# Georgia Standards of Excellence Curriculum Map. Mathematics. GSE Algebra I

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1 Georgia Standards of Excellence Curriculum Map Mathematics GSE Algebra I These materials are for nonprofit educational purposes only. Any other use may constitute copyright infringement.

2 Georgia Department of Education GSE Algebra I Curriculum Map 1 st Semester 2 nd Semester Unit 1 (4 5 weeks) Relationships Between Quantities and Expressions MGSE9-12.N.RN.2 MGSE9-12.N.RN.3 MGSE9-12.N.Q.1 MGSE9-12.N.Q.2 MGSE9-12.N.Q.3 MGSE9-12.A.SSE.1 MGSE9-12.A.SSE.1a MGSE9-12.A.SSE.1b MGSE9-12.A.APR.1 Unit 2 (4 5 weeks) Reasoning with Linear Equations and Inequalities MGSE9-12.A.CED.1 MGSE9-12.A.CED.2 MGSE9-12.A.CED.3 MGSE9-12.A.CED.4 MGSE9-12.A.REI.1 MGSE9-12.A.REI.3 MGSE9-12.A.REI.5 MGSE9-12.A.REI.6 MGSE9-12.A.REI.10 MGSE9-12.A.REI.11 MGSE9-12.A.REI.12 MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 MGSE9-12.F.BF.1a MGSE9-12.F.BF.2 MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 MGSE9-12.F.IF.3 MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7a MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Unit 3 (6 7 weeks) Modeling and Analyzing Quadratic Functions MGSE9-12.A.SSE.2 MGSE9-12.A.SSE.3 MGSE9-12.A.SSE.3a MGSE9-12.A.SSE.3b MGSE9-12.A.CED.1 MGSE9-12.A.CED.2 MGSE9-12.A.CED.4 MGSE9-12.A.REI.4 MGSE9-12.A.REI.4a MGSE9-12.A.REI.4b MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7a MGSE9-12.F.IF.8 MGSE9-12.F.IF.8a MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Unit 4 (5 6 weeks) Modeling and Analyzing Exponential Functions MGSE9-12.A.CED.1 MGSE9-12.A.CED.2 MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 MGSE9-12.F.BF.1a MGSE9-12.F.BF.2 MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 MGSE9-12.F.IF.3 MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7e MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Unit 5 (4 5 weeks) Comparing and Contrasting Functions MGSE9-12.F.LE.1 MGSE9-12.F.LE.1a MGSE9-12.F.LE.1b MGSE9-12.F.LE.1c MGSE9-12.F.LE.2 MGSE9-12.F.LE.3 MGSE9-12.F.LE.5 MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Unit 6 (4 5 weeks) Describing Data MGSE9-12.S.ID.1 MGSE9-12.S.ID.2 MGSE9-12.S.ID.3 MGSE9-12.S.ID.5 MGSE9-12.S.ID.6 MGSE9-12.S.ID.6a MGSE9-12.S.ID.6c MGSE9-12.S.ID.7 MGSE9-12.S.ID.8 MGSE9-12.S.ID.9 These units were written to build upon concepts from prior units, so later units contain tasks that depend upon the concepts addressed in earlier units. All units will include the Mathematical Practices and indicate skills to maintain. NOTE: Mathematical standards are interwoven and should be addressed throughout the year in as many different units and tasks as possible in order to stress the natural connections that exist among mathematical topics. Grade 9-12 Key: Number and Quantity Strand: RN = The Real Number System, Q = Quantities, CN = Complex Number System, VM = Vector and Matrix Quantities Algebra Strand: SSE = Seeing Structure in Expressions, APR = Arithmetic with Polynomial and Rational Expressions, CED = Creating Equations, REI = Reasoning with Equations and Inequalities Functions Strand: IF = Interpreting Functions, LE = Linear and Exponential Models, BF = Building Functions, TF = Trigonometric Functions Geometry Strand: CO = Congruence, SRT = Similarity, Right Triangles, and Trigonometry, C = Circles, GPE = Expressing Geometric Properties with Equations, GMD = Geometric Measurement and Dimension, MG = Modeling with Geometry Statistics and Probability Strand: ID = Interpreting Categorical and Quantitative Data, IC = Making Inferences and Justifying Conclusions, CP = Conditional Probability and the Rules of Probability, MD = Using Probability to Make Decisions July 2016 Page 2 of 8

5 or expressions with multiple terms and/or factors, interpret the meaning (in context) of individual terms or factors. Perform arithmetic operations on polynomials. MGSE9-12.A.APR.1 Add, subtract, and multiply polynomials; understand that polynomials form a system analogous to the integers in that they are closed under these operations. Georgia Department of Education Represent and solve equations and inequalities graphically. MGSE9-12.A.REI.10 Understand that the graph of an equation in two variables is the set of all its solutions plotted in the coordinate plane. MGSE9-12.A.REI.11 Using graphs, tables, or successive approximations, show that the solution to the equation f(x) = g(x) is the x-value where the y-values of f(x) and g(x) are the same. MGSE9-12.A.REI.12 Graph the solution set to a linear inequality in two variables. Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities. MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. MGSE9-12.F.BF.1a Determine an explicit expression and the recursive process (steps for calculation) from context. For example, if Jimmy starts out with \$15 and earns \$2 a day, the explicit expression 2x+15 can be described recursively (either in writing or verbally) as to find out how much money Jimmy will have tomorrow, you add \$2 to his total today. Jn = Jn 1+ 2, J0 = 15 MGSE9-12.F.BF.2 Write arithmetic and geometric sequences recursively and explicitly, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms. Connect arithmetic sequences to linear functions and geometric sequences to exponential functions. Understand the concept of a function and use function notation. MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 Understand that a function from one set (the input, called the domain) to another set (the output, called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range, i.e. each input value maps to exactly one output value. If f is a function, x is the input (an element of the domain), and f(x) is the output (an element of the range). Graphically, the graph is y = f(x). MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.3 Recognize that sequences are functions, sometimes defined recursively, whose domain is a subset of the integers. (Generally, the scope of high school math defines this subset as the set of natural numbers 1,2,3,4...) By graphing or calculating terms, students should be able to show how the recursive sequence a 1 =7, a n =a n-1 +2; the sequence s n = 2(n-1) + 7; and the function f(x) = 2x + 5 (when x is a natural number) all define the same sequence. Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 Using tables, graphs, and verbal descriptions, interpret the key characteristics of a function July 2016 Page 5 of 8 ax 2 + bx + c = 0. MGSE9-12.A.REI.4b Solve quadratic equations by inspection (e.g., for x 2 = 49), taking square roots, factoring, completing the square, and the quadratic formula, as appropriate to the initial form of the equation (limit to real number solutions). Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities. MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. Build new functions from existing functions. MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them. Understand the concept of a function and use function notation. MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 Understand that a function from one set (the input, called the domain) to another set (the output, called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range, i.e. each input value maps to exactly one output value. If f is a function, x is the input (an element of the domain), and f(x) is the output (an element of the range). Graphically, the graph is y = f(x). MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 Using tables, graphs, and verbal descriptions, interpret the key characteristics of a function which models the relationship between two quantities. Sketch a graph showing key features including: intercepts; interval where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example, if the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function. MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Analyze functions using different representations. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 Graph functions expressed algebraically and show key features of the graph both by hand and by using

6 Georgia Department of Education which models the relationship between two quantities. Sketch a graph showing key features including: intercepts; interval where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example, if the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function. MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Analyze functions using different representations. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 Graph functions expressed algebraically and show key features of the graph both by hand and by using technology. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7a Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima (as determined by the function or by context). MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example, given a graph of one function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum. technology. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7a Graph linear and quadratic functions and show intercepts, maxima, and minima (as determined by the function or by context). MGSE9-12.F.IF.8 Write a function defined by an expression in different but equivalent forms to reveal and explain different properties of the function. MGSE9-12.F.IF.8a Use the process of factoring and completing the square in a quadratic function to show zeros, extreme values, and symmetry of the graph, and interpret these in terms of a context. For example, compare and contrast quadratic functions in standard, vertex, and intercept forms. MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example, given a graph of one function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum. July 2016 Page 6 of 8

7 1 Make sense of problems and persevere in solving them. 2 Reason abstractly and quantitatively. 3 Construct viable arguments and critique the reasoning of others. 4 Model with mathematics. Georgia Department of Education GSE Algebra I Expanded Curriculum Map 2 nd Semester Standards for Mathematical Practice 5 Use appropriate tools strategically. 6 Attend to precision. 7 Look for and make use of structure. 8 Look for and express regularity in repeated reasoning. 2 nd Semester Unit 4 Unit 5 Unit 6 Modeling and Analyzing Exponential Functions Comparing and Contrasting Functions Describing Data Create equations that describe numbers or relationships. MGSE9-12.A.CED.1 Create equations and inequalities in one variable and use them to solve problems. Include equations arising from linear, quadratic, simple rational, and exponential functions (integer inputs only). MGSE9-12.A.CED.2 Create linear, quadratic, and exponential equations in two or more variables to represent relationships between quantities; graph equations on coordinate axes with labels and scales. (The phrase in two or more variables refers to formulas like the compound interest formula, in which A = P(1 + r/n) nt has multiple variables.) Build a function that models a relationship between two quantities. MGSE9-12.F.BF.1 Write a function that describes a relationship between two quantities. MGSE9-12.F.BF.1a Determine an explicit expression and the recursive process (steps for calculation) from context. For example, if Jimmy starts out with \$15 and earns \$2 a day, the explicit expression 2x+15 can be described recursively (either in writing or verbally) as to find out how much money Jimmy will have tomorrow, you add \$2 to his total today. J = J + 2, J = 15 n n 1 0 MGSE9-12.F.BF.2 Write arithmetic and geometric sequences recursively and explicitly, use them to model situations, and translate between the two forms. Connect arithmetic sequences to linear functions and geometric sequences to exponential functions. Build new functions from existing functions. MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs and algebraic expressions for them. Understand the concept of a function and use function notation. MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 Understand that a function from one set Construct and compare linear, quadratic, and exponential models and solve problems. MGSE9-12.F.LE.1 Distinguish between situations that can be modeled with linear functions and with exponential functions. MGSE9-12.F.LE.1a Show that linear functions grow by equal differences over equal intervals and that exponential functions grow by equal factors over equal intervals. (This can be shown by algebraic proof, with a table showing differences, or by calculating average rates of change over equal intervals). MGSE9-12.F.LE.1b. Recognize situations in which one quantity changes at a constant rate per unit interval relative to another. MGSE9-12.F.LE.1c Recognize situations in which a quantity grows or decays by a constant percent rate per unit interval relative to another. MGSE9-12.F.LE.2 Construct linear and exponential functions, including arithmetic and geometric sequences, given a graph, a description of a relationship, or two input-output pairs (include reading these from a table). MGSE9-12.F.LE.3 Observe using graphs and tables that a quantity increasing exponentially eventually exceeds a quantity increasing linearly, quadratically, or (more generally) as a polynomial function. Interpret expressions for functions in terms of the situation they model. MGSE9-12.F.LE.5 Interpret the parameters in a linear (f(x) = mx + b) and exponential (f(x) = a d x ) function in terms of context. (In the functions above, m and b are the parameters of the linear function, and a and d are the parameters of the exponential function.) In context, students should describe what these parameters mean in terms of change and starting value. Build new functions from existing functions. MGSE9-12.F.BF.3 Identify the effect on the graph of replacing f(x) by f(x) + k, k f(x), f(kx), and f(x + k) for specific values of k (both positive and negative); find the value of k given the graphs. Experiment with cases and illustrate an explanation of the effects on the graph using technology. Include recognizing even and odd functions from their graphs July 2016 Page 7 of 8 Summarize, represent, and interpret data on a single count or measurement variable. MGSE9-12.S.ID.1 Represent data with plots on the real number line (dot plots, histograms, and box plots). MGSE9-12.S.ID.2 Use statistics appropriate to the shape of the data distribution to compare center (median, mean) and spread (interquartile range, mean absolute deviation, standard deviation) of two or more different data sets. MGSE9-12.S.ID.3 Interpret differences in shape, center, and spread in the context of the data sets, accounting for possible effects of extreme data points (outliers). Summarize, represent, and interpret data on two categorical and quantitative variables. MGSE9-12.S.ID.5 Summarize categorical data for two categories in two-way frequency tables. Interpret relative frequencies in the context of the data (including joint, marginal, and conditional relative frequencies). Recognize possible associations and trends in the data. MGSE9-12.S.ID.6 Represent data on two quantitative variables on a scatter plot, and describe how the variables are related. MGSE9-12.S.ID.6a Decide which type of function is most appropriate by observing graphed data, charted data, or by analysis of context to generate a viable (rough) function of best fit. Use this function to solve problems in context. Emphasize linear, quadratic and exponential models. MGSE9-12.S.ID.6c Using given or collected bivariate data, fit a linear function for a scatter plot that suggests a linear association. Interpret linear models. MGSE9-12.S.ID.7 Interpret the slope (rate of change) and the intercept (constant term) of a linear model in the context of the data. MGSE9-12.S.ID.8 Compute (using technology) and interpret the correlation coefficient r of a linear fit. (For instance, by looking at a scatterplot, students should be able to tell if the correlation coefficient is positive or negative and give a reasonable estimate of the r value.) After calculating the line of best fit using technology, students should be able to describe

8 (the input, called the domain) to another set (the output, called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range, i.e. each input value maps to exactly one output value. If f is a function, x is the input (an element of the domain), and f(x) is the output (an element of the range). Graphically, the graph is y = f(x). MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.3 Recognize that sequences are functions, sometimes defined recursively, whose domain is a subset of the integers. (Generally, the scope of high school math defines this subset as the set of natural numbers 1,2,3,4...) By graphing or calculating terms, students should be able to show how the recursive sequence a 1 =7, a n =a n-1 +2; the sequence s n = 2(n-1) + 7; and the function f(x) = 2x + 5 (when x is a natural number) all define the same sequence. Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 Using tables, graphs, and verbal descriptions, interpret the key characteristics of a function which models the relationship between two quantities. Sketch a graph showing key features including: intercepts; interval where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example, if the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function. MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Analyze functions using different representations. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 Graph functions expressed algebraically and show key features of the graph both by hand and by using technology. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7e Graph exponential and logarithmic functions, showing intercepts and end behavior, and trigonometric functions, showing period, midline, and amplitude. MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example, given a graph of one function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum. Georgia Department of Education and algebraic expressions for them. Understand the concept of a function and use function notation. MGSE9-12.F.IF.1 Understand that a function from one set (the input, called the domain) to another set (the output, called the range) assigns to each element of the domain exactly one element of the range, i.e. each input value maps to exactly one output value. If f is a function, x is the input (an element of the domain), and f(x) is the output (an element of the range). Graphically, the graph is y = f(x). MGSE9-12.F.IF.2 Use function notation, evaluate functions for inputs in their domains, and interpret statements that use function notation in terms of a context. Interpret functions that arise in applications in terms of the context. MGSE9-12.F.IF.4 Using tables, graphs, and verbal descriptions, interpret the key characteristics of a function which models the relationship between two quantities. Sketch a graph showing key features including: intercepts; interval where the function is increasing, decreasing, positive, or negative; relative maximums and minimums; symmetries; end behavior; and periodicity. MGSE9-12.F.IF.5 Relate the domain of a function to its graph and, where applicable, to the quantitative relationship it describes. For example, if the function h(n) gives the number of person-hours it takes to assemble n engines in a factory, then the positive integers would be an appropriate domain for the function. MGSE9-12.F.IF.6 Calculate and interpret the average rate of change of a function (presented symbolically or as a table) over a specified interval. Estimate the rate of change from a graph. Analyze functions using different representations. MGSE9-12.F.IF.7 Graph functions expressed algebraically and show key features of the graph both by hand and by using technology. MGSE9-12.F.IF.9 Compare properties of two functions each represented in a different way (algebraically, graphically, numerically in tables, or by verbal descriptions). For example, given a graph of one function and an algebraic expression for another, say which has the larger maximum. how strong the goodness of fit of the regression is, using r. MGSE9-12.S.ID.9 Distinguish between correlation and causation. July 2016 Page 8 of 8

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