Valentine Barney ( ) Letters, ; MS 104 & MS Size B

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Valentine Barney ( ) Letters, ; MS 104 & MS Size B"

Transcription

1 Valentine Barney ( ) Letters, ; MS 104 & MS Size B Introduction This collection is composed of the Civil War letters of Valentine G. Barney ( ) of Swanton, Vermont. The collection also includes material about a sand pump invented by Barney. The collection was a gift of sisters who were granddaughters of Barney, Mrs. George G. Struthers and Mrs. Donald McD. (Elizabeth Barney) Wesbrook, in January 1964, though they had been loaned for microfilming in The 287 letters in the collection are housed in one archival flip top box; there is also one oversized folder of material that was formerly filed as Misc. File 60. It consumes.5 linear feet of shelf space. Biographical Sketch Valentine G. Barney was born in Swanton, Vermont, in 1834, and died in Minneapolis, Minnesota, in He was the son of George and Eunice D. (Goodrich) Barney. His father owned a marble works in Swanton. Valentine married Maria L. Hadwen of Danby, Vermont, in Maria was born in 1833 in Danby and died in 1884 in Charles City, Iowa. Valentine entered the Army as a sergeant May 2, 1861, in Company A of the 1 st Vermont Regiment, and was mustered out August 15, 1861, a three-month volunteer. He returned to the Army June 14, 1862, as a captain in Company A of the 9 th Vermont Regiment, and was promoted to lieutenant colonel of the 9 th Vermont on May 24, He was mustered out June 13, After his Civil War service Valentine worked with his father in the marble business, the firm being called G. & V.G. Barney. Poor health forced Valentine to leave the business and move west in 1869, first to Minneapolis for two years, and then to Charles City, Iowa, and finally back to Minneapolis. Scope and Content The bulk of these papers consist of letters from Valentine Barney during his military service in the Civil War to his wife, who was living in Swanton, Vermont. There are 287 war-time letters, describing his life in the Army, training, camp conditions, morale of his men, food, the land he was passing through, people he met, attitudes towards draftees and bounty jumpers. The letters are clearly written, full of interesting insights, and rarely dull. He saw service at the battles of Big Bethel, Harper s Ferry (where he was captured and later paroled), Suffolk, various Peninsula campaigns, fighting around New Berne and Morehead City, N.C., and finally the last siege of Richmond, where the 9 th was the first unit into the city. There are many letters describing Barney s frustration as a paroled soldier not being able to get back into the war. Despite the limitations on his military duty, Barney guarded Confederate prisoners at Camp Douglas in Chicago, a practice that was apparently acceptable under the terms of the parole.

2 Valentine Barney Letters 2 During his three year service Barney once got home on leave and once was sent to New York City to guard against possible riots during the 1864 presidential election. It is interesting to see how fast the mails ran between the south and Vermont, how totally absent censorship was, how often he asked his wife to relay information about events occurring in his immediate neighborhood, and how closely he followed the movements of other areas of the war. The letters provide an excellent picture of army life, the battles, the marching and counter-marching, the long delays and boredom of camp life. There is a small collection of letters to Barney s father after the war describing his ideas about making a sand pump to be used in cutting marble along with drawings and correspondence about the possibilities of gaining patents. An oversized folder includes a political cartoon of General Butler s removal from command of the Army of the James (ca. Jan. 1865), an unidentified camp plan of the 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, and 6 th Vermont Regiment drawn possibly by Elisha Barney, Valentine s brother. The folder also contains a drawing of the 9 th Vermont s headquarters, and of an officer s quarters at New Berne, N.C., and a large map of the Virginia campaign. Publishing History & Other Formats The Barney correspondence is available on microfilm (Microfilm 249). The Barney Civil War letters have been used in at least two works: The True Story: Newport, North Carolina during the Civil War, William L. Pohoresky, Print Shop, Havelock, N.C., 1978; and A War of the People: Vermont Civil War Letters, Jeffrey D. Marshall, Ed. University Press of New England, Hanover, N.H., Related Collections The VHS owns a photograph of Valentine Barney (F-PO-Barney, Valentine). The picture file also includes a negative print, perhaps made from microfilm, of a group photograph of the 9 th Vermont at Newport Barracks, N.C The donor, Mrs. Wesbrook, reports that Valentine is standing directly behind the band at the head of his regiment, he s the one with the large black beard. The VHS also has three items that belonged to Valentine s brother, Elisha, killed in the war. These are field glasses and case (acc ), pocket book (acc ), and sash (acc ). Inventory MS 104:01 Letters, 1861 June 11th, account of battle at Big Bethel. June 19th, a good account of a day s schedule of life in camp. July 4th, rumors of a Congressional peace plan. July 14th, General Benjamin Butler visits camp, rifled canon are tested. 02 Letters, 1862 September 20th, surrendered at Harper s Ferry, paroled, saw Stonewall Jackson, marched to Annapolis, Maryland. September 27th, discussion of difference between parole and exchange. (Later in the war the parole system was stopped, both because the South

3 Valentine Barney Letters 3 wouldn t recognize the system for Black troops and because men were surrendering in order to get paroled and thus be able to sit out their term of enlistment.) 03 Letters, January-June, 1863 March 29th, finally leaves Chicago prison guarding duty. April 2 letter has a list of 44 names on the back, members of the 104 th, possibly names of prisoners he was bringing from Chicago to City Point. April 19th, arrives in Suffolk, Virginia camp, army of 30,000. June 26nd, hears he has been made Lieutenant Colonel. 04 Letters, July-December, 1863 October 23rd, sent to New Berne, N.C., to guard the railroad between Morehead City and New Berne. 05 Letters, January-June, 1864 Much discussion of Blacks fleeing into Union lines, of serving on court martial duty, raiding parties back and forth. May 18th, hears his brother Elisha died in Virginia, a colonel in the 6 th Vermont. He was fatally wounded at the Battle of the Wilderness. 06 Letters, July-December, 1864 September 1 st, fears his shift to Virginia may spoil chances of home leave. October 14 th his next letter, so clearly he got his leave, only one received in his entire service. October attacks on Richmond fail, with great losses. November 5 th -14 th 5,000 sent to New York to keep order during elections, stationed on boats in Hudson ready to land if needed. 07 Letters, March 27th good description of Lincoln reviewing the troops. April 3rd, his being the first unit to enter Richmond. April 5th, Lincoln visits the city. April 17th, news of Lincoln s death, suggests Grant take over rather than Andrew Johnson, sees Lee in Richmond. May 8th, whole army parades through Richmond. May 21 st, may not get discharged till Jefferson Davis has been hung, for fear of southern reaction. June 12 th, his last letter, he speaks of taking his 13-year-old darkie orderly home with him, and perhaps another for his father. 08 Military orders August 1864 leave of absence. June 1865 mustering out orders. 09 Sand pump letters Drawing of celebrated centrifugal sand pump Assorted letters about how to improve the invention, get it patented, letter from Danby, others from Minneapolis, Charles City, Iowa talking about the pump, investments, land prices. Letter from patent attorney telling Barney his stone sawing machine has already been patented, but continued letters to his father about patent possibilities. Size B Political cartoon of General Butler s removal from command of the Army of the James (ca. Jan. 1865)

4 Valentine Barney Letters 4 Unidentified camp plan of the 2 nd, 3 rd, 4 th, 5 th, and 6 th Vermont Regiment drawn possibly by Elisha Barney, Valentine s brother A drawing of the 9 th Vermont s headquarters A drawing of an officer s quarters at New Berne, N.C. A large map of the Virginia campaign. Inventory of Valentine Barney Letters Written to his wife Maria (MS 104) MS 104: May 8, 19, 24, 26. June 3, 9, 11, 16, 19, 23, 30. July 4, 7, 14, 18, 23, 28 August 2 MS 104: [letters numbered consecutively in red pencil, 1-44] June 19, 22 July 6, 13, 14, 16, 21, 27, 31 August 3, 5, 9, 13, 15, 20, 24, 28 September 6, 10, 20, 22, 27 October 1, 5, 12, 23, 25, 29, 30 November 3, 5, 7, 9, 11 December 2, 7, 10, 14, 16, 18, 21, 24, 26, 29 Ethan Bisbee March 2004; rev. March 2014 barney.doc MS 104: [letters numbered consecutively, 45-50, through Jan 18] January 1, 4, 8, 11, 14, 18, 20, 26, 29, 31 February 5, 10, 15, 18, 22, 25 March 2, 6, 9, 12 (or maybe 13?), 16, 20, 22, 26, 29 April 2, 4, 6, 10, undated, 12, 17, 19, 22, 26 May 3, 9, 13, 16, 24, 29 June 2, 8, 11, 14, 20, 23, 26, 30 MS 104: July 3, 8, 10, 14, 20, 27, 31 August 4, 9, 14, 18, 21, 23, 31 September 5, 9, 13, 18, 23, 28 October 3, 8, 11, 15, 19, 23, 27, 29, 30 November 3, 8, 12, 15, 22, 26, 30 December 2, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27 MS 104: January 1,?, 7, 10, 15, 20, 24, 30, 31 February 5, 9, 12, 17, 21, 25, 29

5 Valentine Barney Letters 5 March 10?, 14, 19, 23, 26, undated April 1, 3, 6, 9, 13, 19, 24, 27, 30 May 4, 10 (two torn off parts on this letter), 14, 18, 21, 27, 30 June 7, 11, 14, 17, 19, 26 MS 104: July 3, 11, 14, 17, 19, 23, 26, 28, 31 August 4, 8, 10, 14, 18, 21, 26, 28 September 1 October 14, 16, 17, 21, 24, 29 November 2, 5, 7, 10, 13, 14, 20, 24, 27 December 2, 5, 9, 11, 16, 19, 23, 27, 31 MS 104: January 4, 8, 11, 16, 18, 21, 24, 28, 31 February 5, 10, 13, 16, 20, 23, 26 March 2, 6, 9, 13, 16, 19, 23, 27, 30 April 3, 5, 9, 13, 17, 20, 24, 27 May 2, 5?, 10, 14, 17, 21, 25, 29 June 1, 4, 9, 12 MS 104:08 1. Special Order 238 August 30, 1864, being a 30-day leave granted VGBarney. 2. Special Order 144 June 12, 1865, stating the 9 th Vermont Vols. Are to be mustered out of the service.

The Civil War 1861 1863

The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War 1861 1863 The Civil War was a fight between the United States of America (the North) and the Confederate States of America (the South). It began after the 1860 Presidential Election. The

More information

The American Civil War

The American Civil War The American Civil War Goals: NORTH: Lincoln wanted to bring the Confederate States back into the Union Anaconda plan SOUTH: Fight a defensive War Wear down the Union Events: 1860 November, Abraham Lincoln

More information

Unit 3: The Civil War-A Nation Divided. SS5H1 The student will explain the causes, major events, and consequences of the Civil War.

Unit 3: The Civil War-A Nation Divided. SS5H1 The student will explain the causes, major events, and consequences of the Civil War. Unit 3: The Civil War-A Nation Divided SS5H1 The student will explain the causes, major events, and consequences of the Civil War. a. Identify Uncle Tom s Cabin and John Brown s raid on Harper s Ferry,

More information

The Leading Men of the Civil war. Union: President and leading generals Confederacy: President and leading generals

The Leading Men of the Civil war. Union: President and leading generals Confederacy: President and leading generals The Leading Men of the Civil war Union: President and leading generals Confederacy: President and leading generals Election of Lincoln Even though things were already coming to a head, when Lincoln was

More information

Creating America (Survey)

Creating America (Survey) Creating America (Survey) Chapter 17: The Tide of War Turns, 1863-1865 Section 1: The Emancipation Proclamation Main Idea: In 1863, President Lincoln issued the Emancipation Proclamation, which helped

More information

Assessment: The Civil War

Assessment: The Civil War Name Date Mastering the Content Circle the letter next to the best answer. Assessment: The Civil War 1. Which of these was a Northern advantage at the start of the Civil War? A. highly trained soldiers

More information

Civil War Timeline - Chronological Order

Civil War Timeline - Chronological Order Civil War Timeline - Chronological Order Event Date Significance Fort Sumter Bombarded April 12, 1861 Fort is captured and the South Strike the first blow. First military action of the Civil War. Lincoln

More information

Civil War. Unit 1: THE PRE-WAR YEARS

Civil War. Unit 1: THE PRE-WAR YEARS Unit 1: THE PRE-WAR YEARS Development of Two Cultures Part 1 Development of Two Cultures Part 2 Life of a Slave Project: The Art of Compromise Political Compromises Kansas-Nebraska Act Civil War List the

More information

Civil War Lesson Objectives

Civil War Lesson Objectives Civil War Lesson Unit 1: THE PRE-WAR YEARS Development of Two Cultures Part 1 Understand the cultural background of the North and South. List the cultural differences between the North and South. Development

More information

The Civil War. Slides 2 3 Directions: Complete the Following Graphic Organizer, Filling in the Missing Information.

The Civil War. Slides 2 3 Directions: Complete the Following Graphic Organizer, Filling in the Missing Information. The Civil War Name: Directions: Using the Civil War PowerPoint, click through the slides to help you complete your note packet on the Civil War. Remember, these will be your notes to study from, so be

More information

Civil War Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 THE PRE-WAR YEARS

Civil War Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 THE PRE-WAR YEARS Civil War Unit Lesson Title Lesson Objectives 1 THE PRE-WAR YEARS Development of Two Cultures Part 1 Understand the cultural background of the North and South. List the cultural differences between the

More information

Battle Cries and Freedom Songs: The Civil War Battle Cries and Freedom Songs: The Civil War Mobilization: North and South

Battle Cries and Freedom Songs: The Civil War Battle Cries and Freedom Songs: The Civil War Mobilization: North and South 1 2 Battle Cries and Freedom Songs: The Civil War 1861 1865 Mobilization, North and South What were the North s key advantages at the outset of the war? The Early War, 1861 1862 How did the two sides objectives

More information

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AMERICAN CIVIL WAR Fact Booklet

AMERICAN CIVIL WAR AMERICAN CIVIL WAR Fact Booklet Interesting Facts About the Men who Served 10,413 Union soldiers were under the age of 18 when they enlisted. Many drummer boys were as young as 10 years old. Think this top hat will protect my head? Battle

More information

Social Studies / History Activity. Life on the Home Front

Social Studies / History Activity. Life on the Home Front Social Studies / History Activity Life on the Home Front Background Task The Civil War impacted the lives of every American. As husbands, sons and loved ones left the home for war women were required to

More information

War for the Union and for Freedom! : Recruitment of Civil War Volunteer Regiments. Seventh Grade M-18

War for the Union and for Freedom! : Recruitment of Civil War Volunteer Regiments. Seventh Grade M-18 Read Kansas! Seventh Grade M-18 Overview War for the Union and for Freedom! : Recruitment of Civil War Volunteer Regiments This lesson examines the recruitment of volunteer regiments in Kansas at the beginning

More information

The Civil War. Chapter 15

The Civil War. Chapter 15 The Civil War Chapter 15 The Anaconda Plan (Winfield Scott Essentially a siege Hoped for southern unionists to retake control of their governments Not practical because of lack of ships The war unfolded

More information

TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN. Civil War

TUDOR PLACE HISTORIC HOUSE AND GARDEN. Civil War Civil War Directions: To use this timeline, we suggest first printing out this PDF. Notice that the event sheets do not have dates on them. Shuffle the event sheets and hand out them out, one per student,

More information

WILLIAM GREENE BROWN PAPERS, CA

WILLIAM GREENE BROWN PAPERS, CA Collection # SC 0138 WILLIAM GREENE BROWN PAPERS, CA. 1850 1976 Collection Information Biographical Sketch Scope and Content Note Series Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Curtis R. Barsic September,

More information

Name: Date: 3. The North's greatest strength in the Civil War was its A) ethnic unity. B) military leadership. C) navy. D) high morale. E) economy.

Name: Date: 3. The North's greatest strength in the Civil War was its A) ethnic unity. B) military leadership. C) navy. D) high morale. E) economy. Name: Date: 1. President Lincoln's decision on what to do about the situation at Fort Sumter in the first weeks of his administration can best be characterized as A) ill thought out. B) rash and hotheaded.

More information

JOSIAH MARVEL CIVIL WAR MATERIALS, CA. 1861 1929

JOSIAH MARVEL CIVIL WAR MATERIALS, CA. 1861 1929 Collection # SC0408 JOSIAH MARVEL CIVIL WAR MATERIALS, CA. 1861 1929 Collection Information Biographical/Historical Sketch Scope and Content Note Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Greg Hertenstein

More information

JOHN GLOVER ( ) PAPERS, , undated. MSS 314 Processed by: Robert F. Craig August 2001

JOHN GLOVER ( ) PAPERS, , undated. MSS 314 Processed by: Robert F. Craig August 2001 JOHN GLOVER (1732-1797) PAPERS, 1764-1792, MSS 314 Processed by: Robert F. Craig August 2001 Volume: 1 box.5 Linear feet Provenance: Conservation: Copyright: The orderly books were donated to the Essex

More information

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War

Chapter 15, Section 5. Turning the tide of the War Chapter 15, Section 5 Turning the tide of the War Battles General Battles Result Ambrose Burnside Fredericksburg (C/S) The Union suffered 13,000 losses Joseph Hooker Chancellorsville (C/S) Union force

More information

Table of Contents Bonnie Rose Hudson WriteBonnieRose.com 1

Table of Contents Bonnie Rose Hudson WriteBonnieRose.com 1 Table of Contents Generals of the Civil War..4 Key People of the Civil War.5 Civil War Battles Crossword Puzzle.6 Timeline of Civil War Battles..8 Confederate States and Dates Word Search...9 Generals

More information

Find Fredericksburg, Washington, DC, and Richmond on your map of Virginia and circle these locations.

Find Fredericksburg, Washington, DC, and Richmond on your map of Virginia and circle these locations. Animated Map Activity Go to the animated map of Fredericksburg on the Civil War Trust s website, www.civilwar.org. Fill in your paper and maps as you watch the animated map. You will need markers and colored

More information

The Civil War: Up Close and Personal I Have a Story to Tell

The Civil War: Up Close and Personal I Have a Story to Tell I Have a Story to Tell Page 1 The Civil War: Up Close and Personal I Have a Story to Tell Grade level: Late elementary Estimated time: Two class periods Specific topic: Journal writing and the Huff Diary

More information

THEODORE FREHLINGHUYSEN UPSON CIVIL WAR REMINISCENCES, CA. 1890

THEODORE FREHLINGHUYSEN UPSON CIVIL WAR REMINISCENCES, CA. 1890 Collection # SC2966 THEODORE FREHLINGHUYSEN UPSON CIVIL WAR REMINISCENCES, CA. 1890 Collection Information Biographical Sketch Scope and Content Note Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Maire

More information

Compiled Military Service Records and Indexes National Archives Microfilm

Compiled Military Service Records and Indexes National Archives Microfilm 1 Compiled Military Service Records and Indexes National Archives Microfilm Wars and military conflicts have been part of the American scene from the Colonial Period to our present age. It is likely that

More information

MILITARY RECORDS. British Military Records, Series I 8 Microfilm Britain 1774-1789 US M247 Papers of the Continental

MILITARY RECORDS. British Military Records, Series I 8 Microfilm Britain 1774-1789 US M247 Papers of the Continental DATE LOCALITY SERIES TITLE # Rolls DESCRIPTION FORMAT 1730-1835 US FHL American Loyalist Claims, 1730-944044 1835, Index 1730-1835 US FHL American Loyalist Claims, Index to 366693 Bundles. 1730-1835 US

More information

Guide to the Charles K. Mallory Letters, MS0315. The Mariners' Museum Library at Christopher Newport University

Guide to the Charles K. Mallory Letters, MS0315. The Mariners' Museum Library at Christopher Newport University Guide to the Charles K. Mallory Letters, 1862-1866 MS0315 The Mariners' Museum Library at Christopher Newport University Contact Information: The Mariners' Museum Library 100 Museum Drive Newport News,

More information

The Americans (Survey)

The Americans (Survey) The Americans (Survey) Chapter 11: TELESCOPING THE TIMES The Civil War CHAPTER OVERVIEW For four bloody years, North and South struggle in the Civil War as the North tries to restore the Union and to end

More information

Name Test Date: - What hardships were experienced during the Civil War? - How did the Civil War change the lives of soldiers, women and slaves?

Name Test Date: - What hardships were experienced during the Civil War? - How did the Civil War change the lives of soldiers, women and slaves? Name Test Date: Civil War Study Guide Part II This test will cover: SOL 9d: Who s Who in the Civil War - Who are considered leaders of the Civil War? - How did Lincoln s view of the nature of the Union

More information

SPECIAL Lesson 10. Civil War on the Home Front TEXAS ALMANAC TEACHERS GUIDE. From the Texas Almanac Instructional Suggestions

SPECIAL Lesson 10. Civil War on the Home Front TEXAS ALMANAC TEACHERS GUIDE. From the Texas Almanac Instructional Suggestions SPECIAL Lesson 10 TEXAS ALMANAC TEACHERS GUIDE Civil War on the Home Front From the Texas Almanac 2012 2013 Instructional Suggestions Social Studies TEKS 4-4, 6 7-1, 5, 11, 17 8-7, 8, 11, 22 STAAR 4, 7

More information

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection.

The South feared that the North would take control of Congress, and Southerners began to proclaim states rights as a means of self-protection. U.S. History to 1865 Study Guide HISTORY AND SOCIAL SCIENCE STANDARDS OF LEARNING CURRICULUM FRAMEWORK 2008 (NEW) Reformatted version created by SOLpass www.solpass.org STANDARD USI.9A ISSUES DIVIDING

More information

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: A NATION TORN APART: THE CIVIL WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE

CHAPTER THIRTEEN: A NATION TORN APART: THE CIVIL WAR, READING AND STUDY GUIDE CHAPTER THIRTEEN: A NATION TORN APART: THE CIVIL WAR, 1861 1865 READING AND STUDY GUIDE I. Mobilization, Strategy, and Diplomacy A. Comparative Advantages and Disadvantages B. Mobilization in the North

More information

PUGH (THOMAS AND FAMILY) PAPERS (Mss. #4437) Inventory. Compiled by Leslie Bourgeois

PUGH (THOMAS AND FAMILY) PAPERS (Mss. #4437) Inventory. Compiled by Leslie Bourgeois PUGH (THOMAS AND FAMILY) PAPERS (Mss. #4437) Inventory Compiled by Leslie Bourgeois Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana State University

More information

Manuscript Finding Aid

Manuscript Finding Aid Fairfield Museum and History Center Library 370 Beach Road Fairfield, CT 06824 Manuscript Finding Aid Title: Thorp Family Papers Collection #: Ms 22 Dates: 1749-1938 Size of collection: Accession number:

More information

Civil War Webquest. Civil War. Webquest

Civil War Webquest. Civil War. Webquest Civil War Webquest Introduction: Welcome to the Civil War Webquest. By completing this webquest, you will have viewed many wonderful cites on the Civil War that will teach you many things. Make sure that

More information

Guide to the Adam Philippe, comte de Custine letter of recommendation 1782

Guide to the Adam Philippe, comte de Custine letter of recommendation 1782 Page 1 of 5 Guide to the Adam Philippe, comte de Custine letter of recommendation 1782 50 Bellevue Avenue Newport, RI 02840 Tel: (401) 847-0292 Fax: (401) 841-5680 email: redwood@redwoodlibrary.org Published

More information

Educational Uses for the Oakland County in the Civil War Map

Educational Uses for the Oakland County in the Civil War Map Educational Uses for the Oakland County in the Civil War Map Besides being a beautiful piece of art and a history treasure the Oakland County in the Civil War Map is also an excellent instructional tool.

More information

When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page.

When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page. When you see the pencil appear, fill in the information in red on your infographic guided notes page. Karalynn Tyler 2015 Abe Lincoln S. Douglas John Breckinridge John Bell Since the writing of the Constitution

More information

Camp Niagara A Brief Pictorial Overview

Camp Niagara A Brief Pictorial Overview Camp Niagara A Brief Pictorial Overview Courtesy: H R Oakman ; pub. by Peterborough Post Card Co., Peterborough, Ontario; and Niagara Falls Public Library Canadian Army Training camp, known as Camp Niagara,

More information

The Gettysburg Address. Politics and Slavery, part 7

The Gettysburg Address. Politics and Slavery, part 7 The Gettysburg Address Politics and Slavery, part 7 Abraham Lincoln gives a speech on November 19, 1863 that is shocking and surprising. The speech is called the Gettysburg Address. It happens four months

More information

Freedom Fighters 10 Great Men and Women Who Fought For Freedom, Justice and Civil Rights For African Americans

Freedom Fighters 10 Great Men and Women Who Fought For Freedom, Justice and Civil Rights For African Americans Freedom Fighters 10 Great Men and Women Who Fought For Freedom, Justice and Civil Rights For African Americans William H. Carney (1840-1908) Sergeant William H. Carney was the first African American to

More information

Short Description of Collection

Short Description of Collection The University of Maryland, Baltimore County The Albin O. Kuhn Library & Gallery 1000 Hilltop Circle Baltimore, Maryland 21250 speccoll@umbc.edu O Donnell family papers, 1831-1935 Collection 100 Size of

More information

ENLISTING AFRICAN AMERICANS INTO THE U.S. ARMY

ENLISTING AFRICAN AMERICANS INTO THE U.S. ARMY ENLISTING AFRICAN AMERICANS INTO THE U.S. ARMY Actors Lt. Louis McDonald Lt. Edward Ward Albert Mitchell George Loomis George Johnson Charles Johnson John Cousins Charles Cousins Narrator SETTING: There

More information

Creating America (Survey)

Creating America (Survey) Creating America (Survey) Chapter 7: The American Revolution, 1776-1783 Section 1: The Early Years of the War Main Idea: The American desire to gain rights and liberties led them to fight for independence

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: American Civil War: Battles Have you ever visited a battlefield from the Civil war or any

More information

Samuel S. Kapp Family papers

Samuel S. Kapp Family papers Samuel S. Kapp Family papers 1861-1863, n.d. 1 box (6 folders), 0.2 lin. feet Contact: 1300 Locust Street, Philadelphia, PA 19107 Phone: (215) 732-6200 FAX: (215) 732-2680 http://www.hsp.org Processed

More information

The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868. General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons

The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868. General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons The Civil War and Reconstruction 1860-1868 General Background Knowledge for Political Cartoons Storming the Castle (1860) In order to understand this cartoon, students should know: Who ran in the 1860

More information

A abolition: the end of something, such as slavery

A abolition: the end of something, such as slavery A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z A abolition: the end of something, such as slavery abolitionist: a person who was against slavery; a person who wanted slavery to be against the law,

More information

The American Civil War

The American Civil War The American Civil War The American Civil War By ReadWorks Source: United States Marines The American Civil War lasted from 1861 to 1865. It was the result of a period of many tense years between the Northern

More information

American Revolution Pension Statements

American Revolution Pension Statements American Revolution Pension Statements Pension application of James Withrow S7945 fn37nc Transcribed by Will Graves rev'd 1/24/11 [Methodology: Spelling, punctuation and/or grammar have been corrected

More information

The Civil War Chapter 13 Section 1: The Two Sides

The Civil War Chapter 13 Section 1: The Two Sides The Civil War Chapter 13 Section 1: The Two Sides The Civil War border states US8.10 Students analyze the multiple causes, key events, and complex consequences of the Civil War It was the most devastating

More information

Lecture notes, Chapter 15 1

Lecture notes, Chapter 15 1 Election of Lincoln, 1860 South Carolina draws up secession charter 10 more states follow Confederate States of America Fort Sumpter, S.C. fired upon April 12, 1861 Lincoln calls for 75,000 troops Jefferson

More information

CAMP CARRINGTON COLLECTION,

CAMP CARRINGTON COLLECTION, Collection # M 0885 CAMP CARRINGTON COLLECTION, 1861 1868 Collection Information Historical Sketch Scope and Content Note Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Emily Castle September 2006 Manuscript

More information

BUCKLEY FAMILY LETTERS, 1854 1909

BUCKLEY FAMILY LETTERS, 1854 1909 Collection # M 0769 BUCKLEY FAMILY LETTERS, 1854 1909 Collection Information Biographical Sketch Scope and Content Note Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Paul Brockman 2 April 2002 Updated 18

More information

The John S. Harrison Civil War Letters,

The John S. Harrison Civil War Letters, Repository: Lawrence History Center Accession Number: 2011.039 Creator: John H. Freeman Quantity: 1 Nonstandard Box Processed By: Meghan Bailey Date: August 2012 The John S. Harrison Civil War Letters,

More information

THE ROSANNA A. BLAKE LIBRARY OF CONFEDERATE HISTORY A Undated Holographic Manuscript

THE ROSANNA A. BLAKE LIBRARY OF CONFEDERATE HISTORY A Undated Holographic Manuscript A Undated Holographic Manuscript By Rosanna A. Blake Transcribed and annotated by Jack L. Dickinson, Bibliographer The Rosanna A. Blake Library of Confederate History Marshall University Huntington, west

More information

...as far as Indian operations are concerned, follow them no odds where they go, and if you can come up with them, whip them.

...as far as Indian operations are concerned, follow them no odds where they go, and if you can come up with them, whip them. ...as far as Indian operations are concerned, follow them no odds where they go, and if you can come up with them, whip them. - - Colonel Henry McCulloch, Commander, 1st Texas Mounted Rifles --------------------------------------------------------------------------------

More information

The Bloodiest War Understanding the Civil War

The Bloodiest War Understanding the Civil War The Bloodiest War Understanding the Civil War By Standley Goodwin Marblehead Museum and Historical Society 1 Weapons In the 1840 s and 1850 s the rifle musket was developed. (Rifling is a set of spiral

More information

P2696 1 volume, Civil War Diary, translated into English by Charles John LaVine.

P2696 1 volume, Civil War Diary, translated into English by Charles John LaVine. Roos, Carl, 1805-1889. Carl Roos and Family. Papers, 1848-1965. P2696 1 volume, Civil War Diary, translated into English by Charles John LaVine. M273 3 microfilm reels, positive, made from original papers

More information

GOAL 5 LESSON PLAN HIGH SCHOOL. The Home Front

GOAL 5 LESSON PLAN HIGH SCHOOL. The Home Front GOAL 5 LESSON PLAN HIGH SCHOOL GRADES: High School APPROXIMATE LENGTH OF TIME: 50 minutes GOAL: Students will develop a concept of what life was like for those on the home front and evaluate the role of

More information

T. E. Bennett Aviation Collection MS-318. Paul Laurence Dunbar Library Special Collections and Archives Wright State University

T. E. Bennett Aviation Collection MS-318. Paul Laurence Dunbar Library Special Collections and Archives Wright State University T. E. Bennett Aviation Collection MS-318 Paul Laurence Dunbar Library Special Collections and Archives Wright State University Processed by: John L. Armstrong January 2004 1 INTRODUCTION The T. E. (Thomas

More information

The American Revolutionary War,

The American Revolutionary War, The American Revolutionary War, 1775-1783 The Revolutionary War Topics of Conditions, 1775-1783 I. New England Phase: 1775-1776 II. Middle Atlantic Phase: 1776-1778 III. The French Alliance: 1778 IV. Southern

More information

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES By Ronald E. Fischer

A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES By Ronald E. Fischer A BRIEF HISTORY OF THE MEDAL OF HONOR LEGION OF THE UNITED STATES By Ronald E. Fischer The Medal of Honor Legion was formed on April 24,1890 at Washington. D.C., as both a Veteran, and Hereditary Society

More information

WAR HORSES. The American Revolution

WAR HORSES. The American Revolution WAR HORSES The American Revolution The American Revolution, otherwise known as the Revolutionary War, occurred between 1775 and 1783 between Great Britain and the original thirteen colonies in the Americas.

More information

LINCOLN: A PHOTOBIOGRAPHY

LINCOLN: A PHOTOBIOGRAPHY LINCOLN: BY RUSSELL FREEDMAN Dr. Betty Powers READING RIGHT 2005, 1989 LINCOLN Synopsis This nonfiction book tells about Lincoln s life through pictures and words. It is a personal look at a very public

More information

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date:

World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. Name: Date: World Book Online: The trusted, student-friendly online reference tool. World Book Student Database Name: Date: Find It! American Civil War: Background The Civil War took more American lives than any other

More information

RDFA/018: The Gunning Brothers Collection: Gallipoli and the Somme. Rachel Richardson (11 March 2014)

RDFA/018: The Gunning Brothers Collection: Gallipoli and the Somme. Rachel Richardson (11 March 2014) RDFA/018: The Gunning Brothers Collection: Gallipoli and the Somme Rachel Richardson (11 March 2014) Table of Contents RDFA/018: Collection Level Description 3 RDFA/018/01: The Gunning brothers during

More information

Off To War! Author s Note: Personally, discovering that the Swamp Fox used tactics that were once used on him, is amazing. Fascinating really!

Off To War! Author s Note: Personally, discovering that the Swamp Fox used tactics that were once used on him, is amazing. Fascinating really! SM Francis Marion was born in 1732 in Berkeley County, South Carolina. His family owned a plantation in Berkeley County, and Francis was the youngest of the children. At age 15, young Francis Marion joined

More information

THE JOSEPH J. PENNELL PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION

THE JOSEPH J. PENNELL PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION THE JOSEPH J. PENNELL PHOTOGRAPH COLLECTION Miller and Shoemaker soda fountain, 1899 ^ University of Kansas Libraries ^ HOW TO USE THE COLLECTION The Joseph J. Pennell Photograph Collection is part of

More information

SHARING MASONIC LIGHT

SHARING MASONIC LIGHT 1 SHARING MASONIC LIGHT MASONS AT THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG AND THE MASONIC FRIEND TO FRIEND MONUMENT THE BATTLE OF GETTYSBURG, WHICH TOOK PLACE FROM JULY 1 THROUGH JULY 3, 1863, IS THE MOST FAMOUS, MOST

More information

Jefferson Davis Topic: The Civil War (middle/high school US history)

Jefferson Davis Topic: The Civil War (middle/high school US history) Jefferson Davis Topic: The Civil War (middle/high school US history) by Lodge Jefferson Davis Civil unrest in the land of cotton Circa 1861 Lincoln as chief, the northern states he s gotten To be anti-slave

More information

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings:

Alexander Hamilton Background Information: View of the nature of human beings: Alexander Hamilton Background Information: Alexander Hamilton was born in the British West Indies in 1755, the son of James Hamilton and Rachel Lavine, who were not yet married. Hamilton s father abandoned

More information

JAMES HAGAN AND FAMILY PAPERS (Mss. 1485) Inventory

JAMES HAGAN AND FAMILY PAPERS (Mss. 1485) Inventory See also UPA Microfilm: MF 5735, Series B, Reel 6 JAMES HAGAN AND FAMILY PAPERS (Mss. 1485) Inventory Louisiana and Lower Mississippi Valley Collections Special Collections, Hill Memorial Library Louisiana

More information

Recognizing Military and Nonmilitary Leaders from the North and South During the Civil War. Grade 5 Social Studies Online

Recognizing Military and Nonmilitary Leaders from the North and South During the Civil War. Grade 5 Social Studies Online Recognizing Military and Nonmilitary Leaders from the North and South During the Civil War Grade 5 Social Studies Online Blueprint Sk ill: Recognize military and nonmilitary leaders from the North and

More information

John Brown Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Was John Brown a misguided fanatic?

John Brown Lesson Plan. Central Historical Question: Was John Brown a misguided fanatic? Lesson Plan Central Historical Question: Was a misguided fanatic? Materials: Powerpoint Copies of Timeline Copies of Documents A and B (Document C is optional) Copies of Guiding Questions Plan of Instruction:

More information

In the last issue of NGS Magazine, we learned

In the last issue of NGS Magazine, we learned Compiled Military Service Records Part II: The records outside the CMSR jacket In honor of the sesquicentennial of the American Civil War, this is the fourth in a series of articles about records at the

More information

The Early Families of John A. Windle

The Early Families of John A. Windle The Early Families of John A. Windle 1804-1866 John A Windle, 1842 In 1804 John Adam Windle was born in Shenandoah VA. He was one of the first in our family to drop the spelling of our surname from Wendell

More information

DEVELOPING A FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION A SIMPLE WORKBOOK TO AID REENACTORS IN DEVELOPING A QUALITY FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION

DEVELOPING A FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION A SIMPLE WORKBOOK TO AID REENACTORS IN DEVELOPING A QUALITY FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION DEVELOPING A FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION A SIMPLE WORKBOOK TO AID REENACTORS IN DEVELOPING A QUALITY FIRST-PERSON IMPRESSION " DEVELOPING YOUR FIRST- PERSON IMPRESSION " A WORKBOOK FOR BUILDING A GOOD IMPRESSION

More information

Booklet Number 112 SYDNEY MERCER-SMITH

Booklet Number 112 SYDNEY MERCER-SMITH Booklet Number 112 SYDNEY MERCER-SMITH 1894-1975 This booklet remains the property of Saint Andrew s Uniting Church. Please see a Guide if you would like a copy. . Saint Andrew s Uniting Church Corner

More information

Transportation in the Colonies Lesson Plan

Transportation in the Colonies Lesson Plan The Menokin Foundation; www.menokin.org; Menokin@menokin.org; 804/333-1776 Transportation in the Colonies Lesson Plan SOL US1.5bc: Life in the Colonies SOL US1.6ab Lesson Question: As we examine the journey

More information

MAJOR GENERAL SAMUEL HOPKINS TRANSCIPT OF ORDERS, 1812

MAJOR GENERAL SAMUEL HOPKINS TRANSCIPT OF ORDERS, 1812 Collection # BV 2563 SC 3099 MAJOR GENERAL SAMUEL HOPKINS TRANSCIPT OF ORDERS, 1812 Collection Information Biographical Sketch Scope and Content Note Contents Cataloging Information Processed by Charles

More information

Eva O Hara - Wicklow

Eva O Hara - Wicklow Eva O Hara - Wicklow James Joseph Lawless was born in Greystones, Co. Wicklow in 1890. Son of Andrew and Mary Lawless, he was one of Six children Annie, Ellen, Thomas, Bessie and Susan. According to the

More information

Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles

Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles Chapter 11 Section 1 Resources, Strategies, and Early Battles How did each side s resources and strategies affect the early battles of the war? When the Civil War began, the North and South each had important

More information

Dr. Carl M. Peterson Collection (AC29)

Dr. Carl M. Peterson Collection (AC29) Dr. Carl M. Peterson Collection (AC29) Introduction The Dr. Carl M. Peterson Collection contains documents and photographs relating to the life and career of Dr. Carl M. Peterson and the founding and business

More information

The Civil War Begins. A. As you read about the outbreak of the Civil War, summarize the advantages held by each side at the time war was declared.

The Civil War Begins. A. As you read about the outbreak of the Civil War, summarize the advantages held by each side at the time war was declared. GUIDED READING The Civil War Begins A. As you read about the outbreak of the Civil War, summarize the advantages held by each side at the time war was declared. 1. What advantages did the Union have? 2.

More information

A Mary Todd Lincoln House Guide for Kids A HOUSE DIVIDED. Discover the stories of Abraham Lincoln s southern relatives the Todds of Kentucky!

A Mary Todd Lincoln House Guide for Kids A HOUSE DIVIDED. Discover the stories of Abraham Lincoln s southern relatives the Todds of Kentucky! A Mary Todd Lincoln House Guide for Kids A HOUSE DIVIDED Discover the stories of Abraham Lincoln s southern relatives the Todds of! Who Was President? It was a cold winter day in 1863. The Lincolns were

More information

Chester Lee Harris A Finding Aid to the Chester Lee Harris papers, 1884-2001, Anacostia Community Museum Archives by Anna Wada June 2010

Chester Lee Harris A Finding Aid to the Chester Lee Harris papers, 1884-2001, Anacostia Community Museum Archives by Anna Wada June 2010 Chester Lee Harris A Finding Aid to the Chester Lee Harris papers, 1884-001, Anacostia Community Museum Archives by Anna Wada June 010 Contact Information Anacostia Community Museum Archives Smithsonian

More information

Standards Correlation. Common Core State Standards. Grade 4

Standards Correlation. Common Core State Standards. Grade 4 Civil War White House Overview of Program s Standards and Objectives (Pre-lesson begins on p. 4) Grade Levels: 4-6 Summary: What would it have been like to live and work in Washington, D.C. during the

More information

Gave African Americans citizenship and due process. 14th Amendment. Gave African Americans the right to vote. 15th Amendment

Gave African Americans citizenship and due process. 14th Amendment. Gave African Americans the right to vote. 15th Amendment 13th Amendment Freed slaves 14th Amendment Gave African Americans citizenship and due process 15th Amendment Gave African Americans the right to vote abolitionist a person who wants to end slavery Abraham

More information

Unit: The Civil War: Up Close and Personal Lesson Title: A Picture: Worth One Thousand Words?

Unit: The Civil War: Up Close and Personal Lesson Title: A Picture: Worth One Thousand Words? Unit: The Civil War: Up Close and Personal Lesson Title: A Picture: Worth One Thousand Words? Grade level: Upper elementary Estimated time: Two class periods Specific topics: Photo analysis and Civil War

More information

Though the Emancipation Proclamation did not truly free all African

Though the Emancipation Proclamation did not truly free all African Though the Emancipation Proclamation did not truly free all African American slaves, it did encourage many African Americans to take advantage of one important freedom to serve in military forces. The

More information

Read & annotate first page of primary source handout on Lincoln s evolving views regarding slavery. Be ready to discuss how documents show a

Read & annotate first page of primary source handout on Lincoln s evolving views regarding slavery. Be ready to discuss how documents show a Read & annotate first page of primary source handout on Lincoln s evolving views regarding slavery. Be ready to discuss how documents show a combination of political pragmatism & moral belief The Civil

More information

George Washington Teachers Institute Lesson Plan

George Washington Teachers Institute Lesson Plan George Washington Teachers Institute Lesson Plan Teacher Name and State: Carol Thornton, Maryland Lesson Title: Picturing History: Images of the American Revolution Intended Grade Level: Upper Elementary

More information

GRUNDY, FELIX PAPERS 1820-1840

GRUNDY, FELIX PAPERS 1820-1840 State of Tennessee Department of State Tennessee State Library and Archives 403 Seventh Avenue North Nashville, Tennessee 37243-0312 GRUNDY, FELIX PAPERS 1820-1840 Processed by: Harriet Chappell Owsley

More information

Section 1: The Civil War Begins The secession of Southern states cause the North and the South to take up arms.

Section 1: The Civil War Begins The secession of Southern states cause the North and the South to take up arms. Chapter 11: The Civil War In the bloody Civil War, Union forces devastate the South and defeat the Confederacy. President Lincoln narrowly wins reelection, but is assassinated as the war ends. Section

More information

The Captain Jack D. Gordon Collection. An Inventory of the Collection at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library

The Captain Jack D. Gordon Collection. An Inventory of the Collection at the Pritzker Military Museum & Library Pritzker Military Museum & Library 104 S Michigan Ave., 2 nd Floor, Chicago, IL 60603 312-374-9333 www.pritzkermilitary.org librarian@pritzkermilitary.org The Captain Jack D. Gordon Collection An Inventory

More information

Chapter 18. The Civil War- Section 1

Chapter 18. The Civil War- Section 1 Chapter 18 The Civil War- Section 1 The War begins- on March 4, 1861, Abraham Lincoln insisted that the Union was indivisible and that secession was unconstitutional. When Lincoln spoke of federal property,

More information

The battle of Gettysburg

The battle of Gettysburg Table of content 1.) all about the battle of gettysburg 2.) All about the nurses 3.) the most important people in the battle of gettysburg 4.) all about the weapons 5.) the GettysBurg Address The battle

More information