THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

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1 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D.

2 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

3 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible (flat) = 14 bones HYOID BONE (flat) APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE Scapula (flat) - 2 Clavicle (flat) -2 UPPER APPENDAGES Humerus (long) 2 Radius (long) 2 Ulna (long)-2 Wrist (2 x 8 short carpals) Hand (2 x 5 long metacarpals) Fingers (2 x 14 long phalanges) THORACIC CAGE: 12 pairs of (flat) ribs Sternum (flat) and Costal cartilage (hyaline cartilage) VERTEBRAE: (all irregular bones) 7-cervical 12 thoracic; 5- lumbar) (intervertebral discs - fibrocartilage) Sacrum Coccyx Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 PELVIC GIRDLE Coxal bones (flat) 2 (pubic symphysis - fibrocartilage) LOWER APPENDAGES Femur (long) -2 Tibia (long) 2 Fibula (long) 2 Patella (sesamoid) 2 Ankle (2 x 7 short tarsals calcaneus & talus) Foot (2 x 5 long metatarsals) Toes (2 x 14 long phalanges)

4 FOR EACH BONE STUDIED, PROVIDE THE FOLLOWING INFORMATION SCIENTIFIC NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER IN SKELETON SPECIAL FEATURES WITH FUNCTIONS ARTICULATION(S) SPECIAL FUNCTION(S) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

5 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

6 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

7 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES

8 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE CLAVICLE (2) SCAPULA (2) UPPER APPENDAGES HUMERUS (2) RADIUS (2) ULNA (2) CARPAL (16) METACARPAL (10) PHALANX (28) PELVIC GIRDLE COXAL (2) LOWER APPENDAGES FEMUR (2) TIBIA (2) FIBULA (2) PATELLA (2) TARSAL (14) METATARSAL (10) PHALANX (28) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

9 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES

10 PECTORAL GIRDLE 2 CLAVICLES (COLLAR BONES) 2 SCAPULAE (SHOULDER BLADES)

11 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

12 CLAVICLES Paired flat bones Provide attachments for many muscles Medial Sternal Ends Lateral Acromial Ends Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

13 CLAVICLE CLAVICLE Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

14 SCAPULAE Paired flat bones Provide attachment for many muscles Glenoid cavity (fossa) Coracoid process Acromion process Spine Body Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

15 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

16 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

17 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

18 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

19 SCAPULA (RIGHT) SCAPULA (RIGHT) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

20 The Pectoral Pectoral Girdle Girdle Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

21 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

22 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES

23 UPPER ARM BONE: HUMERUS

24 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

25 HUMERUS (paired long bones) PROXIMAL HEAD DISTAL CONDYLES CAPITULUM AND TROCHLEA TUBERCLES GREATER AND LESSER DELTOID TUBEROSITY BODY EPICONDLYES MEDIAL AND LATERAL OLECRANON FOSSA Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

26 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

27 HUMERUS (RIGHT); ANTERIOR VIEW HUMERUS (RIGHT); ANTERIOR VIEW Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

28 HUMERUS (RIGHT); POSTERIOR VIEW HUMERUS (RIGHT); POSTERIOR VIEW Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

29 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

30 FOREARM BONES: RADIUS AND ULNA

31 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

32 RADIUS (paired long bones) HEAD NECK RADIAL TUBEROSITY ULNAR NOTCH (DISTAL) STYLOID PROCESS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

33 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

34 RADIUS RADIUS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

35 ULNA (paired long bones) OLECRANON (PROCESS) TROCHLEAR NOTCH CORONOID PROCESS HEAD (DISTAL) STYLOID PROCESS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

36 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

37 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

38 ULNA ULNA Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

39 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

40 WRIST, HAND, AND FINGER BONES: CARPALS,, METACARPALS, AND PHALANGES

41 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

42 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

43 Carpals (8 short bones), Metacarpals (5 long bones), Phalanges (14 long bones) Carpals (8 short bones), Metacarpals (5 long bones), Phalanges (14 long bones) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

44 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

45 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

46 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

47 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES

48 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

49 THE PELVIC GIRDLE PAIRED COXAL BONES

50 Pelvic Girdle Attaches Lower Limbs to Trunk Pelvic Girdle Attaches Lower Limbs to Trunk Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

51 Pelvic Girdle Coxal bones articulate anteriorly through symphysis pubis FIBROCARTILAGE Coxal bones articulate posteriorly with sacrum through sacroiliac joint Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

52 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

53 Pelvic Girdle: Anterior View Pelvic Girdle: Anterior View Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

54 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

55 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

56 COXAL BONE (paired flat bones) ILIUM ILIAC CREST ACETABULUM OBTURATOR FORAMEN ISCHIUM ISCHIAL SPINES PUBIS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

57 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

58 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

59 FEMALE VS. MALE PELVIS

60 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

61 FEMALE VS MALE PELVES FEMALE VS MALE PELVES Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

62 Female vs. Male Pelves Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

63 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

64 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES

65 THIGH BONE: FEMUR

66 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

67 FEMUR (paired long bones) HEAD FOVEA CAPITIS NECK TROCHANTERS GREATER AND LESSER LINEA ASPERA CONDYLES MEDIAL AND LATERAL EPICONDYLES MEDIAL AND LATERAL PATELLAR SURFACE Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

68 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

69 FEMUR (LEFT); ANTERIOR VIEW FEMUR (LEFT); ANTERIOR VIEW Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

70 FEMUR (LEFT); POSTERIOR VIEW FEMUR (LEFT); POSTERIOR VIEW Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

71 Fovea Capitis * Fovea Capitis Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

72 THE PATELLA KNEE CAP A SESAMOID BONE

73 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

74 LOWER LEG BONES: TIBIA (SHIN BONE) AND FIBULA

75 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

76 TIBIA (paired long bones) TIBIAL TUBEROSITY CONDYLES MEDIAL AND LATERAL MEDIAL MALLEOLUS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

77 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

78 FIBULA (paired long bones) HEAD LATERAL MALLEOLUS Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

79 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

80 PATELLA, TIBIA, FIBULA Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

81 TIBIA (LEFT); ANTERIOR VIEW TIBIA (LEFT); ANTERIOR VIEW Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

82 FIBULA FIBULA Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

83 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

84 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

85 ANKLE, FOOT, AND TOES TARSALS, METATARSALS, PHALANGES

86 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

87 Tarsals (7 short bones) Metatarsals (5 long bones) Phalanges (14 long bones) Tarsals (7 short bones) Metatarsals (5 long bones) Phalanges (14 long bones) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

88 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

89 Tarsals: Talus and Calcaneus + 5 other short bones * ** Tarsals: Talus(*) and Calcaneus(**) + 5 other short bones Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

90 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

91 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

92 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

93 THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON PECTORAL GIRDLE CLAVICLE (2) SCAPULA (2) UPPER APPENDAGES HUMERUS (2) RADIUS (2) ULNA (2) CARPAL (16) METACARPAL (10) PHALANX (28) PELVIC GIRDLE COXAL (2) LOWER APPENDAGES FEMUR (2) TIBIA (2) FIBULA (2) PATELLA (2) TARSAL (14) METATARSAL (10) PHALANX (28) Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

94 THE HUMAN SKELETON AXIAL SKULL HYOID VERTEBRAL COLUMN THORACIC CAGE APPENDICULAR PECTORAL GIRDLE UPPER APPENDAGES PELVIC GIRDLE LOWER APPENDAGES Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

95 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

96 16 tarsals 14 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

97 LIFE SPAN CHANGES HEIGHT BEGINS TO DECREASE AT APPROXIMATELY AGE 33 BONE LOSS GRADUALLY BEGINS TO EXCEED BONE REPLACEMENT BONE LOSS IN POST-MENOPAUSAL WOMEN IS MORE RAPID THAN IN MALES BY AGE 70, BONE LOSS BETWEEN SEXES IS SIMILAR FRACTURES INCREASE AS BONES AGE Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

98 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

99 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

100 REVIEW /PRACTICE QUIZ OF APPENDICULAR BONES

101 BONE STUDY REVIEW NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER IN SKELETON RIGHT OR LEFT? SPECIAL FEATURES OR ARTICULATIONS SPECIAL FUNCTION Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

102 Male or female? Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

103 Female Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

104 BONE STUDY REVIEW NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER IN SKELETON RIGHT OR LEFT? SPECIAL FEATURES OR ARTICULATIONS SPECIAL FUNCTION Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

105 Axial or appendicular? Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

106 Appendicular Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

107 BONE STUDY REVIEW NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER IN SKELETON SPECIAL FEATURES OR ARTICULATIONS SPECIAL FUNCTION Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

108 Name the bone. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

109 ULNA Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

110 Give the scientific name for the thumb. 12 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

111 POLLEX 12 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

112 Axial or appendicular? Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

113 Appendicular Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

114 14 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

115 BONE STUDY REVIEW NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER IN SKELETON SPECIAL FEATURES OR ARTICULATIONS SPECIAL FUNCTION Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

116 Is the pelvis on the right FEMALE or MALE? 11 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

117 Is the pelvis on the right IS MALE 11 Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

118 BONE STUDY REVIEW NAME AXIAL OR APPENDICULAR CLASSIFICATION BY SHAPE NUMBER N SKELETON SPECIAL FEATURES OR ARTICULATIONS SPECIAL FUNCTION Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

119 Name the bone. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

120 FEMUR Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

121 RIGHT OR LEFT? Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

122 LEFT Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015

123 Let s review Skeleton objectives 18-37

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