Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Michelle Dalton RN, BSN University of Michigan

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Osteoarthritis of the Knee. Michelle Dalton RN, BSN University of Michigan"

Transcription

1 Osteoarthritis of the Knee Michelle Dalton RN, BSN University of Michigan

2 What is Arthritis? Arthritis is one of the most common diseases in the United States Arthritis is an illness that causes pain and swelling in your joints There are many types of arthritis, but the most common is osteoarthritis, also known as degenerative joint disease

3 What is Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis (OA) primarily affects cartilage, which is the tissue that cushions the ends of the bones within a joint. Osteo means bone and arthritis means joint damage and swelling (inflammation). OA occurs when cartilage begins to wear down between bones, and cause excess friction. OA can affect any joint in the body, but is most common in the hands, knees, hips, and spine.

4 Who has OA? Osteoarthritis is the most common form of arthritis Over 20 million people in the United States have OA More than half of people older than 65 have OA Before age 45, more men than women have OA, after age 45, more women have OA

5 Who has OA of the knee? OA of the knee is twice as common in women than men OA of the knee is more common in African Americans than White Americans OA of the knee is common in overweight people, especially women.

6 How does OA of the knee affect people? Symptoms (in one or more joints) Pain Stiffness Swelling Tenderness Financial burdens Cost of treatment Lost wages from disability Lifestyle Depression Anxiety Feeling helpless Job limitations Difficulty participating in activities as well as responsibilities

7 What causes OA of the knee? Although scientists are unsure of all the causes of OA, there are several reasons they think it may occur. OA may run in families OA of the knees may be caused by being overweight OA of the knees can be caused by injuries or overuse.

8 What causes OA of the knee? Normal Knee Joint consists of several parts: Bones Knee is where the thigh bone (femur) and shin bone (tibia) meet. The knee cap (patella) is another important bone of the knee. Cartilage A firm but slippery coating on the end of each bone. Synovium/synovial fluid A thin tissue inside the joint that contains a fluid which lubricates the joint and keeps the cartilage smooth. Ligaments, tendons & muscles Tissues that hold the joint in place and keep it stable, allowing the knee to bend and move. Note. From Total Knee Replacement July, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. p.1 Retrieved online on January 31, 2004 from: &topcategory=knee

9 What causes OA of the knee? Knee joint with OA Cartilage on the surface of the knee and/or underneath the knee cap is worn down causing extra friction on the joint. When cartilage is worn down a lot, bone may rub against bone. The bones of the upper and lower leg may respond by growing thicker and causing bone spurs. Synovium may swell, causing water on the knee. The muscles and ligaments of the knee become weak and thin, which can make the joint unstable. Note. From Total Knee Replacement July, American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons. p.2 Retrieved online on January 31, 2004 from: _id=9&topcategory=knee

10 How is OA of the knee diagnosed? Clinical History Your practitioner will ask you to describe your symptoms, when they started, how it feels, and how it s s affecting you. Physical Exam The practitioner will check your general health, test your muscle strength and reflexes, as well as touch and exam your knees, and observe your ability to walk and bend.

11 How is OA of the knee diagnosed? Continued X Rays X Rays show how much joint damage has been done, and confirm the diagnosis. They can show the amount of cartilage damage, bone damage and presence of bone spurs. However, an X Ray does not test the amount of pain and function a client has. Other tests The practitioner may perform blood tests to rule out other conditions, but there is no blood test for OA. The practitioner may also perform a joint aspiration, which involves drawing fluid from the joint and sending it for analysis.

12 Who treats OA of the knee? Primary care practitioners Rheumatologists (doctors who specialize in arthritis) Orthopaedists (doctors who specialize in bones and joints) Physical Therapists Occupational Therapists Dieticians Nurses Rehabilitation physicians Acupuncture therapists Massage therapists Psychologists Social Workers

13 Is there a cure for OA of the knee? There is no known cure for Osteoarthritis of the knee, except surgery to replace the joint. Focus of treatment is maintaining function and decreasing pain.

14 How is OA of the knee treated? Exercise Weight Control Rest and joint care Pain relief techniques Medications Alternative Therapies Surgery

15 How is OA of the knee treated? Exercise Research shows that exercise is one of the best ways to treat osteoarthritis. Exercise can also improve your mood, decrease pain, increase flexibility, improve blood flow, maintain weight and promote overall physical fitness.

16 How is OA of the knee treated? Sample Exercises Straight leg raise (sitting) Get into the habit of doing this exercise every time you sit down. Sit back with good posture. Straighten and raise leg, hold it for a slow count of ten, and slowly lower it. Repeat this several time with both legs, at least 10 times a day. If this is done easily, add ankle weights. Note. From Osteoarthritis of the knee Arthritis Research Campaign. P.6 Retrieved on January 31, 2004 from

17 How is OA of the knee treated? Sample Exercises Get into the habit of doing this exercise every morning and night while you lie in bed. With one leg bent at the knee, hold the other leg straight and lift l the foot slightly up from the bed. Hold for a slow count of five, then slowly lower your leg. Repeat this with each leg five times every morning and evening. Straight leg raise (lying) Note. From Osteoarthritis of the knee Arthritis Research Campaign. P.6 Retrieved on January 31, 2004

18 How is OA of the knee treated? Sample Exercises At least once a day, do this exercise while lying down. Place a rolled towel under the ankle of the leg going to be exercised. Bend the other leg at the knee. In the leg you are exercising, use your leg muscles to push the back of the knee towards the bed. Hold for a slow count of five. Do not bounce leg or push down too firmly. Repeat with each leg five times. Muscle Stretch Note. From Osteoarthritis of the knee Arthritis Research Campaign. P.7 Retrieved on January 31,

19 How is OA of the knee treated? Many people with OA of the knee are overweight. Studies have shown that people who lose weight have less knee problems in the future, than those who do not. There is no special diet for OA, but it is always good to eat a balanced diet with lots of fruits and vegetables, chicken and fish and avoid high calorie foods. Weight Loss

20 How is OA of the knee treated? Rest It is important for you to recognize your body s limitations and need to stop or slow down. Scheduled rest is very important to reduce the strain on your joints and prevent increased pain. Splints or canes can be used to protect weak joints and keep pressure off of them.

21 How is OA of the knee treated? Medications Your practitioner will help you decide which medications are right for you. Some commonly used medications are: Acetaminophen (Tylenol) Pain reliever, does not reduce swelling May affect liver NSAIDs (e.g. Aspirin, Motrin, Advil, Naprosyn, Ketoprofen) Helps swelling and pain May irritate stomach

22 How is OA of the knee treated? Medications, continued COX-2 2 Inhibitors (e.g. Bextra, Celebrex, Vioxx) Newer versions of NSAIDs,, also helps swelling and pain Fewer stomach side effects Other Topical creams applied directly to skin Narcotics, effective for pain, but should be used short term due to addictive nature Corticosteroids are powerful antiinflammatories,, can be injected several times a year into joint, but oral medications should not be used for OA Hyaluronic Acid is a normal part of the joint, used for lubrication. May be injected into the joint.

23 How is OA of the knee treated? Alternative Therapies There are many alternative therapies for OA, however, many of them have not been proven through research and are expensive, therefore must be used carefully. Such therapies include: Acupuncture The use of acupuncture (placing needles in specific areas of the body) may be useful for some in reducing pain Folk Remedies Copper bracelets, herbal teas, mud baths, magnet therapy, special foods, etc Nutritional Supplements Glucosamine and chondroitin sulfate are among two of the supplements which are currently being researched for relieving symptoms of OA

24 How is OA of the knee treated? Surgery Although most people with Osteoarthritis of the knee will not need surgery, it is a possibility for those with severely damaged joints who are unable to walk. Surgery may involve a Total or Partial Knee Replacement, where the joint, or damaged parts of the joint are replaced with smooth metal or plastic pieces.

25 Other ways to help Self Care Take charge of your life & health! Keep using your knees! Wear cushioned shoes Avoid keeping your knees bent in the same position for a long time Take a warm shower Apply an ice or heat pack Keep a positive attitude! Focus on your abilities and strengths!

26 Monitoring Remember to follow up with your medical professionals to monitor how you are doing, and change treatment as needed.

27 Goals Relieve/Reduce pain Reduce stiffness Prevent further damage

28 References American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons (2001, July). Total knee replacement. Retrieved January 31, 2004 from category=knee Arthritis Research Campaign (2003). Osteoarthritis of the knee.. Retrieved January 31, 2004 from Gray, R.V. (1996). Family self-care. In P.J. Bomar (ed.) Nurses and family health promotion; concepts, assessment, and interventions. (2nd ed.) (p.83( p.83-93) Philadelphia: W.B. Saunders Co. Journal of American Medical Association (2003). JAMA patient page: Osteoarthritis of the knee.. Retrieved January 31, 2004 from S0SKCD&sub_ cat=403 National Institute on Aging (2002, January). Arthritis advice.. Retrieved January 31, 2004 from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (2001, July). Do I have arthritis?? Retrieved January 31, 2004 from National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (2002, July). Handout on health: Osteoarthritis.. Retrieved January 31, 2004 from

Arthritis of the Knee There are three basic types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint.

Arthritis of the Knee There are three basic types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint. Arthritis of the Knee There are three basic types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common form of knee arthritis. OA is usually a slowly progressive

More information

Arthritis of the Knee

Arthritis of the Knee Copyright 2007 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Arthritis of the Knee There are three basic types of arthritis that may affect the knee joint. Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common

More information

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary

X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary X-Plain Rheumatoid Arthritis Reference Summary Introduction Rheumatoid arthritis is a fairly common joint disease that affects up to 2 million Americans. Rheumatoid arthritis is one of the most debilitating

More information

Arthritis www.patientedu.org

Arthritis www.patientedu.org written by Harvard Medical School Arthritis www.patientedu.org Arthritis is the most common chronic disease in the world, and it s the leading cause of disability in the United States. There are more than

More information

Understanding treatments for knee pain.

Understanding treatments for knee pain. Understanding treatments for knee pain. 2 Table of Contents Why does my knee hurt? 2 Diagnosis 4 Nonsurgical treatments 5 Surgical treatments 9 Arthroscopy Partial Knee Replacement 10 What is knee replacement?

More information

Are You Living with. Knee Pain? MAKOplasty may be the right treatment option for you.

Are You Living with. Knee Pain? MAKOplasty may be the right treatment option for you. Are You Living with Knee Pain? MAKOplasty may be the right treatment option for you. Understanding Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis shouldn t keep you from doing the things you love. Osteoarthritis (OA) is

More information

Osteoarthritis

Osteoarthritis Osteoarthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Did you know? There are over 140 different types of arthritis. The most common is osteoarthritis (OA). Arthritis affects one in six New Zealanders over the age of 15

More information

Arthritis & Joint Center of Florida 109 Silver Palm Ave. Melbourne, Florida Tel.:

Arthritis & Joint Center of Florida 109 Silver Palm Ave. Melbourne, Florida Tel.: What is a Total Hip Replacement? A hip joint consists of two bones - the femoral head (the ball) and the acetabulum (the socket). Usually the joint is well lubricated and the one bone can slide against

More information

.org. Arthritis of the Hand. Description

.org. Arthritis of the Hand. Description Arthritis of the Hand Page ( 1 ) The hand and wrist have multiple small joints that work together to produce motion, including the fine motion needed to thread a needle or tie a shoelace. When the joints

More information

What Are Knee Problems?

What Are Knee Problems? What Do the Knees Do? The knees provide stable support for the body. They also allow the legs to bend and straighten. Both flexibility and stability are needed to stand, walk, run, crouch, jump, and turn.

More information

Osteoarthritis HANDBOOK

Osteoarthritis HANDBOOK THE Osteoarthritis HANDBOOK CreakyJoints is the hippest community of more than 75,000 people with all forms of arthritis! Visit us at CreakyJoints.org. Osteoarthritis can occur at any age, and just about

More information

Plantar Fasciitis What is plantar fasciitis?

Plantar Fasciitis What is plantar fasciitis? Plantar Fasciitis What is plantar fasciitis? Plantar fasciitis means inflammation of your plantar fascia, a strong band of tissue that stretches from your heel to your middle foot bones. It supports the

More information

The Knee Joint. Patella Cartilage. Fibula Tibia

The Knee Joint. Patella Cartilage. Fibula Tibia The Knee Joint Femur Patella Cartilage Fibula Tibia A joint is where two or more bones meet. A joint allows the bones to move freely. The knee joint is a strong weight bearing joint. It has to be strong

More information

.org. Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs. Anatomy. Cause

.org. Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs. Anatomy. Cause Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs Page ( 1 ) Plantar fasciitis (fashee-eye-tiss) is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. Approximately 2 million patients are treated for this condition

More information

Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs

Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs Copyright 2010 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Plantar Fasciitis and Bone Spurs Plantar fasciitis (fashee-eye-tiss) is the most common cause of pain on the bottom of the heel. Approximately 2

More information

world-class orthopedic care right in your own backyard.

world-class orthopedic care right in your own backyard. world-class orthopedic care right in your own backyard. Patient Promise: At Adventist Hinsdale Hospital, our Patient Promise means we strive for continued excellence in everything we do. This means you

More information

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee

Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee Integrated Musculoskeletal Service Osteoarthritis (OA) of the Knee Information and Exercise Leaflet for Patient s and Carers What is osteoarthritis? Arthritis means inflammation of the joints. Osteoarthritis

More information

Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck)

Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Copyright 2009 American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Neck pain is extremely common. It can be caused by many things, and is most often related to getting

More information

What is Osteoarthritis? Who gets Osteoarthritis? What can I do when I am diagnosed with Osteoarthritis? What can my doctor do to help me?

What is Osteoarthritis? Who gets Osteoarthritis? What can I do when I am diagnosed with Osteoarthritis? What can my doctor do to help me? Knee Osteoarthritis What is Osteoarthritis? Osteoarthritis is a disease process that affects the cartilage within a joint. Cartilage exists at the surface of the ends of the bones and provides joints with

More information

Muscle strains and ligament injuries. Lupus. Back injuries. Scleroderma. Osteoarthritis. Fibromyalgia. Rheumatoid arthritis

Muscle strains and ligament injuries. Lupus. Back injuries. Scleroderma. Osteoarthritis. Fibromyalgia. Rheumatoid arthritis Causes of Joint Pain in Women Muscle strains and ligament injuries Back injuries Osteoarthritis Over 60% of people with arthritis are female Rheumatoid arthritis Affects women 3x more than men Lupus Affects

More information

Shared Decision Making

Shared Decision Making Deciding what to do about osteoarthritis of the knee This short decision aid is to help you decide what to do about your knee osteoarthritis. You can use it on your own, or with your doctor, to help you

More information

Patient Guide. Sacroiliac Joint Pain

Patient Guide. Sacroiliac Joint Pain Patient Guide Sacroiliac Joint Pain Anatomy Where is the Sacroiliac Joint? The sacroiliac joint (SIJ) is located at the bottom end of your spine, where the "tailbone" (sacrum) joins the pelvis (ilium).

More information

Exercises Continued. What is Osteoarthritis (OA)? Causes of Osteoarthritis. Symptoms

Exercises Continued. What is Osteoarthritis (OA)? Causes of Osteoarthritis. Symptoms What is Osteoarthritis (OA)? You have been diagnosed as having osteoarthritis of the knees. This is a disease where the cartilage surface of the joint it damaged and the bone around the edge of the joint

More information

Suffering with osteoarthritis knee pain? Take control of your OA knee pain SYNVISC and Synvisc-One can help

Suffering with osteoarthritis knee pain? Take control of your OA knee pain SYNVISC and Synvisc-One can help Take control of your OA knee pain SYNVISC and Synvisc-One can help SYNVISC provides up to 12 months sustained pain relief Synvisc-One provides up to 6 months of pain relief with just 1 injection More than

More information

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) Introduction Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) is a phenomenon that more commonly affects older males. It is associated

More information

Osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee Osteoarthritis of the knee Introduction Osteoarthritis (OA) is the most common disease affecting joints. It is the wear and tear process that occurs in joints in varying degrees, most commonly in weight

More information

Arthritis of the Knee

Arthritis of the Knee Arthritis of the Knee Information on arthritis of the knee is also available in Spanish: Osteoartritis de rodilla (topic.cfm?topic=a00607). Arthritis is inflammation of one or more of your joints. Pain,

More information

PRACTICAL HELP FROM THE ARTHRITIS FOUNDATION. www.arthritis.org 800-283-7800. Osteoarthritis. Neck. Spine

PRACTICAL HELP FROM THE ARTHRITIS FOUNDATION. www.arthritis.org 800-283-7800. Osteoarthritis. Neck. Spine Osteoarthritis WHAT IS OSTEOARTHRITIS? Osteoarthritis, or OA, is the oldest and most common form of arthritis. In osteoarthritis, changes occur in both the cartilage and bone of joints that lead to joint

More information

Guidelines For Knee Rehabilitation

Guidelines For Knee Rehabilitation Guidelines For Knee Rehabilitation Full recovery from your total knee replacement surgery is going to take months. The information in this section will help you understand your recovery and care at home.

More information

The more you know, the better you can manage your osteoarthritis pain.

The more you know, the better you can manage your osteoarthritis pain. The more you know, the better you can manage your osteoarthritis pain. If you re like most people who have recently been diagnosed with osteoarthritis (OA), you ve probably got a lot of questions. Through

More information

TOWN CENTER ORTHOPAEDIC ASSOCIATES P.C. Meniscus Tears

TOWN CENTER ORTHOPAEDIC ASSOCIATES P.C. Meniscus Tears Meniscus Tears The knee is a complex, mobile joint. It can bend and it can rotate slightly. The knee joins the upper and lower leg bones (femur and tibia). The ends of the bones are covered by smooth articular

More information

ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION

ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION ARTHRITIS INTRODUCTION Arthritis is the most common disease affecting the joints. There are various forms of arthritis but the two that are the most common are osteoarthritis (OA), and rheumatoid arthritis

More information

Elbow Injuries and Disorders

Elbow Injuries and Disorders Elbow Injuries and Disorders Introduction Your elbow joint is made up of bone, cartilage, ligaments and fluid. Muscles and tendons help the elbow joint move. There are many injuries and disorders that

More information

.org. Achilles Tendinitis. Description. Cause. Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel.

.org. Achilles Tendinitis. Description. Cause. Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel. Achilles Tendinitis Page ( 1 ) Achilles tendinitis is a common condition that causes pain along the back of the leg near the heel. The Achilles tendon is the largest tendon in the body. It connects your

More information

PLANTAR FASCITIS (Heel Spur Syndrome)

PLANTAR FASCITIS (Heel Spur Syndrome) PLANTAR FASCITIS (Heel Spur Syndrome) R. Amadeus Mason MD Description Plantar fascitis is characterized by stiffness and inflammation of the main fascia (fibrous connective [ligament-like] tissue) on the

More information

LESSON OVERVIEW. Objectives: By the end of the lesson, the Lay Health Worker will be able to:

LESSON OVERVIEW. Objectives: By the end of the lesson, the Lay Health Worker will be able to: Objectives: LESSON OVERVIEW By the end of the lesson, the Lay Health Worker will be able to: 1. Describe what arthritis is in general terms. 2. Identify common myths and beliefs about arthritis that may

More information

Knee Replacement Guide

Knee Replacement Guide Knee Replacement Guide Founded 1908 C A P PA G H N AT I O N A L O RT H O PA E D I C H O S P I TA L FINGLAS, DUBLIN 11. TEL: 01 814 0400 FAX: 01 814 0327 Knee Replacement Guide Contents Introduction A Healthy

More information

Herniated Lumbar Disc

Herniated Lumbar Disc Herniated Lumbar Disc North American Spine Society Public Education Series What Is a Herniated Disc? The spine is made up of a series of connected bones called vertebrae. The disc is a combination of strong

More information

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH)

A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) A Patient s Guide to Diffuse Idiopathic Skeletal Hyperostosis (DISH) 228 West Main, Suite C Missoula, MT 59802 Phone: info@spineuniversity.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled from

More information

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections for Osteoarthritis and Chronic Tendinitis. How will you benefit from a PRP injection?

Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections for Osteoarthritis and Chronic Tendinitis. How will you benefit from a PRP injection? Platelet-Rich Plasma (PRP) Injections for Osteoarthritis and Chronic Tendinitis How will you benefit from a PRP injection? Emory Healthcare patients can now benefit from a treatment called platelet-rich

More information

Understanding Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options. April Jorge, MD Rheumatology Fellow Massachusetts General Hospital

Understanding Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options. April Jorge, MD Rheumatology Fellow Massachusetts General Hospital Understanding Osteoarthritis: Symptoms, Causes, and Treatment Options April Jorge, MD Rheumatology Fellow Massachusetts General Hospital Objectives 1. Discuss the causes of Osteoarthritis 2. Explain the

More information

Trochanteric Bursitis Self Management for Patients

Trochanteric Bursitis Self Management for Patients Trochanteric Bursitis Self Management for Patients Updated May 2010 What is the Trochanteric Bursa? The trochanteric bursa is a fluid-filled sac that functions as a gliding surface to reduce friction between

More information

Therall. Arthritis. Living with. A guide to understanding and managing Arthritis

Therall. Arthritis. Living with. A guide to understanding and managing Arthritis Therall Arthritis PAin relief Living with Arthritis A guide to understanding and managing Arthritis Arthritis Facts There are currently 4.5 million persons suffering from arthritis in Canada This number

More information

Information on Rheumatoid Arthritis

Information on Rheumatoid Arthritis Information on Rheumatoid Arthritis Table of Contents About Rheumatoid Arthritis 1 Definition 1 Signs and symptoms 1 Causes 1 Risk factors 1 Test and diagnosis 2 Treatment options 2 Lifestyle 3 References

More information

.org. Herniated Disk in the Lower Back. Anatomy. Description

.org. Herniated Disk in the Lower Back. Anatomy. Description Herniated Disk in the Lower Back Page ( 1 ) Sometimes called a slipped or ruptured disk, a herniated disk most often occurs in your lower back. It is one of the most common causes of low back pain, as

More information

Knee Arthritis and Total Knee Replacement DR. GREG TAYROSE UNIVERSITY ORTHOPEDICS AND SPORTS MEDICINE

Knee Arthritis and Total Knee Replacement DR. GREG TAYROSE UNIVERSITY ORTHOPEDICS AND SPORTS MEDICINE Knee Arthritis and Total Knee Replacement DR. GREG TAYROSE UNIVERSITY ORTHOPEDICS AND SPORTS MEDICINE Arthritis What is arthritis? What are the symptoms of arthritis? What is the physical exam a physician

More information

it s time for rubber to meet the road

it s time for rubber to meet the road your total knee replacement surgery Steps to returning to a Lifestyle You Deserve it s time for rubber to meet the road AGAIN The knee is the largest joint in the body. The knee is made up of the lower

More information

Shoulder Joint Replacement

Shoulder Joint Replacement Shoulder Joint Replacement Many people know someone with an artificial knee or hip joint. Shoulder replacement is less common, but it is just as successful in relieving joint pain. Shoulder replacement

More information

.org. Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Anatomy. Cause

.org. Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Anatomy. Cause Cervical Spondylosis (Arthritis of the Neck) Page ( 1 ) Neck pain can be caused by many things but is most often related to getting older. Like the rest of the body, the disks and joints in the neck (cervical

More information

Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief

Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief The next generation treatment for reduction of OA knee pain! Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief A guide for patients Knee pain due to osteoarthritis (OA) can impact your lifestyle and daily

More information

Plantar Fasciitis: Exercises to Relieve Pain

Plantar Fasciitis: Exercises to Relieve Pain To print: Use your web browser's print feature. Close this window after printing. Plantar Fasciitis: Exercises to Relieve Pain Table of Contents Plantar Fasciitis: Exercises to Relieve Pain Appendix Topic

More information

Rehabilitation for Patellar Tendinitis (jumpers knee) and Patellofemoral Syndrome (chondromalacia patella)

Rehabilitation for Patellar Tendinitis (jumpers knee) and Patellofemoral Syndrome (chondromalacia patella) Rehabilitation for Patellar Tendinitis (jumpers knee) and Patellofemoral Syndrome (chondromalacia patella) Patellar Tendinitis The most common tendinitis about the knee is irritation of the patellar tendon.

More information

A Patient s Guide to Viscosupplementation for Osteoarthritis of the Knee. William T. Grant, MD

A Patient s Guide to Viscosupplementation for Osteoarthritis of the Knee. William T. Grant, MD A Patient s Guide to Viscosupplementation for Osteoarthritis of the Knee Dr. Grant is a talented orthopedic surgeon with more than 30 years of experience helping people return to their quality of life.

More information

Sky Ridge Medical Center, Aspen Building Ridgegate Pkwy., Suite 309 Lone Tree, Colorado Office: Fax:

Sky Ridge Medical Center, Aspen Building Ridgegate Pkwy., Suite 309 Lone Tree, Colorado Office: Fax: Plantar Fasciitis Plantar fasciitis is inflammation of the thick tissue on the bottom of the foot. This tissue is called the plantar fascia. It connects the heel bone to the toes and creates the arch of

More information

Low Back Pain Introduction What Are the Parts of the Spine? How Does Your Spine Change With Age?

Low Back Pain Introduction What Are the Parts of the Spine? How Does Your Spine Change With Age? Low Back Pain Introduction Back problems are common, affecting about 80 percent of adults at some time in their lives. Back problems may begin for many reasons including minor strains, sprains or injuries.

More information

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis

Lumbar Spinal Stenosis Nader M. Hebela, MD Fellow of the American Academy of Orthopaedic Surgeons http://orthodoc.aaos.org/hebela Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi Cleveland Clinic Abu Dhabi Neurological Institute Al Maryah Island

More information

ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME

ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME ILIOTIBIAL BAND SYNDROME Description The iliotibial band is the tendon attachment of hip muscles into the upper leg (tibia) just below the knee to the outer side of the front of the leg. Where the tendon

More information

Total Hip Joint Replacement. A Patient s Guide

Total Hip Joint Replacement. A Patient s Guide Total Hip Joint Replacement A Patient s Guide Don t Let Hip Pain Slow You Down What is a Hip Joint? Your joints are involved in almost every activity you do. Simple movements such as walking, bending,

More information

Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief

Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief The next generation treatment for reduction of OA knee pain! Osteoarthritis knee pain: treatment and relief A guide for patients Your partner in OA pain treatment Treatment options for OA knee pain There

More information

Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Osgood-Schlatter Disease Osgood-Schlatter Disease Description Osgood-Schlatter disease is an inflammatory injury of the growth plate on the tibia (shin bone) just below the level of the knee at the tibial tubercle This disease

More information

Arthritis of the Shoulder

Arthritis of the Shoulder Arthritis of the Shoulder In 2011, more than 50 million people in the United States reported that they had been diagnosed with some form of arthritis, according to the National Health Interview Survey.

More information

Arthritis: An Overview. Michael McKee, MD, MPH February 23, 2012

Arthritis: An Overview. Michael McKee, MD, MPH February 23, 2012 Arthritis: An Overview Michael McKee, MD, MPH February 23, 2012 Supporters Deaf Health Talks is possible through the support of: Rochester Recreation Club for the Deaf ( REAP ) Deaf Health Community Committee

More information

Treatment Guide Knee Pain

Treatment Guide Knee Pain Treatment Guide Knee Pain Choosing Your Care Approximately 18 million patients visit a doctor or a hospital because of knee pain each year. Fortunately, there are many ways to successfully treat knee pain

More information

Achilles Tendinitis What is an Achilles tendinitis?

Achilles Tendinitis What is an Achilles tendinitis? Achilles Tendinitis What is an Achilles tendinitis? The Achilles tendon is a band of tissue that connects the heel bone to the calf muscle of the leg. This band of tissue/tendon may become inflamed and

More information

Osteoarthritis of the knee

Osteoarthritis of the knee North Yorkshire and York Osteoarthritis of the knee Information for patients considering surgery Osteoarthritis of the knee is common, affecting approximately 10% of the population. It is arthritis from

More information

SCRIPT NUMBER 125 RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS)

SCRIPT NUMBER 125 RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS) SCRIPT NUMBER 125 RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS - 2 (TWO SPEAKERS) PROGRAM NAME: HEALTH NUGGETS PROGRAM TITLE: RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS - 2 PROGRAM NUMBER: 125 SUBJECT: SYMPTOMS, CAUSES, TREATMENT, SELF-CARE OF RHEUMATOID

More information

Osteoarthritis of the Knee

Osteoarthritis of the Knee Osteoarthritis of the Knee Brett Sanders, MD Center For Sports Medicine and Orthopaedic 2415 McCallie Ave. Chattanooga, TN (423) 624-2696 Osteoarthritis is a common problem for many people. Osteoarthritis

More information

Osteoarthritis of the ankle

Osteoarthritis of the ankle 1 What is osteoarthritis of the ankle? The ankle joint is formed by the upper bone at the front of the foot (the talus) and the leg bones (the tibia and fibula). The ankle is made up of a hinge joint which

More information

UK HealthCare Sports Medicine Patient Education December 09

UK HealthCare Sports Medicine Patient Education December 09 Meniscus tear Description The meniscus is a C-shaped cartilage structure in the knee that sits on top of the lower leg bone (tibia). Each knee has two menisci, an inner and outer meniscus. The meniscus

More information

Knee Pain. pain. Importantly, you can do a great deal to help yourself.

Knee Pain. pain. Importantly, you can do a great deal to help yourself. Knee Pain www.physiofirst.org.uk Knee pain affects most people at some point in their lives. It is usually associated with common activities of daily living including walking, stair climbing, rising from

More information

bending the knee), and modification of the activity that Common Signs and Symptoms

bending the knee), and modification of the activity that Common Signs and Symptoms QUADRICEPS STRAIN Description Expected Outcome Quadriceps strain is characterized by inflammation and pain This condition is usually curable within 6 weeks if treated in the front of the thigh along the

More information

Total Hip Replacement Surgery Home Care Instructions

Total Hip Replacement Surgery Home Care Instructions Total Hip Replacement Surgery Home Care Instructions Surgery: Date: Doctor: This handout will review the care you need to follow once you are home. If you have any questions or concerns, please ask your

More information

Acute Low Back Pain. What is low back pain? What are the risk factors? How does it occur?

Acute Low Back Pain. What is low back pain? What are the risk factors? How does it occur? What is low back pain? Almost everyone has back pain at one time or another. The pain may be in the center of the back or to one side, or even move down the leg. Symptoms may also include pain in the back

More information

Your knee: Rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis?

Your knee: Rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis? Your knee: Rheumatoid arthritis or osteoarthritis? Age Rheumatoid arthritis can come on at any age while osteoarthritis usually starts later in life. How does it start? Rheumatoid arthritis comes on rapidly

More information

Sports Injury Treatment

Sports Injury Treatment Sports Injury Treatment Participating in a variety of sports is fun and healthy for children and adults. However, it's critical that before you participate in any sport, you are aware of the precautions

More information

Patellar Tendon Tear. Anatomy. Description

Patellar Tendon Tear. Anatomy. Description Patellar Tendon Tear The patellar tendon works with the muscles in the front of your thigh - the quadriceps - to straighten your leg. Although anyone can injure the patellar tendon, tears are more common

More information

Knee Microfracture Surgery Patient Information Leaflet

Knee Microfracture Surgery Patient Information Leaflet ORTHOPAEDIC UNIT: 01-293 8687 /01-293 6602 BEACON CENTRE FOR ORTHOPAEDICS: 01-2937575 PHYSIOTHERAPY DEPARTMENT: 01-2936692 Knee Microfracture Surgery Patient Information Leaflet Table of Contents 1. Introduction

More information

! Director Department of Orthopedics! Specialize in Knee and Shoulder surgery. ! Knee replacements! Arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery

! Director Department of Orthopedics! Specialize in Knee and Shoulder surgery. ! Knee replacements! Arthroscopic knee and shoulder surgery Background Knee Problems in Baby Boomer and Aging Population Kevin Khajavi, MD Director, Department Orthopedic Surgery St. Jude Heritage Medical Group Director Department of Orthopedics Specialize in Knee

More information

Guidelines for Knee Rehabilitation

Guidelines for Knee Rehabilitation Guidelines for Knee Rehabilitation Full recovery from your total knee replacement surgery is going to take months. The information in this section will help you understand your recovery and care at home.

More information

Adult Advisor: Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fasciitis

Adult Advisor: Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fasciitis Adult Advisor: Plantar Fasciitis Page 1 of 3 Plantar Fasciitis What is plantar fasciitis? Plantar fasciitis is a painful inflammation of the bottom of the foot between the ball of the foot and the heel.

More information

Once the immune system is triggered, cells migrate from the blood into the joints and produce substances that cause inflammation.

Once the immune system is triggered, cells migrate from the blood into the joints and produce substances that cause inflammation. HealthExchange Points For Your Joints An Arthritis Talk Howard Epstein, MD Orthopaedic & Rheumatologic Institute Rheumatic & Immunologic Disease Cleveland Clinic Beachwood Family Health & Surgery Center

More information

Frozen Shoulder: Causes and treatment

Frozen Shoulder: Causes and treatment Frozen Shoulder: Causes and treatment Shoulder problems are not uncommon. We frequently see people at our chiropractic clinic in Barrie, complaining about their shoulder stiffness or numbness. Mostly it

More information

UK HealthCare Sports Medicine Patient Education December 09

UK HealthCare Sports Medicine Patient Education December 09 LCL injury Description Lateral collateral knee ligament sprain is a sprain (stretch or tear) of one of the four major ligaments of the knee. The lateral collateral ligament (LCL) is a structure that helps

More information

Osteoporosis and Arthritis: Two Common but Different Conditions

Osteoporosis and Arthritis: Two Common but Different Conditions and : Two Common but Different Conditions National Institutes of Health and Related Bone Diseases ~ National Resource Center 2 AMS Circle Bethesda, MD 20892 3676 Tel: 800 624 BONE or 202 223 0344 Fax:

More information

Herniated Disk. This reference summary explains herniated disks. It discusses symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options.

Herniated Disk. This reference summary explains herniated disks. It discusses symptoms and causes of the condition, as well as treatment options. Herniated Disk Introduction Your backbone, or spine, has 24 moveable vertebrae made of bone. Between the bones are soft disks filled with a jelly-like substance. These disks cushion the vertebrae and keep

More information

Remember: Stretch gently and smoothly, and do not bounce. Be sure to do each stretch on both left and right hand sides. Don t hold your breath.

Remember: Stretch gently and smoothly, and do not bounce. Be sure to do each stretch on both left and right hand sides. Don t hold your breath. WARM UP & SOME USEFUL STRETCHES! Warming up and cooling down before and after training is essential to prevent injury during exercise. Therefore, we want to provide you with top exercise techniques that

More information

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome

Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Page 1 of 5 Carpal Tunnel Syndrome Carpal tunnel syndrome is a common source of hand numbness and pain. It is more common in women than men. Anatomy The carpal tunnel is a narrow, tunnel-like structure

More information

ANKLE SPRAIN, ACUTE. Description

ANKLE SPRAIN, ACUTE. Description ANKLE SPRAIN, ACUTE Description An acute ankle sprain involves the stretching and tearing of one or more ligaments in the ankle. A two-ligament sprain causes more disability than a single-ligament sprain.

More information

Exercises Before and After Surgery

Exercises Before and After Surgery Exercises Before and After Surgery Upper Extremity Exercise Do this exercise before surgery. Exercising of the arms will help you use a walker or crutches. Strengthening your arms will make it easier as

More information

Total Knee Replacement Surgery

Total Knee Replacement Surgery Total Knee Replacement Surgery On this page: Overview Reasons for Surgery Evaluation Preparing for Surgery Your Surgery Risks Expectations after Surgery Convalescence Also: Partial Knee Replacement Overview

More information

A Patient s Guide to Quadriceps Tendonitis

A Patient s Guide to Quadriceps Tendonitis A Patient s Guide to Quadriceps Tendonitis 2350 Royal Boulevard Suite 200 Elgin, IL 60123 Phone: 847.931.5300 Fax: 847.931.9072 DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled from a variety of

More information

Arthritis of the knee

Arthritis of the knee Arthritis of the knee Arthritis of the knee is a condition in which the smooth gliding surfaces of your knee joint (articular cartilage) have become damaged. This usually results in pain, stiffness, and

More information

Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fascia

Plantar Fasciitis. Plantar Fascia Plantar Fasciitis Introduction Plantar fasciitis is an inflammation of the thick band of tissue that connects your heel bone to your toes. This thick band of tissue is called the plantar fascia. Plantar

More information

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT

TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT TOTAL KNEE REPLACEMENT Knee pain When debilitating pain, accompanied by stiffness, swelling and limited motion in your knee keep you from your daily activities, it may be time to consider total knee replacement.

More information

Stickler Syndrome and Arthritis

Stickler Syndrome and Arthritis Stickler Syndrome and Arthritis Arthritis Foundation Pacific Region, Nevada Office Presented by: Crystal Schulz, MPH Community Development Manager Arthritis Foundation Improving lives through leadership

More information

Caring Sheet #17: Safety After Hip Surgery: Tips for Preventing Complications By Ben Atchison, PhD, OTR, FAOTA

Caring Sheet #17: Safety After Hip Surgery: Tips for Preventing Complications By Ben Atchison, PhD, OTR, FAOTA : : Tips for Preventing Complications By Ben Atchison, PhD, OTR, FAOTA Introduction Dementia can increase a person s chances of breaking a hip. After surgery on the hip there is an increased risk of further

More information

Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz

Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Rheumatoid Arthritis www.arthritis.org.nz Did you know? RA is the second most common form of arthritis Approximately 40,000 New Zealanders have RA RA can occur at any age, but most often appears between

More information

TAKING CARE OF YOUR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS

TAKING CARE OF YOUR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS TAKING CARE OF YOUR RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS RHEUMATOID ARTHRITIS (RA) FAST FACTS What is Rheumatoid Arthritis? Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a chronic disease that can affect your ability to function and be

More information

Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint

Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint A Patient s Guide to Osteoarthritis of the Wrist Joint 651 Old Country Road Plainview, NY 11803 Phone: 5166818822 Fax: 5166813332 p.lettieri@aol.com DISCLAIMER: The information in this booklet is compiled

More information

Treatment Options for Rotator Cuff Tears A Guide for Adults

Treatment Options for Rotator Cuff Tears A Guide for Adults Treatment Options for Rotator Cuff Tears A Guide for Adults Is This Guide for Me? YES, if your doctor has told you that you have a rotator cuff tear, which is an injury to one or more of the muscles and

More information