A procession of notable Scottish women through time

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1 1. Scota c545bc-c455bc legendary mother of all Scots 2. Scathach of Skye c520bc-c490bc legendary warrior woman 3. Aife of Alba c510bc-c480bc legendary warrior woman 4. Lady of Calidones c170-c220 tribal queen of Argentocoxos, moral views recorded by imperial Cassius Dio 5. Triduana (St Treadwell) religious hermit and healer 6. Bridget of Ulster (St Bride) c associated with fertility & midwifery 7. Taneu (St Theneu/Enoch) c500- c550 princess of Lothian, banished in pregnancy, mother of Mungo 8. Languoreth c550-c605 queen consort of Strathclyde 9. Abb of Berenicia (St Abb) c600-c683 monastic founder, influential abbess 10. Raegnmeld c612-c655 great grand daughter of king Urien of Rheged, wife of Oswy sometime king of Bernicia 11. Audrey of Berenicia (St Audrey) c queen consort, monastic founder, 12. Alchfled of Berenicia c625-c660 princess, queen consort 13. Eanfled 626-c690 queen consort, married her father s enemy 14. Coblaith c notable daughter, reason now unknown 15. Iurminburg c648-c700 sharp tongued & politically active queen consort, later abbot 16. Tomnat c queen consort of Lorne 17. Aelffled of Berenicia c654-c673 princess, abbess and power-broker of state 18. Osthryo c active & influential queen consort 19. Der-Ilei c665-c700 enigmatic queen and mother of kings 20. Cuthburh c675-c730 queen consort, abbot 21. Caintigerna hermit 22. Máel Muire c child of pictish king Kenneth MacAlpin, partner and parent of irish kings 23. Aud the Deepminded c850-c900 wise widow & tribal leader given ship burial 24. Finella c940-c999 carried out plot to assassinate king who had killed her son 25. Bethóc c1000-c1050 child of Malcolm II Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 1 of 72

2 26. Gruoch ingen Boite c queen of Mac Bethad mac Findlaích, model for lady Macbeth 27. Ingebjorg Thorfinn of Orkney c1005-c1075 queen consort of Scotland, later died or put aside 28. Margaret of Scotland c queen consort, learned and pious embroiderer, institutional reformer, exemplary just ruler founded pilgrims ferry across the Forth and restored Iona Abbey 29. Maud de Senlis queen consort and religious patron 30. Matilda of Scotland c queen consort of culture and influence for good, corresponded with world leader while pious and devoted to lepers and the poor 31. Mary of Boulogne c highly cultured force for good, much admired for her intelligence and generosity 32. Affric of Galloway c1094-c1140 sea king princess & queen consort of Man 33. Ada de Warenne politically active king mother, religious gifter 34. Orabilis de Quincy Gilchrist c1150- c1202 joined her northern lands to Anglo French families, religious benefactor 35. Bethoc of the Isles c1157-c1207 prior of Iona, perhaps commissioned its psalter 36. Ermengarde de Beaumont c queen consort active in scottish affairs 37. Margaret of Scotland and Kent c independent princess and noblewoman 38. Isabella of Scotland & Norfolk c1198-c1260 princess and noblewoman 39. Margaret of Scotland & Pembroke c princess & noblewoman 40. Joan of England queen consort of Scotland, pilgrim 41. Isabella of Menteith c1210-c1265 heiress, unsuccessful in face of murder accusation 42. Dervorgilla Balliol of Galloway , statesman, pious patron, founded convents, abbeys, Balliol College 43. Margaret of England queen consort of Scotland, unhappy at first, kept strong influence on father s useful power 44. Marjory Carrick de Bruce c allegedly forced dead husband s battle companion to marry her Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 2 of 72

3 45. Ragnhild Simundsdatter c1250- c1300 woman who on her own behalf publicly accused powerful men of rent fraud 46. Evota of Stirling c property owner and garrison supplier 47. Christiana MacRuairi c1270-c1325 heiress supporter of Bruce, religious patron 48. Christian Bruce c active political resistance leader 49. Marion Braidfute c legendary lover of William Wallace 50. Marjorie Comyn of Dunbar c1275- c1330 political force in ebb and flow of her times 51. Agnes Comyn of Strathearn c1280- c1330 political force in her time, banished and imprisoned 52. Margaret of Norway c1282-c1290 queen-designate 53. Isabella MacDuff Comyn c1285- c1314 decisive female enthroner of Robert I but hung up in an outdoor cage by his enemies 54. Elizabeth de Burgh Bruce c queen consort, prisoner, king s mother 55. Marjory de Schireham c1290-c1340 earliest non-male customs collector 56. Marjory Bruce Stewart 1294-c1317 king s daughter, caged prisoner, king s mother 57. Joanna Menteith of Strathearn c1308-c1366 notable for her successive widowhoods 58. Agnes Randolph (Black Agnes) c chatelan of Dunbar, defender against 6 month siege 59. Amy MacRuairi c1315-c1375 dispossessed heiress and religious patron 60. Joan de la Tour queen consort 61. Euphemia Ross Randolph queen consort of some influence 62. Katherine Mortimer c shadowy mistress of the king 63. Margaret Drummond (Logie) c1330-c1373 queen consort of restless ambition 64. Ellen Carrick 1342-c1408 prior, possibly unjustly removed 65. Meg of Abernethy c1355-c1405 harper 66. Annabella Drummond c queen consort, popular political force for good 67. Joan Beaufort c queen consort of Scotland with her own political identity Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 3 of 72

4 68. Katherine Douglas c1410-c1450 Kate Barlass supposed protector of the king 69. Margaret Stewart princess of Scotland, poet in literary & musical circles, married Dauphin of France 70. Elizabeth Dunbar Douglas Gordon Colquhoun c1425-c1494 celebrated woman of her time, signatory to contract 71. Isabella Stewart c princess of Scotland, widow of Duke of Burgundy, collected & commissioned devotional works 72. Margaret Douglas 1426-c1512 heiress struggling to hold on to coveted lands 73. Eleanora Stewart c princess of Scotland, wife and regent of austrian archduke and a literary patron in scots, german, latin & french in her own right, owned romances and devotional works 74. Janet Dunbar c1430-c1465 gave earliest known signature by scots woman in Aithbreac Inghean Coirceadail c1430-c1480 poet, early & outstanding non-male bardic composer 76. Isabel Bras Williamson cloth merchant, burgess, trading with Europe 77. Joanna Stewart Douglas c1430- c1500 princess of Scotland, 13 years with her sisters in France before marriage & motherhood, reportedly mute 78. Mary Stewart van Borselen c princess of Scotland, became the admiral of burgundy s partner 79. Mary of Guelders c1433-c1463 queen consort & regent of clear constructive, diplomatic and governing abilities 80. Annabella Stewart Gordon c1434- c1500 princess of Scotland, spent her teens in the court of savoy 81. Mary Stewart Boyd Hamilton c1450-c1488 princess of Scotland, acted against the wishes of her father the king 82. Margaret of Denmark c queen consort, showed political acumen in crisis 83. Margaret Stewart c1460-c1503 princess of Scotland, turned down a royal marriage for personal reasons 84. Iseabail ni Mheic Cailein (Isabella Stewart Campbell) c1460-c1510 poet in classical bardic language Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 4 of 72

5 85. Isabella Hoppringle c prioress and spy 86. Marion Boyd Muir c1475-c1559 mistress of James IV 87. Margaret Drummond c mistress of James IV, perhaps poisoned to allow Tudor marriage 88. Elizabeth Ker Scott Rutherford c burned as bloodfeud victim 89. Alison Douglas c1480-c1530 struggling woman of beauty, piety, virtuous repute 90. Alison Rough c merchant and property holder, executed for murder 91. Janet Kennedy Gordon Lady Bothwell c mistress of the king, spent later years looking after interests of herself & children, playing system to her advantage 92. Jane Hepburn Seton c1480-c1558 wise & noble lady, generous religious patron 93. Margaret Crichton of Rothes c1546 customs collector 94. (the) Blak Lady c entertainer at court and tournaments of James IV 95. Margaret Beaufort Tudor queen consort of Scotland, diplomatist 96. Janet Douglas Lyon Campbell c forceful Douglas advocate & apologist, burned at the stake for treason 97. Isobel Hoppar c1490-c1540 wealthy merchant s daughter, landowner, governess of Margaret Douglas and a powerful political figure in Scotland 98. Janet Pringle c1495-c1565 prioress and spy 99. Muriel Calder Campbell 1498-c1575 progenitor 100. Jane Forman Oliphant c1500-c1560 illegitimate daughter of archbishop, conveyed large dowry to husband 101. Marion Haliburton Home c1500- c1563 pragmatic negotiator in her family s interest 102. Elizabeth Lamb c1500-c1575 prioress reprimanded then exonerated for helping foreign troops 103. Marion Ogilvy Douglas c cardinal s mistress, who by writing, law, or foreign bankers, managed her estate single-handed Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 5 of 72

6 104. Janet Stewart Fleming la Belle Écossaise daughter of James IV of Scotland, governess to Mary, Queen of Scots, briefly mistress of Henry II of France, by whom had legitimated son: Henri d'angoulême 105. Janet Rynd c cofounded Magdalen hospital, successful merchant and negotiator 106. Euphemia Leslie c prioress in legal & physical dispute for succession, left a will & testament & pensions for the nuns 107. Hellen Stirk Ranaldsone c executed by drowning for failing to call on virgin mary in childbirth, and for associating with her husband and 4 other men (all executed) who disputed on the scriptures 108. Katherine Mayne Cant c1513-c1565 condemned to death while pregnant, she escaped 109. Mary of Guise queen consort, queen regent, of intelligence and fortitude 110. Janet Newton Ker Halliburton c1515-c1570 heiress in an era when women could be prey to unscrupulous guardians who demand a share of their inheritance 111. Margaret Douglas of Lennox poet, diplomatist, secured Union of Crowns for grandson 112. Madeleine of France ailing princess 113. Jane Chisholm Stirling c1520-c1565 illegitimate daughter of bishop, conveyed large dowry to husband with more later when church lands were dispersed 114. Katherine Campbell Lindsay c heiress who worked hard to secure the future of her children 115. Lilias of Ancrum c perhaps legendary female Flodden warrior 116. Janet Fockart Todd Fowler Hathoway c merchant and moneylender 117. Agnes Campbell MacDonnell O Neill c1525-c1601 fluent and intelligent Scottish-irish link in resisting and negotiating with tudor forces 118. Margaret Beaton Lindsay c1526- c1586 illegitimate daughter of cardinal, carried large dowry to husband whom she later left 119. Katherine Ruthven Campbell of Glenorchy c estate manager and protestant patron 120. Agnes Sampson c midwife and healer, executed as a witch Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 6 of 72

7 121. Annas Keith Stewart Campbell c prominent political figure, widow of Regent Moray, correspondent 122. Mary Livingston c noblewoman & childhood companion of Mary, Queen of Scots and daughter of her guardian. Labelled lusty by Knox 123. Mary Stuart of Scots queen consort, reigning queen, deposed queen, prisoner; a brave victim in tragedy 124. Mary Fleming 1542-c1590 noble grand-daughter of James IV, childhood companion of Mary Queen of Scots 125. Margaret Bain knowledgeable midwife burned as a witch 126. Mary Beaton noblewoman and attendant of Mary, Queen of Scots 127. Jane Gordon Sutherland Ogilvie managed vast family estates, a virtuous & comelie lady, judicious, excellent memorie & great understanding, she brought to a prosperous end many hard & difficult bussiness 128. Marjory Bowes first wife of John Knox 129. Jean Scott Ker c1548-c1600 estate factor, catholic protector 130. Margaret Stewart of Ochiltree c second wife of John Knox 131. Mary Seton courtier, accomplished hairdresser, attendant to the queen, assisted escape from Loch Leven, later a nun 132. Euphame MacCalzean c burned alive as a witch after giving an unusually good defence 133. Alison Balfour of Stennes healer, brave victim of judicial torture 134. Finola MacDonnell O Donnell c1552-c1610 marriage cemented Scottish Irish alliance with a dowry of 1200 scots mercenaries 135. Elizabeth Stewart of Lennox & Arran courtier & political leader, acted as governor of the realm 136. Mary (Marie) Maitland Lauder c manuscript preserver and poet 137. Margaret Aitken c assumed witch, falsely implicated hundreds more, to their execution and her own 138. Janet Spaldarge c executed as a witch 139. Christian Lindsay c1560-c1605 cook, possibly poet, in the royal household Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 7 of 72

8 140. Elizabeth Douglas Hay c1565-c1610 learned court poet and sonneteer 141. Helen Grahamslaw Ker c1565- c1615 heiress widow saved from Turnbulls by union of crowns 142. Helen Hay Livingston c royal tutor, left deathbed confession & conversion to Protestantism 143. Isobell Young c burned for witchcraft, but gave good account of her behaviour and failings of her neighbours 144. Bessie Wright c1565-c1630 healer 145. Elizabeth Douglas Fife c1565-c1630 poet 146. Margaret Hartside c1570-c1625 royal servant silenced & exiled for indiscretion 147. Esther Langlois Inglis Kello c court calligrapher 148. Henrietta Stewart Gordon courtier, defender of Catholicism and of her husband s estates during his banishments 149. Helen Guthrie 1574-c1625 lambasted king with critical petition, later received by the queen 150. Anna of Denmark queen consort, powerful force in politics and culture (architecture, jewellery, theatre) 151. Katherine Hugone c1575-c1610 victim of severe violence by male gang whose leader was executed 152. Arbella Stuart musician, linguist, noblewoman, imprisoned for dynastic marriage, died after hunger strike 153. Beatrix Leslie Moffat c midwife executed for witchcraft 154. Jean Livingston Kincaid of Warriston strangled & burnt for husband s murder, her preexecution words recorded her penance in ballad form 155. Margaret Cunningham Hamilton Maxwell c that virtuous lady, writer 156. Margaret Burges Gillespie c small local dealer condemned as witch 157. Helen Rogie c executed as a witch 158. Elizabeth Melville Colville prolific & distinguished poet, radical presbyterian, earliest known Scottish woman writer to have her work in print, most famous for Ane Godlie Dreame 159. Jane Drummond Ker c lady in waiting to James s queen Anna and a prudent court spy for Spanish interests Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 8 of 72

9 160. Isobel Gowdie c1585-c1665 confessed witch, described hidden spirit world in vivid detail 161. Bessie Clarkson c1595-c1625 parishioner of conviction, a casestudy of guilt 162. Barbara Mackenzie of Kintail c1595- c1630 survivor of domestic abuse 163. Agnes Finnie c shopkeeper & moneylender, executed for witchcraft 164. Anna Hume c1595-c1655 fascinating proto-feminist renaissance writer, poet and translator 165. Elizabeth Stewart queen of Bohemia and Elector Palatine, popular and courageous queen of hearts 166. Mary Erskine Mar 1599-c1670 secret protector of Scottish regalia 167. Elizabeth Douglas Ogilvie c c1643 secret protector of Scottish regalia 168. Mary King c1600-c1645 widow, successful city centre tailor & cloth merchant 169. Fionnghal Chaimbeul c poet 170. Diorbhail nic a Bhruthainn Dorothy Brown c1600-c1650 jacobite poet & songwriter 171. Maggie Wall c burned as a witch 172. Jennie Geddes , trader, protester 173. Grissel Jaffray Butchart c burned as a witch 174. Mistress Rutherford c1600-c1675 author of a spiritual autobiography 175. Christian Caldwell (John Dicksone) c1610-c1650 indicted as a crossdressing witchfinder 176. Margaret Mitchel c1610-c1650 prophet 177. Margaret McLachlan c1614-c1685 covenanter disputedly reprieved or executed 178. Isobel Grant (Iseabail Dhubh Thulach) c1615-c1675 provoked murderous rivalry between suitor clans 179. Barbara MacKay (Lady Reay) c1615- c1690 poet, historian, witty and skilful host 180. Mairi Nighean Alasdair Ruadh (Mary MacLeod) c1615-c1707 innovative praise-singer poet of gaelic resurgence 181. Maud Galt Dickie c1620-c1670 lesbian accused of witchcraft 182. Christian Fletcher Grainger c1620- c1680 secret protector of Scottish regalia Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 9 of 72

10 183. Gormshuil Mhor Gormla c1620- c1700 witch figure in gaelic tradition, feared but treated with respect & immunity 184. Anna Mackenzie of Balcarres & Argyll heiress in royal favour, kept her lands on husband s execution 185. Anne Murray Halkett writer, royalist, community midwife, physician & herbalist 186. Margaret Lylestoun Hardie Midside Maggie c1625-c1680 tenant farmer who amazed her husband and their landlord by her ingenuity & perseverance 187. Lilias Gillespie Skene quaker author, prophet, poet 188. Elizabeth Murray Tollemache Maitland heiress, royalist agent, courier and patron, much lampooned for her scheming 189. Mary Erskine Kennedy Hair shopkeeper, businessman, philanthropist, early supporter of women s education 190. Margaret Wemyss young lute player & manuscript compiler 191. Anne Hamilton Douglas long remembered good duchess in her own right, who reclaimed estates & invested in working enterprises for local communities 192. Jane Watson Muir c tobacconist and philanthropist 193. Agnes Campbell Anderson (Lady Roseburn) powerful in business as printer & publisher, nephew treasurer of France 194. Marion Fairlie Veitch memoir writer, support to persecuted husband 195. Elspeth McEwan c late allegation and execution as witch 196. Isabel Mackenzie of Seaforth c estate manager 197. Lucky Wood c exemplary innkeeper celebrated by Ramsay 198. Anna Scott of Buccleuch & Monmouth heiress, unhappily wed to royal blood, kept her lands on husband s execution 199. Helen Alexander Currie left a testament to radical religion (Society folk) against corruption of the day 200. Janet Horne last alleged witch to be executed 201. Elizabeth Tollemache Campbell estate manager, philanthropist 202. Mairearad Nighean Lachlainn c1660-c1730 poet of the macleans lamenting decline Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 10 of 72

11 203. Sìleas MacDonnell na Ceapaich c poet alert to gaelic bardic tradition 204. Grizel Hume Baillie attractive songwriter, poet, heroine, businessman 205. Margaret Wilson c1667-c1685 covenanter disputedly reprieved or executed 206. Jean Gordon Faa c , mother of gypsy sons, banished from Scotland, a Jacobite drowned by Hanoverian mob, inspiration for Scott s Meg Merrilees 207. Winifred Herbert Maxwell of Nithsdale jacobite, daringly freed husband on eve of his execution 208. Penelope Mackenzie MacDonald c estate manager for a last bastion of classic gaelic culture, active in support for catholicism and jacobite intrigue 209. Elizabeth Halkett Wardlaw poet, balladeer 210. Rachel Chiesley Erskine, Lady Grange abducted by husband s plot and held in St Kilda against her will 211. Violante Larini ropedancer, acrobat, actor, manager, teacher 212. Christian Shaw witch accuser, threadmaking pioneer 213. Susanna Montgomery of Eglinton jacobite, famed beauty & linguist, supported poets, writers, art, music, literature, science, philosophy, history 214. Beetty Dick town crier 215. Sibilla Lyon c rouping woman (ie valued & sometimes auctioned persons possessions after death) 216. Jeanie Cameron raised troops for the Jacobites 217. Janet Anderson successful merchant, Merchant Company member 218. Jane Douglas Stewart at age 50 produced a disputed son who inherited her paternal estates 219. Jean Cameron c jacobite, rode to standard at Glenfinnan with 300 men 220. Mary Robertson Adam wide correspondent, architects wife & mother 221. Mary Maxwell of Nithsdale & Traquair Jacobite 222. Margaret MacLeod MacDonald c loyal jacobite, helped prince s flight Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 11 of 72

12 223. Jean Adam poet: there s nae luck aboot the hoose 224. Elizabeth Blachrie Blackwell botanical illustrator, author and engraver 225. Maggie Dickson fishwife hanged and recovered to long life 226. Margaret Masterton city apprentice and shopkeeper 227. May Drummond c quaker fundraiser for infirmary 228. Helen Walker canny yet, principled, Scott s model for Jeannie Deans 229. Alison Rutherford Cockburn poet, songwriter, society hostess, autobiographer 230. Elizabeth Mure c1715-c1751 land improver, perceptive commentator on 18 th century scotland 231. Margaret Steuart Calderwood diarist: dominant, capable & delightful 232. Margaret Kennedy Morice respected non-male baker whose firm took on many apprentices 233. Catriona nic Fhearghais (Christiana Ferguson) c1720-c1760 poetsongwriter 234. Mrs McGhie c1720-c1780 reputable innkeeper 235. Louisa Cleghorn c1720-c1780 sicknurse 236. Clementina Walkinshaw jacobite lover of Prince Charlie 237. Flora MacDonald jacobite heroine, charmed Johnson & Boswell, later dictated her story of 1746 events 238. Margaret Mackay c1722-c1814 victim of the Sutherland clearances 239. Katharine Read portraitist and pastellist - the first professionally trained woman artist in Scotland 240. Anne Farquharson Mackintosh pivotal jacobite 241. Elizabeth Maguire Cunningham poor girl to titled lady, patron of Robert Burns 242. Hannah Swan Robertson c1808 autobiographer, writer on fancy-work and cookery, appealed to Scots Ladies to redress their backwardness in house-keeping in a spirit of improvement 243. Sarah Achurch Ward actor & theatre manager 244. Mary Campbell Coke journal & letter writer, eccentric 245. Barbara Black Blackwell first endowed marischal Chair of chemistry Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 12 of 72

13 246. Jean Elliot lyricist 247. Elizabeth Rutherford Scott writer of poetry, letters and memoirs, 248. Sophia Johnston c1730-c1810 selftaught carpenter & blacksmith, eccentric, first origin of Robin Gray song 249. Margaret Laidlaw Hogg singer, tale-teller, tradition-bearer of vast repertoire, complained of Scott s editing they war made for singing an no for reading; and they re nouther right spelled nor right setten down 250. Janet Mackay c1731-c1768 wife of murder victim 251. Frances Wallace Dunlop eloper, inheritor, widow, Burns correspondent & admirer, royalist 252. Agnes Broun singer, steeped in oral traditions which she passed to her son, Robert Burns 253. Elizabeth Gunning Hamilton Campbell beauty and society hostess 254. Marjorie Fidler Cowan businessman 255. Winifred Maxwell Constable jacobite, rebuilt Terregles, friend and patron of Robert Burns 256. Mary Leslie Walker instruc-tional novelist with unconventional life 257. Janet Schaw c diarist and travel writer 258. Janet Mathewson Keiller city confectioner shopkeeper, devised light chip marmalade and set up long-lasting firm in son s name 259. Margaret Montgomerie Peggie Boswell clever, witty consort of diarist 260. Elspeth Buchan sect leader 261. Elizabeth Clendon Baker c actor and elocution teacher 262. Jean Marishall c1740-c1800 novelist and playwright of works promoting more equal relations of the sexes 263. Sibilla Sibbie Hutton c well known shopkeeper, made buying trips to London, pursued debtors through courts 264. Mary Macpherson Clark c1740- c1815 poet of social justice 265. Isabel Pagan c poet 266. Menie Trotter c1740-c1830 noted conversationalist Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 13 of 72

14 267. Willielma Maxwell Campbell (Lady Glenorchy) founder of evangelical chapels, supported SPCK 268. Isobel Pagan poet 269. Isabella Marshall Graham educater & poor-relief worker 270. Anne Home Hunter lyrical poet, providing texts to at least nine of Joseph Haydn's 14 songs in English Sarah Maze Murray Aust travel writer 272. Susan Scott Carnegie poor relief campaigner 273. Nellie Hutton Kidd c1745-c1805 ran city centre millinery & haberdashery warehouse and boarding house for young ladies 274. Elizabeth Grant Murray songwriter 275. Anne Forbes portrait artist 276. Mary Ann Clayton Radcliffe c1811 writer, shop- coffee houseand boarding house keeper, seamstress, chaperone, governess, wrote An Attempt to Recover the Rights of Women from Male Usurpation 277. Anna Gordon Brown singer and archetypal source for Scots ballads 278. Elizabeth Rose of Kilravock diarist, letter writer and clan chief 279. Jane Maxwell Gordon c political hostess & matchmaker, agricultural reformer 280. Anne Seymour Conway Damer sculptor, traveller, model for Lady Maclaughlan in Susan Ferrier s Marriage 281. Anna Campbell c1750-c1780 gaelic poet of intense grief 282. Helen Gloag 1750-c1800 in legend at least, captured by corsairs for sultan s harem 283. Eglantine Maxwell Wallace boisterous writer, dramatist, advocate of peace and reform 284. Frances Scott Douglas kind, clever, traveller correspondent & mother 285. Helen Craik c poet &novelist of dark experience, aware of economic & sexual double standards in patriarchy 286. Anne Lindsay Barnard author of the ballad Auld Robin Gray, travel writer, artist and socialite Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 14 of 72

15 287. Henrietta Marchant Liston diarist and travel writer 288. Hannah Hodge 1751-c1838 coalminer, could carry up to 200 kilos a time 289. Charlotte Murray of Strathallan gentlewoman and botanist 290. Louisa Stuart writer 291. Elizabeth Hamilton novelist, poet, educationalist, moral philosopher 292. Grace Dalrymple Elliott socialite, writer, partner of Duc d Orleans, eye witness at French Revolution 293. Margaret Chalmers 1758-c1825 carer, poet & literary correspondent 294. Janet Little Richmond ( The Scotch Milk-maid ) poet, head dairymaid 295. Agnes Craig Maclehose (Clarinda) poet, Burns correspondent 296. Tibbie Tamson 1760?-,1790 Selkirk victim commemorated to this day 297. Elizabeth Fulhame c1760-c1810 experimental chemist, strong feminist views, ingenious and lively pioneer of photographic imaging on cloth, work predates researches of Sir John Herschel, Jöns Jakob Berzelius, and Thomas Wedgwood 298. Jean Glover travelling singer, songwriter 299. Jane Anne Cranstoun c part of her sister Helen Cranson Stewart s intelligent circle which impressed Walter Scott, model for Diana Vernon in Rob Roy 300. Christian Cowper c midwife kept casebook of her 3,948 deliveries 301. Alison Begbie (Elizabeth Gebbie) Burns Cessnock lass 302. Joanna Baillie poet and dramatist 303. Anne Bannerman poet, street ballad singer and seller 304. Jean Armour belle of Mauchline & wife of Robert Burns 305. Christian Dalrymple left great estate & library by father, diarist 306. Helen D Arcy Cranstoun Stewart poet, clever entertainer, wife of Dugald Stewart & host to many student boarders later well-known like Palmerston 307. Elizabeth Sutherland Leveson- Gower landlord associated with the Sutherland clearances 308. Carolina Oliphant Nairne song writer and song collector sensitive to traditional idioms Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 15 of 72

16 309. Margaret Campbell (Highland Mary) 1766-c1786 domestic servant, Burns s lover 310. Margaret Cullen novelist 311. Jackie Crookstone antimilitia campaigner, killed in massacre 312. Lesley Baillie Burns most elegant woman in the world 313. Robina Cullen Miller bred in enlightenment, went to found radical pennsylvania community 314. Charlotte Lowes Johnston Deans strolling player, memoir writer 315. Margaret Matthews Burns c1769- c1792 celebrated prostitute, defeated pompous Creech 316. Isabell Lovi c businessman, inventor, glass instrument maker 317. Eliza Dawson Fletcher autobiographer, hostess, philanthropist 318. Dorothy Wordsworth poet and diarist 319. Isabella Burns Begg poet s sister, schoolteacher and visitor guide 320. Christian Gray 1772-c1830 blind poet in scots and english 321. Christian Ross Milne 1773-c1816 domestic servant and poet 322. Agnes Lyle of Kilbarchan c1830 traditional ballad singer 323. Jean Chloris Lorimer Whelpdale friend and contemporary of Robert Burns 324. Anne Macvicar Grant poet and author, letterwriter, essayist 325. Charlotte Campbell Bury poet, diarist, popular novelist 326. Bell Sinclair journeyman mantua-maker 327. (Janet) Jessie Allan Harden diarist 328. Jane Porter historical novelist before Scott, for her the country s warrior past was not only transmitted by women but embodied in them 329. Mary Primrose Shepherd philosopher 330. Mary Buick Watson naval wife on-board at Copenhagen and Trafalgar, prepared Nelson s body for embalming 331. Mary Balfour Brunton novelist Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 16 of 72

17 332. Anna Maria Porter historical novelist, poet 333. Susan Macdonald illustrator 334. Elizabeth Grierson Crichton hoped to found new university, founded model mental institution in its place 335. Jane Ferrier Graham artist who recorded the Stirling Heads 336. Christina Broun Ramsey botanist 337. Mary Fairfax Somerville erudite science writer and polymath, acclaimed as the Queen of Science 338. Janet Colquhoun religious writer 339. Ann Fraser Tytler c writer 340. Christian Isobel Todd Johnston prolific journalist and author, advocating womens rights and other social causes, first woman paid editor of a major periodical, classic Scots cookery writer (as Meg Dods) 341. Isabel Fubister Gunn under an alias entered the all-male Hudson s Bay Company, gave birth to son at HBC post 342. Susan Edmondstone Ferrier novelist 343. Clementina Stirling-Graham impressive impersonator, bestselling author, translator, beekeeper & teacher of beekeeping 344. Marianne Woods c1783-c1835 teacher, claimed damages against parents accusations of lewd and indecent lesbian behaviour which inspired play The Children s Hour 345. Harriet Murray Siddons actor, singer, theatre manager 346. Isabella (Tibbie) Shiel innkeeper favoured by James Hogg and other literary figures 347. Jane Pirie c1784-c1835 schoolteacher, claimed damages against accusations of lewd and indecent lesbian behaviour 348. Caroline Scott novelist 349. Eliza Jack Forlong pioneer pastoralist and sheep selector 350. Barbara Johnston Flucker fishwife 351. Maria Dundas Graham Callcott author and traveller 352. Isabella Scott Gibson harpist, composer, teacher Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 17 of 72

18 353. Christian Broun Ramsay plant collector following husband s imperial postings in N.America & Asia, her indian herbarium alone held 1200 specimens 354. Susanna Hawkins domestic servant, cowherd, poet, wandering minstrel 355. Maria Henderson Short c observatory owner 356. Lucky Laird Log Hare c1788-c1848 involved in supplying bodies to anatomists, gave evidence to escape prosecution 357. Charlotte Waldie Eaton travel writer, novelist 358. Jane Nasmyth landscape artist, art teacher & business assistant 359. Margaret Stuart Hamilton Tyndall- Bruce chatelan of Falkland 360. Ann Anderson founder of girls school 361. Mary MacDougall Macdonald gaelic poet, hymn writer 362. Mary Diana Dods Douglas c1790- c1830 wrote and dressed as Walter Sholto Douglas 363. Marion Corbett joint author with sister Margaret 364. Charlotte Clavering literary adviser 365. Barbara Nasmyth artist and teacher 366. Margaret Nasmyth artist and teacher 367. Margaret Corbett joint author with sister Marion 368. Anne Drysdale pioneer emigrant sheepfarmer in Australia 369. Betsy Miller entrepreneur, first woman registered as ship s captain by Board of Trade 370. Jane Waldie Watts artist and travel writer 371. Elizabeth Nasmyth Terry Richardson artist, designer, teacher 372. Margaret Bayne Wilson missionary pioneer of female education in India 373. Frances Fanny Wright lecturer, writer, freethinker, feminist, abolitionist, social reformer, founded community to prepare US slaves for emancipation, attacked organized religion, capitalism and greed, advocated birth control, sexual freedom for women, and free public education for all over 2s in state-aided boarding schools Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 18 of 72

19 374. James Miranda Barry (Margaret Bulkely) c army surgeon, inspector general of hospitals (as a man) 375. Janet Thomson Hamilton poet, spinner, latterly blind, sympathies focus on women workers: slaves in all but name Lucy Clementina Drummond Davies author 377. Christina Saunders Robertson painter at the Russian court 378. Mary Mason Lyon , pioneer in women s education 379. Elizabeth Grant (of Rothiemurchus) Smith writer of memoirs, journal contributor 380. Eliza Campbell Gordon-Cumming fossil collector & illustrator 381. Eliza Slack Fraser Greene castaway 382. Ann Trail (Agnes Xavier) artist, pioneering nun and educator 383. Anne Nasmyth Bennett scenic artist and teacher 384. Catherine Sinclair novelist, writer of children's literature, philanthropist, unmasker of Waverley and major contributor to Scott monument 385. Mary Macqueen Storie c1801- c1840 singer who sang nearly 50 old songs to transcribers 386. Jane Baillie Welsh Carlyle letter writer 387. Jessie Fraser Ryder Pollock c actor, singer, theatre manager 388. Mary Ann Baxter founder of university college, generous supporter of good works, both local and worldwide 389. Mary Ann Paton Wood operatic singer 390. Marjorie Fleming child writer and poet 391. Jane Wilhelmina Stirling fluent in French, Chopin s pupil, friend and concert agent 392. Grace Stein Don Wallace harpist, translator of women writers 393. Fanny Inglis Calderon de la Barca author and teacher 394. Charlotte Nasmyth wild landscape artist and teacher 395. Georgiana Gordon McCrae portrait painter, unwilling emigrant, influential wit & focus of cultural life Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 19 of 72

20 396. Mary Grant Seacole , nursing, food & comforts provider in Crimea 397. Flora Hastings poet, caught up in intrigues around young Victoria and wronged by gossip 398. Helen Graham Tovey-Tennent diarist 399. Margaret Thomson Mylne suffragist, writer on the position of women 400. Elizabeth Pease Nichol abolitionist, anti-segregationist, woman suffragist, chartist and anti-vivisectionist 401. Frances Sara Fuller-Maitland Colquhoun poet and hymn writer 402. Christian McLagan pioneering field archaeologist, historian, writer, philanthropist 403. Agnes Lennox c1810-c1860 chartist suffragist 404. Miss Muir c1810-c1860 chartist, initially apologetic about speaking in public, but thought it immoral for a mother to fail to protest while her children cried for bread 405. Margaret Stewart Herschel lively correspondent, hospitable hostess, illustrator 406. Alicia Anne Spottiswoode Scott composer, songwriter and collector 407. Lydia Fraser Miller ran small school, wrote childrens books on natural history & religion, novelist, husband Hugh Miller s literary executor 408. Isabelle Clark Duncan author 409. Mary Maxwell Campbell composer of songs and of music for piano & pipes 410. Margaret Irvine Penny northern whaling pioneer 411. Eliza Inverarity Martyn opera singer 412. Letitia Mactavish Hargrave most northern european wife in canada, wrote vivid letters 413. Rose Stuart Blaze de Bury journalist, novelist, critic and traveller 414. Jane Laurie Borthwick hymn writer & translator with sister Sarah 415. Mary Lundie Duncan hymn writer 416. Fanny Whitaker McIan Unwin founder Female School of Art 417. Julia Margaret Cameron photographer Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 20 of 72

21 418. Jane Smeal quaker antislavery campaigner 419. Amelia Harris singer and preserver of traditional songs 420. Jessie Duncan Smyth geologist and astronomical observer 421. Priscilla Bright McLaren campaigner for women s rights, social reform, at centre of a dynasty of MPs 422. Phoebe Blyth educationist & philanthropist 423. Marion Kirkland Reid influential feminist writer: A Plea for Woman (1843), member of Ladies National Association for Repeal of the Contagious Diseases Acts 424. Helen Macfarlane (Howard Morton) Chartist feminist journalist and philosopher, translator of Marx and Engels 425. Emily Jane de Flahaut, Marchioness of Lansdowne noblededicatee of Chopin s Bolero 426. Laidlaw Thomson pianist 427. Victoria of Saxe Coburg queen, empress, correspondent, heartfelt Scottish identity 428. Mary Burton educational and social reformer on behalf of women 429. Grace Petrie rescuer, honoured by royal humane society 430. Margaret Peebles Bethune midwife kept casebook of 1296 labours 431. Amelia Paton Hill free spirited sculptor of varied interests 432. Mary Moffat Livingstone missionary teacher and traveller 433. Mairi Mhor Nan Oran (Mary MacPherson) great mary of the songs, the highland land league s foremost poet 434. Clementina Elphinstone Fleeming Maude pioneer photographer who achieved both excellence & recognition 435. Mary Pirie botanist & teacher 436. Grizell Baillie supporter of sick & foreign missions, first deaconess 437. Jane Harris singer & preserver of traditional songs 438. Elizabeth Johnston Hall fishwife 439. Catherine Stafford Spence teacher and translator Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 21 of 72

22 440. Sarah Borthwick Findlater hymn writer, translator with sister Jane 441. Jemima Wedderburn Blackburn artist, illustrator, painter, bird engraver 442. Margaret Blaikie founder of orphan and emigration home 443. Euphemia Alexander Johnston lady s nurse recommended by Simpson in elite childbirth 444. Caroline White Soule universalist missionary to Scotland, first woman ordained in UK 445. Anne Cundell Cousin hymn writer 446. May Innes Sandison crofter, stone dyker, exquisite embroiderer 447. May Hectorson Moar brave rescuer wi God;s help honoured by RNLI & Humane society, clearances victim 448. Annie Parlane Macpherson social worker, pioneer of child-migration 449. Catherine Helen Spence teacher, journalist, novelist, political campaigner and social reformer 450. Betty Mouat spinner, handknitter, unintentional traveller 451. Georgina Kinnear governess & headmistress 452. Jessie Black Campbell campaigner & fundraiser for women s higher education 453. Beatrice Clugston Prison & hospital visitor, founded Dorcas society,fundraiser for homes for convalescents & incurables 454. Elizabeth Robertson Cumming distiller & farmer of exceptional ability 455. Mary White quaker temperance reformer and social worker 456. Jane Elizabeth Taylour suffrage and women s movement campaigner 457. Leah (Learmonth White) Dalrymple campaigner for girls education 458. Jane Glen Arthur social reformer, active for women s rights and in support of convalescents & medical education, first school board member in west Scotland 459. Henrietta Keddie (Sarah Tytler) novelist, women songwriters anthologist Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 22 of 72

23 460. Margaret Wilson Oliphant author, biographer, journalist 461. Isabella Ure Elder wide ranging philanthropist and supporter of women s education 462. Katherine Innes Burton served with Florence Nightingale in Crimean War 463. Elizabeth Cecilia Clephane hymn writer 464. Margaret McKirdy Black cookery school founder, school board member, temperance & suffrage supporter Isa Craig Knox poet, feminist & social reformer 466. Isabella Lucy Bird Bishop explorer, writer, natural historian, photographer 467. Agnes Ann Bryson quaker temperance reformer & social worker 468. Mary Grant sculptor and suffragist 469. Katharine Maria Lumsden able, near-blind, hospital administrator and fundraiser, campaigned for fireguards and cremation 470. Elizabeth Anderson Gray fossil collector 471. Christina Rainy c1832-c1900 educationist, founder of women s hospital in Madras 472. Madeline Carter Daniell education campaigner, liberal, active for women s rights 473. Christian Watt Sim laundress, fishwife, traveller, writer of testament to long life in an asylum 474. Jane Nicol Sang mathematician 475. Mary Cameron Mackellar poet and folklorist 476. Jane MacLaren Hogg teacher, school board member, journalist, printer & newspaper proprietor, welfare worker,local historian 477. Helen Evans Russel one of Jex-Blake s first group of wouldbe medical students refused graduation, active supporter of medical education for women 478. Helen Evans Margaret Anderson fundraiser, roadside museum creator, curio collector 480. Ellen Johnston (The Factory Girl) c1835-c1873 poet and autobiographer Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 23 of 72

24 481. Jean Logan Watson racy writer of novels, biography, guidebooks & local history, women songwriters anthologist 482. Rachel Frances Lumsden pioneering nurse, hospitals superintendent, initiated nurses training, insisted on working unpaid 483. Louisa Stevenson campaigner for women's university education, women's suffrage & effective well-organised nursing 484. Emily Orme Masson c suffrage activist 485. Katie Anderson Charteris first president of church of scotland s women s guild 486. Madeleine Hamilton Smith socialite, not proven murder defendant 487. Mary Anderson Marshall early Paris trained doctor at women s hospital 488. Jessie Seymour Irvine hymn tune composer 489. Isabella Tod campaigner for women s rights 490. Agnes McLaren physician, catholic campaigner, suffragist 491. Constance Gordon-Cumming travel writer & explorer 492. Margaret Burns Macgregor bible woman and lady mission superintendent 493. Elizabeth Thomson Shiels formidable godmother of scottish-american industrial scandal and political family 494. Emma Maitland Stirling set up nurseries and refuges for children of working mothers, orphans & abused, and for their transatlantic emigration 495. Dinah Sowter Pearce c1838->1910 early school board member, felt this established principle of female representatives, gifted extensive community institute to Govan 496. Flora Chalmers Sang mathematician 497. Agnes Buchan-Hepburn McDouall gardener and plant collector 498. Mary Macbean Carmichael gaelic illustrator 499. Ann Dougal Bon emigrant philanthropist supporter of aboriginal entitlements and civil rights 500. Mary McLean Crudelius campaigner for women's education and supporter of women's suffrage Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 24 of 72

25 501. Harriet Miller Davidson gift for instant music & poetry, wrote essays, reviews, chidren s stories and a serial of family history haunted by father s suicide 502. Anne Jane Douglas Cupples writer and populariser of science 503. Flora Clift Stevenson reforming advocate for poor or neglected children and education for girls, pioneer member of school boards 504. Jane James Stewart Smith artist, illustrator, historian 505. Jessie McLachlan c murder trial defendant, sentence commuted to life imprisonment 506. Isabella Armstrong 1840-c1900 preacher, temperance and suffrage activist 507. Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake pioneer doctor, founder of women s hospitals 508. Frances Fanny Matilda VandeGrift Osbourne Stevenson gardener, artist, companion of Robert Louis Stevenson 509. Frances Tolmie folklorist & song collector 510. Charlotte Carmichael Stopes shakespearean scholar, author, teacher, campaigner for women's education & rights and rational dress 511. Louisa Innes Lumsden suffragist, animal welfare campaigner, classics tutor at Girton, Cambridge; first Headmistress of St Leonards, Fife; brought lacrosse to girls schools Lucy Elizabeth Drummond Davies Sale-Barker (aka Lucy Villiers) journalist and prolific children's writer 513. Janet Galloway educator, administrator 514. Margaret Duncan Gillespie singer of traditional songs 515. Jennie Gowanlock Trott Canada s first licensed woman physician 516. Bell Robertson housekeeper; although not a singer and gave no tunes, provided words of nearly 400 traditional songs and ballads, many of them not otherwise recorded 517. Agnes Bell McLean leader of scottish co-operative women s guild Women born, living or working in Scotland, or of significant Scottish ancestry or heritage, or significant visitors to Scotland compiled by J.R.Kelly 2/2014 Page 25 of 72

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