Dean - U.S. History. Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment

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1 Name: Period: Date: Dean - U.S. History Crisis in the Colonies & The American Revolution Unit Assessment 1. What date was the Declaration of Independence written? a. September 17, 1774 b. January 4, 1776 c. July 4, 1776 d. August 11, How did the outcome of the French and Indian War help lead to the later American Revolution? a. The British Parliament demanded an end to the triangular trade routes used by the American colonists. b. The British monarchy halted all colonial settlements west of the Mississippi River. c. The British government required American colonists to pay a portion of the debt from the war. d. The colonists were required to surrender all lands west of the Appalachian Mountains to France 3. These two accounts relate to the firing of the first shots of the American Revolution at Lexington, Massachusetts. Based on these accounts, what conclusion can be drawn? a. American militia men fired the first shots at Lexington. b. The British fired the first shots of the American Revolution. c. Secondary sources are more accurate than primary sources. d. The point of view of the writer may lead to some bias in the account. 4. The Battle of Saratoga was a turning point in the American Revolution because a. the colonists were defeated and lost possession of New York b. Native Americans joined the war against the colonies during the battle c. Great Britain was forced to form an alliance with France against the colonies d. the colonial victory convinced France to support American independence 5. Unalienable rights are a. Rights that aliens do not have b. Natural rights that belong to all people from birth c. Rights only citizens have d. Rights that can only be taken away from resident aliens

2 ? Writs of Assistance Townshend Act Sugar Act Taxation without representation 6. Which of the following headings best completes the box above? a. Provisions of the Treaty of Paris b. Reasons for the Boston Massacre c. Actions Taken by Colonial Legislatures d. Grievances against King George III 7. The roots of the plants in this cartoon represent a. people living in Great Britain b. opponents of the American Revolution c. factors leading to the America Revolution d. laws passed by colonial assemblies 8. Benjamin Franklin convinced which of the following countries to lend military support to George Washington s Continental army during the American Revolution? a. Prussia b. Portugal c. Russia d. France 9. Which of the following best describes ways the colonists tried to peacefully protest Britain? a. Declaring war and the writs of assistance b. French and Indian War, creating rebel groups like the Son s of Liberty c. Boycotting and French and Indian War d. Boycott, Petition, and the Committee of Correspondence

3 10. The main reason the British government chose to follow the policy of mercantilism was to a. Increase Britain s wealth. b. conquer Britain s neighbor c. prohibit foreign goods d. protect individual liberties 11. These acts contributed to the revolutiuonary war bya. Restricting colonial trade with American Indians b. Imposing regulations on colonial agricuture c. Angering colonist who believed that their civil liberities had been violated d. Punishing colonist for resisting the authority of Parliament 12. Which events in U.S. history best complete the time line above? a. Stamp Act, Boston Massacre b. Sugar Act, Shay s Rebellion c. Townshend Acts, Battle of Yorktown d. Intolerable Acts, Articles of Confederation 13. From the point of view of someone living in the American colonies during the 1770s, a Loyalist was a person who: a. attempted to referee disputes between Great Britain and the colonies b. supported the movement for American independence c. attempted to stop all trade with American merchants d. supported the authority of the king over the colonies 14. The Proclamation of 1763 prohibited colonial settlement west of a border that ran roughly along the? a. Mississippi River b. Great Plains c. Appalachian Mountains d. Rocky Mountains 15. British colonist objected to the Proclamation line of 1763 because theya. Feared it would provoke attacks from American Indians b. Did not want to share control of the fur trade with France c. Resented the limited it imposed on westward expansion d. Wanted to be able to trade freely with foreign nations

4 16. Where on the timeline would you place the writing of the Declaration of Independence? a. before the Stamp Act b. between the Boston Massacre and the Boston Tea Party c. between the Boston Tea Party and Fighting breaks out at Concord d. following Thomas Paine publishes Common Sense 17. Why was George Washington chosen to lead the Continental Army? a. He was the most admired of all the colonists in Virginia b. He was quiet and confident c. He fought bravely in the French and Indian War and had the most military experience d. He was smarter than the other colonists and could speak many languages 18. The excerpt above reflects the dissafaction of American colonist with thea. Political debates that took place at the Albany Convention b. Inference of Great Britain in the slave trade c. Economic consequences of Great Awakening d. Economic policies imposed by Great Britain following the French and Indian War 19. From the point of view of someone living in the American colonies during the 1770s, a patriot was a person who a. attempted to stop all trade with American merchants b. supported the authority of the king over the colonies c. attempted to referee disputes between Great Britain and the colonies d. supported the movement for American independence 20. Which time period in American History was a direct result of the Boston Massacre, enactment of various tax laws, and quartering of troops in colonial townships? a. The Presidency of George Washington b. Era of Colonization in North America c. The American Revolution d. The First Great Awakening

5 21. Which event best completes the timeline? a. French and Indian war ends b. The Stamp Act is passed c. Declaration of Independence is drafted d. George Washington becomes president 22. The main purpose of the Navigation Acts passed by England was to a. limit the size of ships in English waters b. ensure that England benefited from colonial trade c. train sailors for the British navy d. limit manufacturing in colonial America 23. Which event is correctly paired with its description? A Proclamation Line Colonists threw English tea into Boston Harbor. B Stamp Act Colonists could not settle west of the Appalachian Mountains. C Boston Tea Party Parliament moved trials of royal officials to England. D Intolerable Acts Parliament closed Boston Harbor. 24. Which list accurately identifies the three main ideas in the Declaration of Independence? a. Natural Rights, British Wrongs, Independence b. Natural Rights, Independence, Future Security c. British Wrongs, the Need for Separation, Independence d. Natural Rights, Limits on Trade, Unjust Taxes 25. The tax laws imposed on the colonists by the British government were viewed as unfair because a. the laws did not apply to all British colonists. b. colonists were taxed without direct representation in Parliament. c. the laws were designed to encourage free enterprise. d. British merchants were taxed at a higher rate than colonial merchants

6 26. What is Patrick Henry s message in this excerpt? a. Only the free can survive. b. Freedom is worth dying for. c. Free people live longer. d. People must die to gain freedom 27. The accomplishments shown on the tombstone are associated with a. Benjamin Franklin b Thomas Jefferson c. James Madison d. John Adams 28. The continental congress issued this commission toa. Benedict Arnold b. Alexander Hamilton c. John Hancock d. George Washington 29. To which of the following is Abigail Adams referring in this excerpt? a. The American victory at the Battle of Yorktown b. The negotiation of the Treaty of Paris by American diplomats c. The bravery of American soldiers at Valley forge d. The arrival of French aid at the Battle of Saratoga

7 30. Which is the best conclusion that can be drawn from this information? a. The idea of guaranteeing individual rights developed over time. b. Governments gradually became more abusive. c. Monarchs learned to enjoy sharing power with their subjects. d. The rights of citizens are protected by nobles. 31. What is the main idea of this illustration? a. The colonists were restricted by the laws passe by the British government. b. The King of England wanted the colonists to have a greater voice in government c. King George III put many American colonists in stocks. d. Repeal of unpopular laws was the only way out of the stocks 32. Which colonial political issue is reflected in the cartoon? a. Censorship of the press b. Quartering of troops c. Taxation without representation d. Establishing a national religion

8 33. What colonial claim about the Boston Massacre is supported by this illustration? a. Most of the American colonists in Boston were killed. b. British soldiers fired on unarmed colonists. c. There were more soldiers than civilians at the Boston Massacre. d. Colonists were better equipped for war than British soldiers were 34. Which of the following events completes the time line? a. British surrender at Yorktown. b. Americans hold Stamp Act Congress. c. British occupy Fort Ticonderoga. d. Americans issue the Declaration of Independence. 35. Which prominent Revolutionary figure is described above? a. Samuel Adams b. Thomas Paine c. Patrick Henry d. Benjamin Franklin

9 36. An important effect of Common Sense was that it persuaded many a. ordinary people to support independence from Great Britain b. rich merchants to leave the colonies c. loyalists to support the king d. loyalists and patriots to unite against Great Britain 37. The authors of the Declaration of Independence used the phrase Life, Liberty and the pursuit of Happiness. This phase was used to identify a. unalienable rights b. legal rights c. states rights d. economic rights 38. Which battle became a turning point of the war because it prompted the French to join the Patriots? a. Saratoga b. Yorktown c. Bunker Hill d. Trenton 39. Which title best completes this web diagram? a. Signers of the Declaration of Independence b. Participants in the Boston Massacre c. Heroes of the American Revolution d. Artists of the Colonial Period The Redcoats are Coming!!!!! 40. Which of the following happened after the event shown in the drawing above? a. Stamp Act b. Boston Tea Party c. Intolerable Acts d. Lexington and Concord

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