Profiles & Sections: Applications

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1 Off-Site October 2008 Profiles & Sections: Applications Mezzanine Floors Low Energy - Low Carbon Buildings

2 Contents Introduction The Sigma Advantage Applications, Infill/Oversail Sigma Offer/C Section Offer Web Cleats Top Cleats - Tie Bars - Decking Load Spans/Deflection Details Kingspan MezaLite 300 Floor System Introduction Kingspan Off-Site Profiles & Sections has gained its reputation by continually exceeding its customers expectations. To be successful in the future, Kingspan Off-Site recognises the need to constantly develop and to add value at all stages of the customer relationship. Kingspan Off-Site aims to work with like-minded organisations, helping them to develop their own businesses by contributing in three key areas: Design Creativity - delivering systems that push the conventional. Quality Systems - that are quick and simple to install incorporating lean manufacturing costs to deliver Affordability - for all sections of the market. Kingspan Off-Site Profiles & Sections form genuine partnerships with customers, which is why they do not just think of Kingspan as a supplier, but as an integral member of the team. 2

3 3 Introduction

4 Kingspan Off-Site Profiles & Sections has developed a range of storage handling and distribution solutions in conjunction with the University of Cambridge to challenge the conventional use of steel and concrete in providing storage solutions. 4

5 The Sigma Advantage Using extensive theoretical analysis and testing, an in-depth study into the strength-to-weight ratio of profiled cold rolled steel sections was conducted. It was discovered that the profile of the web and flange can significantly increase the stress limit, thereby achieving an optimum bending strength with thinner gauge materials and stiffness of sections. The Sigma Advantage The advantages are immediately apparent with: Lighter gauge sections providing simpler on-site handling, longer spans can be achieved with lighter gauge sections providing cost savings: in the material, reducing the number of hot rolled sections required increases floor space available to the end users. The Kingspan products provide solutions that can offer significant cost savings over other conventional designs. C Section Where floor spans are already fixed and the beam profile has already been determined, Kingspan offers a range of standard C section beams incorporated within the Sigma software which is available free of charge upon request by calling or by ing C/C=600 Def=L/200, DL=0.35 kn/m KS KS KS KS Imposed Load (kn/ m 2 ) Span of Beam (m) The graph above clearly demonstrates the ability of the Sigma beams to carry loads for spans up to 8m. 5

6 Applications, Infill/Oversail The Kingspan Sigma and C section beams offer unrivalled span performance for SHD applications including:- Mezzanine platforms Modular and portable buildings Storage & work areas Building applications include: Offices Retail Units Distribution warehouses Industrial units Refurbishment projects Kingspan Sigma and C section beams all have the following features: Detailed design to BS5950:1998 part 5 and SCI design guide P125 supported by testing authenticated by the SCI Quality assured to BSEN ISO Detailed design in 3D modelling software by AdvanceSteel and MultiSteel Hot dipped galvanised steel to BSEN10326:2004, grade S390GD, coating Z275 Kingspan MezaLite 300 floor system provides the full cold formed steel floor solution up to 4.5 m x 4.5 m with normal mezzanine floor loading conditions Beam Fixing Options Infill Oversail Inset Sigma beam with the profiled cleat Oversail Sigma beam with cleats 6

7 Applications, Infill/Oversail The Kingspan Sigma and C section beams offer unrivalled span performance for SHD applications 7

8 Sigma Offer Section Dimensions Section D C I T (min) Reference mm mm mm mm KS15070xx KS20070xx KS225100xx KS250100xx KS275100xx KS300100xx Section Reference: KSxxxxxxxx = KS (for Sigma) - Web Depth (mm) - Flange Width (mm) - 10 x Thickness (mm). KS225100xx D KS15070xx KS250100xx KS20070xx D KS275100xx C KS300100xx 2ØI Section Properties T Section t Weight Area I xx I yy Z xx Z yy r xx r yy x cg I xr Z xr Reference mm Kg/m mm 2 cm 4 cm 4 cm 3 cm 3 cm cm mm cm 4 cm 3 KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS

9 C Section Offer Section Dimensions Sigma Offer/C Section Offer Section D F L C I T(min) Reference mm mm mm mm mm mm KC12763xx KC15070xx KC16563xx KC20070xx KC22570xx KC25070xx Section Reference: KCxxxxxxxx = KC (for C Section) - Web Depth (mm) - Flange Width (mm) - 10 x Thickness (mm). 2ØI D C F L C Section Properties T Section t Weight Area I xx I yy Z xx Z yy r xx r yy x cg I xr Z xr Reference mm Kg/m mm 2 cm 4 cm 4 cm 3 cm 3 cm cm mm cm 4 cm 3 KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC KC

10 Web Cleats Designed to provide additional rigidity for the sigma beam and standard C se beams the profiled cleats offer a further enhancement to the Sigma offer. Kingspan Off-Site Web Cleat for C And Sigma Sections: Q max = 105mm Cleat Ref Web Depth A B C D E F G H I Bolt mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm PC150W3B M12 PC200W3B M12 PC225W3B M16 PC250W3B M16 PC275W3B M16 PC300W3B M16 Note: PC150W3B cleat is also applicable for KC16563xx beams 4mm Q 5mm ØI A D G H E B F C Permissible Kingspan Off-Site Sigma Beam Combination Beam B Beam A KC150 KS150 KC200 KS200 KC225 KS225 KC250 KS250 KS275 KS300 KC150 Y Y Y KS150 Y Y Y KC200 Y Y KS200 Y Y Y Y KC225 Y Y Y Y KS225 Y Y Y Y KC250 Y Y Y KS250 Y Y Y KS275 Y Y Y KS300 Y Y Y Y Y Notes: 1) The above beam combination is based on the standard beam hole location. 2) Hole location for Sigma beam is unchangeable. 3) Hole location for C beam is flexible, it can be changed based on design, so more beam combinations may be found if the hole location of C beam is changed. Span Span In secondary beam design, the span is specified as hole to hole distance of the beam. 10

11 ction Web Cleats Kingspan Off-Site Flat Cleat for KC12763xx Beam Cleat Ref Web Depth A B C D E F G H I Bolt mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm FC127W4A M12 A D H E B ØI G F C Web Cleat for Kingspan MezaLite 300 Floor System (PC300PRS) M12 M16 3 Ø M Ø Web Cleat for the Composite Cleats of Kingspan MezaLite 300 Floor System (PC300CAN) Ø18 Ø5 11

12 Top Cleats - Tie Bars - Decking Kingspan Off-Site Top Cleat Cleat Ref Web Depth A B C D E F G H I J Bolt mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm FC150T M12 FC200T M12 G C F ØI FC225T M16 FC250T M16 FC275T M16 FC300T M16 E B J A D H F 12

13 Top Cleats - Tie Bars - Decking Tie Bars and Decking When the floor is designed using Sigma sections with 100 mm legs, the centre line of the wider flat part (70 mm) of flange should be taken as the centre of the secondary beam, so the end of the decking boards should meet at the centre of the wider flat part of the flange rather than the centre of the whole flange as correctly shown in the figure on the right. In the floor design, the beam is fully laterally restrained by decking boards and tie bars. The decking board fixed on the top flange with fixings spaced less than 1.2 m provide sufficient lateral support. For spans over 3.0 m, one tie bar must be used at a middle span location to the lower web holes of facing sections. When spans exceed 6.0 m, two tie bars must be used at a third of the span. Tie Bars Beam Centres Length of Bar (mm) (mm)

14 Load Spans/Deflection Details Safe Load of Sigma Beams for Single Span (kn/m 2 ) Deflection L/200 Deflection L/300 Deflection L/360 Centres, in mm Centres, in mm Centres, in mm Span Section Weight mm Reference kg/m mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm 3000 KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS

15 Safe Load of Sigma Beams for Single Span (kn/m 2 ) Load Spans/Deflection Details Deflection L/200 Deflection L/300 Deflection L/360 Centres, in mm Centres, in mm Centres, in mm Span Section Weight mm Reference kg/m mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm mm 7000 KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS KS Note: The section properties and load properties within this brochure are in accordance with BS5950: Part 5:1998. The load tables are valid assuming:- Safe loads are uniformly distributed live (imposed) loads only, determined by the ultimate load capacity of the beam by a factor of 1.6 or by limiting deflection as stated. A dead load allowance of 0.35 kn/m 2 for decking and beams has been used in their evaluation. Top (Compression) flange is adequately restrained by decking/fixings. Tie bars are required for spans over 3000 mm. C section span load tables and other Sigma spans not listed please contact the Kingspan Sales team for a free copy of the Sigma calculation software. 15

16 Kingspan MezaLite 300 Floor System Kingspan MezaLite 300 floor system is a mezzanine floor solution using cold formed steel sections for both primary and secondary beams. In the Kingspan MezaLite 300 system, Sigma 300 beams are taken as the primary beam, replacing conventional hot rolled beams, and the secondary beam can be KS/KC150/200 or KS300 dependent on loading conditions. Both primary beam and secondary beam can be designed using Kingspan Off-Site Profiles & Sections beam design software. Primary Beam Beam Layout Ø Cleat Hole Location on Primary Beam 25 Tie Bar for Primary Beam One pair of tie bars are used at the middle of primary beams between the columns, however it is recommended that the fixing holes coincide with the cleat holes of the nearest to the middle the beam, in that case, the long cleat bolt (M16) can be taken as cleat connection bolts and tie bars to replace M12 tie bars. M12x180 M16 Primary Beam Cantilever N If cantilever arrangement as specified above, the primary beam can be designed based on single span design condition. The max cantilever length is N < Span/6. One tie bar is used for a pair of beam at the end of cantilever. 4 off M18 bolts used for the connection between the column and cantilever primary beam. 16

17 Kingspan MezaLite 300 Kingspan MezaLite 300 floor system is a mezzanine floor solution using cold formed steel sections for both primary and secondary beams. Secondary Beam Using the KS300 as the primary beam, three beam ranges, KS/KC150/200 or KS300 can be used as secondary beams. For KS/KC150/200, a dedicated cleat PC300PRS is used for the connection between primary beam KS300 and secondary beams KS/KC150/200, the distance of the cleat holes to the end of beam is 20 mm. 74 or or 200 Ø If a KS300 is used as the secondary beam, PC300W3B is used and the distance of the cleat holes to the end of beam is 25 mm Ø

18 Kingspan MezaLite 300 Floor System Composite Cantilever Cleat A cantilever option can be formed using composite cleats as generally detailed in the layout below. M16 Bolt with 8.8 Grade 192 PC300W3B Secondary Beam No.12 Tek Screw 25 mm long PC300PRS M16 Long Bolt Column PC300CAN Main Beam with 25 Spacing Lc/2 Lc Actual Loading on Composite Cantilever Cleat Along secondary beam direction, the cantilever can be created by composite cleat and primary beam. The composite cleat can be built up using 2 off PC300W3B and 1 off PC300CAN cleats connected by 4 off M16 bolts with 8.8 grade and 4 off No 12 Tek screws located next to the bolts. Composite cleats must be connected to the column directly through the primary beam. The cantilever length is adjustable when picking up different holes on PC300CAN cleat. So the total length can be changed from 320 mm to 470 mm with 25 mm spacing. Based on the arrangement detail shown in above figure, the composite cantilever cleat only support half loading subjected on the deck board above the cantilever, which can be design by Kingspan Off-Site beam design software. Section properties of the composite cleats are shown in the table opposite. 18

19 Kingspan MezaLite 300 Section Properties of Composite Cleat Component Total Bending Full Area Reduced Area Length Strength Moment Moment PC300W3B PC300CAN M16 No12 Lc Mc Ixx Bolt Tek Screw (mm) (kn.m) (cm 4 ) (cm 4 ) with 25 Spacing M16 with 8.8 Grade No.12 Tek Screw 25 mm long Ø Material Specification The sections presented above are manufactured from pre hot dipped galvanised steel to BS EN 10326:2004, grade S390GD, coating Z275. with a minimum guaranteed yield strength 390 N/mm 2. Tie Bars: M12 dia mild steel rod or studding, each complete with four nuts and washers. Studding is zinc plated and threaded full length. Cleats: 3 or 4 mm cleat: hot dipped galvanised steel to BS EN 10326:2004, S350GD, coating Z275 with a guaranteed minimum yield strength, 350 N/mm 2. All bolts used for cleats are grade

20 Kingspan Off-Site Manor Works, Pleck Road, Walsall WS2 9ES Telephone: +44 (0) Fax: +44 (0) SIGMA06.07B Registered in England & Wales No This brochure is printed on paper made from 80% post-consumer waste and 20% virgin pulp which is Forest Stewardship Council (FSC) certified.

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