Hvad er ESS og hvordan virker den?

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1 Udvalget for Forskning, Innovation og Videregående Uddannelser FIV Alm.del Bilag 157 Offentligt Hvad er ESS og hvordan virker den? ESS: What is it and how does it work?

2 ESS in short FACILITY A partnership of 17 European nations committed to the goal of collectively building and operating the worlds leading facility for research using neutrons by the second quarter of the 21st century SCIENCE Researchers using ESS will produce new knowledge within: Materials physics Medicine, Life Science Energy, Climate & Environment Chemistry Engineering Fundamental Physics SOCIETY Transferring knowledge & technology to advance innovation, business life and society

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4 ESS, MAX IV and Science Village (2020) World-leading infrastructure for international research City structure with focus on meeting places, creativity and innovation Role model for sustainable city development

5 LIGHTNING NEW MATERIALS FUNCTIONAL FOOD SOLAR ENERGY MEDICINE PACEMAKERS TAILOR MADE MATERIAL COSMETICS MOBILE PHONES BIO FUEL TRANSPORTS IMPLANTS GEO SCIENCE Corporate Presentation Karl McFaul

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7 Water motion under confinement Advanced Engineering Materials Macro-molecular Crystallography Batteries Polymers Superconductors Thermoelectrics Magnetoelectrics New materials for chemical and physical sequestration Better Concrete New engineering materials Spintronics Neutron detection technologies Neutron Sources FELs/ERLs Low emittance synchrotron

8 1932: Chadwick discovers "a radiation with the more peculiar properties", the neutron. Cliff Shull: where are the atoms? Bert Brockhouse: what do they do?

9 Neutrons are special Charge neutral Deeply penetrating Nuclear scattering S=1/2 spin probe directly magnetism Sensitive to light elements and isotopes (b) Test Ad S corresp /CFT ondenc e 4 T=2K Li motion in fuel cells Help build electric cars Solve the puzzle of High-Tc superconductivity! Catalyzes the reduction of glucose to sorb pathway of glucose metabolism! Highest resolution X-ray structure for a m! Active-site Overall more than of half (54%) the H-atom region har of H-atoms were visible! Some of the key H-atoms were not seen the protonation states of key active-site r Actives sites in proteins Tertiary structure of har Efficient high speed trains Active-site r Better drugs

10 MILLIMETER MICROMETER ÅNGSTRÖM CELL BAKTERIE PROTEIN VATTEN- MOLEKYL DENNA PUNKT H20 INFRARÖTT ULTRAVIOLETT RÖNTGEN SYNLIGT LJUS

11 Neutrons: The Swiss Army Knife of Materials Research st

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22 Thousands of international top class scientists to ESS and the Copenhagen Metro Region every year From idea to innovation Worlds most powerful neutron source Computing power in Copenhagen Next generation of innovations ESS Presentation 2012 Feb Karl McFaul

23 ESS as a Vehicle of Transformation >ESS has the potential to transform : Neutron Science by capturing the imagination of young scientists that will invent new means and ways of doing science. The Region by acting as a magnet for international scientists and technology companies. Europe by combining savvy science with the rich traditions of Niels Bohr and the Nobel prize in making Lund a world science nexus.

ESS in short ESS Presentation 2012 Feb Dimitri Argyriou

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