ARCTIC BIODIVERSITY. We seek to: n work with others to maintain ecosystems; n respect protected areas; and

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "ARCTIC BIODIVERSITY. We seek to: n work with others to maintain ecosystems; n respect protected areas; and"

Transcription

1 ARCTIC BIODIVERSITY Biodiversity is the variety of plant and animal life that enriches the environment. It ranges from microscopic algae to the tallest trees and from the smallest mites to the largest mammals. It helps provide benefits to people such as clean air, fresh water, food, medicines and shelter. But the health of plant and animal life depends on the survival of their habitats. Shell recognises that oil and gas operations can potentially result in harm to or loss of biodiversity, or damage to habitat. For this reason, we have policies in place to assess environmental risks, including potential impact on biodiversity, from new activities or significant changes to existing operations. We closely manage activities in internationally recognised, ecologically-sensitive areas. This includes consulting key stakeholders such as non-governmental organisations like the International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN) and Wetlands International. We seek to: n work with others to maintain ecosystems; n respect protected areas; and n form partnerships to enable Shell to contribute towards the conservation of global biodiversity.

2 2 Arctic biodiversity The need to conserve biodiversity is central to the way we approach new projects and major changes to existing operations. We adopted our industry-leading biodiversity standard in 2001, an approach that today is an integral part of our business control framework for health, safety, security, environment and social performance. It includes mandatory standards that set strong principles and expectations for managing environmental impacts, supported by more detailed requirements in our biodiversity manual. For new projects or large expansions at existing operations, we carry out impact assessments on the risks to biodiversity and assess the ways in which to avoid, mitigate and manage such risks. Where these projects or expansions are taking place in particularly sensitive areas with high biodiversity value, our impact assessments include biodiversity action plans. The plans help us to set targets, define specific actions and monitor progress in meeting our requirements. Engagement with environmental organisations, local communities and biodiversity experts continues to help us improve our approach to biodiversity. The Arctic ecosystem The Arctic ecosystem owes its uniqueness to the presence of ice, either in the ground as permafrost or offshore as land-fast and floating ice. Species have evolved that are able to benefit from these conditions, with some occurring only in Arctic and sub-arctic regions. Among these are large sea mammals such as the bowhead, narwhal and beluga whales, walrus and some fish species such as capelin and polar cod. Microscopic plants form the base of the Arctic marine food chain, providing food for both the bottom-dwelling animals (benthos) and microscopic animal life. These in turn provide food for the larger marine animals. The zone where ice cover varies according to season advancing in winter, retreating in summer is especially rich in this kind of life. There are animals such as polar bears and seals that live mainly on the ice or in the sea. And there are animals such as caribou (reindeer), musk ox and Arctic fox, which live on land. Many bird species including ducks and geese fly north in the spring to breed in the short Arctic summer, and then migrate south in the winter. On land the scene ranges from polar deserts where biodiversity is scarce, through tundra peatlands to shrublands and forests. Many Arctic plant species are also unique to these locations. Sea ice shapes the complex food chain of Arctic marine life. (Illustration based on Gradinger, Hopcroft and Blum, 2004)

3 3 Through better understanding of the Arctic ecosystem, we can recognise how, where and when our exploration and production operations might have an impact. For example, the more we understand the tundra and permafrost environments the more effectively we can adapt our construction activities to protect them. We also study whale migration routes and the potential impacts of drilling during migration. Similarly, we seek to understand where and when caribou are migrating, so that we can minimise activities near migration routes. Arctic wildlife is rich and varied. Adult bull musk oxen, Northwest Territories, Arctic Canada. Arctic vegetation varies from almost plant-free polar desert through different types of tundra, comprising low-growing mosses and plants, to coniferous trees. The Arctic fox. On next page, the walrus and snow owl. (Illustation based on Bliss and Matveyeva, 1992)

4 4 Arctic biodiversity Protecting Arctic biodiversity Conserving biodiversity is crucial to the future of our operations. In addition to environmental concerns there are legal and regulatory requirements as well as business reasons for Shell to focus on biodiversity. Shell is investing in research and development and technologies that will help reduce impacts our activities might have on biodiversity. We are also involved in a number of joint industry projects, such as studying the impact of sound on fish, turtles and marine mammals. We are working with a number of research and academic institutes, including the University of Alaska, on the environmental aspects of working in the Arctic. These include the potential impact on biodiversity. The Alaska experience Shell s research in the seas off Alaska is yielding valuable scientific information that will be used for generations to come. There are a number of research projects taking place in both the Chukchi and Beaufort seas, much of a kind never undertaken before. These projects include: n detecting the migration routes of whales and other mammals; n tagging of walrus with the US Geological Survey; n using unmanned aircraft to identify marine mammals; n examining the effects of ice masses on the seabed; n analysing coastal erosion and deposition, which can affect local communities; n examining water quality and sampling sediment chemistry; and n establishing the types of life that live on the seabed and on which many other species depend. A large network of microphones placed on the seabed record the sounds of whales, seals, and walruses as well as seismic activity. This helps us to understand the distribution, numbers and migration routes of the marine mammals as well as possible behavioural changes in response to oil industry activity. Expert observers and biologists monitor the mammals from aircraft and small ships, collecting visual data. Around onethird of the biologists are native Inupiat. We are also testing unmanned drones for this work (see next section). Shell helps fund these programmes and uses the results for impact assessments and project planning. The studies are carried out by independent scientific consultants working with research and academic institutes, including the University of Alaska. Advancing research with novel technology In the Alaskan Arctic, observers monitor from aircraft possible impacts the offshore oil industry activity might have on marine mammals such as whales, seals, walrus and polar bears. Shell is also testing the use of unmanned aerial drones. They are safer, quieter and produce less carbon dioxide than manned aircraft. At an altitude of around 450 metres (1,500 feet), the drones cannot be heard from the ground, and therefore do not disturb the animals they are observing. They can be launched and recovered from a marine vessel the size of a standard fishing boat and are able to fly in poor weather. In Alaska, Shell is working with communities and tribal governments to make the best use of their Arctic experience. The aim is to blend their traditional knowledge of local species, migration patterns, ice movement, land use and subsistence activities into study programmes.

5 5 Polar bear mother and her cub hurry across ice floes in the Arctic summer in Svalbard, Norway. Polar bears For many, the polar bear is a symbol of the Arctic s rich and sensitive environment. Any potential impact on its habitat attracts attention. Shell s approach to polar bears follows regulatory requirements, including reporting their presence and training staff in how to deal with them and ways to avoid them. Shell will work with regulatory agencies and other organisations to help decide whether we need to take further measures in the future. The polar bear is one of the largest predatory carnivores. We use a number of tactics to safeguard our people from polar bear encounters. To date we have used only noisemakers such as cracker shells, firecrackers, horns, and sirens if we have needed to scare off polar bears, or we have temporarily shut down operations in response to the presence of these animals. into force. Scouts trained in managing interactions with polar bears work with us. Many of these scouts are members of the indigenous Inupiat communities. Their knowledge and experience play a vital part in improving our understanding of polar bear behaviour. Studies are under way into how the polar bear is responding to changes in its habitat as a result of climate change. Shell is helping some of this research by contributing to the US National Fish and Wildlife Foundation Polar Bear Conservation Fund. Examining the tracks of a polar bear. In the case of Alaska, an environmental impact study conducted by the U.S. Minerals Management Services found that expected offshore activity in the Chukchi and Beaufort seas would have no significant adverse effects on the polar bear. Our approach to the polar bear will remain similar to that taken towards the bowhead whale. We meet or exceed the requirements of all current regulations and will continue to work with agencies and other relevant organisations if new requirements come

6 6 Arctic biodiversity Global partnerships We have global partnerships with IUCN and Wetlands International to work together on the sustainable management of ecosystems, including biodiversity conservation. Humans depend on biodiversity as well as energy. IUCN has worked with Shell for more than 10 years to help the company conserve nature through changes in Shell s policy and practice, says Julia Marton-Lefèvre, Director- General, IUCN. Together IUCN and Shell have delivered real conservation results in places as diverse as Russia, Qatar, China and Italy. Our collaboration continues to expand, and our aim remains the same: sustainable energy, healthy biodiversity, and better standards for Shell and the energy sector. In short With its abundant oil and gas resources, the Arctic will continue to be a potentially significant source of energy for the world. Efforts to develop these resources, however, must address how to reduce possible impact on biodiversity and the Arctic ecosystem as a whole. In 2008, Shell and Wetlands International initiated a joint project to study the impact of the oil and gas industry on Arctic tundra and permafrost, including the protection and restoration of wetland habitats. The study is designed to help support operations in tundra and permafrost environments, which are known to be susceptible to damage by operations on and below ground. It aims to find engineering and ecological solutions to avoid longterm impact and improve industry practices. Wetlands International team studying the site of old oil and gas equipment, Russian Arctic. Wetlands are the main ecosystem type in the Arctic region; peatlands, rivers, lakes, shallow bays and other wetland types cover up to 70% of the total Arctic surface. These ecosystems are vulnerable and disturbance often has irreversible impacts. They also play a crucial role in global climate change by storing CO 2 and protecting permafrost and they are crucial for global biodiversity. Wetlands International works with Shell to minimise the impact of the oil and gas sector on these ecosystems. Together we mobilise information and influence policies and standards that can result in better decision making and more sustainable operations, safeguarding the valuable Arctic for current and future generations. Ward Hagemeijer Head of Programme and Strategy for Biodiversity and Ecological Networks and Shell Relationship Manager, Wetlands International.

7 Shell supports studies into whale migration routes. 7

8 This publication is one of a series of briefing notes on challenges related to oil and gas development in the Arctic. The series includes Shell in the Arctic, Arctic Biodiversity, Working with Indigenous People, Technology in the Arctic, Preventing and Responding to Oil Spills, Climate Change and Developing Arctic Oil and Gas. Disclaimer Royal Dutch Shell plc and the companies in which it directly or indirectly owns investments are separate and distinct entities. The collective expression Shell and Shell Group may be used for convenience where reference is made in general to those companies. Likewise, the words we, us, our and ourselves may be used to refer to the companies of the Shell Group in general. These expressions may also be used where no useful purpose is served by identifying any particular company or companies. Correspondence address Royal Dutch Shell plc Carel van Bylandtlaan 30, 2596 HR The Hague, The Netherlands Design by Creative Services, The Hague Printed by Charterhouse under ISO April 2011 Published by Royal Dutch Shell plc, for Shell Exploration and Production International B.V., The Netherlands. All rights reserved. XXX-XXX-XXXXX

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears

Algae Plankton Arctic Cod Seals Polar Bears Why is Climate Change such a Hot issue for the North Pole? Student Handout Scientists expect northern regions to warm up more than other parts of the world as the Earth s climate changes. If you have flown

More information

Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward

Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward Way Up in the Arctic by Jennifer Ward Arctic north pole Arizona 32º latitude Arctic Arizona 5,800,000 square miles 114,000 square miles Arctic Hare Arctic Fox Arctic Tern Arctic Wolf Arctic Seal Beluga

More information

Shell in the Arctic. Read more about our major Arctic and sub-arctic projects:

Shell in the Arctic. Read more about our major Arctic and sub-arctic projects: Shell in the Arctic Shell has built up extensive operating and development experience in Arctic and sub-arctic regions. We have been active onshore and offshore in Alaska and Canada for nearly 50 years.

More information

technology in the Arctic

technology in the Arctic technology in the Arctic The decline of easy-to-access oil will increase the need to develop new resources in ever more remote and hostile environments in order to help meet rising long-term energy demand.

More information

Observations of Habitat Use by Polar Bears, Ursus maritimus, in the Alaskan Beaufort, Chukchi, and Northern Bering Seas

Observations of Habitat Use by Polar Bears, Ursus maritimus, in the Alaskan Beaufort, Chukchi, and Northern Bering Seas Observations of Habitat Use by Polar Bears, Ursus maritimus, in the Alaskan Beaufort, Chukchi, and Northern Bering Seas DONALD J. HANSEN U.S. Department of the Interior, Minerals Management Service, 949

More information

Ecology & Biome Vocabulary

Ecology & Biome Vocabulary Ecology & Biome Vocabulary Create a table in your lab notebook with these headings. You will use the front and back of a page. There are vocabulary words underlined, the definition column should be the

More information

Environmental Considerations of Oil & Gas Exploration & Production on Alaska s s North Slope. Presented by: Caryn Rea Sr.

Environmental Considerations of Oil & Gas Exploration & Production on Alaska s s North Slope. Presented by: Caryn Rea Sr. Environmental Considerations of Oil & Gas Exploration & Production on Alaska s s North Slope Presented by: Caryn Rea Sr. Staff Biologist Canada-US Oil and Gas Conference Nov 30 Dec 2, 2010 Presentation

More information

Statoil s Arctic program, Bear Island nature reserve and the ice edge May 12, 2014

Statoil s Arctic program, Bear Island nature reserve and the ice edge May 12, 2014 Statoil s Arctic program, Bear Island nature reserve and the ice edge May 12, 2014 Media Brief WHAT: Statoil is preparing to drill the northernmost well ever drilled on the Norwegian continental shelf,

More information

Biomes. Environments are grouped into BIOMES group of ecosystems that have same climate & dominant communities

Biomes. Environments are grouped into BIOMES group of ecosystems that have same climate & dominant communities Biomes Environments are grouped into BIOMES group of ecosystems that have same climate & dominant communities TROPICAL RAIN FOREST has most species, BIODIVERSITY canopy = top understory = below canopy

More information

CARIBOU. Type: Mammal. Weight: kg. Height: cm

CARIBOU. Type: Mammal. Weight: kg. Height: cm ANIMALS CARIBOU Weight: 109 318kg Height: 120 150cm Diet: Caribou`s majorly eat ground and tree lichens. They also eat shrubs, grasses and willows. It takes 80 to 150 years for a forest to grow enough

More information

Facts and Fallacies about Polar Bears. Polar Bear Listing Dispelling Fallacies with Facts

Facts and Fallacies about Polar Bears. Polar Bear Listing Dispelling Fallacies with Facts Facts and Fallacies about Polar Bears Polar Bear Listing Dispelling Fallacies with Facts World Wildlife Fund (WWF) has worked around the world s Arctic regions for over 25 years to protect Arctic wildlife

More information

Canada s Offshore Oil & Gas Industry: Best Practices in Marine Environments. Paul Barnes Manager, Atlantic Canada & Arctic

Canada s Offshore Oil & Gas Industry: Best Practices in Marine Environments. Paul Barnes Manager, Atlantic Canada & Arctic Canada s Offshore Oil & Gas Industry: Best Practices in Marine Environments Paul Barnes Manager, Atlantic Canada & Arctic 1 Presentation Overview Who is CAPP? Arctic Potential Challenges of Arctic Development

More information

Offshore development benefits. www.shell.us/alaska

Offshore development benefits. www.shell.us/alaska 8 C H A P T E R E i g h t: Offshore development benefits www.shell.us/alaska Barrow, Alaska The Ripples of Offshore Development Benefits Energy production has done much for Alaskans previously, and by

More information

Top of the World. Grade Level: Grades 4 8 Time: 1 2 hours for all activities.

Top of the World. Grade Level: Grades 4 8 Time: 1 2 hours for all activities. Dick &y Val Beck Top of the World Grade Level: Grades 4 8 Time: 1 2 hours for all activities. Materials For Activity 1: Arctic map (one per student) Large world map Globe Colored pencils, markers, or crayons

More information

SECTION 1. Animals of the Tundra

SECTION 1. Animals of the Tundra SECTION 1 ANIMALS IN COLD HABITATS In this section you will learn about animals in cold habitats. Do you have a globe? Find the North Pole and the South Pole. The animals in Lesson 2 live near the North

More information

Sea ice is the Inuit highway

Sea ice is the Inuit highway INUIT ISSITTORMIUT SIUNNERSUISOQATIGIIFFIAT INUIT CIRCUMPOLAR COUNCIL (ICC) Session III Protection and Conservation of Oceans, Seas and Marine Resources Environmental Concervation in Polar Regions By Aqqaluk

More information

Therefore, this is a very important question, which encourages consideration of the current management of the resource.

Therefore, this is a very important question, which encourages consideration of the current management of the resource. Aalisarnermut, Piniarnermut Nunalerinermullu Naalakkersuisoqarfik Department of Fisheries, Hunting and Agriculture Finn's speech to NAFMC Climate change in the North Atlantic has become a reality which

More information

Mitchell Museum of the American Indian Arctic/Subarctic Culture Map

Mitchell Museum of the American Indian Arctic/Subarctic Culture Map Arctic/Subarctic Culture Map The Arctic Culture Area includes a small part of Alaska and northern Canada, from the western to the eastern ocean. Here, winters are long and harsh, and summers are short

More information

Name Date Period. 1. Pick one square on the poster and measure the length and width. Remember to use centimeters (cm).

Name Date Period. 1. Pick one square on the poster and measure the length and width. Remember to use centimeters (cm). Name Date Period Four Corners Directions: Take the cards out of the envelope and as a group, sort through and decide whether each one is a producer, carnivore, omnivore, or herbivore. Place them in the

More information

Meanings of the Mask (Grades 4-8)

Meanings of the Mask (Grades 4-8) Meanings of the Mask (Grades 4-8) Objectives: Introduce students to the ceremonial, cultural, and artistic meanings of traditional and contemporary masks of the Yup ik Indians of Western Alaska. Study

More information

Contents Summary Part A: Introduction Introduction Background Purpose of the Program Report...

Contents Summary Part A: Introduction Introduction Background Purpose of the Program Report... CONTENTS Contents... 2 Summary... 5 Part A: Introduction... 7 1 Introduction... 7 1.1 Background... 7 1.2 Purpose of the Program Report... 7 1.3 Structure of the Program Report... 8 1.4 Terminology...

More information

Use the terms in the vocabulary box to fill in the blanks. Use each term only once.

Use the terms in the vocabulary box to fill in the blanks. Use each term only once. Use with textbook pages 8 28. Biomes and ecosystems Vocabulary abiotic adaptations behavioural biome biotic climatograph elevation latitude ocean currents physiological precipitation structural temperature

More information

Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment

Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment Topics Overview Legal: Laws and Regulations NRDA Process Scaling Injuries and Restoration Restoration in the Arctic Summary 2 1 Top Three Things to Know

More information

SEA OTTER CONSERVATION

SEA OTTER CONSERVATION SEA OTTER CONSERVATION Only three subspecies of sea otter are found in the world: the southern, or California, sea otter (Enhydra lutris nereis), the northern sea otter (Enhydra lutris kenyoni) and the

More information

Facts on Arctic Climate Change

Facts on Arctic Climate Change Facts on Arctic Climate Change A Summary of the Arctic Climate Impact Assessment ARCTIC CLIMATE CHANGE will not only affect local people and ecosystems but also the rest of the world, because the Arctic

More information

Entering the Arctic why now? New York, 24th June 2010 Dr. Olav Orheim Research Council of Norway

Entering the Arctic why now? New York, 24th June 2010 Dr. Olav Orheim Research Council of Norway Entering the Arctic why now? 23rd Marine Money Week New York, 24th June 2010 Dr. Olav Orheim Research Council of Norway Contents of the presentation: The Arctic environment and Arctic politics Oil prices

More information

6.4 Taigas and Tundras

6.4 Taigas and Tundras 6.4 Taigas and Tundras In this section, you will learn about the largest and coldest biomes on Earth. The taiga is the largest land biome and the tundra is the coldest. The taiga The largest land biome

More information

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world.

A STUDY OF BIOMES. In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the world. A STUDY OF BIOMES http://bellnetweb.brc.tamus.edu/res_grid/biomes.htm A HIGH SCHOOL BIOLOGY / ECOLOGY MODULE Summary: In this module the students will research and illustrate the different biomes of the

More information

Where in the World is the Polar Bear? Activity Type: Game (Geography Hunt) Corresponding Lesson: 1 - Geography Grades: 4-6

Where in the World is the Polar Bear? Activity Type: Game (Geography Hunt) Corresponding Lesson: 1 - Geography Grades: 4-6 v VOLUNTEER ACTIVITY 4 Where in the World is the Polar Bear? Activity Type: Game (Geography Hunt) Corresponding Lesson: 1 - Geography Grades: 4-6 Time: 15-20 mins, including DVD Cost: $, Low/Printing Materials

More information

Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment NRDA

Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment NRDA Introduction to Natural Resource Damage Assessment NRDA Topics Overview Legal: Laws and Regulations NRDA Process Restoration in the Arctic Summary 2 Top Three Things to Know Three liabilities from oil

More information

Writing Exemplars: Spring Writing Task Grade 6. Student Work Sheets. The Nova Scotia Writing Exemplars, Grades One to Eight Project

Writing Exemplars: Spring Writing Task Grade 6. Student Work Sheets. The Nova Scotia Writing Exemplars, Grades One to Eight Project The Nova Scotia Writing Exemplars, Grades One to Eight Project Writing Exemplars: Spring Writing Task Grade 6 A Summary Report Canada s Newest Territory! Student Work Sheets Student Name: Nova Scotia Department

More information

Arctic Coloring and Fact Pack

Arctic Coloring and Fact Pack Arctic Coloring and Fact Pack Have fun learning about the arctic with this fun coloring pack! Clip art by: EduClips Directions: Cut out the arctic themed images below. Then, glue them onto the matching

More information

Aquatic Ecosystems Section 2

Aquatic Ecosystems Section 2 Objectives Explain why an estuary is a very productive ecosystem. Compare salt marshes and mangrove swamps. Describe two threats to coral reefs. Describe two threats to ocean organisms. Marine Ecosystems

More information

Animals of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge

Animals of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Animals of the Arctic National Wildlife Refuge The Arctic National Wildlife Refuge is located in the Northeast corner of Alaska and with a range of nearly twenty million acres is the largest wildlife refuge

More information

Melting Arctic Ice and its Possible Impacts on Humans. Tom Tomaganuk, Kim Tomaganuk, Harry Bill, Rhea Kaganak, Helen George

Melting Arctic Ice and its Possible Impacts on Humans. Tom Tomaganuk, Kim Tomaganuk, Harry Bill, Rhea Kaganak, Helen George Melting Arctic Ice and its Possible Impacts on Humans Tom Tomaganuk, Kim Tomaganuk, Harry Bill, Rhea Kaganak, Helen George Max Rotenberry and Mary Cook mrotenberry@loweryukon.org Disclaimer: This paper

More information

1. the orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the replacement of one community by another untii a stable climax is established

1. the orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the replacement of one community by another untii a stable climax is established 1/11/2016 Quizlet 5 Written questions 1. the orderly process of change in an ecosystem brought about by the replacement of one community by another untii a stable climax is established 2. A stable, mature

More information

UNIT 4: SUSTAINABILITY OF ECOSYSTEMS Worksheet #11: BIOMES

UNIT 4: SUSTAINABILITY OF ECOSYSTEMS Worksheet #11: BIOMES SCIENCE 1206 UNIT 4: SUSTAINABILITY OF ECOSYSTEMS Worksheet #11: BIOMES There are two major types of ecosystems: Aquatic Terrestrial Each can be subdivided further based upon the predominant vegetation,

More information

S7L4-6. A. Southeast. B. Midwest. C. Northwest. D. Southwest.

S7L4-6. A. Southeast. B. Midwest. C. Northwest. D. Southwest. S7L4-6 1. Grasslands and savannas are biomes that are very valuable as areas for farming and grazing livestock. In the United States, these biomes are mostly found in the A. Southeast. B. Midwest. C. Northwest.

More information

Sweden s environmental objectives.

Sweden s environmental objectives. Sweden s environmental objectives www.miljomal.se Environmental objectives vital to our future The Swedish Parliament has adopted 16 environmental quality objectives, describing what state and quality

More information

Habitat Loss. Key Stage 1 & 2. Aims and Objectives. What is a habitat? Find out more at

Habitat Loss. Key Stage 1 & 2. Aims and Objectives. What is a habitat? Find out more at Key Stage 1 & 2 Aims and Objectives Understand what a habitat is Understand the important role of plants and animals within a habitat Focus on issues that cause habitats to decline Establish how we can

More information

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other?

How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Core Idea ESS3 Vocabulary Earth and Human Activity How do Earth s surface processes and human activities affect each other? Earth human activities planetary systems resource renewable or replaceable Natural

More information

The Polar Climate Zones

The Polar Climate Zones The Polar Climate Zones How cold is it in the polar climate? Polar areas are the coldest of all the major climate zones The Sun is hardly ever high enough in the sky to cause the plentiful ice to melt,

More information

The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands. The Barents Sea

The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands. The Barents Sea The Norwegian ecosystem-based management plan for the Barents Sea and sea areas off the Lofoten Islands By: Dr. Erik Olsen, Research Scientist The Barents Sea Continental shelf sea Average depth 230m Area

More information

Arctic Ice. Their Home Affects Our Home. Stephanie Pfirman Barnard College and Columbia University

Arctic Ice. Their Home Affects Our Home. Stephanie Pfirman Barnard College and Columbia University Arctic Ice { Their Home Affects Our Home 1 Stephanie Pfirman Barnard College and Columbia University 2 3 http://tan-moneyonline.com/wp-content/uploads/2008/03/earthatnight_arctic.jpg We re Losing Summer

More information

Arctic Circle Assembly The future of Greenland: A dialogue. Speech by Minister for Industry, Labour, Trade and Foreign Affairs, Mr. Vittus Qujaukitsoq

Arctic Circle Assembly The future of Greenland: A dialogue. Speech by Minister for Industry, Labour, Trade and Foreign Affairs, Mr. Vittus Qujaukitsoq Inuussutissarsiornermut, Suliffeqarnermut, Niuernermut Nunanullu Allanut Naalakkersuisoq Minister of Industry, Labour, Trade and Foreign Affairs Arctic Circle Assembly The future of Greenland: A dialogue

More information

Bearly Any Ice. n Analyse the roles of organisms as part of interconnected. n Assess survival needs and interactions between organisms

Bearly Any Ice. n Analyse the roles of organisms as part of interconnected. n Assess survival needs and interactions between organisms The predator-prey relationship between polar bears and ringed seals is simulated in this active tag game. It also demonstrates the dramatic impact of increasing global temperature on polar bear survival

More information

DIAMOND MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT FACT SHEET

DIAMOND MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT FACT SHEET DIAMOND MINING AND THE ENVIRONMENT FACT SHEET The formal diamond mining industry constantly strives to strike a balance between its economic, social and environmental responsibilities, while making a positive

More information

What is an Ecosystem?

What is an Ecosystem? ECOSYSTEMS What is an Ecosystem? Ecosystem- a biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment. There are many types of ecosystems and they can be small or large in size. Example

More information

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems

Chapter 3 Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Communities, Biomes, and Ecosystems Section 1: Community Ecology Section 2: Terrestrial Biomes Section 3: Aquatic Ecosystems Click on a lesson name to select. 3.1 Community Ecology Communities A biological

More information

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH

BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH World Environment Day June 2010 111 BIODIVERSITY AND ECONOMIC GROWTH By: Shahid Saleem Biodiversity loss and other environmental problems that the world is facing today are the products of hundreds of

More information

Salmon in the Arctic

Salmon in the Arctic Sustainable Strategies in a Warming Climate: Salmon in the Arctic Jennifer L. Nielsen, US Geological Survey, Alaska Science Center Gregory T. Ruggerone, Natural Resources Consultants, Inc., Seattle, WA

More information

Energy flow & Biomes. Pay particular attention to the diagrams

Energy flow & Biomes. Pay particular attention to the diagrams Energy flow & Biomes Pay particular attention to the diagrams Bacteria feed at EVERY trophic level! Energy Movement Remember that organisms store energy to be used Stored energy is then taken by an organism

More information

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms

Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Climate, Vegetation, and Landforms Definitions Climate is the average weather of a place over many years Geographers discuss five broad types of climates Moderate, dry, tropical, continental, polar Vegetation:

More information

Recommended Land Use Guidelines for Protection of Selected Wildlife Species and Habitat within Grassland and Parkland Natural Regions of Alberta

Recommended Land Use Guidelines for Protection of Selected Wildlife Species and Habitat within Grassland and Parkland Natural Regions of Alberta Fish and Wildlife Division Sustainable Resource Development Recommended Land Use Guidelines for Protection of Selected Wildlife Species and Habitat within Grassland and Parkland Natural Regions of Alberta

More information

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans.

www.irishseedsavers.ie Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. www.irishseedsavers.ie POND LIFE FACT SHEET Natural surface water on earth includes lakes, ponds, streams, rivers, estuaries, seas and oceans. A pond is a small body of fresh water shallow enough for sunlight

More information

Position Statement regarding Offshore Wind Proposals on Lake Huron. Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation

Position Statement regarding Offshore Wind Proposals on Lake Huron. Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation Position Statement regarding Offshore Wind Proposals on Lake Huron Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation June 2010 Lake Huron Centre for Coastal Conservation (LHCCC) Corporate Position related to:

More information

tundra desert coniferous forest deciduous forest rainforest grassland aquatic biome habitat environment ecosystem species

tundra desert coniferous forest deciduous forest rainforest grassland aquatic biome habitat environment ecosystem species Science Unit 6: Vocabulary List One tundra desert coniferous forest deciduous forest rainforest grassland aquatic biome habitat environment ecosystem species The coldest of the biomes, located at the top

More information

An Introduction to Petroleum Law: Oil, Gas, Geothermal Energy and Greenhouse Gas Storage

An Introduction to Petroleum Law: Oil, Gas, Geothermal Energy and Greenhouse Gas Storage Petroleum Law: Oil, Gas, Geothermal Energy and Greenhouse Gas Storage Fact Sheet 38 Updated June 2011 An Introduction to Petroleum Law: Oil, Gas, Geothermal Energy and Greenhouse Gas Storage Petroleum

More information

INUIT TRADITIONAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE

INUIT TRADITIONAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE INUIT TRADITIONAL ECOLOGICAL KNOWLEDGE OF KILLER WHALES: COMMUNITY RESPONSES AT A GLANCE Prepared for Dr. Steve Ferguson Orcas of the Canadian Arctic Fisheries and Oceans Canada Winnipeg, Manitoba Prepared

More information

These issues have been covered by other people at this symposium.

These issues have been covered by other people at this symposium. 1 2 These issues have been covered by other people at this symposium. The polar bear program provides scientific and some Inuit Knowledge information for the decision makers. However most Inuit Knowledge

More information

TROPICAL CLIMATE. It is found near the Tropics. Always dense and green with many different species of animals and

TROPICAL CLIMATE. It is found near the Tropics. Always dense and green with many different species of animals and SM-UNIT2lesson4.Activity3 CLIMATE WORLDWIDE TROPICAL CLIMATE It is found near the Tropics - Temperatures are always hot, between 24ºC-27ºC - Rainfall is abundant all year. - Two seasons; the dry and the

More information

Chapter 5 Protecting Spaces

Chapter 5 Protecting Spaces Chapter 5 Protecting Spaces What do the following have in common? Parks Reserves Marine Conservation Areas Bird Sanctuaries Wildness areas Why? to preserve natural ecosystems Protecting Spaces 1,050,000

More information

OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND THE NATURAL HERITAGE

OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND THE NATURAL HERITAGE Guidance OIL AND GAS EXPLORATION AND THE NATURAL HERITAGE Policy Guidance Note 00/02 This paper describes licensing procedures for oil and gas exploration and explains the roles of SNH and the JNCC in

More information

Baltic Sea Perspective on - Building a Gas Pipeline and - Oil Spills

Baltic Sea Perspective on - Building a Gas Pipeline and - Oil Spills Baltic Sea Perspective on - Building a Gas Pipeline and - Oil Spills Dr Juha-Markku Leppänen Head of the Monitoring and Assessment Unit, Marine Research Centre, Finnish Environment Institute (SYKE) Content

More information

Safety Challenges in the Arctic

Safety Challenges in the Arctic Safety Challenges in the Arctic International Conference on Integrated Operations in the Petroleum Industry Trondheim, 25.09.13 Børre Johan Paaske, DNV GL Agenda Defining the Arctic Safety and environmental

More information

Directly assessing the environmental, social and economic impact of Arctic sea-ice loss

Directly assessing the environmental, social and economic impact of Arctic sea-ice loss Directly assessing the environmental, social and economic impact of Arctic sea-ice loss 2014-2017 A programme of research funded by the European Union Framework 7 Programme, Grant Agreement 603887 A 12

More information

Lesson 9: Manatees Need Warm Water to Survive

Lesson 9: Manatees Need Warm Water to Survive Lesson 9: Manatees need warm water to survive Page 9-1 Lesson 9: Manatees Need Warm Water to Survive Objectives: Students will understand thermal refuges and manatee winter migrations. They will be able

More information

Overview. Background

Overview. Background Arctic Survivor LESSON GRADE LEVEL 7-12 CATEGORY Energy, Atmosphere & Climate TOPIC Climate Change TIME Warm-up: 10 60 minutes (research option dependent) Activity: 50 minutes, including debrief Wrap-up:

More information

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems

Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Key Idea 2: Ecosystems Ecosystems An ecosystem is a living community of plants and animals sharing an environment with non-living elements such as climate and soil. An example of a small scale ecosystem

More information

Species Oil Spill Vulnerability Profiles (VPs) For Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA) In the Beaufort Sea

Species Oil Spill Vulnerability Profiles (VPs) For Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA) In the Beaufort Sea Beaufort Regional Environmental Assessment 2015 Research Results Forum Species Oil Spill Vulnerability Profiles (VPs) For Net Environmental Benefit Analysis (NEBA) In the Beaufort Sea Inuvik, NWT February

More information

Environmental Science 3205 Lesson 3.1 Ecosystems and Ecoregions

Environmental Science 3205 Lesson 3.1 Ecosystems and Ecoregions Environmental Science 3205 Lesson 3.1 Ecosystems and Ecoregions Do Now: Look at page 59 and identify the eco-region that you live in. If you were forced to pick another ecoregion to live in which one would

More information

Protecting the environment of the Arctic ecosystem. By Professor Olav Orheim Norwegian Polar Institute

Protecting the environment of the Arctic ecosystem. By Professor Olav Orheim Norwegian Polar Institute Protecting the environment of the Arctic ecosystem By Professor Olav Orheim Norwegian Polar Institute Outline What is the Arctic? The Arctic marine environment Key environmental challenges Integrated Management

More information

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES

DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Lesson B5 1 DESCRIBING DESERT, TAIGA, AND TUNDRA BIOMES Unit B. Science and Technology in Wildlife Management Problem Area 5. Desert, Taiga, and Tundra Biomes National Academic Standard. NS.9-12.1 Science

More information

VOLUNTEER ACTIVITY 6. Time: mins Cost: $ Materials. Supports Lesson Two: Reading about Polar Bears Grades 1-6

VOLUNTEER ACTIVITY 6. Time: mins Cost: $ Materials. Supports Lesson Two: Reading about Polar Bears Grades 1-6 Where Do Polar Bears Live? Activity Type: Game Supports Lesson Two: Reading about Polar Bears Grades 1-6 Time: 20-30 mins Cost: $ Materials Poster board Marker Polar Bear on Tundra image Tape Polar Cards

More information

Introduction. Both of these regions are flourishing with different species of wildlife, and both having their own unique specialities.

Introduction. Both of these regions are flourishing with different species of wildlife, and both having their own unique specialities. Polar Regions Introduction The Earth s polar regions are at the north of Canada, Greenland, Europe and Russia and Antarctica. The polar regions are the regions that surround both the poles, these regions

More information

Effects of Climate Change

Effects of Climate Change Effects of Climate Change LESSON 3 Guiding Question: What are the effects of climate change? State ways in which the warming atmosphere affects ecosystems and organisms. Explain how climate change is affecting

More information

Benchmark: A reference value or range that is used to identify increasing degrees of concern regarding a potential effect on a VEC.

Benchmark: A reference value or range that is used to identify increasing degrees of concern regarding a potential effect on a VEC. 7.0 GLOSSARY Alpha diversity: The diversity within a particular area or ecosystem, and is usually expressed by the number of species (i.e., species richness) in that ecosystem. Alternative route evaluation

More information

Impact of Climate Change on Alaska Native Communities

Impact of Climate Change on Alaska Native Communities Impact of Climate Change on Alaska Native Communities Alaska Native Science Commission www.nativescience.org www.nativeknowledge.org Overview of Alaska Native Global Warming Abnormalities in Subsistence

More information

Energy Outlook: U.S. Arctic Outer Continental Shelf

Energy Outlook: U.S. Arctic Outer Continental Shelf Alaska OCS Region Energy Outlook: U.S. Arctic Outer Continental Shelf 5th Symposium on the Impacts of an Ice-Diminishing Arctic on Naval and Maritime Operations July 16-18, 2013 Washington, D. C. Sharon

More information

Center for Biological Diversity May 2013

Center for Biological Diversity May 2013 On Thin Ice After five years on the endangered species list, polar bears still face a troubling future. Center for Biological Diversity May 2013 Five Years After Endangered Species Act Listing, Polar Bears

More information

Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance, Cap.499 Guidance Note

Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance, Cap.499 Guidance Note EIAO Guidance Note No. 7/2010 Environmental Impact Assessment Ordinance, Cap.499 Guidance Note Ecological Baseline Survey for Ecological Assessment (This guidance note supersedes EIAO Guidance Note No.

More information

Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC) Working Group on Environment Swedish Chairmanship 2010-2011 Work Programme Subgroup for Nature Protection

Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC) Working Group on Environment Swedish Chairmanship 2010-2011 Work Programme Subgroup for Nature Protection Miljödepartementet Barents Euro-Arctic Council (BEAC) Working Group on Environment Swedish Chairmanship 2010-2011 Adopted version Work Programme Subgroup for Nature Protection TABLE OF CONTENTS 1. Introduction

More information

Organisation Strategy for Denmark s Co-operation with International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 2015 2017

Organisation Strategy for Denmark s Co-operation with International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 2015 2017 Concept Note Organisation Strategy for Denmark s Co-operation with International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN), 2015 2017 1. Introduction The Organisation Strategy for IUCN forms the basis for

More information

General Background Information on Climate Change:

General Background Information on Climate Change: Speech by Alvaro Rodriguez, Country Director, UNDP, Pakistan Roundtable Panel discussion on Climate Change: The impact on Biodiversity and Agriculture Case Study Pakistan Wetlands Programme International

More information

Management and International Trade of Polar Bear from Canada

Management and International Trade of Polar Bear from Canada Management and International Trade of Polar Bear from Canada The intent of this document is to provide CITES Parties with the current facts on international trade of polar bear from Canada. Canada takes

More information

Biology Review Chapter 1

Biology Review Chapter 1 Science 10 Biology Review Chapter 1 Name: 1. A multi-million dollar experiment called the Biosphere II was built in Tucson Arizona. This building enclosed several mechanically maintained environments.

More information

How do abiotic factors affect the distribution of organisms?

How do abiotic factors affect the distribution of organisms? How do abiotic factors affect the distribution of organisms? Why aren t Kangaroos in N. America? Factors affecting the distribution of organisms can be divided in to biotic and abiotic categories. Biotic

More information

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1.

A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Land Biomes A. A biome is a particular physical environment that contains a characteristic group of plants and animals. B. Climate and Microclimate 1. Climate is described by a climatograph. Two of the

More information

Plants and Animals of the arctic

Plants and Animals of the arctic NATIONAL WILDLIFE FEDERATION Plants and Animals of the arctic Summary Students create an arctic food web to understand the feeding connections and social relationships between tundra plants and animals.

More information

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States

Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States Challenge 1: Learning About the Physical Geography of Canada and the United States 170 E Arctic Ocean 10 W 180 20 W 30 W 1 Mount McKinley 40 W 160 W 150 W Hudson Bay 50 W Canadian Shield Vancouver Island

More information

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management

Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management Sustaining Ecosystems: Deforestation, Biodiversity, & Forest Management tutorial by Paul Rich 1. Forests Types & Importance Outline 2. Temperate Deforestation old growth forest, U.S. & Canada 3. Tropical

More information

Ecology Review Questions

Ecology Review Questions 1. The food chain above shows (A) one autotroph and two heterotrophs (B) one producer, one autotroph, and one decomposer (C) one producer and two omnivores (D) one heterotroph and two autotrophs 2. Assume

More information

Ecosystems and Nutrient Cycles Chapter 6

Ecosystems and Nutrient Cycles Chapter 6 Ecosystems and Nutrient Cycles Chapter 6 Ecology The study of living organisms in the natural environment How they interact with one another How they interact with their non-living environment Organization

More information

Removal of Dead Wood as a key threatening process an overview

Removal of Dead Wood as a key threatening process an overview Removal of Dead Wood as a key threatening process an overview The NSW Scientific Committee, an independent body of scientists, has made a final determination to list the Removal of dead wood and dead trees

More information

Impacts of Europe's changing climate

Impacts of Europe's changing climate 2008 Impacts of Europe's changing climate ISSN 1830-2246 Introduction Global climate change is a reality. In Europe the most vulnerable regions are the Arctic, mountain areas, coastal zones and the Mediterranean.

More information

GREAT BARRIER REEF. Climate Change Action Plan

GREAT BARRIER REEF. Climate Change Action Plan GREAT BARRIER REEF Climate Change Action Plan 2007 2011 Climate change is now recognised as the greatest long-term threat to the Great Barrier Reef. The Great Barrier Reef is internationally renowned as

More information

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and

The weather effects everyday life. On a daily basis it can affect choices we make about whether to walk or take the car, what clothes we wear and Weather can have a big impact on our day-to-day lives. On longer timescales, climate influences where and how people live and the lifecycles of plants and animals. Evidence shows us that our climate is

More information

Cathkin High School. National 4 Biology. Unit 3: Life on Earth Homework Booklet

Cathkin High School. National 4 Biology. Unit 3: Life on Earth Homework Booklet Cathkin High School National 4 Biology Unit 3: Life on Earth Homework Booklet Animals and Plants depend on each other Homework Exercise 1 13 Q.1. Copy and complete the following sentences: The surroundings

More information

Characteristics of Terrestrial Ecosystems

Characteristics of Terrestrial Ecosystems Characteristics of Terrestrial Ecosystems Terrestrial ecosystems are land-based ecosystems. Rainforests, deciduous forests, and grasslands are all examples of terrestrial ecosystems. The Earth has many

More information

Environmental Risk Assessment: Methodological Framework for Focused Environmental Assessment

Environmental Risk Assessment: Methodological Framework for Focused Environmental Assessment Environmental Risk Assessment: Methodological Framework for Focused Environmental Assessment Geoffrey V. Hurley 1, Jeffrey L. Barnes 2 and Marielle Thillet 3 Introduction This paper outlines a methodological

More information