GEOGRAPHY WORKSHEET. (complete the chart) Range Location Length ANDES South America 7,240 km. Period. Scottish Highlands Early Devonian 400

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1 Maps 1-page1 GEOGRAPHY WORKSHEET The Earth is a dynamic and incredibly heterogeneous place. There are a number of important places on Earth you should know about in order to get a sense of the magnitude of the Earth s processes. Using your Atlases, find out the following: 1. Mountain Ranges: (complete the chart) Range Location Length ANDES South America 7,240 km ROCKIES 6,030 km HIMALAYAS 3,860 km GREAT DIVIDING Australia RANGE URALS 2. Mountain ranges are millions of years old, but they are not all the same age. Using the geologic time scale in this manual, estimate how many millions of years old each mountain range is. The first one is done for you. Mountain Range Geologic Time Period Age (millions of years) Scottish Highlands Early Devonian 400 Appalachians Late Permian Urals Late Permian Andes Late Cretaceous (Campanion) Rockies Late Cretaceous (Maastrichian) Alps Middle Miocene Himalayas Late Eocene 3. The capital city with the highest elevation is La Paz. What country is it in? Estimate the elevation of La Paz, using the nearby mountain of Ancohuma.

2 Maps 1-page2 4. Only 3% of all the water on the Earth is fresh. The remaining 97% is salty. Of the 3%, over 2% is frozen in ice sheets and glaciers, which leaves less than 1% in lakes, rivers, and underground reservoirs. Locate the following rivers by continent and country. The first one is done for you. Continent Country River Length Asia China Yangtze 5,520 km Nile 6,670 km Mississippi- 6,020 km Missouri Amazon 6,437 km Volga 3,688 km Rhine 1,320 km Republic of Congo Congo 4,374 km 5. Which is the longest river? What two rivers merge to form this river? Into which body of water does it flow? 6. The Amazon is the greatest river on Earth. It s water flow is so great, 1/5 of all river water flows through it. The freshwater from it s mouth extends 180 km out into the sea. On satellite photos, this area can be seen coloring the sea with yellow-brown silt. Where does the Amazon start? Where does the Amazon end?

3 Maps 1-page3 7. Most lakes contain freshwater, but two of the largest-the Aral and the Caspian Seasare actually inland seas, and are saltwater. Find the following lakes in your atlas and indicate in which country/countries they are found. Lake or Inland Location Size Sea Caspian Sea 372,000 km 2 Superior 82,414 km 2 Victoria 69,485 km 2 Aral Sea 66,485 km 2 Huron 59,596 km 2 Michigan 58,016 km 2 Tanganyika 32,893 km 2 8. How much bigger is Lake Victoria than Lake Tanganyika? 9. Lake Baykal is the deepest lake on Earth. It is so deep (6,365 ft.) that all five Great Lakes in North America could be emptied into it. Where is Lake Baykal located? Approximately how long is it?

4 Maps 1-page4 10. A desert is an area which has less than 25 cm of rain a year, and very little plant life. In some deserts, the total rain for the year may fall in only two or three storms. Deserts cover about 20% of the Earth s land surface. Deserts can be covered with Rockies, pebbles sand or snow and ice. Sand accounts for only 15% of deserts, and cacti are found only in American deserts. Using your atlas, locate the following desert regions, and determine if they are HOT or COLD deserts. (In your atlas, use the Climate Regions maps.) Then plot these deserts on the following map. Desert Location Size hot or cold? Sahara North Africa 8,400,000 km 2 Great Sandy Australia 1,550,000 km 2 Rub al Khali Saudi Arabia 1,300,000 km 2 Gobi China/ 1,040,000 km 2 Mongolia Patagonia South America 670,000 km 2 Kalahari Southern 520,000 km 2 Africa Kara-Kum Turkmenistan 450,000 km 2 Takla Makan China 320,000 km 2 Sonoran USA/Mexico 310,000 km 2 Namib Namibia 310,000 km If you didn t have an atlas with hot and cold deserts marked, how would you be able to determine which is which? What two pieces of data would you need? 12. Why do you think these deserts occur where they do? (Hint: think about global wind patterns and land formations.)

5 Maps 1-page5 13. Since we will make occasional references to places around the world, it is essential that we review a bit of world geography. Using the following map, write the letter of each feature where it belongs. CONTINENTS A. Africa B. Australia C. South America D. Antarctica E. Europe F. Asia G. North America LAND FEATURES H. Alps I. Cascade Mountains J. Caucasus Mountains K. Pyrenees L. Yucatan Peninsula M. Aleutian Islands N. Greenland O. Iceland WATER FEATURES P. Hudson Bay Q. Adriatic Sea R. Great Barrier Reef S. Strait of Gibraltar T. Mediterranean Sea U. Gulf Of Mexico V. North Sea W. Coral Sea X. Red Sea Y. Bering Strait Z. Yellow Sea

6 Maps 1-page6 14. On the same map, label and draw in the following ocean currents, including the direction of flow, using a red arrow to indicate a warm current and blue arrow to indicate a cold current. Benguela California Kuro Peru South Equatorial Brazil Equatorial Counter North Atlantic Southwest Monsoon Gulf Stream

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