Energy Importance. Emmy Riley - Building Energy Specialist

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1 Energy Importance Emmy Riley - Building Energy Specialist Smart Energy Design Assistance Center (SEDAC), University of Illinois at Urbana Champaign Providing effective strategies for public and private buildings in Illinois

2 Energy Importance: Outline 1. Energy efficiency legislation 2. World energy picture 3. fluctuations 4. SEDAC s role 5. s introduction 2

3 Why Do We Care About Energy Efficiency?

4 Why Do We Care About Energy Efficiency? 1. tells us we have to

5 Why Do We Care About Energy Efficiency? 1. tells us we have to 2. The world energy picture shows us we need to

6 Energy Efficiency August 2007 (Senate Bill 1592) Established the Illinois Power Agency (IPA) Plan for Illinois energy future Stabilize electric rates Electric and natural gas utilities Establish annual energy-savings goals Reduce energy delivered and peak demand Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS)

7 Illinois Power Agency Act (IPAA) Electric sales reduction 0.2% of energy delivered in EY 2009 Increases to 2% of energy delivered in EY 2016 and thereafter Electric peak demand reduction 0.1% reduction in peak demand each year for 10 years (EY ) Natural gas sales reduction 7.1% total savings by EY 2019 Additional 1.5% savings each year thereafter

8 Electricity & NG Reduction Goals Electricity savings goal is an incremental annual sales reduction over the previous year's consumption rate Energy Year Electric Sales Reduction % % % % % % % % Energy Year NG Incremental Sales Reduction Total NG Savings % 0.2% % 0.6% % 1.2% % 2.0% % 3.0% % 4.2% % 5.6% % 7.1%

9 Btu, Therm, kwh British Thermal Unit (Btu) Amount of heat required to raise the temperature of one pound of water by one degree Fahrenheit Roughly the amount of energy generated by burning a matchstick Therm 100,000 Btu Roughly the energy equivalent of burning 100 cubic ft of natural gas Kilowatt hour (kwh) 3,412 Btu If a 60-watt light bulb runs for one hour, it consumes 0.06 kilowatt hours of energy.

10 Energy Trends & Impacts Energy plays a major role in our nation s Security Economic prosperity Environmental quality Global pressures Political instability in primary oil producing regions around the world Rapidly rising global demand for energy, especially in developing nations Growing awareness of the impact of fossil fuel use on the global climate We must fundamentally transform our energy system in the U.S. and in Illinois 10

11 Motivators for Change Economic Increasing costs driven by increased demand Depleting supplies Increased production costs Increased volatility caused by increased speculation and market manipulation Environmental Global climate change Potential spills Accumulated waste Disturbed habitat Social Laws Regulations Codes Security issues Citizen of country and world 11

12 Quadrillion Btu Use Consumption by Fuel Other Nuclear Coal Natural Gas Liquids Source: US Energy Information Administration 12

13 Energy Source and Sector Current U.S. energy supply is 83% fossil fuels 72% 94% Source: EIA

14 US Renewable Energy

15 Illinois Electric Power Mix 2011 Other Renewables 4% Petroleum- Fired 0% Natural Gas-Fired 6% Illinois has the most nuclear power of any state. But no new nuclear plant has been built in 30 yrs. Our coal plants are also ageing Nuclear 51% Coal-Fired 39% Only two coal plants can run with dirty IL coal. 17

16 Future Procurement of Fossil Fuels Petroleum Deep and ultra-deep drilling Coal 60 GW may be retired in the next ten years Three principle alternatives Integrated Gasification and Combined Cycle End-of-Pipe capture for pulverized coal plants Oxy-fuel combustion with direct sequestration Natural Gas Hydraulic fracturing has changed the industry in 3 years Millions of gallons of water Thousands of pounds of chemicals Pumped into the well under intense pressure Fracture the rock and release the gas USEPA re-examining the health risks with study due out in

17 Conventional NG Fields 19

18 Unconventional NG Categories Source: IEA, 2012

19 Unconventional NG Resources

20

21 Global Warming Potential The ratio of heat trapped by one unit mass of the greenhouse gas to that of one unit mass of CO2 over a specified time period (EPA) How much CO 2 would be required to produce a similar warming effect over a chosen time horizon? Global Warming Potential Greenhouse Gas 20-yr 100-yr 500-yr Carbon Dioxide CO Methane CH Source: Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC)

22 How much methane is leaked? No one knows 2% - EPA study 4% - NOAA and CU-Boulder study 6% - Cornell study If we assume a leak rate of 4% Reducing leak to 2% 9% overall U.S. greenhouse gas reduction Reducing leak to 1% 14% overall U.S. greenhouse gas reduction Source: Environmental Defense Fund

23 NG & Leaks vs. Coal & CO 2 Emissions Natural gas emits about half as much carbon dioxide as coal per unit of energy when burned Failing to reduce methane leaks largely eliminates the environmental advantage of natural gas over coal Cost-effective ways to reduce methane leaks do exist Expensive to reduce methane leakage from aging gas pipelines "Should society invest massive capital in such improvements for a bridge fuel that is to be used for only 20 to 30 years, or would the capital be better spent on constructing a smart electric grid and other technologies that move toward a truly green energy future? Anthony Ingraffea, Cornell

24 Natural Gas Supply Hydraulic fracturing is a game-changer Increased supply Decreased price Energy mix outlook Climate changing effects haven t gone away Environmental impacts are still being discovered Need to protect aquifers Produces polluted process water storage, treatment Process chemicals not disclosed Can we keep up the pace? 26

25 Supply and Demand Classically, resource supply and demand have been prime drivers of energy prices In the last decade other market influences have affected energy prices: Enron drove up the price of electricity in 2001 Speculators (with investment demand) drove up the price of oil in 2008 Natural (and unnatural) disasters Hurricane Katrina Gulf oil spills SEDAC Why SEDAC 27

26 Dollars / therm Natural Gas Volatility $1.40 Illinois Natural Gas Prices dollars per Therm $1.20 $1.00 $0.80 $0.60 $0.40 $0.20 $ Natural gas price in the commercial sector (including supplemental gaseous fuels) Natural gas price in the industrial sector (including supplemental gaseous fuels) 28

27 Dollars / kwh Electricity Volatility $0.14 Illinois Electricity Prices dollars per kwh $0.12 $0.10 $0.08 $0.06 $0.04 $0.02 $ Electricity price in the commercial sector Electricity price in the industrial sector 29

28 Don t forget efficiency Notes: Assumes Federal and State incentives. Natural gas price of $4.57/MMBTU. Source: Navigant Consulting, Inc., July

29 August 2007 (Senate Bill 1592) Established the Illinois Power Agency (IPA) Plan for Illinois energy future Stabilize electric rates Electric and natural gas utilities Establish annual energy-savings goals Reduce energy delivered and peak demand Energy Efficiency Portfolio Standard (EEPS) Renewables Portfolio Standard (RPS)

30 There is a need for good unbiased energy information for our buildings 32

31 SEDAC s Partners for Free Services SEDAC is a Public/Private Partnership with: DCEO Energy Office University of Illinois Champaign and Chicago 360 Energy Group Private energy sub-contractors 34

32 Free SEDAC Services Energy Assessments (Public/Private) Existing Buildings New Construction Design Review New Construction Review (DCEO-Public) Retro-commissioning (DCEO-Public) District Building Energy Benchmarking Public Housing Assessments and s Implementation Assistance General help line

33 Building Energy Assessment Includes Bill analysis Current energy cost breakdown, benchmarking Site visit Quick list of potential measures Identification of potential incentives Final report with quantified recommendations Level 3 reports also include an economic analysis Follow-up assistance 36

34 IL EEPS Program Structure Electric Utilities DCEO Gas Utilities Financial s to Private Sector UIUC SEDAC Services to all sectors 360 EG Financial s to Public and Low Income Sectors IL legislation sets energy efficiency goals for utilities. SEDAC s funding is from IL Utilities through DCEO. SEDAC Provides SERVICES to both Public and Private Sectors. Financial s to Private Sector 37

35 s Available from: Refer to our incentive Quick Reference sheet throughout the presentations. 38

36 Questions? Presentations will be available at presentations.sedac.org

37 Additional Slides of Interest

38 Interesting wind animation (for break)

39 Monthly Electric Prices for IL

40 Natural Gas Leveling What happens to the low price of natural gas if we reduce production?

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