Experiencing culture shock in the FYROM

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Experiencing culture shock in the FYROM"

Transcription

1 Available Online at (c) EJRE published by International Association of Social Science Research - IASSR ISSN: European Journal of Research on Education, 2014, Special Issue: Contemporary Studies in Social Science, European Journal of Research on Education Experiencing culture shock in the FYROM Lulzime Kamberi a * a State Univeristy of Tetovo,Ilindenska nn, Tetovo 1200, FYROM Abstract This paper reports on a study conducted at SEEU (South East European University) in FYROM (Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia) analyzing acculturation and culture shock experience in Macedonia. Having realized the existence of various research papers and books related to acculturation and culture shock in various countries, I was interested in knowing what couture shock foreigners experienced when coming to my country-macedonia. The study was conducted in the year 2012/2013. Acknowledging convenience sampling, the 12 subjects who participated in this study were foreign teachers and professors from various countries that have been teaching at SEEU for a shorter period of time or for some years. Applying content analysis (Leedy & Ormord, 2005) to identify themes biases and meaning, the study investigated the culture shock experienced by foreigners visiting and living in Macedonia. The study focuses on the the successive stages of acculturation (Brown, 1980) and analyzes the affective, behavioural, and cognitive components of cross-cultural transition and intercultural interactions, by focusing on societal and individual variables (Ward et al, 2005) European Journal of Research on Education by IASSR. Keywords: acculturation, adaptaion, culture-shock, foreigners, Macedonia 1. Introduction The whole world around us through various means of communication, books, magazines, TV shows, business, and internet are speaking or writing on globalization and how the world has become small and globalized. However, whenever we travel to another place, we are experiencing something new to us, something surprising, or unusual if we can say. Perhaps the impact of the above mentioned means of global communication do not really have such a high impact on the world and the society. Having travelled to various places of the world, I realized that every time I found something surprising or even shocking in every culture. In addition, by reading and searching online on various cultures, I have been wondering what other people are thinking, feeling, and saying about my culture, my country, and my folks men. The study focuses on the the successive stages of acculturation (Brown, 1980) and analyzes the affective, behavioral, and cognitive components of cross-cultural transition and intercultural interactions, by focusing on societal and individual variables (Ward et al, 2005). Furthermore, this paper is an effort to find out what it is that people from various countries, like the USA, Germany, Great Britain, Ireland, Australia, etc are thinking about Macedonia. 2. Literature review Culture shock has various definitions based on the person s experience. Some claim that the term has to be removed since with globalization the world is getting smaller and people are coming closer. However, as Thomas (2001) claims, the boundaries of cultural differences will always exist. * address:

2 Lulzime Kamberi One of the definitions of culture shock is in the Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied Linguistics, where Culture Shock is defined as strong feelings of discomfort, fear, or insecurity, which a person may have when they enter another culture. For example, when a person moves to live in a foreign country, they may have a period of culture shock until they become familiar with the new culture. (p.139). Further, Adler, (1972), in Brown, (1986) referring to culture shock claims that...it is a form of anxiety that results from the loss of commonly perceived and understood signs and symbols of social intercourse. What is meant here is the fact that things that are common for one culture might be uncommon for another culture. There were some who had studied culture stress among the same country but with different social groups Aldwin, (2003) in the Former Soviet Union The foundation of this paper This paper confirms the significance of culture and its impact on the foreign persons that come to another country, more specifically the FYROM in this case. Furthermore, the study offers empirical evidence for the importance of culture in the globalized world. From the multi-cultural perspective of FYROM, it provides practical evidence for the value of various multicultural issues related to culture shock for all citizens, as well as decisions makers of the country. Table 1. Successive stages of acculturation Stages of acculturation 1. Excitement and euphoria 2. Feeling of intrusion 3. Culture Stress 4. Assimilation/Adaptation The first stage, excitement and euphoria are related to the excitement to the newness and surroundings of the new culture. The second stage, feeling of intrusion is related to the emergence as the individual feels the intrusion of more cultural differences into his own image of self and security. In this stage the individual relies on and seeks support from countrymen, seeking relief from his suffering and tries to escape from it. Further, the third stage, culture stress, is related to the effort of the person to look for ways of recovery. At this stage, some problems are solved, while others remain- the person becomes empathic and with people and home culture. The final stage is the stage of assimilation and adaptation. At this point, the person accepts the new culture and becomes more selfconfident in the new person that has developed (ibid, p.36) Research questions Based on my professional teaching experience and informed by the emerging findings in the literature review above, the research questions addressed in this paper include: What is most exciting about Macedonia according to foreigners? What are some cultural differences that affect foreigners in Macedonia? To what extent can foreigners adapt and assimilate to the cultural norms of Macedonia? 72

3 Experiencing cutture shock in the FYROM 3. The study The study was conducted in the year Acknowledging convenience sampling, more precisely snowballing the 12 (n=12) subjects who participated in this study were foreigners that have been working or visiting SEEU for a certain period of time (see figure 1 below). Participants come from the USA and from various countries form the European Union. Country USA 8% 0% 17% 17% 58% Great Britain Germany Ireland other Figure 1. Participants based on country 3.1. Instrumentation The study has used a combined approach, quantitative and qualitative data collection. The quantitative data were collected using an online survey and the qualitative data using semi-structured interviews with 16 percent of the sample (1 female and 1 male). The survey consisted of two questions related to the respondents background in which the age and the place of origin were required. Additionally, the survey included 10 questions which were based on the four successive stages of acculturation according to (Brown, 1986) Data collection and analysis The quantitative data were collected via Google Docs survey that was sent to respondents. However, 75 percent of the total sample responded to the online survey. Quantitative data were subjected to a modified content analysis (Fraenkel & Wallen, 2003), to identify themes and topics. Semi-structured interviews with volunteer students were undertaken to substantiate the essential findings of the content analysis. More precisely, thematic content analysis based on Neundorf (2002) have been used in order to measure psychological characteristics of individuals (p.192). Finally, inferences have been made to interpret the results. 4. Results Applying a modified content analysis as suggested by Neundorf, (2002), findings from the study identified a range of interesting issues regarding culture shock in Macedonia. In addition, the interview data gave some deeper insight into the respondents culture-shock experience in the country Stage 1-Excitement and euphoria One of the most impressive and most exciting things was the natural beauties of the country. Respondents were impressed by the high, green mountains, the beautiful rivers, and the cheap fresh food. Further, another impressive issue was the warmth of people, various traditions of various ethnic groups, and fashionable women on the street. Also, most of the respondents felt that generally people of Macedonia were very accommodating of total outsiders 73

4 Lulzime Kamberi and that everybody was friendly and spoke good English. This was perceived as very positive since all the respondents had no command of the local languages. There were even some respondents that felt some things were better than in their home country. One of those was, for example, the extended family life and the sense of warmness among people. Another issue was the cheap accommodation compared to the home country. However, some issues had shocked the participants at the beginning of their stay in Macedonia. Some of the stated that people smoke too much publicly, and others that the various histories of the Balkans and the political situation between Macedonians and Albanians. Finally, not forget the economical situation which was perceived as very difficult by all respondents Stage 2-Feeling of intrusion The second stage of acculturation was related to the intrusion of the respondents. At this stage, participants were all focusing on the communication between ethnic groups in the country and the various conflicts arising out of this miscommunication between them. Some others focused more on the social life. One respondent stated I have witnessed a woman being hit by a bus while crossing the street and that had been very shocking. Some of the respondents found issues related to the educational system shocking. For example one stated that the elementary schools in the village had lack of supplies and adequate lighting. Another one, while focusing on teachers, claimed that teachers don't plan lessons and that there is a lack of discipline in the schools. Some respondents were concerned about students of great promise and potential, who simply give up and get marriedsettle into a family life, and they don't seem fulfilled. Furthermore, some had the feeling that it had been more difficult to make friends than they had thought at the beginning. Others claimed that they found the lack of knowledge at work of the system foreigners needed to negotiate very difficult. Also, the majority of them had shared their feelings with their countrymen or other people that had been to another country previously. However, the majority of the respondents claimed that they had never thought leaving the country because of their stress or the difficult situation they had faced Stage 3-Culture stress The third stage which is described as the stage in which the person tries to adjust to the place and customs of the country. Phrases like I had adjusted to the culture; have learned to survive! Sad, but true; I know I shall never adjust to the chaos around me. However, one does learn to operate in this environment were among the most used in response to culture stress. However, there were some who claimed that they had become more patient with people who try to do things differently because of beliefs; wish I could bring some of the Albanian values back to my country. I feel more at home in those homes than my own; learned to simplify my life and focus more on interpersonal relationships were among some of the used expressions Stage 4-Assimilation/ Adaptation Regarding the last stage which is related to adaptation and assimilation, the majority of the respondents claimed that they had never assimilated. However, they claimed that they had tried to change host culture in some way. For example, one of the respondents claimed that people here are totally unaware of how much they really don't know. Others on the other hand claimed that they had tried to make them believe in their own potential to make changes for themselves so that they can model a brighter future for everyone they live and work with; bring fresh ideas. Another issue which was raised was the belief that people had no awareness of the environment and related issues, as well gender related issues. 74

5 Experiencing cutture shock in the FYROM 5. Conclusions and recommendations The study has shown that foreigners in Macedonia generally feel safe and are welcome in the country. This is shown by the fact that the majority of them had never really gone that far as to leave the country because of disappointment. They also believed that people were generally friendly and very social. However, it seems that the way other nationalities see us is not very promising and we should be aware that many changes need to be made. For example, we need to be more tolerant with regard to multiculturalism and blaming each other for the various issues discussed in this research. Even more, young generations should be more responsible regarding the environment and volunteering issues. Apparently, we have to realize that we have to at least try harder building our personality and our country in a way that would lead us towards the EU. References Aldwin, C M. (2003). Culture, Coping and Resilience to Stress. Retrieved from: Brown, H.D. (1986). Learning a second culture. In Merril-Valdes (Eds). Cambridge University Press. Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (2003). How to design and evaluate research in education 5 th ed.). Boston, MA: McGraw-Hill Neundorf, K.A. (2002).The content analysis guidebook. SAGE Publications, Inc. Richards, C. J.&Schmidt, R. (2002). Dictionary of language teaching &Applied Linguistics. Longman Pearson Education Limited, Edinburg Gate-Harlow.Essex CM 20 2JE, England. Thomas, SH. (2001). The Culture Shock phenomenon Symptoms, Cures and Implications. International Journal: Language, Society and Culture. Thao Lê, Quynh Lê, Retrieved from: 75

Like Audrey, many school counselors may feel inadequate in their work with

Like Audrey, many school counselors may feel inadequate in their work with Knowledge of Multicultural School Counseling 2 At my school about half the population is ELL students. I feel inadequate when it comes to working with ELL students due to language barriers. My school is

More information

Research to Practice Series

Research to Practice Series Institute of Child Protection Studies 4 Children with Parents in Prison The Institute of Child Protection Studies links the findings of research undertaken by the Institute of Child Protection Studies,

More information

Factors Affecting EFL Students Reluctance in Using Oral Communication

Factors Affecting EFL Students Reluctance in Using Oral Communication Factors Affecting EFL Students Reluctance in Using Oral Communication I Dewa Gede Mantra English Education Department Faculty of Letters and Culture State University of Gorontalo dewa.mantra@yahoo.com

More information

International Undergraduates Classroom Experiences

International Undergraduates Classroom Experiences International Undergraduates Classroom Experiences and Implications for Practitioners Mike Anderson, MELP Beth Isensee, ISSS Kate Martin, CTL 1 Discuss in Pairs How do you think international students

More information

Vers Nancy. they discuss the concept of foreignness, while also touching upon the themes of

Vers Nancy. they discuss the concept of foreignness, while also touching upon the themes of ! 1 Vers Nancy Vers Nancy is a short film consisting of an interview between a teacher, Jean-Luc Nancy, and his student, Ana Samardzija, while on a train ride in France. In this interview they discuss

More information

How to Teach Serbian History Students about School Failure and Cultural Diversity

How to Teach Serbian History Students about School Failure and Cultural Diversity How to Teach Serbian History Students about School Failure and Cultural Diversity Lidija Radulović and Vera Rajović Abstract History teaching in Serbia has a clearly identified political role. Paramount

More information

Writing a Qualitative Research Proposal. When to use qualitative methods Qualitative methods should be used when the aim is to:

Writing a Qualitative Research Proposal. When to use qualitative methods Qualitative methods should be used when the aim is to: Research Design Service London Writing a Qualitative Research Proposal When to use qualitative methods Qualitative methods should be used when the aim is to: Investigate complex phenomena that are hard

More information

Studying in English: Language Skills Development

Studying in English: Language Skills Development Studying in English: Language Skills Development by Carol Griffiths School of Foundation Studies AIS St Helens, Auckland, New Zealand Occasional Paper No. 5 October 2004 Abstract This paper reports on

More information

! # %!&! () +,,. / / 0 / 1 %, )) 1 2, & 3 )) 1 2, & # ) 6

! # %!&! () +,,. / / 0 / 1 %, )) 1 2, & 3 )) 1 2, & # ) 6 ! # %!&! () +,,. / / 0 / 1 %, )) 1 2, & 3 )) 1 2, & 3 4 5 # ) 6 7 TEACHING ASSISTANTS PERSPECTIVES OF DEAF STUDENTS LEARNING EXPERIENCES IN MAINSTREAM SECONDARY CLASSROOMS Jackie Salter The School of Education,

More information

Culture and Second Language Acquisition. Christopher L. Spackman. Ohio Dominican University

Culture and Second Language Acquisition. Christopher L. Spackman. Ohio Dominican University Culture and SLA 1 Running head: CULTURE AND SLA Culture and Second Language Acquisition Christopher L. Spackman Ohio Dominican University Culture and SLA 2 Culture and Second Language Acquisition Culture

More information

ESL Programs and Instruction in the Schenectady City School District

ESL Programs and Instruction in the Schenectady City School District ESL Programs and Instruction in the Schenectady City School District What is ESL? ESL stands for English as a Second Language. ESL students can be referred to as ELLs (English Language Learners) or LEP

More information

Contents. Before you begin. What you will learn Competency standard What is expected of a Certificate III learner

Contents. Before you begin. What you will learn Competency standard What is expected of a Certificate III learner Contents Contents Before you begin What you will learn Competency standard What is expected of a Certificate III learner Assessment Employability skills How to work through this unit Resources v v vi viii

More information

We Are All Going on a Summer Holiday - An Anthropological Study of Holidays Offered by EGV Foundation to Lonely Older People

We Are All Going on a Summer Holiday - An Anthropological Study of Holidays Offered by EGV Foundation to Lonely Older People Louise Scheel Thomasen We Are All Going on a Summer Holiday - An Anthropological Study of Holidays Offered by EGV Foundation to Lonely Older People Master s Thesis, University of Copenhagen, 2010 Published

More information

Dr. Olga N. De Jesus Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, NY

Dr. Olga N. De Jesus Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, NY Dr. Olga N. De Jesus Mercy College, Dobbs Ferry, NY Purpose of Research The purpose of this qualitative phenomenological study was to investigate: Undergraduate international English language learners

More information

Cultural Studies in Language Teaching Anna Ritlyová

Cultural Studies in Language Teaching Anna Ritlyová Cultural Studies in Language Teaching Anna Ritlyová Abstract The process of effective teaching a foreign language includes also cultural studies. In learning another language students are exposed to, and

More information

Tolerance Types and Features of Intercultural Adaptation in International Students

Tolerance Types and Features of Intercultural Adaptation in International Students Tolerance Types and Features of Intercultural Adaptation in International Students Doi:10.5901/jesr.2013.v3n7p625 Abstract Irina A. Novikova, PhD Alexey L. Novikov, PhD Peoples Friendship University of

More information

HU Yan. Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China. Introduction

HU Yan. Shanghai Institute of Technology, Shanghai, China. Introduction Sino-US English Teaching, October 2016, Vol. 13, No. 10, 761-770 doi:10.17265/1539-8072/2016.10.001 AVI PUBLISHING A Research on English Teachers Perception of English Listening by Analysis of a Questionnaire

More information

Internship in Psychology Department at Istanbul Bilgi University

Internship in Psychology Department at Istanbul Bilgi University Internship in Psychology Department at Istanbul Bilgi University How I found the internship I was already looking for an internship in Istanbul for five months and it revealed to be very difficult since

More information

Connected World II: Where does the Internet come from?

Connected World II: Where does the Internet come from? Connected World II: Where does the Internet come from? October 2014 Contact Us Share 2015 Tata Communications. All Rights Reserved. TATA COMMUNICATIONS and TATA are trademards of Tata Sons Limited in certain

More information

Cultural Top Tips for uk Businesses working with Poland

Cultural Top Tips for uk Businesses working with Poland Cultural Top Tips for uk Businesses working with Poland These Top tips have been produced by our intercultural practitioners at British Council Poland, the majority of whom are Polish citizens Reality

More information

Teaching Assistants and intervention programmes in primary mathematics

Teaching Assistants and intervention programmes in primary mathematics Teaching Assistants and intervention programmes in primary mathematics Jenny Houssart Institute of Education, London This paper explores the experiences and views of Teaching Assistants in mainstream primary

More information

Effective Counseling Skills

Effective Counseling Skills Effective Counseling Skills All rights reserved. Daniel Keeran, MSW College of Mental Health Counseling www.collegemhc.com Daniel Keeran, MSW, has been a professional counselor and therapist for over 30

More information

Running Head: GROUP WORK AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT 1

Running Head: GROUP WORK AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT 1 Running Head: GROUP WORK AND ACADEMIC ACHIEVEMENT 1 Research Proposal The Effects of Group Work among Chinese International Graduate Students Hanaa Wahba Long Island University, Post Campus EDD 1002 Dr.

More information

Section 4: Key Informant Interviews

Section 4: Key Informant Interviews UCLA CENTER FOR HEALTH POLICY RESEARCH Section 4: Key Informant Interviews Purpose Key informant interviews are qualitative in-depth interviews with people who know what is going on in the community. The

More information

in Language, Culture, and Communication

in Language, Culture, and Communication 22 April 2013 Study Plan M. A. Degree in Language, Culture, and Communication Linguistics Department 2012/2013 Faculty of Foreign Languages - Jordan University 1 STUDY PLAN M. A. DEGREE IN LANGUAGE, CULTURE

More information

CULTURAL IDENTITY SESSION 1

CULTURAL IDENTITY SESSION 1 CULTURAL IDENTITY SESSION 1 Focus In this week s sessions you will learn what cultural identity means to you learn what elements contribute to a person s cultural identity look at Social and Ethnic identity

More information

Understanding Intercultural Competence for Business: Insights from the echina-uk Programme

Understanding Intercultural Competence for Business: Insights from the echina-uk Programme Understanding Intercultural Competence for Business: Insights from the echina-uk Programme Helen Spencer-Oatey Overview Introduction What is intercultural competence? Research into business discourse Insights

More information

Behavioural Stereotypes in Intercultural Communication

Behavioural Stereotypes in Intercultural Communication Acta Universitatis Sapientiae, Philologica, 3, 2 (2011) 167-174 Behavioural Stereotypes in Intercultural Communication Eugenia IRIMIAŞ Babeş-Bolyai University, Cluj Faculty of Economics and Business Accounting

More information

04.2015 07.2015. I agree to the publication of my personal report on the website of the International Office of Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg.

04.2015 07.2015. I agree to the publication of my personal report on the website of the International Office of Pädagogische Hochschule Freiburg. PERSONAL REPORT for incoming exchange students Cover Sheet Please save your personal report as a PDF-file and send it to Mrs. Angelika Vogelmann. Note that the file size should not exceed 4 MB and must

More information

INTERNATIONAL CONSULTING FIRMS IN RUSSIA

INTERNATIONAL CONSULTING FIRMS IN RUSSIA INTERNATIONAL BUSINESS MASTER THESIS NO 2000:23 INTERNATIONAL CONSULTING FIRMS IN RUSSIA A STUDY ON HOW TO UNDERTAKE EFFECTIVE CONSULTING SERVICES IN THE RUSSIAN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT ÅSA ARENCRANTZ AND

More information

TEACHING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN BUSINESS CLASSES

TEACHING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN BUSINESS CLASSES 22 TEACHING INTERCULTURAL COMMUNICATIVE COMPETENCE IN BUSINESS CLASSES Roxana CIOLĂNEANU Abstract Teaching a foreign language goes beyond teaching the language itself. Language is rooted in culture; it

More information

HUMAN RESOURCES STRESS POLICY

HUMAN RESOURCES STRESS POLICY HUMAN RESOURCES STRESS POLICY Rev Date Purpose of Issue/Description of Change Review Date 1. Sept 12 Update Review, will replace the existing policy Occupational Stress Management Policy 2003 Policy Officer

More information

A Qualitative Investigation of the Clinician Experience of Working with Borderline Personality Disorder

A Qualitative Investigation of the Clinician Experience of Working with Borderline Personality Disorder A Qualitative Investigation of the Clinician Experience of Working with Amanda J. Commons Treloar, Monash University The current research provided opportunity for 140 clinicians across emergency medicine

More information

Teacher Cognition and Language Teacher Education: beliefs and practice. A conversation with Simon Borg

Teacher Cognition and Language Teacher Education: beliefs and practice. A conversation with Simon Borg Bellaterra Journal of Teaching & Learning Language & Literature Vol. 5(2), May-June 2012, 88-94 INTERVIEW Teacher Cognition and Language Teacher Education: beliefs and practice. A conversation with Simon

More information

Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research

Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research 1 Chapter 2 Quantitative, Qualitative, and Mixed Research This chapter is our introduction to the three research methodology paradigms. A paradigm is a perspective based on a set of assumptions, concepts,

More information

Diversity Needs: Preparing Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers for the 21 st Century Classroom

Diversity Needs: Preparing Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers for the 21 st Century Classroom Journal of Family and Consumer Sciences Education, 30(2), Fall/Winter 2012 Diversity Needs: Preparing Family and Consumer Sciences Teachers for the 21 st Century Classroom Sally E. Arnett Northern Illinois

More information

Topic 7: Data Collection Methods

Topic 7: Data Collection Methods Topic 7: Data Collection Methods Introduction Data collection is a systematic process of collecting information about objects of study (people, objects, phenomena for instance) in order to test the hypothesis

More information

The Knowledge and use of Emotional Intelligence by Registered Nurses and healthcare support workers in an Acute Hospital setting

The Knowledge and use of Emotional Intelligence by Registered Nurses and healthcare support workers in an Acute Hospital setting The Knowledge and use of Emotional Intelligence by Registered Nurses and healthcare support workers in an Acute Hospital setting Janet Wilson Senior Lecturer (Nursing) Faculty of Health and Wellbeing RCN

More information

Stress Management. comprehend stress, (2) manage it and (3) respond positively to stress management as it applies to their life and goals.

Stress Management. comprehend stress, (2) manage it and (3) respond positively to stress management as it applies to their life and goals. xxx Lesson 22 Stress Management Overview: Stress Management is a lesson that helps learners to understand that stress is a part of everyone s life. This lesson focuses on how learners are feeling and what

More information

Description of the program

Description of the program Study program Faculty Cycle Public Administration Public Administration and Political Sciences Undergraduate ECTS 180 Offered in Tetovo and Skopje Description of the program The program for Public Administration

More information

"PREVENTING SEXUAL HARASSMENT: FOR EMPLOYEES"

PREVENTING SEXUAL HARASSMENT: FOR EMPLOYEES MAJOR PROGRAM POINTS "PREVENTING SEXUAL HARASSMENT: FOR EMPLOYEES" Part of the "GENERAL SAFETY SERIES" Quality Safety and Health Products, for Today...and Tomorrow Outline of Major Points Covered in the

More information

MEDIA EDUCATION FOUNDATION STUDY GUIDE

MEDIA EDUCATION FOUNDATION STUDY GUIDE MEDIA EDUCATION FOUNDATION STUDY GUIDE UNDERSTANDING HOOKUP CULTURE What s Really Happening on College Campuses Study Guide by Jason Young Graphs by Paula England 2 CONTENTS Note to Educators. 3 Program

More information

Critical Appraisal and Interpretation of Qualitative Evidence. School of Health Sciences and Social Work

Critical Appraisal and Interpretation of Qualitative Evidence. School of Health Sciences and Social Work Critical Appraisal and Interpretation of Qualitative Evidence Focus of this presentation Critically appraising a qualitative paper using the Critical Appraisal Skills Programme (CASP) worksheet for qualitative

More information

What do you think the attraction is for young women to travel to Syria?

What do you think the attraction is for young women to travel to Syria? What do you think the attraction is for young women to travel to Syria? > We believe that for some of the young women and girls who travel abroard in the hope of marrying fighters, or to join the fighting,

More information

TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF ANTI-BULLYING INTERVENTIONS AND THE TYPES OF BULLYING EACH INTERVENTION PREVENTS

TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF ANTI-BULLYING INTERVENTIONS AND THE TYPES OF BULLYING EACH INTERVENTION PREVENTS ARECLS, 2011, Vol.8, 75-94. TEACHERS PERCEPTIONS OF ANTI-BULLYING INTERVENTIONS AND THE TYPES OF BULLYING EACH INTERVENTION PREVENTS EMMA ELISE ROBERTS Abstract Teachers have a central role in the management

More information

Helping with Homesickness

Helping with Homesickness Mean Level of Homesickness Helping with Homesickness Definition: Homesickness is distress or impairment caused by an actual or anticipated separation from home. Homesickness is characterized by acute longing

More information

Logic and English. Robert Kowalski Imperial College London

Logic and English. Robert Kowalski Imperial College London Logic and English Robert Kowalski Imperial College London 1 Logic and English Computational logic as the language of thought (LOT) Writing that is designed to be as easy as possible to understand The London

More information

Participants Procedure Strategies of inquiry Data collection procedures Instruments Data analysis Limitations

Participants Procedure Strategies of inquiry Data collection procedures Instruments Data analysis Limitations Participants Procedure Strategies of inquiry Data collection procedures Instruments Data analysis Limitations Concept Paper and Proposals Future Tense Final Report Past Tense Target population and the

More information

nd revised edition Janice Giles. ISBN [PDF] ISBN [epub] ISBN [Mobi]

nd revised edition Janice Giles. ISBN [PDF] ISBN [epub] ISBN [Mobi] Janice Giles asserts her moral right to be identified as the author of this work under the terms of Section 96 of the Copyright Act of 1994 (New Zealand). All rights reserved. No p[art of this publication

More information

CULTURAL STRESS AMONG INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT AN AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITY

CULTURAL STRESS AMONG INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT AN AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITY CULTURAL STRESS AMONG INTERNATIONAL STUDENTS AT AN AUSTRALIAN UNIVERSITY Garry Thomson Academic Services (Health, Counselling and Disability Services) The University of Melbourne, Australia Doreen Rosenthal

More information

Social and emotional development of deaf children and adolescents.

Social and emotional development of deaf children and adolescents. Social and emotional development of deaf children and adolescents. Susan Gregory Reader in Deaf Education School of Education University of Birmingham UK The assessment of social and emotional development

More information

Theories and Principles of Interpersonal Communication. Stephanie Kellogg

Theories and Principles of Interpersonal Communication. Stephanie Kellogg Interpersonal Communication 1 Theories and Principles of Interpersonal Communication Stephanie Kellogg Teaching Module COM 5600 Dr. Chad Edwards February 19, 2007 Interpersonal Communication 2 Theories

More information

Coping with Culture Shock

Coping with Culture Shock Coping with Culture Shock The term culture shock was introduced in 1958 to describe the anxiety produced when a person moves to a completely new environment. This term expresses a lack of direction and

More information

Reducing intercultural communication barriers between seafarers with different cultural backgrounds

Reducing intercultural communication barriers between seafarers with different cultural backgrounds Reducing intercultural communication barriers between seafarers with different cultural backgrounds Y. Q. Wang 1 & P. Gu 2 1 Foreign Languages College, Dalian Maritime University, China School of International

More information

Revealing the Colour and Personality in Texts: Putting the "Person" Back into our Results

Revealing the Colour and Personality in Texts: Putting the Person Back into our Results Masthead Logo The Qualitative Report Volume 19 Number 11 How To Article 3 3-17-2014 Revealing the Colour and Personality in Texts: Putting the "Person" Back into our Results Rod Pitcher Australian National

More information

Conflict Resolution and Mediation

Conflict Resolution and Mediation Conflict Resolution and Mediation Course Health Science Unit II Communication Essential Question What is the purpose of conflict resolution and how does it help in the work place? TEKS 130.204 (c) 3 (D)

More information

Analysis of Impact of Culture Shock on Individual Psychology

Analysis of Impact of Culture Shock on Individual Psychology Analysis of Impact of Culture Shock on Individual Psychology Junzi Xia International Communications Department, University of Nottingham Ningbo 199 Taikang East Road, Ningbo 315100, China Tel: 86-379-6421-9460

More information

PETR SVOBODA MONIKA HARANTOVA STRATEGIC MARKETING IN HIGHER EDUCATION FROM ALUMNI PERSPECTIVE

PETR SVOBODA MONIKA HARANTOVA STRATEGIC MARKETING IN HIGHER EDUCATION FROM ALUMNI PERSPECTIVE DOI: 10.20472/IAC.201.018.120 PETR SVOBODA Faculty of Management, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic MONIKA HARANTOVA Faculty of Management, University of Economics, Prague, Czech Republic

More information

TAKE AND TEACH LESSON Change: Loss, Opportunity and Resilience

TAKE AND TEACH LESSON Change: Loss, Opportunity and Resilience TAKE AND TEACH LESSON Change: Loss, Opportunity and Resilience PURPOSE This lesson includes activities to supplement the online course, "Change: Loss, Opportunity and Resilience." Job Club personnel and

More information

Intentional Growth. in the program, my time in it is short lived. And to add to the strangeness, since we had delays in

Intentional Growth. in the program, my time in it is short lived. And to add to the strangeness, since we had delays in Meredith Platt 1 Formational Goals Intentional Growth Short Term Goals I have to acknowledge that this paper is a bit of a strange experience for me to write. I am only in the Graduate School of Theology

More information

Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing

Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing Why culture matters for children s development and wellbeing Contents Diversity in Australia What is cultural diversity? Diversity and belonging How does diversity influence children s mental health? Challenges

More information

Return to Work after Brain Injury

Return to Work after Brain Injury Return to Work after Brain Injury This section talks about return to work after head injury and what kind of difficulties people experience. It moves onto talking about what kind of help and support is

More information

Moderator Package Student Focus Groups

Moderator Package Student Focus Groups Moderator Package Student Focus Groups This document is intended to assist Schools in facilitating student focus groups in relation to our Student Engagement Division measure. Additional school-specific

More information

EVS GRECJA TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION SPORT PLACE: VRONTADOS GREECE DIRECTOR: MR. DIMITRIOS PSORAS NAME OF ORGANIZATION: EXPERIMENTAL

EVS GRECJA TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION SPORT PLACE: VRONTADOS GREECE DIRECTOR: MR. DIMITRIOS PSORAS NAME OF ORGANIZATION: EXPERIMENTAL EVS GRECJA NAME OF ORGANIZATION: EXPERIMENTAL TECHNOLOGY EDUCATION SPORT PLACE: VRONTADOS GREECE DIRECTOR: MR. DIMITRIOS PSORAS PROJECT ENVIRONMENT: Our project focus is on helping the young people who

More information

Experiences of Domestic Violence amongst African Refugee Women in South Australia. Kelly W. Muraya

Experiences of Domestic Violence amongst African Refugee Women in South Australia. Kelly W. Muraya Experiences of Domestic Violence amongst African Refugee Women in South Australia Kelly W. Muraya Supervisors: Dr Jill Benson Dr Karin Ried The Discipline of General Practice The University of Adelaide

More information

ADOLESCENT GIRLS WITH AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER:

ADOLESCENT GIRLS WITH AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: ADOLESCENT GIRLS WITH AN AUTISM SPECTRUM DISORDER: Presentation, challenges and support needs in the mainstream education system Summary of research findings for the Honours degree of Bachelor of Health

More information

Intercultural awareness: A qualitative study of foreign language students in an Australian tertiary context

Intercultural awareness: A qualitative study of foreign language students in an Australian tertiary context Intercultural awareness: A qualitative study of foreign language students in an Australian tertiary context Yanjun Wang 1, Quynh Le 2 1,2 University of Tasmania ABSTRACT In line with internationalisation

More information

The acculturation of immigrants Case study: types of acculturation of the Romanian immigrants in Madrid

The acculturation of immigrants Case study: types of acculturation of the Romanian immigrants in Madrid The acculturation of immigrants Case study: types of acculturation of the Romanian immigrants in Madrid Assist. Prof. Cristina ILIE, Ph.D. candidate Faculty of Social Sciences, University of Craiova Romania

More information

AP World History - Overview

AP World History - Overview AP World History - Overview What exactly is AP World History? Let s start with how the course is created. Like all AP courses, APWH is created by the College Board, a not-for-profit organization that also

More information

Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR

Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Module - 6 CONSUMER BEHAVIOR Sangeeta Sahney Assistant Professor, Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur, India Email. sahney@vgsom.iitkgp.emit.in Joint Initiative IITs and IISc Funded by MHRD - 1 -

More information

Strategies that mental health nurses can utilise to reduce aggression in acute mental health settings through cultural change

Strategies that mental health nurses can utilise to reduce aggression in acute mental health settings through cultural change 3 rd NUS-NUH International Nursing Conference & 20 th Joint Singapore-Malaysia Nursing Conference 2015 Strategies that mental health nurses can utilise to reduce aggression in acute mental health settings

More information

ARi. Supporting direct contact after adoption. Adoption Research initiative. 2. What was the purpose of the study? 1. Background to the study

ARi. Supporting direct contact after adoption. Adoption Research initiative. 2. What was the purpose of the study? 1. Background to the study ARi Summary 10 Adoption Research initiative November 2010 Supporting direct contact after adoption This study is part of the Adoption Research Initiative (ARi), a group of major research projects commissioned

More information

Course Syllabus. AAD 252: Art and Gender

Course Syllabus. AAD 252: Art and Gender AAD 252: Art and Gender Course Syllabus Description: This course addresses socio-cultural factors influencing roles of women and men in arts, culture, and society. We will examine underlying social structures

More information

Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an. Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program

Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an. Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program 1 Blood, Sweat and Tears: Insights into the Lived Experiences of Graduates of an Accelerated Undergraduate Degree-Completion Program Bonnie Flynn, Ed.D., MPH National-Louis University Abstract: This is

More information

MOTIVATION OF HEALTH CARE EMPLOYEES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA

MOTIVATION OF HEALTH CARE EMPLOYEES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA MOTIVATION OF HEALTH CARE EMPLOYEES IN THE REPUBLIC OF MACEDONIA Nexhbi Veseli South East European University, FYROM n.veseli@seeu.edu.mk Brikend Aziri South East European University, FYROM b.aziri@seeu.edu.mk

More information

RESPONDING TO TRAUMA. Handbook based on experiences of Afghan refugee women living in Finland

RESPONDING TO TRAUMA. Handbook based on experiences of Afghan refugee women living in Finland RESPONDING TO TRAUMA Handbook based on experiences of Afghan refugee women living in Finland Sandi Mäki-Soini Bachelor s Thesis directive May 2009 Pirkanmaan ammattikorkeakoulu Pirkanmaa University of

More information

Homesickness and Spiritual Well-Being. By Katherine Grimes

Homesickness and Spiritual Well-Being. By Katherine Grimes Coming to College: Correlations between Loneliness, Homesickness and Spiritual Well-Being By Katherine Grimes Previous research shows that there is a negative relationship between loneliness and faith,

More information

The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication Study

The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication Study Johnson & Wales University ScholarsArchive@JWU K-12 Education Center for Research and Evaluation Winter 2016 The Relationship Between Academic-Efficacy and Persistence in Adult Remedial Education: A Replication

More information

Training Resources Education for Linguistic and Cultural Diversity (DIV)

Training Resources Education for Linguistic and Cultural Diversity (DIV) Pestalozzi Training Resources Education for Linguistic and Cultural Diversity (DIV) From home to country by Author: Aleksandra Birkova - Latvia Editor: Ildikó Lázár The Pestalozzi Programme Council of

More information

Languages, Cultures and Communications

Languages, Cultures and Communications Study program Faculty Cycle English Language Teaching Languages, Cultures and Communications Postgraduate ECTS 120 Offered in Tetovo Description of the program The objective of this ELT program is to provide

More information

Occupational Stress in the Construction Industry

Occupational Stress in the Construction Industry Occupational Stress in the Construction Industry Survey 2006 Research by: Fiona Campbell, CIOB CONTENTS 1 Foreword 2 Abstract 3 Introduction What is occupational stress? Background research Legal requirements

More information

Changing children s lives

Changing children s lives What is adoption? 01 What is adoption? Through adoption you can give a child a permanent, caring home and a sense of belonging, with the love and security of a stable family life guaranteed until they

More information

Revision. AS Sociology. Sociological Methods

Revision. AS Sociology. Sociological Methods AS Sociology Revision Sociological Methods The different quantitative and qualitative methods and sources of data, including questionnaires, interviews, observation techniques and experiments, and documents

More information

Exercise and Fitness: The Media s Influence on Body Image and the Pressures to Exercise. Christina Russell. Central Michigan University

Exercise and Fitness: The Media s Influence on Body Image and the Pressures to Exercise. Christina Russell. Central Michigan University Media s Influence on Body Image 1 Running Head: MEDIA S INFLUENCE ON BODY IMAGE Exercise and Fitness: The Media s Influence on Body Image and the Pressures to Exercise Christina Russell Central Michigan

More information

I. GENERAL INFORMATION

I. GENERAL INFORMATION E-mail: s.h.m.kester@uvt.nl Study Program: Psychology Exchange semester: September 2015 - January 2016 Academic year: 2015-2016 Host University: Corvinus University Budapest Country: Hungary I. GENERAL

More information

Objectives Participants will be able to: Conflict of Interest Disclosure. Author s Conflicts of Interest: E. Bernhofer, No Conflict of Interest

Objectives Participants will be able to: Conflict of Interest Disclosure. Author s Conflicts of Interest: E. Bernhofer, No Conflict of Interest September 19, 2015 ASPMN 25th National Conference Esther I. Bernhofer, PhD, RN-BC Senior Nurse Researcher Pain Education Specialist Office of Nursing Research and Innovation Cleveland Clinic Conflict of

More information

DDBA 8427: Applied Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative THEORY

DDBA 8427: Applied Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative THEORY DDBA 8427: Applied Research Methods Qualitative and Quantitative THEORY VOICEOVER : What is theory, and how does theory relate to the various methods of research design? In this video program, Dr. Michael

More information

Tom s Reflective Log. My Work Placement at ACME Community School. Week 1

Tom s Reflective Log. My Work Placement at ACME Community School. Week 1 Tom s Reflective Log My Work Placement at ACME Community School Week 1 The school I chose to work at was ACME Community School. The school is open 7 days a week and is very popular in the local area and

More information

ESG UQAM UNIVERSITÉ DE QUEBEC À MONTRÉAL. Fall

ESG UQAM UNIVERSITÉ DE QUEBEC À MONTRÉAL. Fall ESG UQAM UNIVERSITÉ DE QUEBEC À MONTRÉAL Fall 2015 363365 1. Preparing for the exchange The following documents were needed for the application to UQAM: Copy of the individual record of civil status (e.g.

More information

Socialization. Chapter 3

Socialization. Chapter 3 Socialization Chapter 3 Socialization Process of social interaction through which individuals acquire self-identity and physical, mental, social skills. Process of creating our behaviors. Begins at birth

More information

Challenges of Intercultural Management: Change implementation in the context of national culture

Challenges of Intercultural Management: Change implementation in the context of national culture 12-ICIT 9-11/4/07 in RoC Going for Gold ~ Best Practices in Ed. & Public Paper #: 07-08 Page- 1 /7 Challenges of Intercultural Management: Change implementation in the context of national culture Prof.

More information

Changing multilingual situation in Narva: transition to teaching in Estonian

Changing multilingual situation in Narva: transition to teaching in Estonian Changing multilingual situation in Narva: transition to teaching in Estonian Ekaterina Protassova University of Helsinki & University of Tartu, Narva college 1 Russian: A brief overview of Russian in Europe

More information

The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness

The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness , pp.220-226 http://dx.doi.org/10.14257/astl.2015.103.47 The effect of reading education program using multicultural books on elementary student s multicultural awareness Jaebok Seo *, Mina Choi ** *Department

More information

Promoting Learner Autonomy and Language Awareness Through Blogging

Promoting Learner Autonomy and Language Awareness Through Blogging Promoting Learner Autonomy and Language Awareness Through Blogging Paul Dickinson Abstract The benefits of learner Weblogs, or blogs as they are more commonly known, have been reported in various educational

More information

What is the Key to Learning English Successfully? Tomomi Masumoto SN: 99021XXX

What is the Key to Learning English Successfully? Tomomi Masumoto SN: 99021XXX What is the Key to Learning English Successfully? Tomomi Masumoto SN: 99021XXX What is the Key to Learning English Successfully? Introduction One of my foreign friends once said, I thought I didn t need

More information

MONITORING THE TEACHERS ATTITUDE IN ADOPTING THE NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES

MONITORING THE TEACHERS ATTITUDE IN ADOPTING THE NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES MONITORING THE TEACHERS ATTITUDE IN ADOPTING THE NEW INFORMATION TECHNOLOGIES Solza GRCEVA 1 Zoran ZDRAVEV 1 ABSTRACT The information society is sweeping the educators towards a future highly dependent

More information

CONTEXTUAL FACTORS Student Characteristics: gender and race/ ethnicity

CONTEXTUAL FACTORS Student Characteristics: gender and race/ ethnicity CONTEXTUAL FACTORS Student Characteristics: gender and race/ ethnicity In this section of the Level II teacher work sample, you are asked to identify student characteristics related to gender, race/ethnicity,

More information

Tuition Free Medical School

Tuition Free Medical School Transcript Details This is a transcript of an educational program accessible on the ReachMD network. Details about the program and additional media formats for the program are accessible by visiting: https://reachmd.com/programs/clinicians-roundtable/tuition-free-medical-school/3781/

More information

BBC Learning English Talk about English Academic Listening Part 1 - English for Academic Purposes: Introduction

BBC Learning English Talk about English Academic Listening Part 1 - English for Academic Purposes: Introduction BBC Learning English Academic Listening Part 1 - English for Academic Purposes: Introduction This programme was first broadcast in 2001. This is not an accurate word-for-word transcript of the programme.

More information

Helping People with Mental Illness

Helping People with Mental Illness Helping People with Mental Illness A Mental Health Training Programme for Community Health Workers Module E Helping Families Cope with Mental Health Problems Page 1 About this course Helping People with

More information