200 Bushel Club. Best Management Practices to Obtain 200 Bushels Per Acre

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1 200 Bushel Club Best Management Practices to Obtain 200 Bushels Per Acre

2 What is the 200 Bushel Club? The 200 Bushel Club is an organization composed of 8 different companies dedicated to increasing wheat yields by finding best management practices. This is done in cooperation with studying the cost effective side for producers in the Southeastern Idaho region.

3 Established in 2011, each year studies are being conducted in: Water Conservation Disease and Pest Reduction Wheat Breeding Grain Equipment Soil Fertility Economic Profitability

4 Field Studies 8 fields located from Blackfoot to Ammon Field 1: Variable Rate Fertilizer Study Field 2: Lemken Drill vs. Great Plains Drill Field 3: Lemken Karat vs. Disc with sub-plots being planted with Lemken Karat vs. Great Plains Drill Field 4: Drill Speed Trial Field 5: No pre-work vs. Lemken Karat Field 6: Lemken Karat vs. Disc and Roller Field 7: Pre-worked drilled at 4 MPH vs. No pre-work drilled at 6 MPH Field 8: Preworked with John Deere Chisel Plow and planted with Lemken Drill

5 Data Collection The following data will be taken from all 8 fields: Growth Stage (weekly) Water Application (daily) Pests and Diseases (affects yield and skews data) Height (weekly) Stand Count (tillering stage) Soil Compaction via Penetrometer Kernel Number per Head (soft dough stage) Kernel Size and Shape Comparison (harvest) Test Weight (harvest) Yield (harvest)

6 Field 1 Which rate of nitrogen application will produce increased yield and reduce leaching? Why Producers Care? Cost Effective: Applying correct amount of Nitrogen saves fertilizer costs while increasing yield. Correct amount of Nitrogen is applied to ensure crop uptake and reduce leaching.

7 Field 2 Which drill provides a better seed to soil contact? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Increased seed to soil contact results in increased stands (yield) with uniform growth stages (correct moisture for harvest across field). Reduced Weed Pressure: Faster growth results in earlier canopy coverage, reducing weed competition.

8 Field 3 Which implement provides a better seed bed? Which drill provides a better seed to soil contact? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Optimum seedbed preparation is crucial for healthy root growth and increased yields. Soil compaction will be tested with a penetrometer. (Drills will be compared for yield and uniform growth stages. Benefits are the same as field 2.)

9 Field 4 Which speed produces highest yield? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Less skips from the drill results in increased stand and yield. Reduction in Weed Pressure: Even canopy results in less weed pressure.

10 Field 4 Continued Which will have a higher yield? Plot 4E Plot 4F Plot 4G 6 MPH 4 MPH 2 MPH

11 Field 5 Which practice provides a better seed bed and increased yield? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Less soil compaction results in healthier rooted crops. Decreased Disease Pressure: Burial of residue results in less disease and pest pressures.

12 Field 5 Continued Which plot pre-worked? Plot 5A Plot 5B

13 Field 6 Which implement provides a better seed bed? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Optimum seedbed preparation is crucial for healthy root growth and increased yields. Soil compaction will be tested with a penetrometer.

14 Field 7 Which practice results a higher yield? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Less soil compaction results in healthier rooted crops. Decreased Disease Pressure: Burial of residue results in less disease and pest pressures. Which is more cost effective?

15 Field 8 How does the John Deere Chisel Plow and Lemken Drill combination do for yield when compared to last years data in this field? Why Producers Care? Increased Yield: Which practice results in higher yields? Cost Effective: Which is more cost effective, last year s practice or this year s? How long will it take to pay off the new Lemken Drill?

16 200 Bushel Club Members Juliet Marshall, University of Idaho Dale Clark, WestBred Cathy Wilson, Idaho Wheat Commission Mike Erickson, McGregor Co. Gary Farmer, Bingham Coop Kirk Jacobs, Silver K Farms Brett Wilken, Thresher Artisan Wheat Olgita Roman, Thresher Artisan Wheat 200 Bushel Club Supporters Emily Tolley, Brigham Young University Idaho Bradford Warner, Agspring Richard Johnson, Pioneer Equipment Dayna Gross, The Nature Conservancy T.J. Shawver, Bingham Coop Greg Blaser, Research Agronomist

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