SOL Review World War II. Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment. - High (the value of money goes down).

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1 SOL Review World War II Part I Causes and leaders of World War I Inflation Depression Germany Unemployment 1. Political instability and economic problems in Europe: - World Wide. - High war debt owed by. - High (the value of money goes down). - Massive (jobless). 2. Isolationism in Europe and the United States 3. Rise of Fascism: - Define Fascism: Match the fascist leader to the correct country. Adolf Hitler Benito Mussolini Hideki Tojo A. Italy B. Germany C. Japan Match the democratic leaders to the correct country. Franklin D. Roosevelt Harry S. Truman Winston Churchill Joseph Stalin A. Soviet Union B. Great Britain C. United States D. United States

2 Part II Allied vs. Axis Powers Allied Powers Axis Powers Word Bank United States Soviet Union Great Britain France Japan Italy Germany Canada Part III Major Events of World War II 1. Germany invades Poland A. Japan attacks the United States in Hawaii; US declares war on Japan. 2. Germany invades France B. Germany bombs London; massive air raid between two countries 3. Battle of Britain C. US gave supplies to Great Britain and received military bases in Bermuda and the Caribbean. 4. Lend Lease Act D. First event of WWII. Soviet Union also invades Poland and Baltic nations. 5. Pearl Harbor E. Germany captures Paris, the capital city. 6. Battle of Midway A. Forces Japan to surrender and ends World War II. 7. Germany invades the Soviet Union B. The turning point of the war in Eastern Europe. 8. Battle of Stalingrad C. Allied troops land in Normandy, France; begin the liberation of Western Europe. 9. D Day D. US victory over Japan; turning point of the war in the Pacific. 10. US drops atomic bombs on Japan E. Hitler s biggest mistake; now he must fight a war on two fronts.

3 Part IV Holocaust 1. Define the Holocaust. 2. Explain the following terms. Anti-Semitism: Aryan supremacy: 3. Put the Hitler s tactics in the correct chronological order. (number 1-4) Threats Imprisonment and killing of Jews and others in concentration camps and death camps Boycott of Jewish stores Segregation (Jews sent to Ghettos to work) Part V Home Front and the end of the World War II (True or False) Home Front: 1. World War II brought an end to the Great Depression 2. Factories produced war materials during World War II. 3. Thousands of American children were forced to work in defense plants during the war. 4. Americans at home supported the war by conserving and rationing resources. 5. The need for workers permanently broke down racial barriers for African Americans. 6. Japanese Americans were forced into internment camps during the war. 7. The US economy went back into a depression after the war. End of the War: 8. The United States helped rebuild Europe after the war to prevent political and economic instability. 9. The United States created the Marshall Plan to provide aid to European countries to rebuild. 10. Germany was divided (partitioned) into two countries after the war. 11. After the war, Japan was occupied by American forces and adopted a democratic government. 12. The United Nations was created to prevent future world wars.

4 Part VI Multiple Choice 1. During World War II, Germany declared war on the United States just after the US had a. Left the war in France b. Invaded North Africa c. Attacked Great Britain d. Gone to war with Japan 2. During the 1930s, American foreign policy emphasized neutrality, but this position changed when the United States began a. Firing on German warships b. Sending soldiers to Europe c. Supplying weapons to Japan d. Giving economic aid to the Allies 3. During World War II, Americans supported the war effort by a. Conserving resources b. Protecting large cities c. Buying more food products d. Building houses for returning soldiers Economic Problems in Causes of World War Rise of Fascism? 4. Which of the following would best complete the diagram above? (USII.7a) a. Isolationism in Europe and the United States b. The sinking of the Lusitania c. Protect American businesses in Europe d. Yellow Journalism 5. Which leader preached hatred of Jews? (USII.7a) a. Adolf Hitler b. Winston Churchill c. Joseph Stalin d. Harry Truman 6. Which leaders made up the Big Three? a. Roosevelt, Stalin, and Hitler b. Stalin, Roosevelt, and Churchill c. Tojo, Hitler, and Mussolini d. Truman, Hitler, and Stalin 7. The invasion of what country finally caused war to break out in Europe? a. Hungary b. Poland c. France d. Britain

5 8. Although the United States did not officially declare war, we were most closely allied with which country? a. Germany b. Japan c. Italy d. Britain 9. Where was Pearl Harbor? Who bombed it? a. Hawaii; Japan b. Hawaii; Germany c. California; Japan d. Japan; the United States 10. The turning point of the War in the Pacific was what battle? a. The Battle of Coral Sea b. The Battle of Stalingrad c. The Invasion of Normandy d. The Battle of Midway 11. The turning point of the War in Eastern Europe was what battle? a. The Battle of Coral Sea b. The Battle of Stalingrad c. The Invasion of Normandy d. The Battle of Midway 12. What was the beginning of the liberation of Western Europe? a. The Battle of Coral Sea b. The Battle of Stalingrad c. The Invasion of Normandy d. The Battle of Midway 13. The photo above shows - a. Rosie the riveter b. June Cleaver c. Rosie the woman d. Rosie the hammer

6 14. What was the name of the project that built the atomic bomb? a. The Lusitania Project b. The Allen Parsons Project c. The Manhattan Project d. The Nuremburg Project 15. What happened to Germany after the war? a. It was broken into two separate countries b. It was given millions of dollars and a letter of thanks c. It was formally forgiven d. It was treated more harshly than it had been in the Treaty of Versailles 16. The United States plan to rebuild Europe in the years after World War II was known as what? a. The Truman Plan b. The Marshall Plan c. The Kim Plan d. The United Nations 17. What happened to the American economy after the war? a. It experienced a time of economic recession, because people were buying too much on credit b. Nothing changed. c. The economy boomed in the postwar years. d. The economy rose, fell quickly, and then rose again. It fluctuated. 18. What happened to women after the war? a. They lost the right to vote, due to the 28 th Amendment. b. Women were forced out of the jobs they had gained during the war, to make way for the men returning. c. There were more women in the workforce than men. d. The population suddenly decreased 19. The arrow on the map is pointing to an island that was important in World War II because it was where a. The United States defeated the Japanese navy b. The Soviet Union lost several submarines c. Germany invaded the Hawaiian Islands d. Japan halted the United States advances

7 20. Which one of these headlines would have most likely appeared during World War II? (use the illustration to the right) a. Banks Fail b. Lusitania Sinks c. Women Vote d. Normandy Invaded 21. During World War II, the people in this photograph were relocated to internment camps by the United States government because of a. Age b. Citizenship status c. Race d. Economic need 22. After World War II, which country gave large amounts of financial aid to rebuild European countries? a. Soviet Union b. United States c. France d. Italy 23. The United Nations was established in 1945 in order to a. Prevent future wars b. Punish the Axis Powers c. Oppose atomic weapons d. Limit Soviet influences 24. Which of these did NOT occur after World War II? a. Consumer goods were rationed b. Americans bought products on credit c. Labor unions merged d. The technology industry boomed

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