MOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS. 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles]

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1 MOLE CONVERSION PROBLEMS 1. What is the molar mass of MgO? [40.31 g/mol] 2. How many moles are present in 34 grams of Cu(OH) 2? [0.35 moles] 3. How many moles are present in 2.5 x molecules of CH 4? [0.42 moles] 4. How many grams are there in 3.4 x molecules of NH 3? [96 grams] 5. How much does 4.20 moles of Ca(NO 3 ) 2 weigh? [689 grams] 6. How many molecules are there in 24.0 grams of FeF 3? [1.28 x molecules] 7. How many molecules are there in 450. grams of Na 2 SO 4? [1.91 x molecules] 8. How many grams are there in 2.30 x atoms of silver? [412 grams] 9. How many grams are there in 7.40 x molecules of AgNO 3? [209 grams] 10. How many grams are there in 7.50 x molecules of H 2 SO 4? [122 grams] 11. How many molecules are there in 122 grams of Cu(NO 3 ) 2? [3.92 x molecules] 12. How many grams are there in 9.40 x molecules of H 2? [315 grams] 13. How many moles of oxygen atoms are there in 20.3 grams of NH 4 SO 2? [0.495 moles] 14. How many grams are there in 3.30 x molecules of N 2 I 6? [433 grams] 15. How many molecules are there in 201 grams of CCl 4? [7.87 x molecules] 16. How many grams are there in 1.00 x molecules of BCl 3? [195 grams] 17. How many grams are there in 4.50 x molecules of Ba(NO 2 ) 2? [17.1 grams] 18. How many molecules are there in 9.34 grams of LiCl? [1.33 x molecules] 19. How many grams do 4.31 x molecules of UF 6 weigh? [251 grams] 20. How many molecules are there in 232 grams of NH 4 OH? [3.99 x molecules]

2 And the Mole goes on PART A: EMPIRICAL AND MOLECULAR FORMULAS 21. Determine the empirical formula of a compound that contains 58.84% barium, 13.74% sulfur, and 27.42% oxygen by mass. [BaSO 4 ] 22. What is the empirical formula of a compound that has 66% Calcium and 34% Phosphorous? [Ca 3 P 2 ] 23. Find the empirical formula of a compound that is 48.38% carbon, 8.12% hydrogen, and 53.5% oxygen by mass. What is the molecular formula of this compound if the molecular mass is g/mol [C 6 H 12 O 5, C 12 H 24 O 10 ] 24. An organic compound has an empirical formula of CH 3 and a molecular mass of u. What is the molecular formula? [C 2 H 6 ] PART B: MOLE RATIOS 1. How many moles of carbon will be produced when moles of oxygen gas reacts with excess C 2 H 6 gas to form carbon and water? (0.285 moles) 2. What is the mass of water will be produced when 14.2 moles of CH 4 react with excess oxygen gas to form carbon dioxide and water? (512 grams) 3. How many moles of ammonia will be produced when 18.6 moles of hydrogen gas reacts with excess nitrogen gas? (12.4 moles) 4. What is the mass of hydrogen gas would be needed if 18.0 moles of ammonia are produced from a reaction between hydrogen and nitrogen gas? (54.5 grams) 5. What mass of nitrogen gas would be needed if moles of ammonia are produced from a reaction between hydrogen and nitrogen gas? (12.9 grams) 6. What mass of ammonia would be produced if 15.0 moles of hydrogen gas reacts with 22.0 moles of nitrogen gas? (170. grams)

3 GRAVIMETRIC STOICHIOMETRY PROBLEMS 1. What mass of oxygen will be produced by heating 400. g of potassium chlorate? 2 KClO3 2 KCl + 3 O2 2. What mass of ferrous sulphide will be produced by the reaction of 160. g of iron with excess sulphur? 8 Fe + S8 8 FeS 3. How many g of copper (II) sulphate can be made from 100. g of copper(ii) sulphate pentahydrate? CuSO4 5H2O CuSO4 + 5 H2O 4. How many grams of chlorine could be obtained by heating 70. g of manganese dioxide with an excess of hydrochloric acid? MnO2 + 4 HCl MnCl2 + 2 H2O + Cl2 5. What mass of iron (II) sulfide must be burned in air to produce 400. g of iron(iii) oxide? 4 FeS + 11 O2 2 Fe2O3 + 8 SO2 6. Calculate the mass of magnesium oxide formed by the burning of 55 g of magnesium? 2 Mg + O2 2 MgO 7. What mass of sulphur dioxide can be formed when 64 g of sulphur are burned? S8 + 8 O2 8 SO2 How many grams of hydrogen are produced by the action of 30. g of zinc with excess sulphuric acid? Zn + H2SO4 ZnSO4 + H2

4 Limiting Reagent Practice Problems 1) At high temperatures, sulphur combines with iron to form iron (II) sulphide. In one experiment, 7.62 grams of Fe are allowed to react with 8.67 grams of S. a) What is the limiting reagent and what is the reactant in excess? b) Calculate the mass of FeS that can be formed 2) Zinc metal reacts with hydrochloric acid to produce zinc chloride and hydrogen gas. A 3.50 g sample of zinc metal is allowed to react with 2.50 grams of hydrochloric acid. Complete the following table: Reactants/Products Zn (grams) HCl (grams) ZnCl 2 (grams) H 2 (grams) Before reaction 3.50 grams 2.50 grams 0.00 grams 0.00 grams After reaction Is the law of conservation of mass obeyed in this question? 3) Chlorine gas reacts with silica (SiO 2 ) and carbon to give silicon tetrachloride and carbon monoxide. Be sure to write out a balanced chemical equation. How much CO gas can be produced from 50.0 grams of chlorine gas, 15.0 grams of silica, and 13.0 grams of carbon? (Hint: Find the limiting reagent!) 4) When iron (II) hydroxide is mixed with phosphoric acid, iron (II) phosphate is produced. a) If 3.20 grams of Fe(OH) 2 is treated with 2.50 grams of phosphoric acid, what is the limiting reagent? b) How many grams of iron (II) phosphate would be produced? Numerical Answers 1) Fe is limiting reagent, S is in excess, 12.2 grams of FeS are formed 2) After reaction: 1.26 grams of Zn, 0.00 grams of HCl, 4.67 grams of ZnCl 2, and grams of H 2. Mass of reactants used is equal to mass of products. Law of conservation of mass is upheld. 3) 14.0 grams of CO are produced 4) Iron (II) hydroxide is the limiting reagent and 4.24 grams of iron (II) phosphate would be produced

5 QUANTITIES IN CHEMICAL REACTIONS UNIT REVIEW 1. Calculate the relative atomic mass for Neon given that its isotopic composition is 90.92% 20 Ne, 0.26% 21 Ne and 8.82% 22 Ne. (20.18 u) 2. How many moles of Ba ions are found in g of Ba(ClO3)2? ( mol) 3. What is the mass in grams of two moles of CCl4? ( g) 4. How many molecules of CO2 are found in 6.35 g? (8.69 x molecules) 5. Calculate the simplest formula for a compound found to be %K, % Cr and % O. (K 2 Cr 2 O 7 ) 6. What mass of copper would be required to react completely with 250. g of nitric acid? (94.5 g) a. 3 Cu + 8 HNO3 3 Cu(NO3) H2O + 2 NO 7. What mass of hydrogen is needed to reduce 4.6 g of ferric oxide to iron and water? (0.17 g) 8. What mass of hydrogen is produced when 15.0 t of ore containing 0.100% of zinc reacts with excess sulphuric acid? (1t = g ) (463 g) One type of stomach antacid "Tum-Ez" consists of 80% magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2. This reacts with stomach acid, which is mainly hydrochloric acid, as follows Mg(OH)2(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(l) If 2.15 g of Tum-Ez (2 tablets) is available for reaction with 1.52 g of hydrochloric acid, will all the hydrochloric acid be neutralized? (Yes, all HCl will be neutralized) 10. If 36.0 g of sodium hydroxide reacts with 12.0 g of phosphoric acid, what mass of Na3PO4 will be produced? (20.0 g) 11. One type of stomach antacid consists of magnesium hydroxide, Mg(OH)2. This reacts with stomach acid, which is mainly hydrochloric acid, as follows: Mg(OH)2(aq) + 2 HCl(aq) MgCl2(aq) + 2 H2O(l) a) If 2.86 g of magnesium hydroxide and 1.5 g of hydrochloric acid are available for reaction, what mass of magnesium chloride will be produced? (1.96 g) b) Calculate the % yield if 1.78 g of product is obtained. (90.8%)

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