Islam: Myths and Reality

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1 Islam: Myths and Reality

2 Terminology: The religion is called ISLAM. The people are MUSLIMS. 2

3 Myth #1: Most Muslims are Arabs who live in the Middle East. 3

4 Reality: Of more than 1 billion Muslims worldwide, only about 1/5 are Arabs. 4

5 Try to Guess: Which country has more Muslims than any other country in the world? 5

6 Answer: Indonesia - with over 200 million Muslims. Note: The U.S. has about 5 million Muslims. 6

7 7

8 8 Myth #2: Muslims have a strange religion and worship a god called Allah.

9 Reality: Muslims are monotheistic and worship the same one God as Christians and Jews. 9

10 Note: Allah is the Arabic word for God. 10

11 Myth #3: Muslims believe it is o.k. to kill civilians in a holy war ( jihad ). 11

12 Reality: Only Muslim extremists believe this. (Just like most Christians do NOT believe in bombing abortion clinics.) 12

13 Myth #4: Most Muslim women wear veils over their faces and are treated very badly. 13

14 Reality: Muslim women have many different styles of dress. (Very few cultures require women to cover their faces.) The treatment of women varies from country to country and family to family. Some Muslim countries, like Pakistan, have had female prime ministers. The U.S. has never had a female president. 14

15 Pakistani dress (left); Saudi Arabian (right) Shariah TV website 15

16 Iranian woman Green Cine.com 16

17 Somali (left); West African (right) Shariah TV website 17

18 Malaysian (left); Indian/ Bangladeshi (right) Shariah TV website 18

19 Afghani women wearing burqas International Medical Corps photo 19

20 Muslim girls in Texas protesting discrimination for wearing head scarves 20

21 Something to think about: Should women in a Western country be allowed to wear a headscarf if they choose? 21

22 Main Beliefs of Islam 5 Pillars of Islam 22

23 Faith: Belief in one God and that Muhammad is His prophet. 23

24 Prayer: 5 times a day facing Mecca 24

25 Alms Giving money to the poor is REQUIRED, not optional 25

26 Fasting During the month of Ramadan, Muslims cannot eat or drink anything during the daylight hours. 26

27 Pilgrimage Once in their lives IF they can afford it, Muslims make a pilgrimage to Mecca 27

28 In Mecca during the pilgrimage 28

29 Vocabulary: MOSQUE: a Muslim place of worship 29

30 Mosque in Medina, Saudi Arabia 30

31 Mohammed Ali mosque, Cairo, Egypt 31

32 Inside the Mohammed Ali Mosque 32

33 Dome of the Mohammed Ali mosque 33

34 Blue Mosque (Sultan Ahmet Mosque), Istanbul Turkey 34

35 Interior of the Blue Mosque 35

36 Dome of a mosque, Esfahan, Iran 36

37 Interior of a mosque in Iran 37

38 Mosque in Djenne, Mali (West Africa) 38

39 North African mosque tunis.htm 39

40 Indonesian mosque 40

41 Islamic architecture in Spain 41

42 Muslim mosque and tombstone in Sarajevo, Bosnia Yugoslavia: Republics and Provinces 42

43 Mosque in Tempe, Arizona 43

44 Vocabulary: QURAN (or KORAN): Muslim holy book 44

45 The Quran 45

46 Muslim influences on secular art 46

47 Muslim profession of faith in the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul, Turkey 47

48 Arabic calligraphy in secular art palace/arabic.html 49

49 Stained glass windows in the Topkapi Palace in Istanbul, Turkey 48

50 Conclusions: Islam is an important religion, which shares many beliefs and practices with Christianity and Judaism. Muslims live in many different countries. Islam is especially widespread in Africa, Asia, and southeastern Europe (the Balkans). Islam has had a great impact on world art and culture. 50

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