# Hogeschool Rotterdam Keuzevak Automotive Design by Maarten Beerten

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1 PACKAGING DESIGN NL Deze tutorial is geschreven door Maarten Beerten voor het keuzevak Automotive Design. Hij zal worden toegelicht in het Engels. Er zal simpel beschreven worden hoe een basis voor een packaging kan worden opgesteld, en dit kan zo uitgebreid gedaan worden als jezelf nodig acht. Om een goede packaging te kunnen tekenen heb je A3 papier (of A4) nodig, een passer, een liniaal en een geodriehoek. EN This tutorial is written by Maarten Beerten for Automotive Design. This tutorial will be in English. In this tutorial I will explain how to draw a basic packaging. You can make the packaging as detailed as you wish. You need A3 paper (or A4), a compass, a ruler and a set square. The important part for this tutorial is having knowledge about the vehicle group you want to design. So for instants a new: Vauxhall Corsa Vauxhall Astra Competitors Volkswagen Polo, Seat Ibiza, Dacia Sandero, Skoda Fabia Volkswagen Golf, Renault Megane, BMW 1 serie So to be in a class you need to have accurate information about the vehicle class you are aiming for. There are plenty of websites to find accurate information about these kinds of cars. In the Netherlands I will advise than use the carbase they have, (autoweek.nl nieuwe auto s auto s vergelijken) see page 3. You can than check all specifications from different models and compare them. You can also see different options like the number of airbags or if air-conditioning is standard or not. An important note for this tutorial is how to calculate some of the sizes, and how to scale the car for your paper. For this tutorial I used an Alfa Romeo 159 which I want to redesign and make electric. My competition are the: Length Width height wheel size weight Vauxhall Insignia /55R BMW M /55R Volkswagen Passat /45R Alfa Romeo /55R So now we see our first small obstacle, what is our wheel size in mm? We can use the following calculation: Diameter of the rim in mm + ((height of the side wall of the tire) * 2)= the wheel size in mm. So what is what? 215 is the width of the tire (you need this for the top view drawing) 55 is a percentage (%) of the width of the tire and the tire height R16 is the diameter of the rim in inches - 1 -

2 So now the calculation goes as follows 16 inch needs to become mm so = 16*25,4= 406,4mm (so 40,6cm) Than we need to calculate the height*, so = (215*0,55) 118,25mm (so 11,8cm) But now we only calculated one side wall, and we need two so * 2 (16*25,4)+((215*0,55)*2)=642,9mm (so 64cm) * Because the height is a percentage of the width, we do the following: The height is 55% of the width, the width is 215mm so 215/100= 2,15 (1% of the width)*55%=118,25mm, we can also write this as 215*0,55=118,25mm. So now we know the tire size in mm, we know the wheel base, we know the length and the width and we know the height, with this basic parameters we can now start to set out our box design. We start with a base line. If you work close to the edge, you can make your side view and top view on one page. If you work on A3 it is probably best to work on 75% scale, so all sizes you need to do *0,75% Length 100% is: *75% is: Length 4661mm 3495,75mm 35cm on paper (so perfect for A3 paper which is 42cm) Height 1422mm 1066,5mm 10,7cm on paper Width 1830mm 1372,5mm 13,7cm on paper Wheelbase 2700mm 2025mm 20,25cm on paper Wheel size 642,9mm 482,175mm 4,8cm on paper If you work on A4 Paper you can work 1:20* so than the size will be as followed: Length 100% is: *50% is: Length 4661mm 2330,5mm 23,3cm on paper Height 1422mm 711mm 7,1cm on paper Width 1830mm 915mm 9,15cm on paper Wheelbase 2700mm 1350mm 13,5cm on paper Wheel size 642,9mm 321,45mm 3,2cm on paper * delen door 2 en keer 0,5 is het zelfde vandaar dat de schaal van 1:20 (/2) het zelfde is als *0,50%. * dividing by 2 is the same as * 0,5 so /2 or *0,5 the answer is the same

3 This is the specification lists you can find on autoweek.nl to get the information for your vehicle you need. (Autoweek.nl Nieuwe auto s Auto s vergelijken)

4 It is also important to know the front overhang and rear overhang of the car. The total length of this particular car is 4661mm, and the wheel base is 2700mm so there is 1961mm left which hangs over the front and over the rear. (The front and rear overhang is seen from the centre of the front wheel forwards for the front overhang, and from the centre of the rear wheel and backwards for the rear overhang). Source: In the picture from the side we can see that the front overhang is larger than the rear overhang, so something like 1100mm in the front and about 861mm rear overhang. With this information we can start our drawing. I will keep some extra space so I can vary a little with the sizes. (If you re-design a car, a little bit size difference can be allowed, but be shure to keep the head room in mind this is probably the most important measurement). (If you are redesigning an older car, like a car from the 60 for instants, look at competitors of this era so you know the size you need to use. This is because cars are larger than they used to be, because people are bigger, and there are more safety regulations (for crumpling zones for instants)). Because I need to be able to scan my packaging drawings I work on A4 for this occasion. Normally I work with A3 paper and depending on the vehicle size I work on 10% or with the 0,75% rule I just explained

5 1 Height line for the wheels 2 Height line for the roof 3 length for the wheel base 4 Width for the top of the car 5 Surface of the top view (light blue) 6 Surface for the side view (light blue) In the drawing above the text is the base for the packaging, I started with an outline of 1cm/10mm. There for I have now enough room to put the side view and top view on one page. Next step is the marking of the height for the wheels and the roof. Next I put in the wheel base. As I said I want to keep a little extra room for the front and rear overhang, so I took 1,2meters, so 6cm of space in the front for the front overhang and 1,1meters in the back, so 5,5cm for the rear overhang. Next I drew in the width of the car two cm above the side view. The car is 1830mm wide so 9,15cm in the drawing. (A funny fact you can see from this information is that this is a design car, so the try to stay as close as possible to the design rules of 2 wheels high and 7 to 7,5 wheels long to create a perfect balanced design) ( height 1422mm/642,9mm=2,2 length 4661/642,9=7,25 wheels) - 5 -

6 Here is the next stage. The first thing that I did was draw the wheels in side view and in top view. (the tire is a 215/55R16, so 215 is the width of the tire, /2 is 11mm in the drawing). The next step is that I drew in the normal ground clearance, which is 160mm /2 is 8mm. Now I draw the people in. I accidently put them a bit to far forward for this vehicle. But it is all about the idea in this case. For the head, back and butt I take a minimum length of 850mm so 4,25mm than the legs twice 2,25mm. See that I put the people a bit higher in the vehicle so the legs are in normal angle. If you drop the butt of the persons the roof can become lower, but the back needs to go backwards so the room to house one person becomes bigger. But this depends on the car your designing. Being able to entre this car quit normally is important in this type of vehicle. In a Ferrari the entering and sitting position can be a bit more challenging. Finally I drew some simple sight lines in the car, a downward angle of at least 4 degrees needs to be possible, and for the top I took a minimum of 17 degrees

7 The next step is to draw in some of the important parts. As I said I want to make a electric vehicle, so no big engine in the front, but a big battery pack in the centre of the car. A much smaller electrical engine, and differential on the front axel. I put the tires in green so they are clear as well. Finally you can also see the position of the persons in the top and side view. Please keep in mind that every thing you do is correct size wise! - 7 -

8 The last thing that I do is draw in the body design from the side and the top. It is not a very nice design or any thing, it is just to show you how it basically works. When you designed you body over your packaging, you can also mark your interior, suspension, spare tire, chairs etc. Finally I always try to draw in some of the air flow lines to show how the basic aerodynamics should be. For this car you can see they are not practically good. But as said before, this is just an example. Now you can do the same for the front and rear view. As you see I only drew the half of the top view, you can make the other half easily in Photoshop, the same goes for the front and the rear view. In Photoshop you can easily mirror half of your car. When you have this, and you worked nicely with the measurements, you will be able to make accurate 3D drawings, or make computer models. Also when you have the interior measurements you can design your interior. See my other tutorials ad Maycodesign.nl or Maycodesign.com / Tutorials to view design rules or how to draw in 3D. Remember I only show you the basics because these tutorials are for the design classes I teach. If you want more detailed information please contact me or watch tutorials on youtube.com. GOOD LUCK! - 8 -

This tutorial is presented to you by Maarten Beerten. www.maycodesign.nl maarten@maycodesign.nl In this tutorial I am going to show you how to draw the inside of a car. Drawing the inside of a car is quite

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