Seminar: The Importance of the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases

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1 Seminar: The Importance of the Global Research Alliance on Agricultural Greenhouse Gases AGRICULTURE AND GREENHOUSE GASES POLICIES IN PORTUGAL December 16th 2015 Lisboa Clara Lopes GPP - Office of Planning and Policies and General Administration

2 I. Nacional Climate Strategy II. Climate & Agriculture 2

3 QEPiC - Strategic Framework for Climate Policy (RCM 56/2015) Green Growth QEPiC Objectives Mitigation Adaptation VISION The development of a competitive, resilient and low-carbon economy by establishing a new development paradigm for Portugal in a Green Growth context. GHG reduction targets for non-ets sectors: 2020: [-18% to -23%] 2030: [-30% to -40%] International commitment 3 Knowledge Communication Monitoring Financing Governance from of Green Growth's Commitment compared to 2005 (= 0%) & without LULUCF effect

4 Financing Monitoring QEPiC Governance (Air Policy connections) CIAAC - Interministerial Committee of the Air and Climate Change Climate Change Air Quality RNBC National Low Carbon Roadmap (RCM 56/2015) ENAAC National Adaptation Climate Change Strategy PNAC 2020/ National Climate Change Programme CELE Emissions Trading System (ETS) ENAR National Air Strategy ENAAC Coordination Group (reporting system ) SPeM - National System of Policies and Measures and Projections SNIERPA - National System for the Inventory of Emissions by Sources and Removals by Sinks of Air Pollutants (RCM 20/2015) FPC - Portuguese Carbon Fund ESIF & EAFG (Portugal 2020, LIFE+, H2020, ) CCV - Green Growth Commitment (RCM 28/2015) 4

5 Mitigation Kyoto s 2nd period RNBC Low Carbon Roadmap for Agriculture (& LULUCF), %-37% GHG reductions Structural readjustment of holdings Improvements in efficiency and use of resources Reduction of livestock effectives compared to 1990 & without LULUCF Sustainable trajectories (RCM 56/2015) Agriculture target GHG -8% -11% NIR 2014 (2012 data)

6 Mitigation Kyoto s 1st period Convergence of Portuguese and European low carbon scenarios sector % of total emissions 2013 % change Agriculture 11-6 positive trend Extensification of agricultural systems: shift of 49% of "arable land (32% of the UAA in 2009) to permanent pastures less fertilizers and more sequestration of soil carbon reduction of permanent crops but with increases of productivity reductions in emissions in cropland and grassland Increase of organic farms & changes on livestock farming. Sector more efficient on: energy consumption (direct on farm) practices of soil improvement & erosion control fixing organic matter Increase in removals by forest & others lands: LULUCF sector became an overall net-sink in ª NC UNFCCC, APA NIR 2015, APA 2015

7 Monitoring 1st period Agriculture evolution NIR GHG Inventory (2013 data) 7

8 GHG Agriculture Energy / Agriculture & Forestry (1A4c) Energy Efficiency: changes in consumption patterns low use of alternative fuels (biogas & biodiesel) Stationary combustion CO2, CH4, N2O 8 Mobile sources NIR 2015, APA 2015

9 GHG Agriculture Most significant emission sources: CH4: Enteric Fermentation (3A) & Manure Management (3B) N2O: Agricultural Soils (3D) 9 NIR 2015, APA 2015

10 GHG Agriculture - Enteric Fermentation (3A) CH4 Most significant activities in 2013: 1. Cattle: 81,8% 2. Sheep: 13,7% NIR 2015, APA

11 GHG Agriculture - Manure Management (3B) Direct N2O CH4 Indirect NIR 2015, APA 2015 Most significant activities in 2013: CH4: 1. Swine: 80,2% 2. Cattle: 11,3% N2O: 1. Direct: Cattle (45,0%), Poultry (38,9%) 2. Indirect: Cattle (37,0%), Poultry (27,7%), Swine (25,2%) 11

12 GHG Agriculture - Agricultural Soils (3D) Direct Indirect N2O Most significant activities in 2013: Direct: 1. Grazing (40,0%) 2. Synthetic Fertilizers (32,6%) Indirect: 1. Synthetic Fertilizers Leaching (29,1%) 2. Grazing Leaching (19,7%) 12 NIR 2015, APA 2015

13 Airs Pollutants Agriculture - Manure Management (3B) & Agricultural Soils (3D) NH3 IIR 2014 (2012 data) ENAR 2015, APA 2015 IIR 2015, APA 2015 PT target (NEC neg.) NH3-7% -14% Most significant activities in 2013: 1. Inorganic N-Fertilizers: 24,2% 2. Cattle: 22,2% 3. Poultry: 17,0% 13

14 LULUCF Agriculture Mitigation Kyoto s 2nd period PNAC 2020/2030 P & M Sectoral Initiatives RD&I Transports & Mobility Buildings (services & residential) Industry Wastes & Wastewater Agriculture & Livestock LULUCF Knowdlege, information and awareness Green taxation Integrated Intervention Areas Public Administration Sustainables Cities Supported by : Rural Development Programmes (PDRs) Op. Prog. Sust. & Ef. Use of Res. (POSEUR) 14 To start Actions Manure Management Fertilizers Energy Consumptions Management Soil (RCM 56/2015) Objectives reduce carbon intensity of livestock effluents treatment reduce the use of nitrogen fertilizers increase of efficiency in energy consumption and use of renewable energy reduce emissions and increase the sequestration of soil

15 Agriculture Mitigation NEC Directive (Gothenburg Protocol) ENAR strategic actions vectors (DL 193/2003) Knowledge & Information monitor emerging pollutants harmonize inventories scattered information ecosystems (critical loads ) Sectoral Initiatives prevention and control measures sustainable development strategies R&D quantification (and costs) in health integrated assessment (tools and methods) sectoral emissions (background information) state of art & implementation (propesctive) Governance articulation in Public Administration (planning and management) integration of Air Policy (transversal policies and territorial scales) strategy of medium/longterm Measures minimizing ammonia emissions To start Actions promotion and implementation of the code of good agricultural practices (Annex IX, CLRTAP) 15

16 Adaptation on Agriculture : Phase 1 Objective: safeguarding the capacity of agricultural areas provide goods and services that contribute to the sustainable development, reducing CC vulnerabilities. Vulnerabilities Agriculture Forestry Irrigation capacity (water availability) Fire (meteorologic risk increase) Soil fertility (erosion prevention) Harmful biotic agents (favorable conditions ) Risk management (extreme events /climate variability) Adequacy of plant systems and animal health (harmful organisms) Adaptability of animals and plants (climate conditions) Potential productivity (decrease) Carbon sequestration capacity (decrease) ENAAC Agriculture, MAMAOT

17 R&I Adaptation Financing International Cooperation Communication and Dissemination Integrating Adaptation - spatial planning Integrating Adaptation - water resources management Agriculture Adaptation ENAAC 2020 ENAAC objectives & priorities 1. Knowledge 2. Measures 3. Adaptation into sectoral policies Started Agriculture Biodiversity Economy Energy Forestry Health Safety - p&g Transp./Comm. Coastal areas Scientific Panel ENAAC Coord. Group (RCM 56/2015) Sectoral Groups Strategic Objetives Increase resilience, reduce risk and maintain the production capacity of goods and services Enhance and transfer knowledge Monitor and evaluate Supported by PDRs & POSEUR 17

18 QEPiC interactions (RCM 56/2015) Instruments Mitigation Adap. Int. Monitoring Financing Gov. PNAC CELE RNBC ENAAC - SNIERPA SPeM GC ENAAC FPC PT2020 Other CCIAC Low carbon transition Sustainable path Resilience & capacities GG GHG Adapt Commitments Partic Knowledge R&In Society Partic Information systems Financing & Investment Mainstream integration Effect Effect Effect 18

19 Financing for Agriculture & CC CAP : Rural Development Programmes Priorities for the application in Portugal Modernization: Investment, processing, irrigation Supply's concentration Risk s management Rejuvenating of sector Efficient use of resources (water, soil, energy) Viability of traditional systems Others financial sources QEPiC context (FPC, Portugal 2020, others) H2020 projects (SC 2 bioeconomy, SC5 climate, others) 19

20 Other policy instruments with Ag/CC actions (some of ) CCV - Commitment to Green Growth ENEI - Portuguese Strategy for Smart Specialisation Estratégia MAM - Strategy for Research and Innovation Agri-food and Forestry ENF - National Strategy for Forest ENCNB - National Strategy for Nature Conservation and Biodiversity PANDC - National Action Plan to Combat Desertification PNA - National Water Plan, including: ENEAPAI - National Strategy for Livestock and Agro Industrial Effluents PENSAAR Strategy for Water Supply and Sanitation Sector Wastewater ENR - National Irrigation Strategy PNUEA - National Programme for the Efficient Use of Water PNAEE National Strategy for Energy Efficiency PNAER National Strategy for Renewable Energies PERSU Strategic Plan for Urban Waste? REAP - licensing scheme for the exercise of livestock farming

21 References NIR 2015 ( ), APA November 2015 RCM 56/2015, July 30 RCM 28/2015, April 30 RCM 20/2015, April 14 IIR 2015 ( ), APA March 2015 ENAR 2020, APA March ª NC UNFCCC, APA 2014 ENAAC Agriculture, MAMAOT 2013 RNBC Agriculture, AGROGES 2012 Obrigada! 21

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