Chapter 2 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings

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1 Chapter 2 Signs, Signals, and Roadway Markings 2.1 Traffic signs Shapes and Colors pg. 21 Know the eight shapes and signs Traffic Sign Shapes Octagon- Stop Triangle- Yield Pentagon- School (kind of looks like schoolhouse) Round- Railroad Pennant- No passing Diamond- Warning Vertical Rectangle- Regulatory (speed limit) Horizontal Rectangle- Guide Regulatory Signs controls traffic Traffic Sign Colors Red- Stop, yield, prohibited Yellow- Warning White- Regulatory Black- Regulatory Orange- Construction or detour Green- Guide Blue- Motorist services (hospital, rest area) Brown- Public recreation & cultural interest Examples: Stop Sign Warning Signs alerts you to possible hazards Signal Ahead and road conditions Guide Sign gives direction Interstate Sign Specific Regulatory Signs: Stop Sign is used on road that crosses a main highway or through street Always come to a full stop You must yield the right of way to pedestrians or other vehicles in or approaching the intersection. To YIELD means to allow other to use the intersection before you do using the right of way Steps to sign: 1. Identify sign 2. Look below for what type of stop (ex- 4-way, all-way, cross traffic does not stop) 4 Way or All Ways - Rules you must follow 1. The driver who stopped first should be allowed to go first. 2. When vehicles stop to the right or left of each other at the same time, the driver on the left should yield to the driver on the right 3. When stopped across the intersection facing oncoming traffic the driver going straight should be allowed to proceed. A driver turning left should wait. 4. Show your intention to proceed by moving forward slowly before entering the intersection 5. Check for traffic ahead and to the sides before entering the intersection **Checking Intersections Look Straight, Left, Right, S, L, R - The reason you do this is to be aware of all the directions cars can possibly come from.

2 Where to Stop: Done before all of these places and whichever comes first. 1. Stop Line 2. Crosswalk 3. Sidewalk 4. Intersection 5. Curb 6. Stop Sign Yield Sign always slow and give the right a way to traffic. ** proceed only when it is safe to do so, without affecting the flow of traffic in the lane you are entering. Speed Limit Signs pg. 22 Speed limits are set for ideal driving conditions. When traffic roadway, or weather conditions are not ideal, you must obey the basic speed law. Basic Speed Law - This law says that you may not drive faster than it is safe and prudent for existing conditions, regardless of posted speed limits. For example- If weather is bad, you may have to drive slower Minimum Speed Limit A minimum speed limits is set to keep the flow of traffic moving safely. Ex. Set to keep people from going 25 on Interstate Advisory Speed Limit pg. 107 These are suggested speeds for special conditions. Ex. Sign on a sharp curve, don t have to be going this speed, but they are usually correct Other Regulatory Signs Signs with red words on white or white words on red usually tell you what NOT TO DO. Ex. Do not enter, No Parking Diamond-Shaped Warning Signs pg. 23 be prepared to stop or slow down when you see a warning sign Yellow & tell you something is coming ahead Slow Moving Vehicle: Farm equipment orange & red

3 School Signs school zone, school crossing no faster than 20 mph Neon yellow No Passing Sign- On the left side of the road & most signs are on the right Construction Signs Orange, diamond, warning signs Warn you of construction ahead & tell you construction speed limit **Need to be extra cautious in School & Construction zones. Not allowed to use cell phones and need to watch speed. Railroad Signs Slow, Look, and Listen large X might be painted on the roadway as an additional warning. 2 types- Yellow circle or white crossbars May be lights or may have nothing Guide Signs pg. 25 Mark routes, intersections, service areas, and other points of interest Green, brown and blue Route Signs pg.25 East/West Route Even Numbered North/South Route Odd Numbered U.S. Route- is a black & white shield State Route- is a black & white circle County Marker- Blue & Gold signs Interstate route signs- Red, blue & white sheilds o o 3-figured route number that starts with an odd number leads into a city. 3-figured route number that starts with an even number goes around a city. International Signs Doesn t matter what country you are in, the signs mean the same thing. Convey information with symbols rather than words. - Red octagon- stop - Red/White triangle- yield - No right turn - Road Narrows

4 2.2 Traffic Signals Traffic Lights: You will see 3 different types of lights. Green Light proceed only if intersection is clear Yellow Light make every effort to stop safely for a yellow light. Sometimes you may be too close to stop safely so you may have to proceed with caution. o If you are in the intersection, you are in the point of no return. Go when intersection is clear. Red Light come to a full stop Right on Red **Things you have to do 1 st Stop Proceed when traffic & pedestrians are clear Be sure there is no right on red sign Left on Red **Things you have to do 1 st Stop Yield to other cars Yield to pedestrians Must be from a one-way street onto a one-way street o Any examples here in town? By Roxy. From Jackson to Lasalle & from Columbus to Jackson Flashing Signals- Any lights that are flashing or blinking Flashing Red same as a stop sign make a full stop o Any examples you can think of? By Knights of Columbus Flashing Yellow slow down and be prepared to stop o Any examples? In front of school Arrows traffic must flow in the direction of the arrow o Look on pg. 29- Most common you will encounter is green arrow to the left Lane signals as you approach the intersection try to predict when it will change Officer s signals must obey police officer signals over the lights o May happen after a special event, concert, ect 2.3 Roadway Markings **There are 2 colors of road markings that you will see- Yellow & White Yellow Line Markings- Mean two-way traffic Broken yellow line - pg 31 is a two-way road Solid yellow line on one side of the road means - pg 31 do not pass on your side of the road (look at pic- other side can pass because downhill) Double solid yellow lines - pg 32 means no passing

5 Shared left turn lane are used with both solid and broken yellow lines Examples- By Farm & Fleet. Also seen in areas with malls and lots of restaurants, Fox Valley, Joliet White Line Markings- Separate both lanes going in same direction Broken white lines - pg 32 separate lanes of traffic that are moving in the same direction- indicates you can go from 1 lane to another Solid white line should not cross White arrows pg. 32- show where to turn (some lanes are only turn lanes) Solid white lines on side of road mark the edge of the road Pedestrian crosswalks you must yield to all pedestrians Rumble Strips pg 33 short sections of corrugated roadway Make noise when you driver over them Warn you of hazards, dangerous intersections, unexpected need to stop or reduce speed On the edge of interstate Reflectors marks the center of the road Computerized Traffic Lights some traffic lights are timed Lights in downtown Ottawa are timed Be aware of emergency vehicles Signal Not Working This could be if a light is not on or it is flashing or blinking Treat it as a stop sign Signal covered up There could be a bag covering the light when new lights are being put in Treat is as there is no signal and proceed with caution **Look at pic on pg. 34 What about these pictures tells you that you cannot park? o Pic 1 Yellow curb Fire Hydrant No Park sign o Pic 2 Yellow lines Handicapped sign

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