Brain and Memory. By: Pamela L. Washbourne

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Brain and Memory. By: Pamela L. Washbourne"

Transcription

1 Brain and Memory By: Pamela L. Washbourne

2 Neurocognitive Networks Recent advances in basic and cognitive neurosciences now allow a more detailed analysis of networks Memory and Learning can be dissociated into several behavioral components: registration storage (encoding), retention and retrieval Memory can also be classified according to modality (visual and auditory) or material (verbal and nonverbal) that is being processed. Mesulam M.D.,M-Marsel Marsel,, (1990), Large Scale Neurocognitive Networks and Distributed Processing for Attention, Language, and Memory,, Annual Neurology, 28,

3 Cognitive Neuroscience. of memory is based on observations of brain damaged patients with various kinds of memory loss, experiments with healthy volunteers, studies using brain imaging techniques The fractionation of memory into component systems and subsystems has been a major theme in the cognitive neuroscience of memory for the past years Brain imaging techniques are now providing new perspectives on various forms of memory Schater,PH.D.,Daniel (2002), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Harvard University Conference, Neurology of Behavior.

4 Seven Sins of Memory. Transience: forgetting information over time Absent-mindedness: lapses in attention that produce forgetting Blocking: temporary inability to retrieve information Misattribution: confusing the source of a memory Suggestibility: incorporating misleading information into memory Bias: influence of present knowledge and beliefs on recollections of the past Persistance: : unwanted memories Schater,PH.D.,Daniel (2002), The Cognitive Neuroscience of Memory Harvard University Conference, Neurology of Behavior.

5 Memory Types. Retrieval can be declarative- the verbal report of conscious memories Procedural the learning of a motor skill Autonomic the visceral response associated with the experience

6 Memory Systems.. Defined as: specific neural networks that support specific mnemonic processes Which brain regions mediate specific kinds of memory functions? Gavrielli,, J.D.E. (1998), Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory, Annu.. Rev. Psychology, 49,

7 Evidence. Neuroimaging studies provide evidence about the participation of medial- temporal regions in declarative memory Medial-temporal activations are observed during intentional memory retrieval and is noted to activate during encoding of memories Gavrielli,, J.D.E. (1998), Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory, Annu.. Rev. Psychology, 49,

8 Regions. Declarative memory is generally thought to reflect an interaction between medial- temporal/diencephalic and neocortical brain regions Medial-temporal or diencephalic lesions spare remote memories this has encouraged the view that the neocortex is the ultimate repository of consolidated long-term memory Neocortex contributes to the encoding, storage and retrieval of declarative memories

9 Declaritive Memory Seems to dependent on the integrity of parts of the limbic network and their interconnectivities Noted by patients with the amnesic state can acquire new motor skills although they may have no conscious knowledge of having learned the skills Of all the stages of declarative memory, registration (short-term term or immediate memory) is the least dependent on the limbic system and most closely associated with vigilance and concentration *amnesic patients can have a normal concentration span Mesulam M.D.,M-Marsel Marsel,, (1990), Large Scale Neurocognitive Networks and Distributed Processing for Attention, Language, and Memory,, Annual Neurology, 28,

10 Declarative Memory. Encompasses the acquisition, retention, and retreival of knowledge that can be consciously and intentionally recollected This includes memory for events (episodic memory) or facts (semantic memory) Gavrielli,, J.D.E. (1998), Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory, Annu.. Rev. Psychology, 49,

11 Episodic memory. Measured by direct or explicit test of memory, such as free recall, cued recall, or recognition, that refer to a prior episode Gavrielli,, J.D.E. (1998), Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory, Annu.. Rev. Psychology, 49,

12 Intentional retrieval A consistent by poorly understood activation occurs in right frontal cortex during intentional declarative or episodic retrieval of memory for words This activation are unexpected because they apply to verbal and nonverbal memories and because right frontal lesions have modest effect on declarative memory. One speculative interpretation is right-frontal retrieval activations reflect working memory processes that guide or evaluate the products of episodic retrieval

13 Nondeclarative or procedural memory. Encompass the acquisition, retention, and retrieval of knowledge expressed through experience induced changes in performance. Measured by indirect or implicit tests where no reference is made to that experience Skill learning, repetition priming, and conditioning are classes of implicit tests that often reveal procedural memory processes dissociable from declarative memory Gavrielli,, J.D.E. (1998), Cognitive Neuroscience of Human Memory, Annu.. Rev. Psychology, 49,

14 Memory systems. Nyberg and Tulving discuss memory systems as 4 major human memory systems Episodic, semantic, perceptual representation (PRS), and procedural Nyberg and Tulving,, (1996), Classifying Human Long-Term Memory: Evidence from Converging Dissociations,, European Journal of Cognitive Psychology, 8(2),

15 Dissociations.. Nyberg & Tulving hypothesize dissociations yielded by task comparisons as partial evidence for multiple memory systems Memory processes differ with respect to rules of operation and component processes

16 4 kinds of dissociations. 1. Functional dissociations: different values of independent variables 2. Developmental dissociations: stages of ontological development 3. Pharmacological dissociations: drug-induced brain states 4. Brain-damage dissociations: the presence or absence of brain damage

17 Studies Many studies were reviewed and it was found to demonstrate existence of dissociations as well as contributing to the neuroanatomical localization of memory functions

18 Localizations. Nyberg & Tulving review suggest the two declarative systems (episodic and semantic) seem to depend on integrity of medial temporal lobe structures Frontal lobe structures have been found to be critical for both episodic and semantic memory, but different frontal regions seem to be important for the 2 systems Frontal regions in the left hemisphere are more involved in semantic and right hemisphere for episodic PET studies suggest cerebellum plays an important role in these 2 systems Occipital brain structures are critical for visual subsystem of perceptual representation Midbrain structures in procedural memory has been confirmed by several PET studies

19 Findings. Nyberg & Tulving concluded that the survey of exisiting dissociations can be encouraging And these studies can play an important role in shaping our ideas about classifying memories

20 More research There is a lot of evidence to support memory localization and systems which leads the way to studying recovery and plasticity of the brain If memory systems are in fact located in more than one place in the brain and is more of a network, why can t t the brain plasticity aid in recovery of functions? Further research is much needed and encourged with positive hypothesis agreed upon.

Pamela L. Washbourne, MS, CCC-SLP Program Director, Neurologic Rehabilitation Institut

Pamela L. Washbourne, MS, CCC-SLP Program Director, Neurologic Rehabilitation Institut Pamela L. Washbourne, MS, CCC-SLP Program Director, Neurologic Rehabilitation Institut To begin Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) is becoming a common occurrence, with nearly 400,000 new injuries per year.

More information

Distinguishing LTM and STM

Distinguishing LTM and STM Long-Term Memory: Structure Dr. Claudia J. Stanny Director Center for University Teaching, Learning, and Assessment Associate Professor School of Psychological and Behavioral Sciences EXP 4507 Spring 2012

More information

Episodic and Semantic Memory

Episodic and Semantic Memory Episodic and Semantic Memory Division of LTM LTM distinctions What are the major LTM distinctions? STM vs. LTM Explicit vs. Implicit Declarative vs. non-declarative Conscious vs not conscious Episodic

More information

Learning Styles and Memory

Learning Styles and Memory Learning Styles and Memory Sandra E. Davis Auburn University Abstract The purpose of this article is to examine the relationship between learning styles and memory. Two learning styles were addressed in

More information

Chapter 7: Long-term memory systems

Chapter 7: Long-term memory systems Chapter 7: Long-term memory systems We have an amazing variety of information stored away in long-term memory. For example, long-term memory can contain details of our last summer holiday, the fact that

More information

Neuroimaging Studies of Memory John Jonides Tor D. Wager David T. Badre. University of Michigan

Neuroimaging Studies of Memory John Jonides Tor D. Wager David T. Badre. University of Michigan Neuroimaging Studies of Memory John Jonides Tor D. Wager David T. Badre University of Michigan Address correspondence to: Dr. John Jonides Department of Psychology University of Michigan 525 E. University

More information

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 8

Okami Study Guide: Chapter 8 1 Chapter in Review 1. Memory may be defined as a group of mechanisms and systems that encode, store, and retrieve information. The modal model of memory describes three stages and stores in the memory

More information

Long-term Memory: Explicit & Implicit memory

Long-term Memory: Explicit & Implicit memory Long-term Memory: Explicit & Implicit memory Read these non-famous names l Valerie Marsh l Sebastian Weisdorf l Linda Whalen l Adrian Marr l Lucca Richards l Daniel Tucker l Harold Evans l Kylie Shea l

More information

Memory: The Long and Short of It

Memory: The Long and Short of It Memory: The Long and Short of It Memory s Beginnings Atkinson and Shiffrin (1968) Encoding Converting information into a form that can be entered into memory Storage Retaining information over varying

More information

Brain Structures That are Involved with Memory

Brain Structures That are Involved with Memory Early Theories of Brain Structures That are Involved with Psychology 372 Sensation Sensory Attention Rehearsal STM Storage Retrieval Physiological Psychology Steven E. Meier, Ph.D. Listen to the audio

More information

Chapter 7: Memory. Memory

Chapter 7: Memory. Memory Chapter 7: Memory Case Study: H.M. and His Missing Memories Section 1: Memory Classifications and Processes Section 2: Three Stages of Memory Section 3: Forgetting and Memory Improvement Experiment: Applying

More information

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY

COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY ROBERT J. STERNBERG Yale University HARCOURT BRACE COLLEGE PUBLISHERS Fort Worth Philadelphia San Diego New York Orlando Austin San Antonio Toronto Montreal London Sydney Tokyo Contents

More information

MEMORY MODULE A Training Module for Parents and Educators of Children with Traumatic Brain Injury.

MEMORY MODULE A Training Module for Parents and Educators of Children with Traumatic Brain Injury. MEMORY MODULE A Training Module for Parents and Educators of Children with Traumatic Brain Injury. Funded by an IDEA Discretionary Grant #2007-9911-22 Wisconsin Department of Public Instruction (http://www.dpi.wi.gov)

More information

Storing the information into Long Term Memory and Its impacts on Learning Mathematics. Abstract

Storing the information into Long Term Memory and Its impacts on Learning Mathematics. Abstract Oleh :Fitriati Dosen Pendidikan Matematika STKIP Bina Bangsa Getsempena E-Mail : fitri_kindy@yahoo.com Storing the information into Long Term Memory and Its impacts on Learning Mathematics Abstract Memory

More information

9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science. Factorial Design

9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science. Factorial Design 9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science Fall 25 Lecture 4a Factorial Design: Interaction Aude Oliva Ben Balas, Charles Kemp Factorial Design Two or more factors in such a way that all the possible combinations

More information

Three Day Agenda. Day 1: Brain Basics Day 2: Prediction Day 3: Postponement & Preparation

Three Day Agenda. Day 1: Brain Basics Day 2: Prediction Day 3: Postponement & Preparation Three Day Agenda Day 1: Brain Basics Day 2: Prediction Day 3: Postponement & Preparation I. Types of memory A. Declarative B. Nondeclarative Class Agenda II. Postponement A. Exercise B. Socially active

More information

Introduction to Psychology Memory Quiz

Introduction to Psychology Memory Quiz 1 ) Psychologists have found that memory is WORST for A) information which we focused our attention on. B) information in which we are interested. C) emotionally arousing information. D) information that

More information

Encoding and Retrieval from Long-Term Memory

Encoding and Retrieval from Long-Term Memory SMITMC05_0131825089.QXD 3/29/06 12:49 AM Page 192 CHAPTER 5 Encoding and Retrieval from Long-Term Memory 1. The Nature of Long-Term Memory 1.1. The Forms of Long-Term Memory 1.2. The Power of Memory: The

More information

2012 Psychology GA 1: Written examination 1

2012 Psychology GA 1: Written examination 1 2012 Psychology GA 1: Written examination 1 GENERAL COMMENTS This examination was the final Unit 3 June examination for the VCE Psychology Study Design. From 2013, a single examination covering both Units

More information

Memory and its Learning Implications

Memory and its Learning Implications Memory and its Learning Implications Asociación Educar Presented by: Catalina Norato Tutor: Denise Toiw Country: Bogotá, Colombia Living things exist in a world where conditions, behaviors, relations and

More information

Clinical Neuropsychology. Introduction. Dr Alan Sunderland

Clinical Neuropsychology. Introduction. Dr Alan Sunderland Clinical Neuropsychology. Introduction Dr Alan Sunderland 1 Overview What is a clinical neuropsychologist? Who are their clients? Principles of assessment. Assessment of memory problems Processes of recovery

More information

Learning with Your Brain. Teaching With the Brain in Mind

Learning with Your Brain. Teaching With the Brain in Mind Learning with Your Brain Should what (and how) we teach be associated with what we know about the brain and the nervous system? Jonathan Karp, Ph.D. Dept of Biology 5/20/2004 Teaching With the Brain in

More information

Electrical Signals of Memory and of the Awareness of Remembering Ken A. Paller

Electrical Signals of Memory and of the Awareness of Remembering Ken A. Paller CURRENT DIRECTIONS IN PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCE Electrical Signals of Memory and of the Awareness of Remembering Ken A. Paller Northwestern University ABSTRACT Learning factual information and accurately remembering

More information

Long-term Memory vs. Short-term Memory

Long-term Memory vs. Short-term Memory Long-term Memory vs. Short-term Memory Chapter 6 Learning Objective Topics Divisions of LTM Are LTM and STM two separate processes? How do we get information from STM into LTM? l Modal Model l Levels of

More information

Bedside cognitive examination beyond the MMSE. Dr Richard Perry Dept of Neurosciences Imperial College

Bedside cognitive examination beyond the MMSE. Dr Richard Perry Dept of Neurosciences Imperial College Bedside cognitive examination beyond the MMSE Dr Richard Perry Dept of Neurosciences Imperial College Overview Initial observations Cognitive rating scales Assessing cognitive domains Memory Language Visuospatial

More information

Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury

Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury Cognitive Remediation of Brain Injury Amanda Sacks, PhD, ABPP-CN Weill Cornell Medical College Purpose 1. Outline possible cognitive deficits resulting from brain injury 2. Explain the role of cognitive

More information

SKKU ISS3147 Myths and Mysteries of Human Learning and Memory

SKKU ISS3147 Myths and Mysteries of Human Learning and Memory Instructor: Sean Kang, Ph.D. Email: sean.kang@dartmouth.edu Class Meets: Weekdays 1:30-4:00pm @ 9B114 SKKU ISS3147 Myths and Mysteries of Human Learning and Memory Implicit Memory 1 Jul 2016 1 2 3 4 Reading

More information

I. Introduction: What Is Memory? Memory refers to the mental processes that enable us to retain and use information over time. Memory involves three

I. Introduction: What Is Memory? Memory refers to the mental processes that enable us to retain and use information over time. Memory involves three I. Introduction: What Is Memory? Memory refers to the mental processes that enable us to retain and use information over time. Memory involves three fundamental processes: 1. Encoding is the process of

More information

Aging and Memory in Humans

Aging and Memory in Humans Aging and Memory in Humans 175 Aging and Memory in Humans A M Brickman and Y Stern, Columbia University, New York, NY, USA ã 2009 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. Memory Systems Memory is the explicit

More information

UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON EDUCATION & PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY SEMESTER 1 EXAMINATIONS 2014/2015 COGNITIVE & BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES MODULE NO: PSC4003

UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON EDUCATION & PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY SEMESTER 1 EXAMINATIONS 2014/2015 COGNITIVE & BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES MODULE NO: PSC4003 [EDP 005] UNIVERSITY OF BOLTON EDUCATION & PSYCHOLOGY PSYCHOLOGY SEMESTER 1 EXAMINATIONS 2014/2015 COGNITIVE & BIOLOGICAL PERSPECTIVES MODULE NO: PSC4003 Date: Wednesday 21 st January, 2015 Time: 2.00pm

More information

Intellectual functions of the brain: Learning, Memory and higher order functions

Intellectual functions of the brain: Learning, Memory and higher order functions Intellectual functions of the brain: Learning, Memory and higher order functions Sinan Canan,PhD sinancanan@gmail.com www.sinancanan.net Learning&Memory Learning: Neural mechanisms that modifes behavior

More information

Memory Rehabilitation in Early Dementia. Diana Golvers Clinical Psychologist Central Dementia Service

Memory Rehabilitation in Early Dementia. Diana Golvers Clinical Psychologist Central Dementia Service Memory Rehabilitation in Early Dementia Diana Golvers Clinical Psychologist Central Dementia Service Loss of Memory in AD Memory impairment earliest manifestation of AD and other dementias Major impact

More information

COGNITION Chapter 5 REMEMBERING EVENTS Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology (Kellogg)

COGNITION Chapter 5 REMEMBERING EVENTS Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology (Kellogg) Mark Van Selst San Jose State University COGNITION Chapter 5 REMEMBERING EVENTS Fundamentals of Cognitive Psychology (Kellogg) Fall 2013 Memory Models Atkinson & Shiffrin s Standard Model Cowan s Model

More information

Chapter 6. Memory Outline

Chapter 6. Memory Outline Chapter 6 Memory Outline I. Memory As Information Processing A. Memory is a set of systems involved in the acquisition, storage, and retrieval of information. B. Using one s memory involves three interrelated

More information

Factorial Design. A factorial design. 9.63 Laboratory in Visual Cognition. Effect of Attraction x Emotion

Factorial Design. A factorial design. 9.63 Laboratory in Visual Cognition. Effect of Attraction x Emotion 9.63 aboratory in Visual Cognition Fall 29 Factorial Design & Interaction Factorial Design Two or more independent variables Simplest case: a 2 x 2 design (2 factors and 2 conditions per factor) A factorial

More information

Cognitive Neuroscience

Cognitive Neuroscience Cognitive Neuroscience Exploring Brain/Behavior relations Neuroscience Psychology Cognitive Neuroscience Computational Sciences / Artificial intelligence Franz Joseph Gall & J. C. Spurzheim localization

More information

Memory CHAPTER PREVIEW

Memory CHAPTER PREVIEW 9: Memory CHAPTER PREVIEW Memory is the persistence of learning over time. One helpful model of human memory is the Atkinson-Shiffrin three-stage processing model, which describes how information is encoded,

More information

Sec 1: Taking in and Storing Information

Sec 1: Taking in and Storing Information Chapter 10 Memory and Thought Sec 1: Taking in and Storing Information Memory input, storage, and retrieval of what has been learned or experienced 1. Encoding transforming of information so the nervous

More information

Overview. Neuropsychological Assessment in Stroke. Why a Neuropsychologist. How to make a referral. Referral Questions 11/6/2013

Overview. Neuropsychological Assessment in Stroke. Why a Neuropsychologist. How to make a referral. Referral Questions 11/6/2013 Overview Neuropsychological Assessment in Stroke Brandon Ally, PhD Department of Neurology What is Neuropsychology Stroke Specific Neuropsychology Neuropsychological Domains Case Study What is Neuropsychology?

More information

LEARNING AND MEMORY. Chapter 11

LEARNING AND MEMORY. Chapter 11 LEARNING AND MEMORY Chapter 11 Learning and Memory Learning How experience changes the brain Memory How changes are stored and subsequently reactivated Memories are stored in specific structures, not diffusely

More information

Early Proposal. The Biopsychology of Memory. Early Research (1920) Neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield. Early Research 4/29/2013

Early Proposal. The Biopsychology of Memory. Early Research (1920) Neurosurgeon Wilder Penfield. Early Research 4/29/2013 Early Proposal The Biopsychology of Memory Module 13.1 Different methodologies have been used to try to figure out what regions of the brain are involved in memory functions. Pavlov learning (such as classical

More information

The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence

The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural evidence Ann. N.Y. Acad. Sci. ISSN 0077-8923 ANNALS OF THE NEW YORK ACADEMY OF SCIENCES Issue: The Year in Cognitive Neuroscience The porous boundaries between explicit and implicit memory: behavioral and neural

More information

Myers Psychology for AP* David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2010

Myers Psychology for AP* David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2010 Myers Psychology for AP* David G. Myers PowerPoint Presentation Slides by Kent Korek Germantown High School Worth Publishers, 2010 *AP is a trademark registered and/or owned by the College Board, which

More information

Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization

Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain Organization Jeanette J. Norden, Ph.D. Professor Emerita Vanderbilt University School of Medicine Course Outline Lecture 1: Vocabulary & General Concepts of Brain

More information

Memory Consolidation: Systems

Memory Consolidation: Systems Memory Consolidation: Systems 741 Memory Consolidation: Systems K A Paller, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL, USA ã 29 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved. The Consolidation of a Memory At the moment

More information

Organic Amnesia Arthur P. Shimamura University of California, Berkeley

Organic Amnesia Arthur P. Shimamura University of California, Berkeley Shimamura, A. P. (1992), Organic Amnesia, from L. R. Squire (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Learning and Memory, pp. 30-35, Macmillan: New York. Organic Amnesia Arthur P. Shimamura University of California, Berkeley

More information

Cynthia P. May, PhD College of Charleston and Gilles O. Einstein, PhD Furman University

Cynthia P. May, PhD College of Charleston and Gilles O. Einstein, PhD Furman University MEMORY A Five-Day Unit Lesson Plan for High School Psychology Teachers Cynthia P. May, PhD College of Charleston and Gilles O. Einstein, PhD Furman University Reviewed by Nancy Diehl, PhD Hong Kong International

More information

The Brain: Structure. Brain Structure. Brain Divisions 1/2/11

The Brain: Structure. Brain Structure. Brain Divisions 1/2/11 The Brain: Structure Brain structure evolved over millions of years Divided into sections Each section built upon the others Brain Structure Brain Divisions Hindbrain Midbrain Forebrain 1 Hindbrain Components

More information

2 Neurons. 4 The Brain: Cortex

2 Neurons. 4 The Brain: Cortex 1 Neuroscience 2 Neurons output integration axon cell body, membrane potential Frontal planning control auditory episodes soma motor Temporal Parietal action language objects space vision Occipital inputs

More information

Skill acquisition. Skill acquisition: Closed loop theory Feedback guides learning a motor skill. Problems. Motor learning practice

Skill acquisition. Skill acquisition: Closed loop theory Feedback guides learning a motor skill. Problems. Motor learning practice Motor learning theories closed loop theory schema theory hierarchical theory Skill acquisition Motor learning practice Fitt s three stages motor imagery physical changes Skill acquisition: Closed loop

More information

Attention, memory and learning and acquired brain injury. Vicki Anderson. Jamie M. Attention & learning: an information processing model

Attention, memory and learning and acquired brain injury. Vicki Anderson. Jamie M. Attention & learning: an information processing model Attention, memory and learning and acquired brain injury Vicki Anderson Jamie M. Childhood acquired amnesia Attention & learning: an information processing model MANAGEMENT Organising, problem solving

More information

Memories Outside of Awareness: Conditioning, Skill Learning & Priming. July 8, 2015 Karen LaRocque

Memories Outside of Awareness: Conditioning, Skill Learning & Priming. July 8, 2015 Karen LaRocque Memories Outside of Awareness: Conditioning, Skill Learning & Priming July 8, 2015 Karen LaRocque Announcements Midterm is Wednesday, July 22nd in class Additional conditioning materials are posted on

More information

Human recognition memory: a cognitive neuroscience perspective

Human recognition memory: a cognitive neuroscience perspective Review TRENDS in Cognitive Sciences Vol.7 No.7 July 2003 313 Human recognition memory: a cognitive neuroscience perspective Michael D. Rugg 1 and Andrew P. Yonelinas 2 1 Institute of Cognitive Neuroscience

More information

This Lecture: Psychology of Memory and Brain Areas Involved. 3) Brain Areas Involved in Implicit Memory: Classical Conditioning

This Lecture: Psychology of Memory and Brain Areas Involved. 3) Brain Areas Involved in Implicit Memory: Classical Conditioning Lecture 18 (Nov 24 th ): LEARNING & MEMORY #1 Lecture Outline This Lecture: Psychology of Memory and Brain Areas Involved Next lecture: Neural Mechanisms for Memory 1) Psychology of Memory: Short Term

More information

Memory. Chapter Preview

Memory. Chapter Preview CHAPTER8 Memory Chapter Preview Memory is the persistence of learning over time. Evidence that learning persists includes three forms: recall, recognition, and relearning. Atkinson and Shiffrin have proposed

More information

Key Words: transient epileptic amnesia; déjà vu; déjà vécu; remote memory.

Key Words: transient epileptic amnesia; déjà vu; déjà vécu; remote memory. Transient epileptic amnesia: déjà vu heralding recovery of lost memories. Fraser Milton 1, Christopher R. Butler 2, & Adam Z.J. Zeman 3 1 University of Exeter, Exeter, U.K. 2 University of Oxford, Oxford,

More information

second language, are more effective than others in causing the brain to develop new neural networks.

second language, are more effective than others in causing the brain to develop new neural networks. The Learning Brain This organ we call our adult brain is about the size of a cantaloupe. It s wrinkled like a walnut, feels like a ripe avocado, and is pink in color because of the blood flowing through

More information

STUDY GUIDE LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Identify the two types of conditioning shown by behaviorists to explain human behavior.

STUDY GUIDE LEARNING OBJECTIVES. Identify the two types of conditioning shown by behaviorists to explain human behavior. PS1050i NAU Introduction to Psychology Student Study Guide Chapter 7 & 10 Week Seven Page 1 CHAPTER SEVEN: Learning and Conditioning STUDY GUIDE LEARNING OBJECTIVES Identify the two types of conditioning

More information

Working Memory. Models of Immediate Memory. Classic Research on Working Memory. Claudia J. Stanny. EXP 4507 Memory & Cognition 1

Working Memory. Models of Immediate Memory. Classic Research on Working Memory. Claudia J. Stanny. EXP 4507 Memory & Cognition 1 Working Memory Dr. Claudia J. Stanny EXP 4507 Memory & Cognition Spring 2009 Models of Immediate Memory Primary & Secondary Memory (James, 1890) Modal Model (Atkinson & Shiffrin, 1968) Sensory Registers

More information

THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY

THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY THE COGNITIVE NEUROSCIENCE OF MEMORY What is memory? It is often associated with the thinking of again or recalling to the mind of something learned at an earlier time. Descriptions of this sort imply

More information

Neuropsychology Research Program: Thomas P. Ross, Ph.D.

Neuropsychology Research Program: Thomas P. Ross, Ph.D. Neuropsychology Research Program: Thomas P. Ross, Ph.D. My primary research program is devoted to the psychometric examination of neuropsychological tests of executive functioning, and other abilities

More information

Fall 2013 to present Assistant Professor, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University

Fall 2013 to present Assistant Professor, Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences, Johns Hopkins University M A R I N A B E D N Y Johns Hopkins University Department of Psychological and Brain Sciences 3400 N. Charles Street, Ames Hall Baltimore, MD 21218 mbedny@mit.edu ACADEMIC POSITIONS Fall 2013 to present

More information

Cognitive Neuroscience Sensation and Perception

Cognitive Neuroscience Sensation and Perception Cognitive Neuroscience Sensation and Perception A guiding principle for understanding sensation and perception: the connectional hierarchy in neocortex provides a structural basis for the hierarchical

More information

Pair B Two tasks selected from: evaluation of research data analysis essay media response annotated folio of practical activities oral presentation

Pair B Two tasks selected from: evaluation of research data analysis essay media response annotated folio of practical activities oral presentation 2011 School-assessed Coursework Report Psychology (2011 2014): Units 3 and 4 This report is provided for the first year of implementation of this study and is based on the coursework audit and Victorian

More information

9. Which is not part of the three-stage model of memory? a. Sensory memory b. Parallel memory c. Short-term memory d.

9. Which is not part of the three-stage model of memory? a. Sensory memory b. Parallel memory c. Short-term memory d. Memory 1. According to the traditional three-stage memory mode, the order in which information is stored in memory is a. short-term memory, long-term memory, sensory memory. b. sensory memory, short-term

More information

It s All in the Brain!

It s All in the Brain! It s All in the Brain! Presented by: Mari Hubig, M.Ed. 0-3 Outreach Coordinator Educational Resource Center on Deafness What is the Brain? The brain is a muscle In order to grow and flourish, the brain

More information

Obtaining Knowledge. Lecture 7 Methods of Scientific Observation and Analysis in Behavioral Psychology and Neuropsychology.

Obtaining Knowledge. Lecture 7 Methods of Scientific Observation and Analysis in Behavioral Psychology and Neuropsychology. Lecture 7 Methods of Scientific Observation and Analysis in Behavioral Psychology and Neuropsychology 1.Obtaining Knowledge 1. Correlation 2. Causation 2.Hypothesis Generation & Measures 3.Looking into

More information

Working Memory Week 2016

Working Memory Week 2016 Working Memory Week 2016 Working Memory and Cognition: messages for teachers on whole classroom strategies David Crabtree 1 What we are going to do? Cognition Working memory Implications for teaching Is

More information

Brains, Ontologies & Virtual Machines

Brains, Ontologies & Virtual Machines How Minds Work Brains, Ontologies & Virtual Machines Stan Franklin Computer Science Division & Institute for Intelligent Systems The University of Memphis 1 Question: How do minds work? What would an answer

More information

LEARNING AND MEMORY. Chapter 11

LEARNING AND MEMORY. Chapter 11 LEARNING AND MEMORY Chapter 11 Learning and Memory Learning and Memory You cannot have learning without memory, vice versa Learning Studies Studied with classical or operant conditioning, rats in lab Memory

More information

Binding memory fragments together to form declarative memories depends on cross-cortical storage

Binding memory fragments together to form declarative memories depends on cross-cortical storage 21-Zimmer-Chap21.qxd 15/12/2005 5:21 PM Page 527 Chapter 21 Binding memory fragments together to form declarative memories depends on cross-cortical storage Ken A. Paller Introduction What happens in your

More information

Function (& other notes)

Function (& other notes) LAB 8. ANATOMY OF THE HUMAN BRAIN In this exercise you each will map the human brain both anatomy and function so that you can develop a more accurate picture of what s going on in your head :-) EXTERNAL

More information

Dagmar (Dasa) Zeithamova-Demircan, Ph.D.

Dagmar (Dasa) Zeithamova-Demircan, Ph.D. Dagmar (Dasa) Zeithamova-Demircan, Ph.D. Department of Psychology University of Oregon Eugene OR 97403-1227 Phone: (541) 346-6731 dasa@uoregon.edu EDUCATION 8/2008 Ph.D. Neuroscience University of Texas

More information

Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation. Alan Sunderland School of Psychology

Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation. Alan Sunderland School of Psychology Clinical Neuropsychology. Recovery & Rehabilitation Alan Sunderland School of Psychology 1 The Changing Role of Clinical Neuropsychology HISTORY The Origins of Clinical Neuropsychology Emergence as a profession

More information

Human Neuroanatomy. Grades 9-12. Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today?

Human Neuroanatomy. Grades 9-12. Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today? Human Neuroanatomy Grades 9-12 Driving Question: How did the evolution of the human brain impact the structure and function it has today? Objectives: Students will be able to Describe the basic parts and

More information

Contents Foreword A Personal View Of 20Th-Century Psychology: With An Eye To The 21St Century

Contents Foreword A Personal View Of 20Th-Century Psychology: With An Eye To The 21St Century Contents Foreword A Personal View Of 20Th-Century Psychology: With An Eye To The 21St Century Preface Note Conciousness And The 21St Century Psychology in a World of Sentient, Self-Knowing Beings: A Modest

More information

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology 1. Definition of Cognitive Psychology. Attention. Memory. Language

Introduction to Cognitive Psychology 1. Definition of Cognitive Psychology. Attention. Memory. Language Introduction to Cognitive Psychology 1 INTRODUCTION TO COGNITIVE PSYCHOLOGY LECTURE OUTLINE CHRISTINE L. RUVA, PH.D. UNIVERSITY OF SOUTH FLORIDA 1. Define Cognitive Psychology 2. Explain the breadth of

More information

DEPARTMENT: PSYCHOLOGY PREPARED BY: PSYCHOLOGY DEPT. DATE: FALL 2015

DEPARTMENT: PSYCHOLOGY PREPARED BY: PSYCHOLOGY DEPT. DATE: FALL 2015 FARMINGDALE STATE COLLEGE DEPARTMENT: PSYCHOLOGY PREPARED BY: PSYCHOLOGY DEPT. DATE: FALL 2015 COURSE TITLE: Cognitive Psychology COURSE CODE: PSY 272 CREDITS: 3 CONTACT HOURS: 45 CATALOG DESCRIPTION:

More information

9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science. Interaction: memory experiment

9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science. Interaction: memory experiment 9.63 Laboratory in Cognitive Science Fall 25 Lecture 6 Factorial Design: Complex design Aude Oliva Ben Balas, Charles Kemp Interaction: memory experiment Goal: In an experiment, you compare the explicit

More information

The Brain of a Normal Human

The Brain of a Normal Human The Brain of a Normal Human Your Brain Evolved Over Time Human Brain Logic and reasoning Mammalian Brain More complex feelings and reactions Lizard Brain Basic functions The Brain Stem or Hindbrain (The

More information

: " ; j t ;-..,-.: ',-. LEARNING AND MEMORY AN INTEGRATED APPROACH. Second Edition. John R. Anderson Carnegie Mellon University

:  ; j t ;-..,-.: ',-. LEARNING AND MEMORY AN INTEGRATED APPROACH. Second Edition. John R. Anderson Carnegie Mellon University : " ; j t ;-..,-.: ',-. 2008 AGI-Information Management Consultants May be used for personal purporses only or by libraries associated to dandelon.com network. LEARNING AND MEMORY AN INTEGRATED APPROACH

More information

Interpretive Report of WMS IV Testing

Interpretive Report of WMS IV Testing Interpretive Report of WMS IV Testing Examinee and Testing Information Examinee Name Date of Report 7/1/2009 Examinee ID 12345 Years of Education 11 Date of Birth 3/24/1988 Home Language English Gender

More information

62 Learning and Memory

62 Learning and Memory Back 62 Learning and Memory Eric R. Kandel Irving Kupfermann Susan Iversen BEHAVIOR IS THE RESULT OF the interaction between genes and the environment. In earlier chapters we saw how genes influence behavior.

More information

Learning and cognitive effects of acquired brain injury caused by meningitis or septicaemia

Learning and cognitive effects of acquired brain injury caused by meningitis or septicaemia Learning and cognitive effects of acquired brain injury caused by meningitis or septicaemia Meningitis and septicaemia can be a cause of acquired brain injury (ABI). This is an injury to the brain that

More information

The Brain. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Psychology 7e in Modules 1. Module 5. The Brain. The Brain

The Brain. PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers. Psychology 7e in Modules 1. Module 5. The Brain. The Brain PSYCHOLOGY (8th Edition, in Modules) David Myers PowerPoint Slides Aneeq Ahmad Henderson State University Worth Publishers, 2007 1 The Brain Module 5 2 The Brain The Brain The Tools of Discovery Older

More information

STM vs. LTM: 1 System or 2? STM vs. LTM: 1 System or 2? Central Executive. Working Memory (Baddely) Capacity Duration Forgetting Coding Retrieval

STM vs. LTM: 1 System or 2? STM vs. LTM: 1 System or 2? Central Executive. Working Memory (Baddely) Capacity Duration Forgetting Coding Retrieval STM vs. LTM: 1 or 2? STM vs. LTM: 1 or 2? Older View 2 s w/distinct Characteristics Newer View Different States in a Single Capacity Duration Forgetting Coding Retrieval Working Memory (Baddely) Central

More information

Supplemental Table 1 Studies Considered in Our Review Study Sample Follow up assessments Domains and tests Main results

Supplemental Table 1 Studies Considered in Our Review Study Sample Follow up assessments Domains and tests Main results Supplemental Table 1 Studies Considered in Our Review Study Sample Follow up assessments Domains and tests Main results Moorhead 20 BD I Performance IQ: Wechsler et al. (2007) 7 & follow up after 4 Abbreviated

More information

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d.

3. The neuron has many branch-like extensions called that receive input from other neurons. a. glia b. dendrites c. axons d. Chapter Test 1. A cell that receives information and transmits it to other cells via an electrochemical process is called a(n) a. neuron b. hormone c. glia d. endorphin Answer: A difficulty: 1 factual

More information

Chapter 7 Outline. B. Infant Memory Theories suggesting why people don t remember events prior to age 2.

Chapter 7 Outline. B. Infant Memory Theories suggesting why people don t remember events prior to age 2. Chapter 7 Outline I. Studying Cognitive Development: Six Approaches Behaviorist approach: Studies the basic mechanics of learning. Psychometric approach: Seeks to measure the quantitative differences in

More information

MEMORY AND VOTING: NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF VOTERS REMEMBERING POLITICAL EVENTS JASON CORONEL DISSERTATION

MEMORY AND VOTING: NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF VOTERS REMEMBERING POLITICAL EVENTS JASON CORONEL DISSERTATION MEMORY AND VOTING: NEUROPSYCHOLOGICAL AND ELECTROPHYSIOLOGICAL INVESTIGATIONS OF VOTERS REMEMBERING POLITICAL EVENTS BY JASON CORONEL DISSERTATION Submitted in partial fulfillment of the requirements for

More information

THE POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING. Drs. ERIK SCHOPPEN

THE POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING. Drs. ERIK SCHOPPEN THE POSITIVE PSYCHOLOGY OF SUSTAINABLE PACKAGING Drs. ERIK SCHOPPEN H.S. (ERIK) SCHOPPEN Author Sustainable Brand Leadership (Build Bridge Bond) Innovator / Designer GarbagePark.com WorldBrainWave.com

More information

CONTE Summer Lab Experience Application

CONTE Summer Lab Experience Application CONTE Summer Lab Experience Application When preparing your application for funding from the CONTE Summer Lab Experience through the Undergraduate Program in Neuroscience, please read these instructions

More information

Implicit Memory and Familiarity Among Elders with Dementia Gwi-Ryung Son, Barbara Therrien, Ann Whall

Implicit Memory and Familiarity Among Elders with Dementia Gwi-Ryung Son, Barbara Therrien, Ann Whall Clinical Scholarship Implicit Memory and Familiarity Among Elders with Dementia Gwi-Ryung Son, Barbara Therrien, Ann Whall Purpose: To propose a framework for familiar environment as a cue for maintaining

More information

Charles A. Nelson III Children s Hospital Boston/Harvard Medical School Harvard Center on the Developing Child

Charles A. Nelson III Children s Hospital Boston/Harvard Medical School Harvard Center on the Developing Child Charles A. Nelson III Children s Hospital Boston/Harvard Medical School Harvard Center on the Developing Child Presented at NICHD Cognition Workshop, 14-15 March 2011, Bethesda, MD Outline I. Declaration

More information

PRIMING OF POP-OUT AND CONSCIOUS PERCEPTION

PRIMING OF POP-OUT AND CONSCIOUS PERCEPTION PRIMING OF POP-OUT AND CONSCIOUS PERCEPTION Peremen Ziv and Lamy Dominique Department of Psychology, Tel-Aviv University zivperem@post.tau.ac.il domi@freud.tau.ac.il Abstract Research has demonstrated

More information

Introduction to Neuropsychological Assessment

Introduction to Neuropsychological Assessment Definitions and Learning Objectives Introduction to Neuropsychological Assessment Alan Sunderland Reader in Clinical Neuropsychology Neuropsychological assessment seeks to define cognitive disability in

More information

Chapter 8. Memory SENSORY MEMORY:

Chapter 8. Memory SENSORY MEMORY: Chapter 8 Memory Memory is the process of maintain information over time. It is the most basic concept of human cognition. We use memory in our everyday life as remembering an incident from childhood or

More information

Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult

Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult University Press Scholarship Online You are looking at 1-10 of 11 items for: keywords : traumatic brain injury Memory Development and Frontal Lobe Insult Gerri Hanten and Harvey S. Levin in Origins and

More information

Frequency, definition Modifiability, existence of multiple operations & strategies

Frequency, definition Modifiability, existence of multiple operations & strategies Human Computer Interaction Intro HCI 1 HCI's Goal Users Improve Productivity computer users Tasks software engineers Users System Cognitive models of people as information processing systems Knowledge

More information

Reading and the Brain

Reading and the Brain Reading and the Brain Toward a New Definition of a Balanced Approach to Reading by David Rose TM FC1 Balanced Reading and the Brain Today it seems that nearly everyone is extolling the advantages of a

More information