3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends"

Transcription

1 3.06 Periodic Table and Periodic Trends Dr. Fred Omega Garces Chemistry 100, Miramar College Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

2 The Periodic Table and the Elements What is the periodic table? What information is obtained from the table? How can elemental properties be predicted base on the PT? Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

3 The Periodic Table A map of the building block of matter. I like to refer to the periodic table as a map of the building block of matter. Consider the value of a map. A map of California for example shows you the terrain and geological information of California. According to the map, the east is the Sierra Nevada, the west is the Pacific Ocean, the north is Portland and south is Baja California. Like wise the periodic table provides valuable information. The PT shows family and periods. The southwest (lower-left) portion of the Periodic table are the most metallic while the northeast (upper-right) is the most nonmetallic. Other information about the periodic table will be describe in this chapter. 1 IA 1 1 H Li Periodic Table IIA IIIA 4 Be Na Mg K Rb Cs Fr [223] 20 Ca Sr Ba Ra [226] 3 IIIB 21 Sc Y La Ac [227] 4 IVB 22 Ti Zr Hf Ku [260] 5 VB 23 V Nb Ta VIB 24 Cr Mo W VIIB 25 Mn Tc [99] 75 Re VIIIB 26 Fe Ru Os Co Rh Ir IB 28 Ni Pd Pt Cu Ag Au IIB 30 Zn Cd Hg B Al Ga In Tl VIIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA He C N O F Ne Si Ge Sn Pb P As Sb Bi S Se Te Po [210] 17 Cl Br I At [210] 18 Ar Kr Xe Rn [222] Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

4 Periodic Table e - configuration from the periodic periodic table 1 1 IA H 1s 1 2 IIA Electron configuration of an element is simply a listing of how many electrons are in each energy level of the atom for a particular element. The best way to determine of an element is to use the periodic table. In lecture notes 3.5, this was discussed. 13 IIIA 14 IVA 15 VA 16 VIA 17 VIIA 18 VIIIA He 1s 2 2 Li 2s 1 Be 2s 2 B 2p 1 B C 2p 12 N 2p 3 O 2p 4 F 2p 5 Ne 2p 6 3 Na 3s 1 Mg 3s 2 3 IIIB 4 IVB 5 VB 6 VIB 7 VIIB 8 9 VIIIB IB 12 IIB Al 3p 1 Si 3p 2 P 3p 3 S 3p 4 Cl 3p 5 Ar 3p 6 4 K 4s 1 Ca 4s 2 Sc 3d 1 Ti 3d 2 V 3d 3 Cr Mn 4s 1 3d 5 3d 5 Fe 3d 6 Co 3d 7 Ni 3d 8 Cu 4s 1 3d 10 Zn 3d 10 Ga 4p 1 Ge 4p 2 As 4p 3 Se 4p 4 Be 4p 5 Kr 4p 6 5 Rb 5s 1 Sr 5s 2 Y 4d 1 Zr 4d 2 Nb 4d 3 Mo 5s 1 4d 5 Tc 4d 5 Ru 4d 6 Rh 4d 7 Ni 4d 8 Ag 5s 1 4d 10 Cd 4d 10 In 5p 1 Sn 5p 2 Sb 5p 3 Te 5p 4 I 5p 5 Xe 5p 6 6 Cs 6s 1 Ba 6s 2 La 5d 1 Hf 5d 2 Ta 5d 3 W 6s 1 5d 5 Re 5d 5 Os 5d 6 Ir 5d 7 Ni 5d 8 Au 6s 1 5d 10 Hg 5d 10 Tl 6p 1 Pb 6p 2 Bi 6p 3 Po 6p 4 At 6p 5 Rn 6p 6 7 Fr 7s 1 Ra 7s 2 Ac 6d 1 Rf 6d 2 Db 6d 3 Sg 7s 1 6d 5 Bh 6d 5 Hs 6d 6 Mt 6d Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

5 1 Periodic Table: electron behavior The periodic table can be classified by the behavior of their electrons It is important to note that when writing out the electron configuration for the elements, metals tend to have fewer electrons in their valence orbitals than nonmetals. When atoms try to attain the noble gas electron configuration, they tend to take the path of least resistance. Metals can attain a noble gas electron configuration more easily by losing electrons (therefore becoming cations) while nonmetals will attain a noble gas electron configuration by gaining electrons (therefore becoming anions). 1 IA 2 IIA 13 IIIA 14 IVA 15 VA 16 VIA 17 VIIA 18 VIIIA IIIB 4 IVB 5 VB 6 VIB 7 VIIB 8 9 VIIIB IB West (South) Mid-plains East (North) METALS Alkali Alkaline Transition These elements tend to give up e - and form CATIONS METALLOID These elements will give up e - or accept e - 12 IIB NON-METALS Noble gas Halogens Calcogens These elements tend to accept e - and form ANIONS Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

6 Atomic Radius: 2. Trend in Atomic Radius The size of at atomic specie is determine by the boundaries of the valence e-. Largest atomic species are those found in the southwest (SW) or bottom-left corner of the periodic table since these atoms have their valence electron found in a higher shell than the proceeding element above it in the periodic table. For example, elements with trends of increasing size goes, Li < Na, K < Rb for the Alkali family. For the chalcogen, the trend is O < S < Se < Te. Te has its valence electrons in the 5th shell and Se has its valence electrons in the 4th shell. Therefore, Te is bigger than O. Across the periodic table, the atomic radius decreases. The smallest atoms are found in the northeast (NW) or top-right corner of the periodic table. This trend follows Z(effective), which means that for elements in the same period, the valence electrons are all found in the same shell. For a given period, elements to the right (east) of the periodic table have more protons than those to the left (west) of the periodic table. This effectively causes the electron cloud in the valence shell to contract towards the nucleus where they are attracted to the proton. Therefore, the atomic radius decreases across the periodic table. For the third period, the atomic radius essentially goes Al > Si > P > S > Cl > Ar. In this example, Chlorine is smaller than S because although Cl has 7 valence electrons found in the 3rd shell, these electrons are attracted by 17 protons. Sulfur on the other hand has six valence electrons attracted by only 16 protons. Seventeen protons attracting the valence electrons in chlorine is more effective in decreasing the atomic radius than sixteen protons of sulfur Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

7 2. Trend in Atomic Radius Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

8 3. Trend in Ionization Potential Ionization potential: Ionization energy or potential energy is defined as the energy required to remove the valence electron from an atomic specie. Ionization energy increases moving towards the NE corner or topright corner of periodic table. The lowest ionization energy is towards the SW or bottom-left corner of the periodic table. The ionization energy is opposite the trend of atomic radii. This can be rationalize by thinking about the attraction of the valence electrons to the nucleus where the protons are located. For very small atoms, the valence electrons are closer to the protons and therefore the energy required to remove these valence electrons will be high. For larger atoms, the valence electrons are further away from the nucleus and therefore are not held as tightly. Larger atoms will have smaller ionization energy. There are some anomallies in this general trend that can be explained by how the electrons are arranged in the orbitals. Exercise - In general the ionization energy increase when moving towards the non mental (right-top) portion of the periodic table. Why is it therefore that the ionization energy for oxygen (1314 kj/ mol is lower in energy than nitrogen 1402 kj/mol, see table below Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

9 3. Trend in Ionization Potential Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

10 4. Trend in Electron Affinity Electron Affinity: Electron affinity is defined as the energy released (therefore the negative sign, see table) when an electron is added to the valence shell of an atom. The electron affinity is most favorable toward NE or upper right corner of periodic table since these atoms will have the greatest tendency to attract electrons. Smaller atoms will have an affinity for electrons more effectively than large atoms. Going from right to left, B, C, N, O, and F, the electron affinity is increasingly negative. The anomallies in the trend, ie., nitrogen, due to the electron placement going into a half-filled p-orbitals Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

11 4. Trend in Electron Affinity Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

12 Periodic Table Live About Periodic Table Live!: Program that allows a broad range of information about the elements, their reactions, their properties, their structures, and their histories. Required Components: Apple QuickTime is required to view videos on this site. Suggested Browsers: For the best user experience, we recommend one of the following browsers: Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

13 Summary of Trend Periodic Table and Periodic Trends The periodic table contains valuable information about all atoms responsible for matter in our universe. The table can be thought of as a map in which information about physical characteristics and chemical behavior can be obtain. The table also organizes the elements in such a matter that trends in chemical behavior and physical properties can be realize. The following are easily obtain from the periodic table. 1. Electron Configuration 2. Metallic Character 3. Ionization Energy: Largest toward NE of PT 4. Electron Affinity: Most favorable NE of PT 2. Atomic Radius: Largest toward SW corner of PT Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

14 Summary Periodic Table: Map of the Building block of matter Type: Metal, metalloid and Nonmetal Groupings: Representative or main, transition and Lanthanide/ Actanides Family: Elements in the same column have similar chemical property because of similar valence electrons Alkali, Alkaline, chalcogens, halogens, noble gases Period: Elements in the same row have valence electrons in the same shell Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

15 Summary Periodic Table and Periodic Trend

ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) # of electrons in the subshell. valence electrons Valence electrons have the largest value for "n"!

ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) # of electrons in the subshell. valence electrons Valence electrons have the largest value for n! 179 ELECTRON CONFIGURATION (SHORT FORM) - We can represent the electron configuration without drawing a diagram or writing down pages of quantum numbers every time. We write the "electron configuration".

More information

All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units!

All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units! CHEM 10113, Quiz 2 September 7, 2011 Name (please print) All answers must use the correct number of significant figures, and must show units! IA Periodic Table of the Elements VIIIA (1) (18) 1 2 1 H IIA

More information

The Periodic Table and Periodic Law

The Periodic Table and Periodic Law The Periodic Table and Periodic Law Section 6.1 Development of the Modern Periodic Table In your textbook, reads about the history of the periodic table s development. Use each of the terms below just

More information

B I N G O B I N G O. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr. I Fl Fr Mo Si. Ho Bi Ce Eu Ac. Md Co P Pa Tc. Uut Rh K N. Sb At Md H. Bh Cm H Bi Es. Mo Uus Lu P F.

B I N G O B I N G O. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr. I Fl Fr Mo Si. Ho Bi Ce Eu Ac. Md Co P Pa Tc. Uut Rh K N. Sb At Md H. Bh Cm H Bi Es. Mo Uus Lu P F. Hf Cd Na Nb Lr Ho Bi Ce u Ac I Fl Fr Mo i Md Co P Pa Tc Uut Rh K N Dy Cl N Am b At Md H Y Bh Cm H Bi s Mo Uus Lu P F Cu Ar Ag Mg K Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility - Office of cience ducation

More information

REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 8

REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 8 Chemistry 101 ANSWER KEY REVIEW QUESTIONS Chapter 8 Use only a periodic table to answer the following questions. 1. Write complete electron configuration for each of the following elements: a) Aluminum

More information

B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal

B) atomic number C) both the solid and the liquid phase D) Au C) Sn, Si, C A) metal C) O, S, Se C) In D) tin D) methane D) bismuth B) Group 2 metal 1. The elements on the Periodic Table are arranged in order of increasing A) atomic mass B) atomic number C) molar mass D) oxidation number 2. Which list of elements consists of a metal, a metalloid, and

More information

Periodic Table Questions

Periodic Table Questions Periodic Table Questions 1. The elements characterized as nonmetals are located in the periodic table at the (1) far left; (2) bottom; (3) center; (4) top right. 2. An element that is a liquid at STP is

More information

100% ionic compounds do not exist but predominantly ionic compounds are formed when metals combine with non-metals.

100% ionic compounds do not exist but predominantly ionic compounds are formed when metals combine with non-metals. 2.21 Ionic Bonding 100% ionic compounds do not exist but predominantly ionic compounds are formed when metals combine with non-metals. Forming ions Metal atoms lose electrons to form +ve ions. Non-metal

More information

Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Answers

Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Answers Key Questions & Exercises Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Answers 1. The atomic weight of carbon is 12.0107 u, so a mole of carbon has a mass of 12.0107 g. Why doesn t a mole of

More information

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law.

Find a pair of elements in the periodic table with atomic numbers less than 20 that are an exception to the original periodic law. Example Exercise 6.1 Periodic Law Find the two elements in the fifth row of the periodic table that violate the original periodic law proposed by Mendeleev. Mendeleev proposed that elements be arranged

More information

Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry

Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Chem 115 POGIL Worksheet - Week 4 Moles & Stoichiometry Why? Chemists are concerned with mass relationships in chemical reactions, usually run on a macroscopic scale (grams, kilograms, etc.). To deal with

More information

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements

EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements EXPERIMENT 4 The Periodic Table - Atoms and Elements INTRODUCTION Primary substances, called elements, build all the materials around you. There are more than 109 different elements known today. The elements

More information

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes.

PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. 1 PERIODIC TABLE OF GROUPS OF ELEMENTS Elements can be classified using two different schemes. Metal Nonmetal Scheme (based on physical properties) Metals - most elements are metals - elements on left

More information

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni

SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni SCPS Chemistry Worksheet Periodicity A. Periodic table 1. Which are metals? Circle your answers: C, Na, F, Cs, Ba, Ni Which metal in the list above has the most metallic character? Explain. Cesium as the

More information

6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties

6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties 324 Chapter 6 Electronic Structure and Periodic Properties of Elements 6.5 Periodic Variations in Element Properties By the end of this section, you will be able to: Describe and explain the observed trends

More information

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 10 MODERN ATOMIC THEORY AND THE PERIODIC TABLE SOLUTIONS TO REVIEW QUESTIONS 1. Wavelength is defined as the distance between consecutive peaks in a wave. It is generally symbolized by the Greek

More information

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table

5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table 5.4 Trends in the Periodic Table Think about all the things that change over time or in a predictable way. For example, the size of the computer has continually decreased over time. You may become more

More information

Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity

Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity Chemistry: The Periodic Table and Periodicity Name: per: Date:. 1. By what property did Mendeleev arrange the elements? 2. By what property did Moseley suggest that the periodic table be arranged? 3. What

More information

12B The Periodic Table

12B The Periodic Table The Periodic Table Investigation 12B 12B The Periodic Table How is the periodic table organized? Virtually all the matter you see is made up of combinations of elements. Scientists know of 118 different

More information

Chapter 3, Elements, Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table

Chapter 3, Elements, Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table 1. Which two scientists in 1869 arranged the elements in order of increasing atomic masses to form a precursor of the modern periodic table of elements? Ans. Mendeleev and Meyer 2. Who stated that the

More information

It takes four quantum numbers to describe an electron. Additionally, every electron has a unique set of quantum numbers.

It takes four quantum numbers to describe an electron. Additionally, every electron has a unique set of quantum numbers. So, quantum mechanics does not define the path that the electron follows; rather, quantum mechanics works by determining the energy of the electron. Once the energy of an electron is known, the probability

More information

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur?

3. What would you predict for the intensity and binding energy for the 3p orbital for that of sulfur? PSI AP Chemistry Periodic Trends MC Review Name Periodic Law and the Quantum Model Use the PES spectrum of Phosphorus below to answer questions 1-3. 1. Which peak corresponds to the 1s orbital? (A) 1.06

More information

Electronegativity and Polarity

Electronegativity and Polarity and Polarity N Goalby Chemrevise.org Definition: is the relative tendency of an atom in a molecule to attract electrons in a covalent bond to itself. is measured on the Pauling scale (ranges from 0 to

More information

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS

UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS UNIT (2) ATOMS AND ELEMENTS 2.1 Elements An element is a fundamental substance that cannot be broken down by chemical means into simpler substances. Each element is represented by an abbreviation called

More information

Periodicity. The Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev. and the Periodic Table. Periods. Metals vs. Non-Metals. Groups

Periodicity. The Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev. and the Periodic Table. Periods. Metals vs. Non-Metals. Groups Periodicity and the Periodic Table the result Dmitri Mendeleev arranged elements in order of their atomic numbers, such that elements with similar properties fell into the same column or group. The Periodic

More information

1 Arranging the Elements

1 Arranging the Elements CHAPTER 12 1 Arranging the Elements SECTION The Periodic Table BEFORE YOU READ After you read this section, you should be able to answer these questions: How are elements arranged on the periodic table?

More information

Chapter 5 Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev: Russian Chemist credited with the discovery of the periodic table.

Chapter 5 Periodic Table. Dmitri Mendeleev: Russian Chemist credited with the discovery of the periodic table. Chapter 5 Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev: Russian Chemist credited with the discovery of the periodic table. How did he organize the elements? According to similarities in their chemical and physical

More information

Organizing the Elements

Organizing the Elements The Periodic Table Organizing the Elements A few elements, such as gold and copper, have been known for thousands of years - since ancient times Yet, only about 13 had been identified by the year 1700.

More information

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question:

The Periodic Table. Name: Class: Date: ID: A. Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: Name: Class: Date:, ID: A The Periodic Table Multiple Choice Identify the choice that best completes the statement or answers the question: 1. What are the elements with atomic numbers from 58 to 71 called?

More information

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements

47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25. 4 Atoms and Elements 47374_04_p25-32.qxd 2/9/07 7:50 AM Page 25 4 Atoms and Elements 4.1 a. Cu b. Si c. K d. N e. Fe f. Ba g. Pb h. Sr 4.2 a. O b. Li c. S d. Al e. H f. Ne g. Sn h. Au 4.3 a. carbon b. chlorine c. iodine d.

More information

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. PHYSICAL SCIENCES: CHEMISTRY Test 6: Chemical change

CLASS TEST GRADE 11. PHYSICAL SCIENCES: CHEMISTRY Test 6: Chemical change CLASS TEST GRADE PHYSICAL SCIENCES: CHEMISTRY Test 6: Chemical change MARKS: 45 TIME: hour INSTRUCTIONS AND INFORMATION. Answer ALL the questions. 2. You may use non-programmable calculators. 3. You may

More information

Lecture 3. 3.1 Introduction to the Periodic Table. 3.2 Structure of the electron shell. 3.3 Ionisation energy and electron affinity

Lecture 3. 3.1 Introduction to the Periodic Table. 3.2 Structure of the electron shell. 3.3 Ionisation energy and electron affinity Lecture 3 Outline 3.1 Introduction to the Periodic Table 3.2 Structure of the electron shell 3.3 Ionisation energy and electron affinity Development of the Periodic Table The modern periodic table was

More information

Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity

Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity Chapter 8 Electron Configurations Page 1 Chapter 8 Atomic Electronic Configurations and Periodicity 8-1. Substances that are weakly attracted to a magnetic field but lose their magnetism when removed from

More information

Copyrighted by Gabriel Tang B.Ed., B.Sc.

Copyrighted by Gabriel Tang B.Ed., B.Sc. Chapter 8: The Periodic Table 8.1: Development of the Periodic Table Johann Dobereiner: - first to discover a pattern of a group of elements like Cl, Br, and I (called triads). John Newland: - suggested

More information

Chapter 3. Elements, Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table

Chapter 3. Elements, Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table Chapter 3. Elements, Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table The Periodic Law and the Periodic Table In the early 1800's many elements had been discovered and found to have different properties. In 1817 Döbreiner's

More information

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements

Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements Chapter 7 Periodic Properties of the Elements 1. Elements in the modern version of the periodic table are arranged in order of increasing. (a). oxidation number (b). atomic mass (c). average atomic mass

More information

Periodic Table. inert gases. Columns: Similar Valence Structure. give up 1e - give up 2e - Oaccept 2e- accept 1e - give up 3e -

Periodic Table. inert gases. Columns: Similar Valence Structure. give up 1e - give up 2e - Oaccept 2e- accept 1e - give up 3e - Periodic Table give up 1e - give up 2e - give up 3e - H Li Be Na Mg K Ca Columns: Similar Valence Structure Sc Oaccept 2e- accept 1e - inert gases S Se F Cl Br He Ne Ar Kr Adapted from Fig. 2.6, Callister

More information

Chemistry - Elements Electron Configurations The Periodic Table. Ron Robertson

Chemistry - Elements Electron Configurations The Periodic Table. Ron Robertson Chemistry - Elements Electron Configurations The Periodic Table Ron Robertson History of Chemistry Before 16 th Century Alchemy Attempts (scientific or otherwise) to change cheap metals into gold no real

More information

Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems

Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems Name period AP chemistry Unit 2 worksheet Practice problems 1. What are the SI units for a. Wavelength of light b. frequency of light c. speed of light Meter hertz (s -1 ) m s -1 (m/s) 2. T/F (correct

More information

Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) IMPORTANT NOTES ANIL TUTORIALS

Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) IMPORTANT NOTES ANIL TUTORIALS Assignments in Science Class X (Term II) Periodic Classification of Elements 1. Early chemists classified elements as metals and non-metals on the basis of a set of physical and chemical properties. 2.

More information

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge

ATOMIC THEORY. Name Symbol Mass (approx.; kg) Charge ATOMIC THEORY The smallest component of an element that uniquely defines the identity of that element is called an atom. Individual atoms are extremely small. It would take about fifty million atoms in

More information

Chapter Test. Teacher Notes and Answers 5 The Periodic Law TEST A 1. b 2. d 3. b 4. b 5. d 6. a 7. b 8. b 9. b 10. a 11. c 12. a.

Chapter Test. Teacher Notes and Answers 5 The Periodic Law TEST A 1. b 2. d 3. b 4. b 5. d 6. a 7. b 8. b 9. b 10. a 11. c 12. a. Assessment Chapter Test A Teacher Notes and Answers 5 The Periodic Law TEST A 1. b 2. d 3. b 4. b 5. d 6. a 7. b 8. b 9. b 10. a 11. c 12. a 13. c 14. d 15. c 16. b 17. d 18. a 19. d 20. c 21. d 22. a

More information

Periodic Table Trends in Element Properties Ron Robertson

Periodic Table Trends in Element Properties Ron Robertson Periodic Table Trends in Element Properties Ron Robertson r2 n:\files\courses\1110-20\2010 possible slides for web\ch9trans2.doc The Periodic Table Quick Historical Review Mendeleev in 1850 put together

More information

Mendeleev s s Table. Periodic Table Revisited. The Modern Periodic Table. Section 14.1 Classification of the Elements. Chapter 14 Chemical Periodicity

Mendeleev s s Table. Periodic Table Revisited. The Modern Periodic Table. Section 14.1 Classification of the Elements. Chapter 14 Chemical Periodicity Chapter Chemical Periodicity Section. Classification of the Elements OBJECTIVES: Explain why you can infer the properties of an element based on those of other elements in the periodic table. Use electron

More information

The Lewis structure is a model that gives a description of where the atoms, charges, bonds, and lone pairs of electrons, may be found.

The Lewis structure is a model that gives a description of where the atoms, charges, bonds, and lone pairs of electrons, may be found. CEM110 Week 12 Notes (Chemical Bonding) Page 1 of 8 To help understand molecules (or radicals or ions), VSEPR shapes, and properties (such as polarity and bond length), we will draw the Lewis (or electron

More information

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:)

Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Configuration. Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) Chemistry CP Unit 2 Atomic Structure and Electron Learning Targets (Your exam at the end of Unit 2 will assess the following:) 2. Atomic Structure and Electron 2-1. Give the one main contribution to the

More information

The Periodic Table of The Elements

The Periodic Table of The Elements The Periodic Table of The Elements Elements are like a collection As more and more elements were discovered it became more important to organize and classify them Between the late 1700 s and mid 1800 s

More information

CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE

CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE CHAPTER 13 THE PERIODIC TABLE OVERVIEW The periodic table is usually the first thing that comes to mind when thinking about the subject of chemistry. We have all heard about the periodic table from as

More information

Chemistry 5 Test 1. You must show your work to receive credit PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS. 5 B 10.81 13 Al 26.98

Chemistry 5 Test 1. You must show your work to receive credit PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS. 5 B 10.81 13 Al 26.98 Chemistry 5 Test 1 Name: You must show your work to receive credit PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS 1A 1 H 1.008 2A 3A 4A 5A 6A 7A 3 Li 6.941 11 Na 22.99 19 K 39.10 37 Rb 85.47 55 Cs 132.9 87 Fr (223) 4

More information

Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet.

Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet. CHEMISTRY TEST: THE PERIODIC TABLE Directions: Multiple Choice For each of the following questions, choose the answer that best answers the question and place it on your answer sheet. 1. Which of the following

More information

Composition and Structure of the Atom. Protons: Positively charged, high mass particle. Neutrons: Neutral (no) charge, high mass

Composition and Structure of the Atom. Protons: Positively charged, high mass particle. Neutrons: Neutral (no) charge, high mass Composition and Structure of the Atom Atom: basic unit of an element; smallest unit that retains chemical properties of an element Subatomic particles: Small particles that are the building blocks from

More information

Chapter -9. Classification of Elements The periodic Table

Chapter -9. Classification of Elements The periodic Table Chapter -9 Classification of Elements The periodic Table SYNOPSIS From the earliest times, scientists have been trying to classify the available elements on the basis of their properties. Dobereiner proposed

More information

TRENDS IN ATOMIC PROPERTIES: THE PERIODIC TABLE

TRENDS IN ATOMIC PROPERTIES: THE PERIODIC TABLE TRENDS IN ATOMIC PROPERTIES: THE PERIODIC TABLE Electron configurations determine organization of the periodic table Next properties of elements and their periodic behavior Elemental properties determined

More information

Electron Configurations, Orbital Notations and Quantum Numbers Understanding Electron Arrangement and Oxidation States

Electron Configurations, Orbital Notations and Quantum Numbers Understanding Electron Arrangement and Oxidation States Electron Configurations, Orbital Notations and Quantum Numbers Electron Configurations, Orbital Notations and Quantum Numbers Understanding Electron Arrangement and Oxidation States OBJECTIVE Students

More information

Periodic Table. 1. In the modern Periodic Table, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. A. atomic number B. mass number

Periodic Table. 1. In the modern Periodic Table, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. A. atomic number B. mass number Name: ate: 1. In the modern, the elements are arranged in order of increasing. atomic number. mass number. oxidation number. valence number 5. s the elements in Group I are considered in order of increasing

More information

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table

Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Chapter 6 The Periodic Table Organizing the Periodic Table In a grocery store, the products are grouped according to similar characteristics. With a logical classification system, finding and comparing

More information

From Quantum to Matter 2006

From Quantum to Matter 2006 From Quantum to Matter 006 Why such a course? Ronald Griessen Vrije Universiteit, Amsterdam AMOLF, May 4, 004 vrije Universiteit amsterdam Why study quantum mechanics? From Quantum to Matter: The main

More information

Chem 111 Evening Exam #3

Chem 111 Evening Exam #3 * Enter your answers on the bubble sheet. Turn in all sheets. * This exam is composed of 25 questions on 7 pages total. Go initially through the exam and answer the questions you can answer quickly. Then

More information

CHAPTER 8 PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS (END OF CHAPTER 7 TOO)

CHAPTER 8 PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS (END OF CHAPTER 7 TOO) CHAPTER 8 PRACTICE TEST QUESTIONS (END OF CHAPTER 7 TOO) Information that most likely will be on the front cover of your exam: h i Z 2 ΔE = @ 2.18 x 10 @ 18 f Z 2 f J j @ k n f 2 n i 2 1. Which of the

More information

Ch 3 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table. Figure 3.1 size relationship is not to scale, ratio of average diameters atom/nucleus = 10 5

Ch 3 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table. Figure 3.1 size relationship is not to scale, ratio of average diameters atom/nucleus = 10 5 1 Ch 3 Atomic Structure and the Periodic Table Figure 3.1 size relationship is not to scale, ratio of average diameters atom/nucleus = 10 5 2 Atoms are very small and spherical. Radii Range 0.9 x 10-10

More information

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B.

2. All of the atoms of argon have the same. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of. A. mass number B. 1. The atomic number of an atom is always equal to the total number of A. neutrons in the nucleus B. protons in the nucleus 2. All of the atoms of argon have the same A. mass number B. atomic number C.

More information

Periodic Table Puzzle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 I

Periodic Table Puzzle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 I Periodic Table Puzzle 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 I F G H B A E J D Place the letter of each of the above elements next to its description below. 1. An alkali metal 2. An alkaline earth

More information

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set

Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Chapter 13 & 14 Assignment & Problem Set Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table Name Warm-Ups (Show your work for credit) Date 1. Date 2. Date 3. Date 4. Date 5. Date 6. Date 7. Date 8. Electrons in Atoms & Periodic Table 2 Study Guide: Things You

More information

Role of Hydrogen Bonding on Protein Secondary Structure Introduction

Role of Hydrogen Bonding on Protein Secondary Structure Introduction Role of Hydrogen Bonding on Protein Secondary Structure Introduction The function and chemical properties of proteins are determined by its three-dimensional structure. The final architecture of the protein

More information

Inorganic Chemistry review sheet Exam #1

Inorganic Chemistry review sheet Exam #1 Inorganic hemistry review sheet Exam #1 h. 1 General hemistry review reaction types: A/B, redox., single displacement, elimination, addition, rearrangement and solvolysis types of substances: elements,

More information

Trends of the Periodic Table Diary

Trends of the Periodic Table Diary Trends of the Periodic Table Diary Trends are patterns of behaviors that atoms on the periodic table of elements follow. Trends hold true most of the time, but there are exceptions, or blips, where the

More information

DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERIODIC TABLE

DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERIODIC TABLE DEVELOPMENT OF THE PERIODIC TABLE Prior to the 1700s, relatively few element were known, and consisted mostly of metals used for coinage, jewelry and weapons. From early 1700s to mid-1800s, chemists discovered

More information

Review- The Periodic Table

Review- The Periodic Table Review- The Periodic Table Name Date Block Matching: Match the description in with the correct term in. Write the letter in the blank provided. Each term matches with only one description, so be sure to

More information

Paper 3 and Paper 4. CC4 The Periodic Table. The learning journey

Paper 3 and Paper 4. CC4 The Periodic Table. The learning journey Paper 3 and Paper 4 CC4 The Periodic Table There are over 100 known elements. The modern periodic table is a chart that arranges these elements in a way that is useful to chemists. Thanks to the periodic

More information

8. Relax and do well.

8. Relax and do well. CHEM 1314 3:30 pm Section Exam II ohn II. Gelder October 16, 2002 Name TA's Name Lab Section INSTRUCTIONS: 1. This examination consists of a total of 8 different pages. The last three pages include a periodic

More information

Key: Periodic Table Blocks. s block p block d block f block

Key: Periodic Table Blocks. s block p block d block f block Name Chemistry / / Periodic Table Today you will learn about the organization of the elements of the periodic table into groups (or families) and periods and the properties of these groups. Groups (or

More information

Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions. Chemistry 11

Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions. Chemistry 11 Electron Configurations, Isoelectronic Elements, & Ionization Reactions Chemistry 11 Note: Of the 3 subatomic particles, the electron plays the greatest role in determining the physical and chemical properties

More information

AP CHEMISTRY CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER 6: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE

AP CHEMISTRY CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER 6: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE AP CHEMISTRY CHAPTER REVIEW CHAPTER 6: ELECTRONIC STRUCTURE AND THE PERIODIC TABLE You should be familiar with the wavelike properties of light: frequency ( ), wavelength ( ), and energy (E) as well as

More information

Name PRE-TEST. Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true ("T") or false ("F").

Name PRE-TEST. Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true (T) or false (F). 1 PRETEST Directions: Circle the letter indicating whether the following statements are either true ("T") or false ("F"). T F 1. Chemical elements with similar chemical properties are referred to as a

More information

TRENDS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE

TRENDS IN THE PERIODIC TABLE Noble gases Period alogens Alkaline earth metals Alkali metals TRENDS IN TE PERIDI TABLE Usual charge +1 + +3-3 - -1 Number of Valence e - s 1 3 4 5 6 7 Electron dot diagram X X X X X X X X X 8 Group 1

More information

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table

Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table Chapter 2 Atoms, Ions, and the Periodic Table 2.1 (a) neutron; (b) law of conservation of mass; (c) proton; (d) main-group element; (e) relative atomic mass; (f) mass number; (g) isotope; (h) cation; (i)

More information

CHAPTER 9 THE PERIODIC TABLE AND SOME ATOMIC PROPERTIES

CHAPTER 9 THE PERIODIC TABLE AND SOME ATOMIC PROPERTIES CHAPTER 9 THE PERIODIC TABLE AND SOME ATOMIC PROPERTIES PRACTICE EXAMPLES 1A 1B A B A Atomic size decreases from left to right across a period, and from bottom to top in a family. We expect the smallest

More information

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England

2. John Dalton did his research work in which of the following countries? a. France b. Greece c. Russia d. England CHAPTER 3 1. Which combination of individual and contribution is not correct? a. Antoine Lavoisier - clarified confusion over cause of burning b. John Dalton - proposed atomic theory c. Marie Curie - discovered

More information

Chapter 7. Electron Structure of the Atom. Chapter 7 Topics

Chapter 7. Electron Structure of the Atom. Chapter 7 Topics Chapter 7 Electron Structure of the Atom Copyright The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Permission required for reproduction or display. 1 Chapter 7 Topics 1. Electromagnetic radiation 2. The Bohr model of

More information

Rules of Nomenclature for Binary Compounds

Rules of Nomenclature for Binary Compounds NAME: DATE: Rules of Nomenclature for Binary Compounds There are three types of binary compounds: Type I. A metal of fixed charge and a nonmetal; Type II. A metal of variable charge and a nonmetal; and

More information

Ions & Their Charges Worksheet

Ions & Their Charges Worksheet Ions & Their Charges Worksheet Name Date Teacher Diagram of charges based on groups on the periodic table including transition metals and noble gases: IA IIA Transition IIIA IVA VA VIA VIIA VIIIA metals

More information

Section 11.3 Atomic Orbitals Objectives

Section 11.3 Atomic Orbitals Objectives Objectives 1. To learn about the shapes of the s, p and d orbitals 2. To review the energy levels and orbitals of the wave mechanical model of the atom 3. To learn about electron spin A. Electron Location

More information

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends

The Periodic Table: Periodic trends Unit 1 The Periodic Table: Periodic trends There are over one hundred different chemical elements. Some of these elements are familiar to you such as hydrogen, oxygen, nitrogen and carbon. Each one has

More information

Natural Sciences I. Lecture 15: Elements and the Periodic Table

Natural Sciences I. Lecture 15: Elements and the Periodic Table Natural Sciences I Lecture 5: Elements and the Periodic Table Classifying MATTER Chapter 0 of your text opens with a discussion of the types of chemical bonds, and also includes a review (pp. 4-4) of the

More information

Atomic Theory: History of the Atom

Atomic Theory: History of the Atom Atomic Theory: History of the Atom Atomic Theory: experimental observations that led scientists to postulate the existence of the atom (smallest bit of an element). 1. Law of Conservation of Mass -During

More information

The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry. Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010

The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry. Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010 The Advanced Placement Examination in Chemistry Part I Multiple Choice Questions Part II Free Response Questions Selected Questions from1970 to 2010 Atomic Theory and Periodicity Part I 1984 1. Which of

More information

Questions on Chapter 8 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding

Questions on Chapter 8 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding Questions on Chapter 8 Basic Concepts of Chemical Bonding Circle the Correct Answer: 1) Which ion below has a noble gas electron configuration? A) Li 2+ B) Be 2+ C) B2+ D) C2+ E) N 2-2) Of the ions below,

More information

Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding

Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding Unit 2 Periodic Behavior and Ionic Bonding 6.1 Organizing the Elements I. The Periodic Law A. The physical and chemical properties of the elements are periodic functions of their atomic numbers B. Elements

More information

Periodic Table Packet #1

Periodic Table Packet #1 Directions: Answer the questions with the proper information using your notes, book, and the periodic table. 1. Define a family. 2. What is a period? 3. What is the symbol for the following elements. a.

More information

Unit 3.2: The Periodic Table and Periodic Trends Notes

Unit 3.2: The Periodic Table and Periodic Trends Notes Unit 3.2: The Periodic Table and Periodic Trends Notes The Organization of the Periodic Table Dmitri Mendeleev was the first to organize the elements by their periodic properties. In 1871 he arranged the

More information

PERIODIC TABLE NOTES (from chapters 5 and 6)

PERIODIC TABLE NOTES (from chapters 5 and 6) PERIODIC TABLE NOTES (from chapters 5 and 6) I. History of the Periodic Table As the number of elements began to grow, chemists needed a way to all of these elements. [In the 1700 s there were known elements.

More information

chemrevise.org 19/08/2013 Periodicity N Goalby chemrevise.org

chemrevise.org 19/08/2013 Periodicity N Goalby chemrevise.org chemrevise.org 19/8/213 eriodicity Goalby chemrevise.org locks An s-block element will always have an electronic structure where the outer electron is filling a s-sublevel. kewise the outer electron of

More information

ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATIONS

ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATIONS ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATIONS ELECTRONIC CONFIGURATIONS CONTENTS The Bohr Atom Levels and sub-levels Rules and principles Orbitals Rules for filling orbitals. The Aufbau principle Electronic configurations

More information

Chapter 7. Chemistry, The Central Science, 11th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten

Chapter 7. Chemistry, The Central Science, 11th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten Chemistry, The Central Science, 11th edition Theodore L. Brown; H. Eugene LeMay, Jr.; and Bruce E. Bursten Chapter 7 John D. Bookstaver St. Charles Community College Cottleville, MO Development of Table

More information

Families and Periods of the Periodic Table

Families and Periods of the Periodic Table Families and Periods of the Periodic Table CK12 Editor Say Thanks to the Authors Click http://www.ck12.org/saythanks (No sign in required) To access a customizable version of this book, as well as other

More information

Unit 2 Matter and Chemical Change. Unit Test

Unit 2 Matter and Chemical Change. Unit Test Unit Test Student Name Class Section 1 Properties of Matter 1. Aluminum foam is used to create lighter, safer cars. The reason that a lighter car is a safer car is because aluminum foam is A. less rigid

More information

Look at a periodic table to answer the following questions:

Look at a periodic table to answer the following questions: Look at a periodic table to answer the following questions: 1. What is the name of group 1? 2. What is the name of group 2? 3. What is the name of group 17? 4. What is the name of group 18? 5. What is

More information

The Periodic Table; Chapter 5: Section 1 - History of the Periodic Table Objectives: Explain the roles of Mendeleev and Moseley in the development of

The Periodic Table; Chapter 5: Section 1 - History of the Periodic Table Objectives: Explain the roles of Mendeleev and Moseley in the development of The Periodic Table; Chapter 5: Section 1 - History of the Periodic Table Objectives: Explain the roles of Mendeleev and Moseley in the development of the periodic table. Describe the modern periodic table.

More information

Bonding Practice Problems

Bonding Practice Problems NAME 1. When compared to H 2 S, H 2 O has a higher 8. Given the Lewis electron-dot diagram: boiling point because H 2 O contains stronger metallic bonds covalent bonds ionic bonds hydrogen bonds 2. Which

More information

Slater s rules 1,2,3,4

Slater s rules 1,2,3,4 Slater s rules 1,2,3,4 Slater s rules are a guideline for determining shielding and, therefore, Z eff. The rules are best used for atoms with n > 1. Remember, when we wish to determine or conceptualize

More information