Management Planning for the Cheltenham Badlands

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1 Management Planning for the Cheltenham Badlands June 18, 2014 Slide 1

2 BACKGROUND Slide 2

3 Slide 3 N

4 Badlands Natural Heritage Features The Cheltenham (or Caledon, or Inglewood) Badlands is one of the best examples of Badland topography in Ontario Bedrock at the Badlands is Queenston Shale, the base rock of the Niagara Escarpment; it is over 445 million years old Due to removal of vegetation during land clearing and livestock grazing in the early 1900s, the shale has eroded into a series of hummocks and gullies The Badlands is an Area of Natural and Scientific Interest (Earth Science). The unique topography is a strong draw for tourists, school groups at all levels, and the media arts community (filming, photography, etc.) Slide 4

5 Badlands Location Photo courtesy Jan Hannah Slide 5

6 Badlands Location Photo courtesy Jan Hannah Slide 6

7 Property Background Acquisition and Access The Badlands lie entirely within the 36.6-hectare Cooper Property Cooper Property was acquired in 2000 to secure the Bruce Trail with a grant of $550,000 from the Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) under their Niagara Escarpment Land Acquisition and Stewardship Program The main Bruce Trail crosses the property from the southern to the northern corners, with a side trail crossing through the southwest to access Old Baseline Road Formerly a side trail allowed access from the main trail up to the unofficial viewing area by the road; this trail was closed in 2007 due to concerns over erosion of the treadway and maintenance issues Slide 7

8 Slide 8

9 Property Background Management and Stewardship The Ontario Heritage Trust (OHT) holds title to the property, and the BTC has management responsibilities for the site under an agreement with the OHT Stewardship of the Badlands property, as with all properties managed by the BTC, is carried out by volunteers (in this case the Caledon Hills Bruce Trail Club and the Caledon Countryside Alliance) with assistance and guidance from the BTC Land Stewardship Committee and BTC staff (Land Stewardship Coordinator, Conservation Stewardship Officer and the Executive Director) Slide 9

10 MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES OVERVIEW Slide 10

11 Management Challenges The Badlands are a unique and striking area A very common stop for Day Trip tourists who will visit for fairly short lengths of time some weekends thousands of people visit the site Management challenges appear to be related primarily to high public use of the site and include: o o o o o Concerns over safety along the road adjacent to the site, due to number of visitors and their cars Garbage and littering Vandalism of signage and trail structures Creation of trespass or rogue trails Impact from pedestrian and wheeled traffic on the slopes, trails and in other areas of the site Slide 11

12 The Management Planning Process The Cheltenham Badlands is considered an Escarpment Access park under the Niagara Escarpment Plan (NEP) The NEP requires a Management Plan be prepared for the site The Management Plan provides guidance to the landowner, land manager and planners on how the site should be used Slide 12

13 The Management Planning Team A Management Planning Team has been struck, with representation from the: o o o o o o Ontario Heritage Trust Bruce Trail Conservancy Caledon Hills Bruce Trail Club Region of Peel Caledon Countryside Alliance Caledon Environmental Advisory Committee Ex Officio Members are representatives of: o Town of Caledon o Niagara Escarpment Commission o Credit Valley Conservation Slide 13

14 Management Challenges Identification of the Issues The Management Planning Team sees the issues as being related primarily to high public use of the site, including: o Concerns over safety along the road adjacent to the site, due to number of visitors and their cars o Garbage and littering o Vandalism of signage and trail structures o Creation of trespass or rogue trails o Impact from pedestrian and wheeled traffic on the slopes, trails and in other areas of the site Slide 14

15 Management Challenges Interim Measures Increased engagement by the Peel Region; lead to traffic calming measures including reduced speed limits, by-law enforcement of no stopping/no parking during busy weekends, funding of a traffic study Solicitation of an erosion study to better understand the human impact at the Badlands Removal of defaced signage at the site; installation of garbage bins; regular visitation to the site to address garbage issues Erection of signs explaining site sensitivity and the need to remain at the top of the slope Gathering of site visitation data Slide 15

16 Management Challenges Identification of the Issues The Management Planning Team sees the issues as being related primarily to high public use of the site, including: o Concerns over safety along the road adjacent to the site, due to number of visitors and their cars o Garbage and littering o Vandalism of signage and trail structures o Creation of trespass or rogue trails o Impact from pedestrian and wheeled traffic on the slopes, trails and in other areas of the site These issues can be broadly categorized into two areas: Public Safety at the Road, and Visitor Access on the Site Slide 16

17 MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES PUBLIC SAFETY Slide 17

18 Public Safety The Badlands Management Team and the Region of Peel were concerned for the safety of visitors coming to the site The Team discussed options for the site: o Prohibit all visitation to the site (i.e. no parking or stopping along road; fencing off site) o Do Nothing (i.e. leave the situation as is ) o Provide Parking, either on-street ( roadside ) or on-site that will accommodate the normal visitation and some of the exceptional situations (e.g. busses) Slide 18

19 Public Safety The Region of Peel conducted a Traffic Study The Study confirmed that the lack of appropriate parking combined with poor sightlines on Olde Base Line Road was not an ideal situation and had to be addressed The Study presented various options Slide 19

20 Options for Controlling Traffic at the Site FOR THE Category Criteria Do-Nothing Relocate Parking to Creditview Road Provide On-Street Parking at the Site Provide Parking Within the Site Visibility Visibility very poor to / from both directions Existing sightlines are poor - realignment of Visibility very poor to / from both Creditview Road would be required directions New parking lot access meets sightline criteria SAFETY Speed Management Parking Area Definition 80 percentile of speeds travelled by vehicles exceed posted speed limits Speeds exceed safe speed for road geometry Parking area poorly defined driver confusion Potential for serious collision over time 80th percentile of speeds travelled by vehicles exceed posted speed limits Speeds exceed safe speed for road geometry Parking area could provide parking for a few cars and no buses approx. 710 s.m. 80 percentile of speeds travelled by vehicles exceed posted speed limits Speeds exceed safe speed for road geometry Some traffic calming available but no room for speed humps Better defined to avoid driver confusion Traffic calming measures (speed humps, advisory signing) introduced to reduce travelled speeds Best defined to avoid driver confusion NATURAL ENVIRONMENT VISITOR ACCESS COST Pedestrian Exposure Removal of Treed Area Fauna Erosion/Feature Integrity Ease of Access to Badlands Capital and Operating No pedestrian facilities Improves pedestrian exposure as no need to Pedestrian safety improved for parking on cross road the south side of the road No ability to create safe crossing for parking on the north side of the road Pedestrian safety greatly improved Visitor ingress/egress from vehicles greatly improved Bus loading safety greatly improved None Clearing of forested area adjacent to Clearing along roadside approx. 955 s.m. Clearing of forested area less impactful Creditview Rd. approx. 710 s.m. of high than Creditview based on evaluation of quality forest forest type - parking lot footprint approx. Clearing required for new access trail 2250 s.m. approx. 600mx3m = 1,800 s.m. clearing Updated access trail requires no additional clearing None Small impact, possible for nesting birds Small impact, possible for nesting birds Small impact, possible for nesting birds No ability to provide controlled access to protect the Badlands feature Access available now, but could be severely restricted if Region implements parking restrictions due to safety concerns No Capital cost Continued maintenance of unofficial parking area and shoulders Would require creation of an alternate access via creation of a new trail or reinstatement of side trail previously closed Would require grading and fill at the main feature of the site approx. 5m within the site would be filled Does not comply with Agency (NEC, CVC, MNR) regulations Has a major negative visual impact on the feature area Surface run-off mitigation could infringe on the feature area Visitors would be required to walk an Access available but safety concerns additional non accessible 500m to Badlands remain High costs to improve sightlines on Creditview Rd Limited number of parking spots achievable High cost per parking spot Medium cost for continued maintenance Limited number of parking spots achievable High cost per parking spot Medium cost for continued maintenance No impact to the main feature Meets all Agency (NEC,CVC, MNR) regulations Opportunity to build trail to viewing platform to protection against erosion of the feature Provides ability to link directly to future viewing platform Dedicated parking facility assures continued access to feature Maximum number of parking spots achievable compared to alternatives Medium cost per parking spot Medium cost for continued maintenance most neutral least The Management Planning Team s preferred option is On-Site Parking Slide 20

21 The On-Site Parking Lot Footprint Agencies met on-site to determine the preferred footprint of the Parking Lot ensuring each of their applicable regulations were adhered to Slide 21

22 The On-Site Parking Lot Footprint Ecological Review An updated biological inventory was carried out to assess current ecological conditions in the area of the proposed parking lot Information from past inventories were used to assess the natural heritage features of the property including o Ministry of Natural Resources (MNR) Earth Science Area of Scientific Interest candidate report from 1976, o MNR Species at Risk (SAR) report from September, 2012, and o Credit Valley Conservation Natural Areas Report from 2009 BTC staff ecologists performed a 3 season ecological inventory in 2012 which included Ecological Land Classification, flora and fauna species inventory, SAR inventories and breeding bird surveys Information shared with consulting firm developing the preliminary design, to assess the natural impacts to the natural features and prepare plans to mitigate construction impacts if necessary No Species at Risk or other sensitive species were noted in the area of the proposed parking lot Slide 22

23 The On-Site Parking Lot Access The stop controlled access point was identified based on sightline analysis and approved by the Region of Peel Slide 23

24 The Parking Lot Design - Plan View Slide 24

25 Parking Lot - Artist s Concept Slide 25

26 Accessible Parking The project includes providing 2 accessible parking spots on the south side of Olde Base Line at the current informal access point These spots will be linked to the future viewing platform and allow everyone to enjoy the Badlands The spots will comply with Accessibility for Ontarians with Disabilities Act (AODA) No other parking will be permitted along the road in the vicinity of the Badlands site; parking will only be permitted in the parking lot Photo courtesy Jan Hannah Slide 26

27 MANAGEMENT CHALLENGES VISITOR ACCESS Slide 27

28 Visitor Access Visitor access and impact on the Badlands site itself is also of concern Several rogue trails have also been created by people exploring the site The Planning Team partnered with the University of Toronto to study erosion to determine if human impact at the site (walking in the rills and gullies, etc.) was increasing the rate of erosion Studies have found that humans are having a significant and measurable impact. Slide 28

29 U of T Erosion Study Considerable erosion has taken place since 1973, caused by both natural and human impacts As high as 3 m (see Red) Human Impacts Preliminary results show up to 10 cm of lowering in 3 years at the upper slope area. This is 4 times the control rate of natural erosion Humans are having a significant and measurable impact to the badland topography Slide 29

30 Visitor Access Erosion studies highlight a conservation threat to the Badland Topography The Badlands Management Planning Team discussed options for the site: o Prohibit all visitation to the site o Do Nothing (i.e. leave the situation as is ) o Provide sustainable access to the badland topography that will accommodate visitation while limiting impact Slide 30

31 Visitor Access A viewing platform has been proposed to address issues around erosion and visitor access o Will help direct visitors to the viewing area and reduce impact on the shale slopes o Will enhance interpretive and educational experience Planning for the viewing platform is in the preliminary stages; input is welcome The Ontario Heritage Trust has made a commitment to fundraise for the Viewing Platform Slide 31

32 The Preliminary Viewing Platform Design - Overview The Viewing Platform Design Concept Will: Provide access to Main Viewing Area / Upper Slope Area Ensure that visitors have a safe and enjoyable experience with minimal impact Elevated platform with railings to restrict access and improve views Provide opportunities to educate and inform the public about the Cheltenham Badlands, the site s history and conservation Structure will be designed to have the lightest touch Storm water, aesthetics and structural design Access to platform primarily via a footpath from the parking area; Access also to the accessible parking area at the road, and via a path back to the parking area long the roadway (with a protective barrier) Slide 32

33 Proposed Viewing Platform Proposed Parking Lot Slide 33

34 PUBLIC INVOLVEMENT Slide 34

35 Public Involvement Public Outreach to Date 2008 public meeting Material on BTC and Caledon Hills Club web pages Regular updates in Caledon Hills Bruce Trail Club newsletters Regular updates in Councillor Paterak s newsletter, more recently mentioning the parking lot concept Other articles in newspapers Parking Lot Permit Application: Provides a formal opportunity to provide public input Are we addressing all of the issues? What are we missing? We welcome your input tonight, or via to or by mail to: The Bruce Trail Conservancy P.O. Box 857 Hamilton, Ontario L8N 3N9 Slide 35

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