilo saion(s), he required command and conrol links and any oher sysem elemens as may be required, a any poin during fligh operaion (ICAO Circular 328). Person, organizaion or enerprise engaged in or offering o engage in an RPAS operaion (ICAO Circular 328). UVS Inernaional Page: 2/25

3 Informaion Sources Used o prepare his presenaion The informaion & daa conained in his presenaion has been obained from: European Aviaion Safey Agency (EASA) EUROCONTROL Join Auhoriies for Rulemaking on Unmanned Sysems (JARUS) Minisries of Transpor Naional Aviaion Auhoriies (NAA) NAA web sies Qualified Eniies Naional Associaions (Ausria, Belgium, France, Germany, Ialy, The Neherlands, rway, Spain, UK) Naional Working Group (Denmark) This presenaion does no imply ha he views expressed in i represen he views of he aforemenioned organizaions. UVS Inernaional Page: 3/25

4 Aerial Operaions RPAS Ops Governmenal n-governmenal M U T U A L I Z A T I O N Miliary n-miliary Sae Flighs Securiy relaed Sae Flighs Incl. Safey relaed Commercial Air Transpor (Transpor of Persons & Freigh) Police Cusoms Border Guards Coas Guard Civil Proecion Fire Fighers Naional Mapping Agencies Public European Union Flighs on behalf of a public EU u agency (wihou naional oversigh) Scheduled Air Service n-scheduled Revenue Ops. n-revue Operaions u u u u u u u u N O N M I L I T A R Y Objec of his presenaion General Aviaion Aerial Work / Specialized Operaions Corporae Operaions Fligh Training / Insrucion Pleasure Commercial n-commercial (incl. Corporae Operaions) Training / Insrucion Oher Miscellaneous u u u u R P A S O P S UVS Inernaional Page: 4/25

5 Civil RPAS Aerial Operaions Aerial Work - Commercial & n-commercial (Including Corporae Operaions) - Aerial Adverising - Aerial Inspecion - Aerial Monioring - Aerial Observaion - Aerial Parol - Aerial Phoography, Video, Cinema - Aerial Survey & Mapping (Phoogrammery) - Aerial Spraying & Dispensing - Research & Scienific - Aerial Search & Rescue Assisance Fligh Training / Insrucion (Privae & Commercial) - Duo - Solo - Check Oher Miscellaneous (Privae & Commercial) - Tes / Experimenal - Demonsraion - Ferry / Posiioning - Air Show / Race UVS Inernaional Page: 5/25

6 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Ausria AT - 3 Raings: < 5 kg, 5-25 kg, kg operaions only. 3 areas of operaions disinguished: Undeveloped (no buildings), Unpopulaed, Populaed, Densely Populaed. Operaor responsible for inciden reporing. Operaional log: Required Theoreical pilo knowledge: Ausrian pilo licence or exam in aviaion law. Pilo medical: Aero-medical cerificae or medical cerificae for driving licence. Pracical pilo skill: Prove o be supplied. Naional regisraion marking: Required Required documens: Operaing Approval, insurance policy, RPAS echnical descripion, inended operaional purpose & scope, noise record, proof of pilo qualificaion & physical abiliy. Insurance: according o Ausrian Aviaion Ac. UVS Inernaional Page: 6/25

7 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Belgium BE - Regulaion finalised, bu no ye published. Insurance: EC Regulaion 785/2004 Bulgaria Croaia Cyprus Czech Rep. CZ Aerial Work Permi obligaory. Airworhiness cerificae required for flighs over people. Operaors mus submi proof of insurance. Operaor approval validiy: 1 year Applicaions for 70 RPAS auhorizaions & 103 remoe pilo approvals received (Feb 14) Insurance: EC Regulaion 785/2004 mandaory UVS Inernaional Page: 7/25

8 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Denmark Including Faroe Islands & Greenland DK - Raings: MTOM <7 kg, 7-25 kg, kg < 25 kg in segregaed airspace over urban areas & unresriced a >150m from buildings. Owner/User of RPA <25 kg is responsible for flighs. Disance RPA/public aerodrome runway: 5 km Disance RPA/miliary airbase: 5 km Disance RPA/buil-up area & public road: 150 m Prohibied: Flighs over densely buil-up areas, including areas wih weekend coages & camping sies, and large public gaherings. Fligh aliude: < 100 m AGL Naional regisraion marks: Required Insurance: EC 785/2004 Esonia Finland FI Ongoing ice of Proposed Rulemaking. Iniial regulaion (<25 kg) is planned for May 14. Curren operaions (<25 kg): over low populaion densiy areas only. UVS Inernaional Page: 8/25

9 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion France FR Raings: MTOM < 2kg, 2-25kg & kg S-1:, horizonal disance pilo/aircraf 100m, ouside populaed area. S-2: horizonal disance pilo/aircraf 1 km, 50m AGL, ouside populaed area. S-3:, horizonal disance pilo/aircraf 100m, in populaed area or close o persons or animals. S-4: (for observaion/phoography/surveillance purposes) ouside populaed area & no meeing S-2 crieria, <150 m AGL, safey analysis for each case. Airworhiness documen: > 25kg Naional regisraion marking: > 25kg Manual of specific aciviies + declaraion of compliance (+ for S-4 co-signed operaor/clien agreemen). Theoreical pilo knowledge: PPL, glider or FCL licence. Pracical pilo skill: To be demonsraed (for MTOM > 25kg) (for S-4: aeroplane or helicoper PPL, glider licence, 100 fligh hours + 20 RPAS fligh hours). Pilo license validiy: 1 year Insurance: EC Regulaion 785/2004 UVS Inernaional Page: 9/25

10 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Germany DE Länder Level < 5 kg (elecric propulsion only) fligh <100m AGL) Operaor approval validiy: 2 years (max) Harmonised over 16 Länder (= federal saes) DE Federal Level > 5 kg MTOM (elecric or combusion engine) Operaor approval: Case-by-case & wih defined mission duraion & locaion. Operaor approval validiy: Case-by-case reciprociy beween Länder Greece GR - flighs permied on case-o-case basis under model aircraf rules. Hungary HU Naional regisraion marks: Required Ireland IE - Has adaped UK regulaion. Acceps UK QE approvals. UVS Inernaional Page: 10/25

11 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Ialy IT n-criical fligh ops: Operaor declaraion n-criical ops: horizonal disance aircraf/ congesed areas, gaherings of people, urban areas & infrasrucures, resriced areas, railway racks & saions, highways, indusrial plans; dayligh condiions; unconrolled airspace; 8 km disance from airpor & fligh approach & ake-off pahs. IT Raings: < 2kg, 2-25 kg kg Operaor approval: Required Operaional manual: Required (includes procedures for ops managemen, airworhiness & raining). Theoreical pilo skill: civil pilo licence or Ialian VDS. Pracical pilo skill: Experimenal fligh es aciviies. Pilo mus have followed raining course for RPAS used. Resriced ype cerificae: If RPAS produced in series. Depending on he operaion, a fligh erminaion sysem may be required. Acciden & inciden reporing: Obligaory Naional regisraion mark: >25kg Insurance: EC Regulaion 785/2004 IT Criical fligh ops: NAA auhorizaion required Criical fligh ops = overfligh of congesed areas, gaherings of people, urban areas & infrasrucures, resriced areas, railway racks & saions, highways, indusrial plans. UVS Inernaional Page: 11/25

12 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Lavia Lihuania Luxembourg LT flighs only. Mala MT - Approvals on case-o-case basis Firs operaor approval in pipeline Naional regisraion marks: Required QE in process of being appoined UVS Inernaional Page: 12/25

13 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Neherlands NL - Flighs prohibied unless exempion obained from CAA-NL. Exempions, only for (>150 m from persons, raffic, buildings), given o approved operaors (validiy 1 year) & oher operaors for specific projec (validiy: several monhs). Types of operaion: 1, 2, E, B (NOTAM posed) Naional regisraion marks: Required Acceps UK QE (EuroUSC) approvals - 2 nd QE o be announced shorly. +/- 60 Operaor approvals by QE in he pipeline. Insurance: EC 785/2004 mandaory (proof mus be submied o CAA). rway NO - Fligh Permis graned on case-o-case basis. BLOS Fligh Permis graned on case-o-case basis in unpopulaed areas. Operaor approval validiy: 2 years Regulaion expeced o be published in UVS Inernaional Page: 13/25

14 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Poland Porugal Romania Slovakia PL - Raings: MTOM <2 kg, 2-7 kg, 7-25 kg, kg, kg BLOS Operaions only in segregaed airspace. Operaor's cerificae being esablished. Naional regisraion marks: Required >25 kg Slovenia UVS Inernaional Page: 14/25

15 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Spain ES - Raings being considered: MTOM < 2 kg, 2-25 kg, Sweden SE 4 Caegories: 1: - MTOM <1,5 kg (kineic energy <150 Joule) SE Dayligh aciviies only, auomaic/programmed fligh possible if manual ake-over possible a all imes. Acciden & inciden reporing: Obligaory Fligh logs mus be kep. NAA approval required for design, manufacure, modificaion, mainenance & operaion of RPAS. Operaor approval validiy: Caegory 1 & 2: 2 years Caegory 2 & 3: 1 year Naional regisraion marking: Required Insurance: EC 785/ kg & kg airworhiness approval o be required below 25 kg. Naional regisraion marks: >25 kg Use of QE under discussion. 2: MTOM 1,5-7kg (kineic energy 1000 Joule) Technical, operaion & mainenance manual required. Theoreical pilo knowledge: commercial pilo licence Pracical pilo skill: Compleed approved raining 3: MTOM >7 kg Technical, operaion & mainenance manual required. Theoreical pilo knowledge: commercial pilo licence Pracical pilo skill: Compleed approved raining 4: BLOS Disance aircraf/persons, animals, propery: >50m Fligh aliude: <120m (400 f) AGL Fail-safe sysem: Required UVS Inernaional Page: 15/25

16 NAA Mbr of ICAO UASSG JARUS RPAS Regulaion UK Qualified Eniy Used Qualified Eniy in Place Operaions Faciliaed Regs in Preparaion Regulaion in Place Naional RPAS Associaion Swizerland UK UK Naional regisraion marks: Required MTOM > 20 kg Airworhiness/safey assessmen by accredied org. (QE). 2 accredied assessmen organizaions (QEs) QE approved under naional legislaion (no EC Regulaion 216/2008 complian). CH - <30 kg MTOM: flighs (<150m AGL) permied under model aircraf rules. >30 kg MTOM: Airworhiness cerificae & Air Operaor's Cerificae required. BLOS operaions possible - Fligh Permis graned on case-o-case basis. Operaor cerificae validiy: 2 years Direcive relaive o he operaions over people & public gaherings will be published in July UK Raings: <20kg & kg < 20 kg MTOM (excl. Fuel - incl. Baery): Operaor accrediaion by QE (validiy 1 year) > 20 kg : Airworhiness approval required. Max. Level speed: 70 ks Max. Operaing heigh: 400 f AGL Max operaing disance: 500 m (> 150 m from buildings & 100 m from people). Day Visual Meeorology Condiions only. UVS Inernaional Page: 16/25

17 RPAS REGULATION IN EU - I In Place In Preparaion Ausria < 150 kg Belgium Bulgaria < 150 kg Finalised, bu no in force Croaia Cyprus Czech Rep. < 150 kg BLOS Denmark < 150 kg Esonia Finland < 150 kg Expeced mid 2014 France Germany < 25 kg < 25 kg BLOS & BLOS Updae of curren regulaion expeced in 2014 Greece Hungary < 150 kg Ireland < 20 kg UVS Inernaional Page: 17/25

18 RPAS REGULATION IN EU - II In Place In Preparaion Ialy Lavia Lihuania Luxembourg < 25 kg < 25 kg Mala < 150 kg Neherlands < 25 kg <150 kg Poland < 150 kg BLOS Porugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia < 25 kg Spain < 25 kg Sweden < 150 kg UK < 20 kg 20 kg = wihou fuel, bu wih baery UVS Inernaional Page: 18/25

19 RPAS REGULATION III (n-eu) In Place In Preparaion Raing BLOS Raing BLOS Iceland rway < 150 kg BLOS Expeced in 2014 Swizerland Direcive on operaions over people Expeced in 2014 UVS Inernaional Page: 19/25

20 RPAS (< 150 kg) REGULATION EUROPE QUANTITY COUNTRIES In Place BLOS In Preparaion BLOS Anicipaed 2014 BLOS EU n-eu 1 1 Toal Europe Res of he world Ausralia Brazil Canada Colombia Israel Japan New Zealand Souh Africa Souh Korea Russian Fed. Turkey Ukraine USA? NA NA NA NA NA? NA NA NA?? NA = applicable UVS Inernaional Page: 20/25

21 CERTIFICATION IN EU - I QUANTITY Operaor Pilo Producer RPAS Ausria Belgium Bulgaria 10 Cerificaion: as per definiion on slide 2 Croaia Cyprus Czech Rep. Denmark Regulaion in place Regulaion in preparaion Esonia Finland 33 France Germany??? Greece Hungary Ireland 12 UVS Inernaional Page: 21/25

22 CERTIFICATION IN EU - II QUANTITY Operaor Pilo Producer RPAS Ialy Lavia Lihuania Luxembourg Mala Neherlands Poland Porugal Romania Slovakia Slovenia Cerificaion: as per definiion on slide 2 Regulaion in place Regulaion in preparaion Spain Sweden UK UVS Inernaional Page: 22/25

23 QUANTITY Iceland rway Swizerland CERTIFICATION III (n-eu) Operaor Pilo Producer RPAS 76 Cerificaion: as per definiion on slide 2 Regulaion in place Regulaion in preparaion UVS Inernaional Page: 23/25

24 QUANTITY COUNTRIES EU CERTIFICATION EUROPE Operaor Pilo Producer RPAS Cerificaion: as per definiion on slide 2 n-eu 76 If he esimaed quaniy of operaors in Germany is included Toal Europe Res of he world Ausralia Canada Israel Japan Souh Korea ??? ? UVS Inernaional Page: 24/25

25 UVS INTERNATIONAL 86 rue Michel Ange - 2 nd Building - 2 nd Floor FR Paris France Tel.: Fax: UVS Inernaional Page: 25/25

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