Climate Change Policies in Korea. CHOI, Jai Chul Ambassador for Climate Change Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ROK

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1 Climate Change Policies in Korea CHOI, Jai Chul Ambassador for Climate Change Ministry of Foreign Affairs, ROK CDC Climat Research - Ifri Climate Breakfast Roundtable November 28th, 2014

2 Republic of Korea Land Area : 99,720 km 2 Population : 49 million (Fertility Rate: 1.3 births per woman) GDP: 14th in the World Ranking (WB, 2013) GDP per capita: 29th in the World Ranking(WB, 2013) GHG Greenhouse Emission: 7th in the World Ranking (IEA, 2011) Large forest coverage over land area (65%) Limited natural endowment of energy resources High dependency on imported energy resources (96%)

3 High proportion of heavy industries (petroleum, chemical, auto, steel) High energy intensity However, thanks to the energy diversification policy, the dependency on fossil fuel has been decreasing (275million toe) Petroleum Coal Nuclear LNG Renewables & etc 산업부문 57.3% 수송부문 32.5% 가산업 7.1%

4 Climate change : as a burden but as a new opportunity Aim to achieve low-carbon green growth based on Creative Economy : innovation & technologies Virtuous cycle via creation of job & new businesses

5 The New Climate Regime should be Legally binding and rule-based Flexible and durable Based on the principles of the Convention including CBDR/RC, equity, etc. Adopted in Paris by 2015

6 Mitigation : 30% GHG reductions by 2020 (BAU scenario) a. National Greenhouse Gas Reduction Roadmap b. Target Management Scheme c. Emission Trading Scheme Adaptation National Adaptation Plan Energy Policies Renewable Portfolio Standard

7 a. National GHG Reduction Roadmap (January 2015) : Major Mitigation Measures by Sector Industry Participation of large-emitters in ETS Fuel shift(heavy oil to LNG) Introduce energy-efficient facilities 7 Transportation Buildings Public/Other Agriculture/ Fishery Waste Electricity Generation Establish Intelligent Transportation System (ITS) Stricter GHG emission standard for vehicles Introduce the Korean Bonus- Malus System(encourage sales of LDV) from 2015 Stricter license standard for new buildings Eco-friendly refurbishment of buildings Introduce the Target Management System Improve the efficiency of cooling & heating and lighting facilities Support Green Roof projects and renewable energy installation Promote low-carbon agricultural & livestock products certification from 2015 Distribute low-carbon technology in agriculture/ fishery sector, improve the efficiency of energy-use Enhance energy recovery from waste Expand the use of landfill gas for power generation Promote the use of renewable energy for waste treatment facilities Overhaul energy pricing system, Strengthening supply-demand management Improve the Renewable Portfolio Standard(RPS)

8 b. Target Management Scheme (TMS) TMS coverage 62% Launched in 2012 TMS covers 62% of total GHG emissions 490 entities designated at the end of 2011 of total GHG emissions Power/Industry 412 Buildings 51 Waste facilities 27 Designation criteria GHG emission criteria (CO2e T) Energy consumption criteria (terajoules) entity facility before Dec. '11 after Jan '12 after Jan '14 before Dec. '11 after Jan '12 after Jan '14 8

9 c. ETS (Key processes and legal plans) from January 1 st, 2015c Basic Plan 10 year plan Every 5 years Ministry of Strategy and Finance Policy direction for ETS, BAU forecast, economic impact assessment, etc. Allocation Plan Each phase (3~5 yrs) Ministry of Environment ETS cap, cap for each sector, allocation methodology, Reviewed by the Allocation Committee Basic Plan Submission of Permits Reporting & Verification Allocation of Permits Allocation Plan Designation of Entities 9

10 Adaptation Policy Framework : National Adaptation Plan (1) National Adaptation Based on Low Carbon Green Growth Act (Article 48) and Presidential Decree (Article 38) Master Plan for detailed implementation plan of respective ministries and sub-national government Rolling Plan for every 5 years, considering the uncertainty of climate change impacts Relevant Ministries by Sectors National Climate Change Adaptation Plan(2011~2015) ) Health Disasters Agricultures Forest Marine/Fisheries Water Mg nt Ecosystem Monitoring /Forcasting Industries/ Energy Education/Int Cooperation

11 Adaptation Policy Framework : National Adaptation Plan (2) Adaptation Measures by Sector Health 건강 Disasters Agriculture Forest Marine/Fisheries Water Management Ecosystem Protecting Public Health from Climate Change Impact, such as Heat Waves and Air Pollution Minimizing harm through Prevention and Strengthening Infrastructure Transition to climate-friendly agriculture systems Improving Forest and Reducing Forest Disaster Securing Marine Resources and Minimizing Damage Establishing Climate Resilient Water Management Systems Ensuring Biodiversity through the Protection and Restoration of Species Basis Measures for Adaptation Monitoring/Forecasting Industries/Energy Education/Cooperation Providing Basic Data and Stat. for Adaptation Finding New Business Model based on Adaptation Strengthening Communication on Adaptation

12 Renewable Portfolio Standard Enforces 14 power producers to supply a certain amount of the total power generation by NRE(Implemented in 2012) * Obligators : Power producers with capacity of 500MW or above (excluding NRE power plants) Goal Obligatory supply rate by suppliers Year ~ Obligatory target (%) Obligation amount set aside(apply to the solar energy(photovoltaic)) Year Capacity (New) 220 MW 330 MW 480 MW 470 MW Capacity (accumulated) 220 MW 550 MW 1,030 MW 1,500 MW

13 Contributions through the EIG and Bilateral channels EIG (Environmental Integrity Group: the sole climate negotiating group that is comprised of developed and developing countries): Switzerland, Monaco, Lichtenstein (Annex I), Korea, Mexico (Non-Annex I) Bilateral: China, US, Singapore, EU, Australia, Turkey etc. Catalytic role in climate finance issue The host country of the Green Climate Fund (GCF) Pledge of Up to 100 million USD to the GCF at the UN Climate Summit

14 International Cooperation East Asia Climate Partnership: Initiating climate cooperation projects in the context of low carbon, climate resilient development through the GGGI, APCC, KOICA

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