# Five daily lessons. Page 8. Page 12. Page 68. Page 68. Year 2

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1 Unit 3 Money and place value Five daily lessons Year 1 Autumn term Unit Objectives Begin to know what each digit in a two-digit number represents. Partition a teens number and begin to partition large two-digit numbers into a multiple of 10 and (TU). Within the range 0 to 30, say the number that is 1 or 10 more or less than any given number. Recognise coins of different values. Find totals and change from up to 20p. Work out how to pay an exact sum using smaller coins. Use mental strategies to solve simple problems set in real life money or measurement contexts, using counting, addition, subtraction, doubling and halving, explaining methods and reasoning orally. Sort coins, including the 1 and 2 coins, and use them as role-play to pay and give change. Use developing mathematical ideas and methods to solve practical problems. Find one or more or one less than a number from 1 to 10. (Key objectives in bold) Reception Year 1 Link Objectives Year 2 Page 8 Page 12 Page 68 Page 68 Recognise all coins and begin to use. p notation for money. Find totals, give change, and work out which coins to pay. Use mental addition and subtraction, simple multiplication and division, solve simple word problems involving numbers on real life money or measures, using one or two steps. Explain how the problem was solved. Know what each digit in any two-digit number represents, including 0 as a placeholder and partition two-digit numbers into a multiple of 10 and (TU). This Unit Plan is designed to guide your teaching. You will need to adapt it to meet the needs of your class. Resources needed to teach this unit: Resource 3.1 Resource 3.2 OHT 3.1 or penny number line OHT 3.2 or ITP Counting on and back Activity 3.1 Activity 3.2 Dice marked 1p more/ 1p less 1p, 2p coins Mega money Money bank/purse Puppet Beanbag Items for a class shop Sale sign Digit cards 0-20 number line Two pairs of gloves Objects for counting 0-20 number cards, washing line and pegs Tin and pennies 0-50 number line See Models and Images Charts: Counting on and back in ; Partitioning and recombining; Ordering numbers to 100; Understanding addition and subtraction.

2 Planning Day One Unit 3 Money and place value Term: Autumn Year Group: 1 Count in from and back to zero. Use ten fingers to count in from 0 to 100 and back again. Recognise 1p and 2p coins. Find totals up to 10p (using 1p/2p coins). Give each child a real 1p coin and a real 2p coin to hold. Discuss what they look like. Q What is the same about these two coins? / Focus Discuss children s responses to Activity 3.1. Q Which was the hardest? Why? The easiest? Why? 10 Hold up both hands for each number. Show the children the 100-bead string. Count beads in to establish that there are ten beads in each colour. Count in forwards and backwards using bead string. Q What is different? Q Which would you rather have? Why? Ask the children to hold up a one penny coin, then a two pence coin. Give out further coins so that each individual has an amount up to 6p, using 1p and 2p coins. Say to the children: - stand up if you have a total of 3 pence. - stand up if you have a total of 6 pence. Q Who has a 2 pence coin? Q Who has two 1 penny coins? Q Which is worth more? Repeat for different amounts, comparing the combinations of coins used. Show children a money bank or purse. Q There is 6p in this purse. What coins could there be? Invite children to show you using large coins. By the end of the lesson, children should be able to: recognise 1p and 2p coins; find totals using 1p and 2p coins. (Refer to supplement of examples, section 5, page 68.) Fingers! money coin penny pence total price 1p coins 2p coins Mega money (large coins) Activity 3.1 A money bank or purse Demonstrate using large coins how to count 2p coins by tapping the coin twice to keep track of how much money has been counted. Use the large coins to demonstrate how to group 2p coins, counting these first when counting a mix of one penny and two pence coins. 2p 2p 1p 1p 1, 2 3, Give out Activity 3.1. Ask children to find the amount of money in each purse and label it.

3 Planning Day Two Unit 3 Money and place value Term: Autumn Year Group: 1 Count in from and back to zero. Count reliably up to 10 objects (sounds, actions). Use the or interactive teaching program to count in from 0 to 100 and back. Choose a volunteer show them a digit card and ask them to jump, hop, clap, blink etc. that many times. Ask the other children to count to work out what the digit card was. Repeat. Solve simple problems involving 1p and 2p coins. Find totals up to 10p. Set up a shop and price items using labels on Resource 3.1. Invite volunteers to choose an item and pay for it using the exact amount. Give them real 1p and 2p coins and demonstrate to the other children how they paid using the Mega money. Q Which coins did Amy use? Q Is there another way to pay? Repeat several times. Work with one group on the carpet and continue shopping. / Focus Q How many different ways could we use one penny and/or two pence coins to make 10p? Ask for volunteers to show their answers using the large coins. Record answers on the board. HOMEWORK Draw all the ways you can make 5p using only one penny and/or two penny coins. Sit the children in a circle and put items from the shop in the middle. Give each child an amount using 1p and/or 2p coins. Ask each to find their total amount and say what they could buy. Q How much money have you got? Q Have you got enough to buy the? Q Will you have any money left? By the end of the lesson, children should be able to: find totals up to 10p; work out how to pay for items using 1p and 2p coins. (Refer to supplement of examples, section 5, page 68.) how many? money coin total pence cost price Give the other children each a copy of Activity 3.2, a collection of 1p and 2p coins and a selection of price labels from Resource 3.1. Ask each child to choose their own price labels, write them on the purse labels, find the correct coins and then draw them on the purses. ITP counting on and back Digit cards (1-9) Items for a shop 1p and 2p coins Mega money Resource 3.1 Activity 3.2

4 Planning Day Three Unit 3 Money and place value Term: Autumn Year Group: 1 Count on or back in from any digit up to 20. Sit the children in a circle. Make the puppet say 6, 7, 8. Ask children to say the next three numbers (9, 10, 11). Now make the puppet say 15, 14, 13. The children should respond, 12, 11, 10. Repeat, focussing on numbers Say a number e.g. 10 and throw a beanbag to a child. Ask the child to say the next number, 11. Ask the child to throw the beanbag to someone else who will say the next number. When you reach 20, repeat, this time counting back in from 20. Say the number that is 1 more or 1 less than any given number to 20. Solve simple problems involving money. Ask children to share the ways they made 5p f or last lesson s homework task. Introduce a sale sign to the class for the class shop. Q What does this sign say? Q What does it mean? Say that in our sale everything used yesterday in the class shop has 1p off. Q What does 1 penny off mean? Q Is the new price more or less than the old price? Q If the old price was 4 pence what is the new price? Use a numberline made of pennies (e.g. large coins on a washing line, magnetic pennies on a board, or use OHT 3.1). Demonstrate how to on this number line to find 1p less. Using this method invite individuals to make new price labels for some of the items in the shop. / Focus Sit children in two groups to play Penny Less/ Penny More. Name the teams A and B. Put 10 items (with 2p-19p price labels) in middle of teams. Each team takes turns to roll a dice marked (1p more/ 1p less). A child from the team chooses an item and the team agree the changed price. If correct, team keeps item. Q How much does the item you have chosen cost? Q What is the dice telling you to do? Q How much will it cost now? Will it be cheaper or more expensive? The winning team is the team with the most items. Sit the children in a circle and give each pair a price label up to 10p (from yesterday). By the end of the lesson, children should be able to: Puppet Beanbag 1p more 1p less cost price Sale sign Shop items and price labels (from day 1) and extra price labels 10p-19p from Resource 3.2 Penny number line or OHT 3.1 Dice marked 1p more/1p less Ask children to work out the new price and hold the new sale price (i.e. 1p less than their card) in their head. Q I have 3p to spend, whose sale price is 3p? Check that the child has a label saying 4p. Emphasise this to children i.e. label says 4p, therefore sale price is 3p. Give the 3p to the child in exchange for 4p label. Repeat, referring to penny number line. When the children are confident, repeat with prices from 10p to 20p.?? say the number that is 1 more/1 less than any number to 20;?? solve simple money problems. (Refer to supplement of examples, section 5, pages 12 and 68.)

6 Planning Day Five Unit 3 Money and place value Term: Autumn Year Group: 1 Count in from and back to zero. Choose ten children to stand in a line. Ask the class to count in to 100 as each child in line shows 10 fingers. Repeat counting back as the children fold down their fingers. Repeat with a different 10 children. Stop part way through. Q How many fingers are showing so far? Use the or the ITP Counting on and back to from zero and back in from 100, moving beads as you do. Begin to know what each digit represents in a twodigit number. Begin to partition larger twodigit numbers. Put 23 beads to one end of the string (or use OHT 3.2). Q How many beads are there? Do you need to count them all? Repeat with other two-digit numbers, drawing out the strategy of counting the first, rather than each individual bead. Put on the gloves used on day 4. Flash your hands at children twice. Q How many fingers did you see? Repeat for different multiples of 10 encourage children to keep count by whispering. Invite volunteers to show multiples of using hands. Q How many times did Sonya flash her hands? / Focus Stay in groups and as a class find out how many objects are on each table. Demonstrate how to count how many altogether by counting in and then continuing count in e.g. 10, 20, 30, 31, 32, 33. Say 33 is 30 and 3 more. Help children to locate the number of objects counted on each table on a number line. Draw out that 33 for example comes after 30. Q How many fingers did she show? Gradually extend to other two-digit numbers up to 50 e.g. 43 (4 flashes of both hands and 3 fingers). Q How can you show 32? Put a large quantity of objects to count (between 20 and 50) on the floor where all the children can see them. By the end of the lesson, children should be able to: begin to partition larger numbers. (Refer to supplement of examples, section 5, page 8.) ITP Counting on and back how many altogether? Bead string or OHT 3.2 Gloves 0-50 number line Objects for counting e.g. counters, cubes Q How can you find out how many counters there are? Discuss putting the objects into groups of ten to make it easier. Provide each group with a large quantity of objects. Tell them to find out how many objects there are altogether on their tables, grouping them first in to count them. Objects could include: counters (put 10 into each cup) pennies (10 in a purse) straws (10 into a bundle) pencils (10 into a pots) cubes (10 into a tower) books (10 into a pile)

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