2 What is Phonics? Phonics is something that is taught everyday in schools. It is what helps your child to learn to read and write. Gives them the skills needed for reading and writing plus detailed knowledge of the alphabet. Taught daily for 20 minutes. Taught through group teaching, one to one teaching, independent and group activities, songs, rhymes and games.
3 ..what is phonics? Phonics is taught to every child in Early Years and Key Stage 1 at their level. Phonics also continues into KS2. Phonics is a progression. Leads into children learning their spellings through spotting the rules. At Pirton, we follow a scheme of work called Letters and Sounds. This breaks the learning up into phases. ters-and-sounds
4 Phonic Phase Timeline Phase 1- This is the Nursery phase and what children should achieve before starting school. Phase 2- Started towards end of Nursery year and completed in reception. Phase 3- Reception year. Phase 4- started towards end of reception completed in year 1. Phase 5- Year 1 Phase 6- Year2.
5 Phonic Vocabulary These are words your child will learn through phonics. Phoneme Grapheme Blending Segmenting Digraph Trigraph Phoneme frame Sound button Tricky words CVC
6 Glossary Phonemes: The smallest units of sound that are found within a word, Grapheme: The spelling of the sound e.g. Th Diagraph: Two letters that make one sound when read e.g. ch, ai, oo Trigraphs: Three letters that make one sound e.g. air, igh CVC: Stands for consonant, vowel, consonant. Segmenting is breaking up a word into its sounds. Blending : Putting the sounds together to read a word Tricky words: Words that cannot easily be decoded.
7 Common Mistakes Learning the letter names first. Adding a schwa. (-uh sound) - Sounds must be pronounced properly. strategies/letter-and-sounds-%e2%80%93- articulation-phonemes-vowels-and-consonants Moving children on too quickly. American computer/ipad games.
8 Phase 1 Getting Ready for Phonics 1. Tuning into sounds 2. Listening and remembering sounds 3. Talking about sounds Music and movement Rhythm and rhyme/ alliteration Sound effects Speaking and listening skills
9 Phase 1 Activities Nursery rhymes, songs, action rhymes. Add sound effects to stories. Music and movement: rhythm, guess the instrument. Tap talk. Talking about sounds: listening walks, loud/soft, high/low, silly noises. Speaking & listening: silly sentences Happy Harry hops, mimics, animal sounds.
10 Phase 2: Learning phonemes to read and write simple words Children will learn their first 19 phonemes: Set 1: s a t p Set 2: i n m d Set 3: g o c k Set 4: ck (as in duck) e u r Set 5: h b l f ff (as in puff) ll (as in hill) ss (as in hiss) They will use these phonemes to read and spell simple consonant-vowel-consonant (CVC) words: sat, tap, dig, duck, rug, puff, hill, hiss All these words contain 3 phonemes.
11 Phase 2 Actions We often teach each phoneme with an action to help the children remember them. S- snake moving. ff- pushing air out of a ball. A good idea for children to come up with their own actions for certain sounds. /g/
12 Phase 2 Vocabulary Your children will learn to use the terms: phoneme Phonemes are sounds that can be heard in words e.g. c-a-t grapheme This is how a phoneme is written down digraph This means that the phoneme comprises of two letters e.g. ll, ff, ck, ss
13 Blending Children need to be able to hear the separate sounds in a word and then blend them together to say the whole word. /t/ /i/ /n/ = tin /m/ /u/ /g/ = mug /d/ /u/ /ck/ = duck Segmenting Children need to be able to hear a whole word and say every sound that they hear.
14 Phoneme Frames and Sound Buttons A way to help children segment by breaking the words up. l o g f i ll..... _
15 Tricky Words There are many words that cannot be blended or segmented because they are irregular. the was said you some
16 How can I help at home? Oral blending: the robot game Children need to practise hearing a series of spoken sounds and merging them together to make a word. For example, you say b-u-s, and your child says bus. What s in the box? is a great game for practising this skill.
17 Phase 3 The main individual letter phonemes have now been learnt, and children are reading CVC words independently, Children will enter phase 3 once they know the first 19 phonemes and can blend and segment to read and spell CVC words. Phase 3 teaches children To learn the graphemes (written sounds), made up of more than one letter, eg: oa as in boat To learn all the letter names in the alphabet and how to form them correctly Learning the long vowel phonemes They will learn another 26 phonemes: j, v, w, x, y, z, zz, qu ch, sh, th, ng, ai, ee, igh, oa, oo, ar, or, ur, ow, oi, ear, air, ure, er They will use these phonemes (and the ones from Phase 2) to read and spell words: chip, shop, thin, ring, pain, feet, night, boat, boot, look, farm, fork, burn, town, coin, dear, fair, sure They will also Read more of the tricky words and begin to spell some of them Read and write words in phrases and sentences
19 Tricky words The number of tricky words is growing. These are so important for reading and spelling: he, she, we, me, be, was, my, you, her, they, all. Phonics Words Your children will also learn to use the term: Trigraph This means that the phoneme comprises of three letters e.g. igh, ear, ure
20 Use the phoneme frame to segment and write these words ring chick night
21 Answers r i ng ch i ck... _ n igh t. _.
22 Can you use the phoneme frame to work out how many sounds there are in these words? pig p i g church ch ur ch boy curl thorn chick down shirt
23 Phase 4: Introducing consonant clusters: reading and spelling words with four or more phonemes
24 Children move into phase 4 when they know all the phonemes from phases 2 and 3 and can use them to read and spell simple words (blending to read and segmenting to spell). Phase 4 doesn t introduce any new phonemes. It focuses on reading and spelling longer words with the phonemes they already know. These words have consonant clusters at the beginning: spot, trip, clap, green, clown or at the end: tent, mend, damp, burnt or at the beginning and end! trust, spend, twist Children continue to practise previously learned graphemes and phonemes and learn how to read and write: CVCC words: tent, damp, toast, chimp For example, in the word toast, t = consonant, oa = vowel, s = consonant, t = consonant and CCVC words: swim, plum, sport, cream, spoon For example, in the word cream, c = consonant, r = consonant, ea = vowel, m = consonant. They will be learning more tricky words and continuing to read and write sentences together. Tricky words (said, so, do, have, like, some, come, were, there, little, one, when, out, what)
25 Phase 5 (about 6 weeks) Continue reading and spelling phonetically plausible 2 and 3 syllable words. Continue teaching reading and spelling of tricky words. New graphemes. Alternative pronunciations for graphemes. Alternative spellings for phonemes.
26 Phase 5 -Graphemes taught a-e (as in came) ay (as in day) ew (as in chew) i-e (as in like) o-e (as in bone) oy (as in boy) u-e (as in huge) au (as in Paul) e-e (as in these) ew (as stew) ie (as in pie) oe (as in toe) ph (as in Phil) ue (as in clue) wh (as in when) aw (as in saw) ea (as in sea) ey (as in money) ir (as in girl) ou (as in out) u-e (as in June) ue (as in due)
27 Phase 5 Alternative Pronunciations hat acorn fast was Use games such as Cheeky Chimps from Phonics play.
28 Phase 5 Alternative Spellings Looking at one sound and the different ways of spelling that sound. a_e ay ai eigh a ey cake stay rain eight bacon prey
29 Phoneme Spotter Story The Great Snail Race Yesterday s great race was bravely won by Crazy Dave. The start of the race was delayed by rain. The crowd became frustrated but just eighty minutes later the grey clouded rolled away. Crazy Dave (aged eight) has been training hard since he was a tiny baby snail. He left all the other snails trailing behind him. We asked Lazy Daisy (who came eighth) if she had anything to say. She stated, Dave is my mate and I think he is great but I hate it when he beats me.
30 The Great Snail Race Yesterday s great race was bravely won by Crazy Dave. The start of the race was delayed by rain. The crowd became frustrated but just eighty minutes later the grey clouds rolled away. Crazy Dave (aged eight) has been training hard since he was a tiny baby snail. He left all the other snails trailing behind him. We asked Lazy Daisy (who came eighth) if she had anything to say. She stated, Dave is my mate and I think he is great but I hate it when he beats me.
31 a_e ay ea ai eigh a ey race bravely Dave became frustrated later baby mate hate delayed away say great snail rain training trailing Daisy eighty Eight eighth Crazy Lazy grey
32 Phase 6 Reinforces learning in phase 5 Understand and begin to learn the conventions for adding the suffix -ed for past tense and -ing for present tense. To add common prefixes to root words and to understand how they change meaning e.g. un and dis.
33 Phonics screening test Why are the children being tested? Every Year 1 child in the country will be taking the phonics screening check in the same week in June. The aim of the check is to ensure that all children are able to read by the end of year two. This midpoint check will ensure that we have a clear understanding of what the children need to learn in year 2. This is a new government initiative and has been piloted in 300 schools over a two year period. Only 33% of children in the pilot study scored enough to indicate they need no further support in year 2.
34 What will the children be expected to do? The check is very similar to tasks the children already complete during phonics lessons. Children will be asked to sound out a word and blend the sounds together. eg. sh-ir-t - shirt The focus of the check is to see which sounds the children know and therefore the children will be asked to read made up nonsense words. (pseudo words) THIS IS NOT A READING TEST The screening will take place in June. The check has been designed so that children of all abilities will be able to take part. The children will complete the check one at a time in a quiet area of the school. I will conduct all of the screening checks with the children. The screening will only take 5-10mins with each child. Children who do not pass the test will be retested in year 2. The pass mark last year was 32/40 (there are 20 pseudo words and 20 real words to segment and blend) The teacher will not be allowed to help in ANY way. (we cannot point to sounds or help to segment or even tell the children to blend correctly) A word is marked as incorrect if the child sounds out correctly but doesn t blend or blends incorrectly. It is also marked wrong if the child blends to slowly. If the child adds an extra sound such as plural it is incorrect. You must take the child s final answer so if they say it correctly and then say a different word it is incorrect. We cannot ask the child to say it again or give any prompts with our body language.
36 Is there anything I can do at home? When spelling, encourage your child to think about what looks right. Have fun trying out different options wipe clean whiteboards are good for trying out spellings. tray trai rain rayn boil boyl boy boi throat throwt snow snoa Practise the phonemes together. Use them to make different words at home and play phonics games Useful websites Read stories Use puppets and toys Sing an alphabet song together Play I spy Continue to play with magnetic letters, using some two-grapheme (letter) combinations, eg: r-ai-n = rain blending for reading rain = r-ai-n segmenting for spelling Praise your child for trying out words Practice tricky words Create phonic games with a timer Play pairs REMEMBER: Phonics is not the only thing needed to become a fluent reader. Please continue to read with your child each night and encourage them to: Sound out, Re-read to check it makes sense, Use pictures for clues., Ask questions about the book, and most importantly ENJOY READING!
37 How can we prepare for the phonics screening test? Children can practise their phonics by playing games online. The children particularly like Buried Treasure You can also make the game more hands on- have a play with the game on your tables and see how easy it is!
38 Thank you for attending and we hope you found it informative and helpful.
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