Holocaust Memorial Assembly

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1 Holocaust Memorial Assembly Rights Respecting Schools Award You have the right to be protected from being hurt and mistreated, in body or mind. Article 19

2 The Holocaust

3 What is the Holocaust? The term "Holocaust," originally from the Greek word "holokauston" which means "sacrifice by fire," refers to the Nazi's persecution and planned slaughter of the Jewish people. The Hebrew word "Shoah," which means "devastation, ruin, or waste," is also used for this genocide

4 It is estimated that 11 million people were killed during the Holocaust. Six million of these were Jews.

5 The Nazis killed approximately two-thirds of all Jews living in Europe.

6 An estimated 1.1 million children were murdered in the Holocaust

7

8 Treaty of Versailles Armistice first brought an end to fighting in world war 1, however it was not until the treaty of Versailles was signed that Britain and Allies could be certain of peace.

9 Treaty of Versailles The treaty gave Germany many ties which they had to follow, the largest of these being the 6.6billion which had to be paid back, as a result of starting the war.

10 Rise of the Nazi s How was Hitler able to gain power which led to the holocaust? He was a great speaker The great depression of 1929 created poverty and unemployment, which made people angry and turned towards the extremist political parties such as the Communists and Nazis during the depression. Propaganda campaign was very effective and it won support for the Nazis. German people were still angry about the Treaty of Versailles and supported Hitler because he promised to overturn it. Industrialists gave Hitler money and support.

11 How did Hitler s Hatred Start? Many theories exist of how Hitler s hatred began. Below is two of these. Hitler s hatred for Jews was first sparked when his mother died at the hands of a Jewish doctor Hitler blamed Jews for the collapse of the Germany economy and the defeat to Germany of World War 1

12 Beginning of the holocaust

13 Night of Broken Glass

14 Zigi s Story Prior to visiting Auschwitz we attended a seminar in Glasgow, in which we were privileged enough to hear Zigi Shipper (who himself was a prisoner at Auschwitz concentration camp) tell his account of the war. We would like to share this with you today. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wvmkhm-8gaq

15 Reflection of Zigi s story From this we learn the pain and misery the Jewish people endured and how fortunate Zigi is to have survived. This really brings home that people from all walks of life were affected by the war. This story really opens our eyes to the fact that survival was just circumstance and that in order to stop history repeating itself we need to make people aware of it to try and protect our future.

16 Auschwitz History The request for Auschwitz to be established as a concentration camp happened within months of the Nazi occupation of Poland. By the end of 1940 the camp was functioning On 27th January 1945 the Red Army liberated Auschwitz-Birkenau.

17 Nazi Concentration and Death Camps

18 Auschwitz 1 This what lies above the entrance to Auschwitz 1. this shows that the prisoners thought that they were coming to a better life as the translation is work sets you free

19 Auschwitz 1 Of the 6 tones of human hair found at Auschwitz, 2 tonnes are on display

20 Auschwitz 1

21 Auschwitz 1

22 Auschwitz 1 As a result of the levels of defense and security that would have been present in these concentration camps, it would have been nearly impossible to escape

23 Auschwitz Birkenau On approach to Auschwitz Birkenau you are greeted by the railway tracks which approach the most well known building in Auschwitz

24 Auschwitz Birkenau The vast scale and nature of this camp is evidently visible when looking from above

25 Auschwitz Birkenau This picture highlights how little has changed within Auschwitz

26 Living conditions in Auschwitz

27 Living conditions in Auschwitz

28 Extermination by Charlotte Delbo

29 Them that begin by burning books, end by burning men Heinrich Heine

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