Spelling Rule Book. Name: Classroom Instructor: = Spelling Rules. How many can you count?

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1 Spelling Rule Book Name: Classroom _ Instructor: = Spelling Rules. How many can you count? Dark words and letters are important. Make sure you pay attention to them!

2 What are the vowels? Vowels have long and short sounds Short Vowel Sounds a e hat back sad apple fast bed elephant spell red best i o fish finish chips it dog hot stop lost shop u umbrella under fun up tub umbrella under fun up undo 2

3 Long Vowel Sounds a e lake make cake mail table ear eat feel real meal i o ice idea five island open old boat snow nose u music tube huge cute glue 3

4 Short vowels are often in CVC words CVC Consonant Vowel Consonant Sound Example short a short e short i short o short u 4

5 Long vowel words have 2 vowels or more Sound Example long a long e long i long o long u 5

6 Long Vowel Sounds Say Their Names Silent= no sound Silent e at the end of a word Examples of silent e words Two vowels together Two vowels together, first one says its name Examples of two vowels together 6

7 Short Vowels at the Beginning of Words Sound Words a apple add e elephant egg o on off i igloo itchy u umbrella up 7

8 Short Vowels in the Middle of Words Sound Words a cat hat e bed pen o mop socks i pig sink u tub cup 8

9 Tricky Short Vowels in the Middle of Words Sound Words a flag bag e bread head o wash stop i gym swim u won rug 9

10 Tricky Long A Sounds Sound Words More Examples rain ai Never at the end of a word a_e snake ay play Ok at the end of a word a baby 10

11 Tricky E Long Sounds Sound Words More Examples ee tree ea leaf ey key y angry 11

12 Types of Words Nouns People, places and things Alberta Adjectives Talk about nouns. Describing words. Verbs Actions. Things we do. 12

13 What is CVC?? CVC means Look at the end of the word. Is it CVC? C V C top top top CVC is only for the END of a word Top is a CVC word. Look at the end of the word. Is it CVC? C V C plan plan plan Adding ed and ing to the end of a word Words ending in consonant vowel consonant (CVC) Add ing to these words We never double k, w, y, z, x plan shop touch help step tap 13

14 Add s to the end of a word with y When there is a consonant and y _: For example: study + es = When there is a vowel and y : For example: play + s = Add s to the end of these words: play apply pray country enjoy hurry monkey key study baby try cry 14

15 SH and CH SH CH Can you think of more words? SH CH 15

16 Adding s to the end of a word When a word ends in s, sh, ch, x, z and o, For example: brush + s = fox + s = Add s to the end of these words: kiss teach dish cash drink brush box tomato go watch church do wear mess fox dress Remember, do not add s or es to adjectives (describing words) 16

17 Comparatives and Superlatives If the word ends in a consonant For example: full If the word ends in a consonant and y, For example: happy If the word ends in e, For example: late If the word ends in CVC For example: hot 17

18 Add er and est to these words. ER EST nice big large tall short old long wise busy angry gentle narrow friendly quiet Practice what you are learning. Comparative Sentence: Superlative Sentence: 18

19 When Does y Sound Like an e? Look at the words below. How do you say them? What sound is at the end? angry hungry lazy carry many worry funny sorry rainy snowy Look at the words below. How do you say them? What sound is at the end? little make joke like love hate late take pebble tale What is the rule for words that end in an e sound? We don t say e at the end of words 19

20 Changing Verbs to Nouns Sometimes you can change verbs to nouns by... noun=person, place or thing verb=action verb: call noun: dance climb baker interpreter teach driver swim hike 20

21 Syllables are parts of a word. What are Syllables? Clap your hands to help you. Every syllable must How many syllables? dog glass teacher computer student English Think of other examples. 1 syllable 2 syllables 3 or more syllables cat table comfortable Where do you divide the word? paper valley baker notebook television studying after calendar exam 21

22 If you can spell one, you can spell them all! Word Patterns Think about the word an. What other words look and sound like an? Think about the word it What other words look and sound like it? Think about the word at What other words look and sound like at? What words end with an r sound? Words that end in an r sound are spelled Listen to your teacher. Try to spell the words. 22

23 Write Notes Here 23

24 Maureen Stewart Bridge Program 24

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