Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8"

Transcription

1 I. axial vs appendicular axial skeleton forms long axis of body: skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular - bones of upper and lower limbs including girdles that attach limbs to axial skeleton II. bone markings A. functions attachment joint surfaces tunnels for blood vessels and nerves B. general meanings 1. projection = something that sticks out from the surface of the bone 2. depression = something that dips in from the surface of the bone 3. opening = tunnel that goes into or through a bone C. confusing terms: 1. tuberosity trochanter tubercle 2. condyle epicondyle 3. crest line spine 4. meatus foramen fissure 5. fossa groove Strong/Fall 2008 page 1

2 III. axial skeleton A. skull = cranium + facial bones 1. cranium = bones that enclose brain frontal parietal temporal occipital sphenoid ethmoid 2. suture = interlocking, fused joint between flat bones coronal - frontal and parietal sagittal - left and right parietal squamous - parietal and temporal lambdoidal - parietal and occipital sutural bones = small bones within sutures, no always present 3. paranasal sinuses = cavities inside bones located in frontal, maxillary, sphenoid, and ethmoid bones filled with air lined by mucous membrane open into nasal cavity condition incoming air (increase surface area of mucosa), voice resonance, decrease skull bone mass 4. fontanel - un-ossified fibrous membranes of skull allow compression of skull during delivery allow continued cranial growth after birth eventually close: anterior posterior mastoid sphenoidal Strong/Fall 2008 page 2

3 B. spinal column 1. vertebra/vertebrae body (anterior) arch (posterior) lamina pedicle vertebral foramen processes spinous transverse superior articular inferior articular 2. vertebral column vertebral bodies fused to intervertebral discs arches form spinal or vertebral canal intervertebral foramina between vertebrae articular processes form moveable joints other processes for muscle attachment anterior and posterior longitudinal ligaments connect bodies ligamentum flavum connects processes a. cervical (7) body small spinous process short and bifid transverse foramina for passage of vertebral arteries C1 = atlas no body or spinous process articulates superiorly with occipital bone C2 = axis dens/odontoid process projects superiorly from body of axis atlas rotates around dens dens held in place by transverse ligament Strong/Fall 2008 page 3

4 b. thoracic (12) rib facets or demifacets on bodies foramen is round spinous process is long and points inferiorly articular factes face anterior/posterior c. lumbar (5) body large foramen is triangular spinous process is short, blunt and straight articular factes angled obliquely d. sacral (5) - fused transverse processes are fused - ala ala form joint with ilium (sacroiliac joint) transverse lines sacral foramina hiatus e. coccyx (3-5) fused vestigial tail bones 3. spinal curves a. normal curvatures primary - present at birth, convex thoracic sacral secondary - concave cervical lumbar b. abnormal curvatures congenital - means "born with" genetic - caused by an error in the DNA teratogenic - caused by abnormal embryonic development disease poor posture unequal muscle tension scoliosis = abnormal lateral curvature usually in the thoracic region kyphosis = excessive thoracic curvature lordosis = excessive lumbar curvature Strong/Fall 2008 page 4

5 C. bony thorax = ribs + sternum + thoracic vertebrae + costal cartilages all ribs articular posteriorly with thoracic vertebrae ribs are classified according to their anterior attachments vertebrosternal (also called true) - articulate directly with sternum vertebrochondral (also called false) - articulate indirectly with sternum vertebral (also called false and floating) - do not articulate with sternum IV. appendicular skeleton pectoral girdle + upper limb pelvic girdle + lower limb A. coxal bone / os coxa/coxae / innominate bone 3 fused bones ilium ischium pubis meet at acetabulum Strong/Fall 2008 page 5

6 B. pelvis = pelvic girdle + sacrum + coccyx true = inferior to pelvic brim false = superior to pelvic brim distance between L & R acetabula pubic angle sacrum width sacrum length coccyx pelvic inlet shape female male C. foot arches - bone shape, ligaments and tendons distribute weight to calcaneus and metatarsals act as a spring when weight is placed on foot medial longitudinal arch lateral longitudinal arch transverse arch Strong/Fall 2008 page 6

The Skeletal System. Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29

The Skeletal System. Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29 The Skeletal System Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29 Vertebral column Skull Thoracic cage (ribs and sternum) Sacrum Cranium Facial bones Clavicle Scapula Sternum Rib Humerus Vertebra Radius

More information

The Skeletal System: Axial Division Pearson Education, Inc.

The Skeletal System: Axial Division Pearson Education, Inc. 6 The Skeletal System: Axial Division Figure 6.1a The Axial Skeleton SKELETAL SYSTEM 206 AXIAL SKELETON 80 Skull and associated bones 29 Skull Associated bones Cranium Face Auditory ossicles Hyoid 8 14

More information

Chapter 7: Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy

Chapter 7: Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy I. General Considerations A. How many bones in an average adult skeleton? B. Anatomic features of bones are based on II. Axial Skeleton A. Skull 1. Functionally the skull or cranium: a. Protects the b.

More information

Biology 218 Human Anatomy

Biology 218 Human Anatomy Chapter 7 LECTURE OUTLINE A. Divisions of the Skeletal System (p. 164) 1. The 206 named bones in the adult skeleton are grouped in two major divisions (see Table 7.1): i. axial skeleton consists of the

More information

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I Laboratory Version A Name Section. REVIEW SHEET Exercise 10 Axial Skeleton

ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I Laboratory Version A Name Section. REVIEW SHEET Exercise 10 Axial Skeleton ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY I Laboratory Version A Name Section REVIEW SHEET Exercise 10 Axial Skeleton 1 POINT EACH. THE SKULL MULTIPLE CHOICE 1. The major components of the axial skeleton include the 7. The

More information

There are 24 movable vertebrae in the spine; 7 in the cervical curvature, 12 in the thoracic curvature, 5 in the lumbar curvature.

There are 24 movable vertebrae in the spine; 7 in the cervical curvature, 12 in the thoracic curvature, 5 in the lumbar curvature. 1 Vertebral Column and thoracic cage Danil Hammoudi.MD The spine, or vertebral column, is composed of 5 main segments: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar curvatures, the sacrum, and the coccyx. Each of

More information

The Skeletal System PART A. PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College

The Skeletal System PART A. PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College PowerPoint Lecture Slide Presentation by Patty Bostwick-Taylor, Florence-Darlington Technical College The Skeletal System 5 PART A The Axial Skeleton Forms the longitudinal axis of the body Divided into

More information

Human Anatomy & Physiology

Human Anatomy & Physiology PowerPoint Lecture Slides prepared by Barbara Heard, Atlantic Cape Community College Ninth Edition Human Anatomy & Physiology C H A P T E R 7 The Skeleton: Part B Annie Leibovitz/Contact Press Images Vertebral

More information

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8)

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Primary Sources for figures and content:

More information

Cervical Vertebrae. Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical

Cervical Vertebrae. Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical Cervical Vertebrae Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical Oval body & wider side to side short spinous processes (except C7) and is bifid

More information

Lab Exercise 6. Axial Skeleton. What you need to be able to do on the exam after completing this lab exercise:

Lab Exercise 6. Axial Skeleton. What you need to be able to do on the exam after completing this lab exercise: Lab Exercise 6 Axial Skeleton Textbook Reference: See Chapter 7 What you need to be able to do on the exam after completing this lab exercise: Be able to name all the listed bone and bone features on the

More information

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body

Objectives. Axial Skeleton 2 APPENDICULAR SKELETON AXIAL SKELETON. Functions. Spine Supports Body Objectives Axial Skeleton 2 Vertebral Column and Thorax 1. Identify the subdivisions of the skeleton as axial or appendicular 2. Explain how the spine supports the body. 3. Explain the changes on vertebrae

More information

Skeletal System 2. The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage

Skeletal System 2. The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage Skeletal System 2 The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage The Skull Two sets of bones 1. bones Enclose the brain in the cranial cavity Cranial (calvaria) Cranial : anterior,

More information

) ( ) ( Cervical Vertebrae (7) neck region. Thoracic Vertebrae (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity. Lumbar Vertebrae (5) Supports the lower back

) ( ) ( Cervical Vertebrae (7) neck region. Thoracic Vertebrae (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity. Lumbar Vertebrae (5) Supports the lower back ) ( ) ( Vertebral Column Forms skeleton of back and main part of axial skeleton. 33 vertebrae articulating at anterior and posterior intervertebral joints. Vertebrae has 5 regions, but only 24 are movable.

More information

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

) ( ) ( Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) Thoracic vert. (12) Lumbar vert. (5) Sacral vert. (5) Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4) Axial Skeleton (cont.) Cervical vert. (7) neck region Thoracic vert. (12) Posterior to thoracic cavity Lumbar vert. (5) Supports the lower back Sacral vert. (5) Fused, immovable Coccygeal vert. (3 or 4)

More information

Chapter 8. The Vertebral Column

Chapter 8. The Vertebral Column Chapter 8 The Vertebral Column The Vertebral Column (Spine) functions supports the skull and trunk allows for their movement protects the spinal cord absorbs stress of walking, running, and lifting provides

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System Introduction: There are 206 bones that make up the organs of the skeletal system in an adult human. These bones are connected

More information

repetitio est mater studiorum

repetitio est mater studiorum repetitio est mater studiorum repetition is the mother of learning Superficial, big, important Goal: Learn and locate the bones and markings of the axial skeleton Chapter 7, Bones, Part 1: The Axial Skeleton

More information

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System 107 Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System Adult Skull Bony orbit (FLEZMS) Frontal bone supraorbital foramen frontal sinus Lacrimal bone Ethmoid bone perpendicular plate of ethmoid middle nasal conchae cribriform

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology Lecture 1 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON Skeletal System forms the framework of the body. TYPES OF BONES: FOUR PRINCIPAL

More information

its lifetime. The skeletal system is divided into: 1. Axial Division: bones of the body s axis (skulll, ribs, vertebrae)

its lifetime. The skeletal system is divided into: 1. Axial Division: bones of the body s axis (skulll, ribs, vertebrae) The Axial Skeleton The basic features of the human skeleton have been shaped by evolution, but the detailed characteristics of each bone reflect the stresses put on it. As a result, the skeleton changes

More information

AXIAL SKELETON. I. Skull - two sets of bones, cranial and facial bones

AXIAL SKELETON. I. Skull - two sets of bones, cranial and facial bones AXIAL SKELETON The skeleton can be divided into two parts: the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. -axial: bones of the skull, vertebral column, and bony thorax. -appendicular: bones of the pectoral

More information

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Biology 201 Human Anatomy Fall Semester 2009 GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM References: Marieb, Mallatt, Wilhelm Human Anatomy, 5th ed. (2008) Marieb, Human Anatomy Laboratory Manual with Cat Dissections

More information

The Axial Skeleton. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris Pearson Education, Inc.

The Axial Skeleton. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris Pearson Education, Inc. 7 The Axial Skeleton PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College North Harris An Introduction to the Axial Skeleton Learning Outcomes 7-1 Identify the bones of the axial

More information

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION FIG. 12.1 1. Articular cartilage (hyaline cartilage) 6. Periosteum 2. Spongy bone (red marrow) 7. Proximal epiphysis 3. Medullary cavity 8. Diaphysis

More information

Axial Skeletal Markings

Axial Skeletal Markings Axial Skeletal Markings AAIMT 0 Revised: October 11, 2006 Axial Skeletal Markings I. Bones A. Classification 1. Long Greatest length in one dimension (Figure 1) Examples: Humerus, Femur 2. Short Cube-like

More information

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Laerdal Texas P.O. Box 38.226 EM. 116 Gatesville,Texas U.S.A.76528 U.S.A.1-800-433-5539 IntemationaI1-254-865-7221 24 Hour Fax 254-865-8011 ~ Laerdal' TABLE OF CONTENTS

More information

Anatomy & Physiology 120. Lab 5: Skeletal Lab

Anatomy & Physiology 120. Lab 5: Skeletal Lab Anatomy & Physiology 120 Lab 5: Skeletal Lab What you Need to Know Structure of the bone Identify bones of the articulated skull Articulating surfaces of the bones Bone surface markings Bone organization

More information

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina 27215 HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey 2, 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

More information

Introduction to Human Osteology Chapter 4: Vertebral Column and Thorax

Introduction to Human Osteology Chapter 4: Vertebral Column and Thorax Introduction to Human Osteology Chapter 4: Vertebral Column and Thorax Roberta Hall Kenneth Beals Holm Neumann Georg Neumann Gwyn Madden Revised in 1978, 1984, and 2008 The Vertebral Column and Thorax

More information

Practical 3 Worksheet

Practical 3 Worksheet Anatomical Terms Practical 3 Worksheet Head, Neck, & Spine 1. The frontal bone is rostral /caudal to the occipital bone. 2. The temporal bone is rostral/caudal to the zygomatic bone. 3. The sacrum is rostral/caudal

More information

Short Bones < carpals, tarsals. Irregular Bones < facial bones, vertebrae. Flat Bones < cranial bones, ribs, sternum, scapula

Short Bones < carpals, tarsals. Irregular Bones < facial bones, vertebrae. Flat Bones < cranial bones, ribs, sternum, scapula LAB: SKELETAL SYSTEM All the bones of the skeleton can be placed into one of four categories based on the specific morphology of the bone. Long Bones < humerus, ulna, radius, femur < tibia, fibula, phalanges

More information

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10

Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Lab 5 Overview of the Skeleton: Classification and Structure of Bones and Cartilages Exercise 9 The Axial Skeleton Exercise 10 Overview of the Skeleton Locate the important cartilages in the human skeleton

More information

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones in the head and trunk of the human body. In this lab you will look at the vertebral column, just one part of that

More information

BLUE SKY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL MASSAGE AND THERAPEUTIC BODYWORK. Musculoskeletal Anatomy & Kinesiology AXIAL SKELETON

BLUE SKY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL MASSAGE AND THERAPEUTIC BODYWORK. Musculoskeletal Anatomy & Kinesiology AXIAL SKELETON BLUE SKY SCHOOL OF PROFESSIONAL MASSAGE AND THERAPEUTIC BODYWORK Musculoskeletal Anatomy & Kinesiology AXIAL SKELETON MSAK101-I Session 2 Learning Objectives: 1. List the bones and structures of the Axial

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton:

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton: THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Introduction: The skeleton is the body s structural framework and is composed of two of the supportive tissues studied earlier; bone and cartilage. The main functions of the skeleton

More information

ACTIVITY 3: AXIAL SKELETON AND LONG BONE DISSECTION COW BONE DISSECTION

ACTIVITY 3: AXIAL SKELETON AND LONG BONE DISSECTION COW BONE DISSECTION ACTIVITY 3: AXIAL SKELETON AND LONG BONE DISSECTION Objectives: 1) How to get ready: Read Chapter 7, McKinley et al., Human Anatomy, 4e. All text references are for this textbook. Learning the meanings

More information

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs

Skeletal System. Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Skeletal System Axial Skeleton: Vertebral Column and Ribs Functions Regions Cervical Thoracic Lumbar Sacral Primary & secondary curvatures There are three major functions of the vertebral column. First,

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

II. Axial Skeleton (Skull, Thoracic Cage, and Vertebral Column)

II. Axial Skeleton (Skull, Thoracic Cage, and Vertebral Column) THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Lab Objectives Students should be able to: 1. Recognize bones and bone markings for the axial and appendicular skeleton 2. Recognize bones disarticulated and/or articulated 3. Identify

More information

The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Pearson Education, Inc.

The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Pearson Education, Inc. 7 The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Objectives: Distinguish between Left & Right bones Bone markings How they fit together Introduction The appendicular skeleton includes: Pectoral girdle Shoulder

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Anatomy of Skeletal System

Anatomy of Skeletal System Anatomy of Skeletal System two main subdivisions of skeletal system: axial : skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular: arms and legs and girdles Bone Markings: Foramen: opening in bone passageway

More information

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified:

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified: Skeletal System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major bones of the skeleton Identify the major landmark structures found on bones of the skeleton Identify the major types of articulations of

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM BIOL& 251 - Page 1 LAB EQUIPMENT: The bones that are available for study in the lab are human bones and must be treated with the greatest amount of care and respect. Please protect

More information

Lectures of Human Anatomy

Lectures of Human Anatomy Lectures of Human Anatomy Vertebral Column-I By DR. ABDEL-MONEM AWAD HEGAZY M.B. with honor 1983, Dipl."Gynecology and Obstetrics "1989, Master "Anatomy and Embryology" 1994, M.D. "Anatomy and Embryology"

More information

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System

Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System 107 Lab 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System Adult Skull Bony orbit (FLEZMS) Frontal bone supraorbital foramen frontal sinus Lacrimal bone Ethmoid bone perpendicular plate of ethmoid middle nasal conchae cribriform

More information

Structure and Function of the Vertebral Column

Structure and Function of the Vertebral Column Structure and Function of the Vertebral Column 33 vertebral segments divided into 5 segments Cervical: 7 vertebrae Thoracic: 12 vertebrae Lumbar: 5 vertebrae Sacral: 5 vertebrae, fused in the adult Coccygeal:

More information

The Skeleton. Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi. ebneshahidi

The Skeleton. Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi. ebneshahidi The Skeleton Dr. Ali Ebneshahidi Axial Skeleton Skull 22 bones 8 cranial bones Frontal 1 Parietal 2 Occipital 1 Temporal 2 Sphenoid 1 Ethmoid 1 14 facial bones Maxilla 2 Palatine 2 Zygomatic 2 Lacrimal

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

Unit 4: The Axial Skeleton Bone Packet

Unit 4: The Axial Skeleton Bone Packet (8 th edition) 1 Instructions: Unit 4: The Axial Skeleton Bone Packet 1. Label all of the required (the ones I want you to know) bones and structures of the bones on the pictures shown on the following

More information

Chapter 6 Checkpoint Questions docx

Chapter 6 Checkpoint Questions docx Name: Date: Period: Chapter 6: Checkpoint Questions The Skeletal System 1. Name the five primary functions of the skeletal system. a. Support b. Storage reserves (of minerals and bone marrow) c. Blood

More information

The Trunk. Vertebral Column. Pelvis Rib Cage. Mobility Protects Spinal Cord

The Trunk. Vertebral Column. Pelvis Rib Cage. Mobility Protects Spinal Cord The Trunk Vertebral Column Mobility Protects Spinal Cord Pelvis Rib Cage Landmarks of the trunk Vertebral Column Back View - Extended Pyramid Side View - S Shaped curve Occupies about ½ the diameter of

More information

Vertebral anatomy study guide. Human Structure Summer 2015. Prepared by Daniel Schmitt, Angel Zeininger, and Karyne Rabey.

Vertebral anatomy study guide. Human Structure Summer 2015. Prepared by Daniel Schmitt, Angel Zeininger, and Karyne Rabey. Vertebral anatomy study guide. Human Structure Summer 2015 Prepared by Daniel Schmitt, Angel Zeininger, and Karyne Rabey. 1. Plan of Action: In this guide you will learn to identify these structures: Cervical

More information

Chapter 7: Skeletal System. I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues:

Chapter 7: Skeletal System. I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues: Shier, Butler, and Lewis: Hole s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 13 th ed. Chapter 7: Skeletal System Chapter 7: Skeletal System I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues: (Outcome

More information

Labs 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System

Labs 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System 153 Labs 6, 7, 8: Skeletal System Unit 6: Skeletal System: Bone tissue, Bones and Joints (p. 105-152) Ex. 6-1: Histology of Osseous Tissue, p. Model: Osteon 1 Lamella Osteocyte Lacunae Canaliculi Central

More information

OBJECTIVES: WHAT TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL

OBJECTIVES: WHAT TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Individual bones are composed of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue; thus, they are organs, collectively comprising the skeletal system. Functions of the skeletal system are many,

More information

Riverside Community College Anatomy & Physiology 2B SPRING 2012 EXAM #1-ABC (Nervous System)

Riverside Community College Anatomy & Physiology 2B SPRING 2012 EXAM #1-ABC (Nervous System) Riverside Community College Anatomy & Physiology 2B SPRING 2012 EXAM #1-ABC (Nervous System) Name: MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

The Vertebral Column, The Ribs and The Sternum. S. LAFCI FAHRİOĞLU, MD. PhD.

The Vertebral Column, The Ribs and The Sternum. S. LAFCI FAHRİOĞLU, MD. PhD. The Vertebral Column, The Ribs and The Sternum S. LAFCI FAHRİOĞLU, MD. PhD. The Vertebral Column (Spine) The Vertebral Column-The spine (Columna vertebralis) forms the skeleton of the back is part of the

More information

Anatomy & Physiology I Self Quiz (Skeletal System Part I)

Anatomy & Physiology I Self Quiz (Skeletal System Part I) Pro: Manhal Chbat Anatomy & Physiology I Self Quiz (Skeletal System Part I) 1. The skeleton does all of the following EXCEPT: A) supports soft tissues. B) provides attachment points for tendons of skeletal

More information

The Vertebral Column

The Vertebral Column The Vertebral Column Bởi: OpenStaxCollege The vertebral column is also known as the spinal column or spine ([link]). It consists of a sequence of vertebrae (singular = vertebra), each of which is separated

More information

INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes:

INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes: INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes: In order to describe the direction of movement, the body is divided into planes. The body is positioned in the anatomical position, which means the body

More information

The Skeletal System Musculo-Skeletal System

The Skeletal System Musculo-Skeletal System The Skeletal System The skeletal system includes connective tissues such as bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. These tissues are combined with the various types of muscle tissue to form the Musculo-Skeletal

More information

BONY PELVIS SACRUM AND COCCYX.

BONY PELVIS SACRUM AND COCCYX. BONY PELVIS SACRUM AND COCCYX. Leering objective. At the end of lecture students should be able to know, What is bony pelvis, Surfaces of sacrum. Articulation. Muscles associated with sacrum. Differences

More information

Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5)

Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5) Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5) Name KEY Hour Date 1. What are the major organs/structures that comprise the skeletal system? Bones, Joints, Cartilages, and ligaments.

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

Axial Skeleton. Objectives. Pre-Lab Quiz. Materials EXERCISE

Axial Skeleton. Objectives. Pre-Lab Quiz. Materials EXERCISE EXERCISE The Axial Skeleton Objectives Name the three parts of the axial skeleton. Identify the s of the axial skeleton, either by examining isolated s or by pointing them out on an articulated skeleton

More information

Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7. Functions of skeletal system : support of body. production of blood cells

Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7. Functions of skeletal system : support of body. production of blood cells Biology 2401 A&P I - Notes exam 2 - Skeletal System Ch. 7 Functions of skeletal system : support of body protection of soft organs production of blood cells movement (as levers) storage of minerals and

More information

Ch.7 Anatomy of Bones and Joints

Ch.7 Anatomy of Bones and Joints Ch.7 Anatomy of Bones and Joints General Considerations of Bones 206 bones in adult skeleton 270 at birth, bones fuse over time Terminology Articulate-bones joined or connected together Paired bones Of

More information

2 Axial skeleton: skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage

2 Axial skeleton: skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage CHAPTER 7-SKELTON FILL-IN NOTES 2 Axial skeleton: skull, vertebral column, thoracic cage 3 Fig. 7.1 pg. 199 4 I. Skull:two parts A. Cranium: Encloses and protects the brain - 8 bones B. Facial bones: 14

More information

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Station #1 Vertebral Column Objectives: 1. Identify the parts of a typical vertebrae 2. Identify cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

More information

The Axial Skeleton Eighty bones segregated into three regions

The Axial Skeleton Eighty bones segregated into three regions The Axial Skeleton Eighty bones segregated into three regions Skull Vertebral column Bony thorax Bones of the Axial Skeleton Figure 7.1 The Skull The skull, the body s most complex bony structure, is formed

More information

- the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions.

- the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions. SKELETAL SYSTEM - the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions. - support and protection - body movement -

More information

Bones of the Lower Extremity

Bones of the Lower Extremity Bones of the Lower Extremity Bones of the Pelvic Girdle The pelvic (or hip) girdle: Attaches the lower limbs to the axial skeleton Transmits the weight of the upper body to the lower limbs Supports the

More information

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired)

Objectives AXIAL SKELETON. 1. Frontal Bone. 2. Parietal Bones. 3. Temporal Bones. CRANIAL BONES (8 total flat bones w/ 2 paired) Objectives AXIAL SKELETON SKULL 1. On a skull or diagram, identify and name the bones of the skull 2. Identify the structure and function of the bones of the skull 3. Describe how a fetal skull differs

More information

Skeletal System Chapter 5. ii. Spongy Bone 1. Small needle-like pieces of bone 2. Many open spaces. o Contain mostly compact bone (Ex.

Skeletal System Chapter 5. ii. Spongy Bone 1. Small needle-like pieces of bone 2. Many open spaces. o Contain mostly compact bone (Ex. Skeletal System Chapter 5 i BNES: AN VERVIEW Parts of the Skeletal System 1. Bones 2. Joints 3. Cartilage 4. Ligaments Divided into Two Divisions 1. Axial 2. Appendicular Functions of the Bones: 1. Support

More information

The Axial Skeleton I

The Axial Skeleton I Anatomy lecture 2 The Axial Skeleton I Morphological Classification of the Bones According to shape, bones of the body can be classified into: a. Long bones: Have greater length than width. Each consists

More information

Bones and Features of the Skull - Cranium and Face Sheri Amsel

Bones and Features of the Skull - Cranium and Face Sheri Amsel Bones and Features of the Skull - Cranium and Face Bones of the Cranium The cranium is made up of 8 s: 2 (paired) parietal s 2 (paired) s occipital sphenoid ethmoid The is located on the anterior cranium

More information

BIOL 4260 Human Evolu3onary Anatomy Lecture 5: Bone Development & Trunk Anatomy. Lecture 2: Fossil Record

BIOL 4260 Human Evolu3onary Anatomy Lecture 5: Bone Development & Trunk Anatomy. Lecture 2: Fossil Record BIOL 4260 Human Evolu3onary Anatomy Lecture 5: Bone Development & Trunk Anatomy Lecture 2: Fossil Record Segmentation Cyclic genescreate segme ntation clock for somite production Final #s 4 occipital 8

More information

Lumbar Spine Anatomy. eorthopod.com 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod.

Lumbar Spine Anatomy. eorthopod.com 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod. A Patient s Guide to Lumbar Spine Anatomy 228 West Main St., Suite D Missoula, MT 59802-4345 Phone: 406-721-3072 Fax: 406-721-2619 info@eorthopod.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled

More information

Chapter 5 - The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 - The Skeletal System Chapter 5 - The Skeletal System I. BONES: AN OVERVIEW - skeleton includes bone and articulations (joints). Each has bone tissue, cartilage, fibrous tissue in tendons and ligaments, and others. - ossification:

More information

The sectional anatomy of vertebral column and CT\MRI. MENG Hai-wei

The sectional anatomy of vertebral column and CT\MRI. MENG Hai-wei The sectional anatomy of vertebral column and CT\MRI MENG Hai-wei Boundaries and divisions Consists of the spinal column and the structures around it. Superiorly: external occipital protuberance Inferiorly:

More information

HEAD ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY

HEAD ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY HEAD ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY IDENTIFY FACTS AND FUNCTIONS OF HEAD ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY WITH 70% ACCURACY. TERMINOLOGY CRANIAL BONES FACIAL BONES TEMPORMANDIBULAR JOINT MUSCLES OF MASTICATION TERMINOLOGY

More information

Thoracic Spine Anatomy

Thoracic Spine Anatomy A Patient s Guide to Thoracic Spine Anatomy 228 West Main, Suite C Missoula, MT 59802 Phone: info@spineuniversity.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled from a variety of sources.

More information

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM BIOLOGY II SKELETAL SYSTEM ACTIVITY #3 NAME DATE HOUR BONE IDENTIFICATION OBJECTIVE: 5. Identify the bones in the human skeleton. (pp. 130 149) STATION #1: THE SKULL 1. Color the following bones on the

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

The Axial Skeleton. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

The Axial Skeleton. PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres. Lone Star College North Harris. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. 7 The Axial Skeleton PowerPoint Lecture Presentations prepared by Jason LaPres Lone Star College North Harris Skeletal System The skeleton forms the framework for the body Provides support: Attachment

More information

Avian Skeletal Morphology

Avian Skeletal Morphology Avian Skeletal Morphology To Know Skull/Face Trunk and Limbs Cranium Vertebral ribs Occipital Sternal ribs Parietal Uncinate processes Frontal Sternum and keel Squamosal Pectoral Girdle Jugal (zygomatic

More information

Welcome to Chiropractic

Welcome to Chiropractic Welcome to Chiropractic Chiropractic: focuses on the body's inborn capacity to maintain and restore its own health. This inborn wisdom, or innate intelligence, helps the body constantly adapt to changes

More information

BIOMECHANICS OF THE SPINE. Presented by: Shashwat Mishra

BIOMECHANICS OF THE SPINE. Presented by: Shashwat Mishra BIOMECHANICS OF THE SPINE Presented by: Shashwat Mishra What is biomechanics? In the context of the spine: Biomechanics is the study of the consequences of application of external force on the spine Motion

More information

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES

UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES UNIT 4 - SKELETAL SYSTEM LECTURE NOTES 4.01 FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM A. Support 1. Provides a framework for the body. 2. Supports soft tissue. 3. Serves as a point of attachment for ligaments,

More information

Anatomy of the Spine. Figure 1. (left) The spine has three natural curves that form an S-shape; strong muscles keep our spine in alignment.

Anatomy of the Spine. Figure 1. (left) The spine has three natural curves that form an S-shape; strong muscles keep our spine in alignment. 1 2 Anatomy of the Spine Overview The spine is made of 33 individual bony vertebrae stacked one on top of the other. This spinal column provides the main support for your body, allowing you to stand upright,

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. NURS1004 Week 6 Part I Prepared by Didy Button Skeletal system An Introduction to the Skeletal System The Skeletal System Includes: Bones of the skeleton Cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues 6-1

More information

Chapter 08 Lecture Outline

Chapter 08 Lecture Outline Chapter 08 Lecture Outline See separate PowerPoint slides for all figures and tables preinserted into PowerPoint without notes. Copyright McGraw-Hill Education. Permission required for reproduction or

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

Name Block Date Ch 5: Skeletal System Notes

Name Block Date Ch 5: Skeletal System Notes Name Block Date Ch 5: Skeletal System Notes Lisa Peck Skeletal System: 206 bones- bones composed of osseous tissue (a type of connective tissue) joints- where 2 bones meet ligaments - connects bone to

More information

relating to head, neck, and trunk 206 bones organized into structural framework Skeleton relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis

relating to head, neck, and trunk 206 bones organized into structural framework Skeleton relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis Axial relating to head, neck, and trunk Skeleton 206 bones organized into structural framework Appendicular relating to limbs and their attachments to the axis Function of Skeletal System 1. Movement 2.

More information