Asthma. When do these symptoms arise? What triggers make asthma worse?

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Asthma. When do these symptoms arise? What triggers make asthma worse?"

Transcription

1 Asthma Asthma is the term which describes a specific type of breathing problem that arises due to narrowing of the airways. This narrowing is caused when certain natural chemicals within the body are released, usually in response to infection or when the patient comes into contact with something that they are allergic to. The same release of chemicals also leads to inflammation of the airways. If the breathing tubes are narrow it is more difficult to get air in and out of the lungs. This causes a sensation of breathlessness and tightness in the chest. With the narrowed airways there may be wheezing and a dry irritating cough, which can sometimes be triggered in the cold, extreme heat, or with exercise. It can sometimes just occur at night, disturbing sleep. In some people (especially children), a cough may be the main symptom. When do these symptoms arise? One of the characteristics of asthma is that the symptoms are variable, with some days being better, and others worse. This will relate to both the treatment that is being given (to increase number of good days) and the environmental exposure to triggers that may worsen asthma (increase number of bad days). In addition to this symptoms may vary spontaneously throughout the day. Everyone's airways are narrowest in the small hours of the morning so this will be the worst time in asthma. If the asthma is not well controlled with treatment, waking at night due to breathlessness, wheeze, chest tightness or cough is often present. What triggers make asthma worse? Some substances specifically trigger asthma; other substances just act as irritants when the airways are already over-reactive due to asthma. These irritants usually only transiently worsen the asthma (i.e minutes) whereas those specific factors that trigger asthma may do so for days or weeks. Specific factors include allergens such as house dust mite droppings in dust, pets such as cats and dogs, pollens such as tree and grass, and moulds, as well as infection such as the common cold. The allergens mentioned will only worsen asthma if a person is specifically sensitive to that substance. Exposure to chemicals in the work environment can also lead to the development of asthma in some people. Non-specific irritants include cigarette smoke, car exhaust fumes, perfumes, aerosol sprays such as hair lacquer or furniture polish, change in temperature especially going from a warm to a cold environment paint or cooking odours, and exercise

2 Who gets asthma? Asthma can arise at any age but about half of asthmatics develop symptoms before the age of 10 years. It then tends to become less severe in teenagers but can come back in later life. Much of the asthma in young children relates to cold viruses, and children are the most likely to 'grow out of it' as they get older. Asthma is twice as common in boys as girls, perhaps because infant boys have smaller airways. It tends to run in families so if there is a family history of asthma or of other allergies such as hay fever or eczema, an individual may be more likely to develop asthma. In adults who develop asthma for the first time in their 30s, 40s and 50s (late onset asthma) allergy is much less common. In late onset asthma a proportion may have asthma related to exposure to chemicals in their work environment, and some may be sensitive to chemicals in drugs or their diet (i.e. aspirin-sensitive asthma or salicylate intolerance). In some it may follow a severe chest infection. Is asthma serious? It is important to understand that while asthma can be very troublesome, a majority of people with the condition either do not require treatment or have symptoms which are easily controlled on very little medication. There are many successful sportsmen and women who have asthma. If you have recently been diagnosed with asthma, you should not panic. Symptoms may not present all the time and there may be no signs of the condition between attacks. If you attend your doctor when well, he or she may not find any evidence of the disease. However, he or she will be able to exclude other chest problems and arrange further tests for asthma. There are some people whose asthma does not respond fully to treatment and this can result in some chronic symptoms despite regular medication. The majority lead active lives despite their condition. Usually it is possible to avoid troublesome asthma by avoiding trigger factors such as allergens, and by using medication. How is asthma diagnosed? The diagnosis of asthma is based on two main features: the presence of those symptoms already described, and the variability in the airway narrowing and symptoms. This variability is usually measured by home monitoring of lung function with a peak flow meter a simple device to measure the flow of air out of the lungs. If, over a period of time, the morning and evening values vary by more than 15%, or treatment for asthma improves the readings by more than this value, this is indicative of asthma. As the airways are narrower at night, the morning value is usually lower than the evening measurement. Lung function tests are useful in assessing the breathing in more detail. These involve breathing into machines which record the air flow and volumes during various breathing manoeuvres. A reversibility test may be used - 2 -

3 to assess your response to an asthma inhaler such as salbutamol. In asthma there is usually a marked improvement in lung function measurements after a dose of medication. Your GP may be able to perform or arrange lung function tests but they are not always necessary. More complex lung function tests are only available in hospital laboratories and are indicated in special circumstances. Allergy skin tests are vital in finding out whether your asthma is due to inhalant allergens. You may need a referral to a specialist centre although some GPs are able to offer these tests. Drops of a number of allergen extracts are placed on the skin (usually the forearm) and the skin is pricked lightly through the drops. A positive reaction will cause some itching and a bump at the site within 10 minutes. A blood test for allergic antibodies to various allergens is an alternative but in some cases can be less likely to detect an allergy than skin tests. Sometimes, challenge tests may be necessary. These are used in more difficult asthma cases, in specialist centres, and are very carefully controlled to avoid excessive wheeziness. Test substances which can cause wheezing may be administered in gradually increasing doses as a fine mist (nebulised). Exercise or aspirin challenges may also be used occasionally. A chest x-ray may be indicated to confirm that there is no other cause for your symptoms. How should asthma be treated? The treatment of allergic asthma is based on allergen avoidance and drug treatment. Allergen avoidance should concentrate on reducing exposure to house dust mite, mould spores, animal dander and (in some people) pollens. Remember that many chemicals will irritate airways in the asthmatic patient, and exposure to cigarette smoke, traffic fumes, sprays, perfumes, solvents, paint fumes and cleaning chemicals should also be considered. Drug treatment is directed towards the two main components of asthma: the airway inflammation and the muscle narrowing around the airways. For very mild asthma in which symptoms only arise occasionally, a reliever inhaler to relax the airway muscles when needed is all that is required. If this is needed more than once a week then a regular steroid inhaler to suppress the airway inflammation should be used. If it is not possible to use inhalers then tablets may be available, but inhalers are more effective. In some people with persistent asthma more than one type of preventer therapy, and additional tablet medication, may be needed. Many asthmatics also suffer from rhinitis ('hay fever' symptoms, for either part of the year, or all year). Proper treatment of their rhinitis can lead to an improvement in their asthma (see our fact sheet Allergic rhinitis)

4 Management plans Your medication requirements may alter over time. If you are going through a period of worsening symptoms, you need to act to control them. It is unwise to allow unusual symptoms to continue as this could lead to an asthma attack. Sometimes it is enough just to increase your inhaled steroid for a few days, which will control the airway inflammation. It will help if you monitor your progress using a peak flow meter (you can get one on prescription). If you are not making good progress, or your symptoms are suddenly worse, you should see your doctor to review your medication. Your doctor or asthma nurse will be able to advise you on the most appropriate management plan for your individual case. Coping with an asthma attack If you have an attack of wheezing: Take your reliever as prescribed and try to keep calm. Sitting upright is most comfortable. The dose may be repeated after 5 10 minutes if the first dose is not fully effective. If you are still no better, you need medical attention as soon as possible. Call your doctor or go to hospital. You should call an ambulance to take you to hospital if: your second dose of reliever has not worked you are too breathless to talk in sentences you are getting exhausted by the effort of breathing Other worrying signs are: a rapid pulse rate (over 120 beats a minute) a peak flow less than half of your best blueness around the lips or tongue If you treat asthma exacerbations promptly with preventers, it is very unlikely that you will have a serious attack. Never ignore worsening symptoms. Asthma clinics Most GPs review their asthmatic patients from time to time to ensure that their asthma is well-controlled on the most appropriate medication. You should make time to go to appointments. Sometimes asthma control can deteriorate slowly over time so that you do not notice a problem and this can be picked up at your clinic appointment

5 Is there a cure for asthma? There are new drugs that can help when a patient does not get relief from the usual treatments, but at present none of the treatments for asthma cure the condition. In rare cases of severe allergy, desensitising injections may help but are only available through specialist centres. Last updated: March 2012 Version 2-5 -

Asthma Basic Facts. Staying safe and well with asthma For people with asthma and their carers

Asthma Basic Facts. Staying safe and well with asthma For people with asthma and their carers Asthma Basic Facts Staying safe and well with asthma For people with asthma and their carers Breathing Breathing is how we get air in and out of our body. We all need air to live. The lungs (inside your

More information

Childhood Asthma / Wheeze

Childhood Asthma / Wheeze Childhood Asthma / Wheeze Symptoms Asthma causes a range of breathing problems. These include wheezing, feeling of tightness in the lungs/chest and a cough (often in the night or early morning). The most

More information

Royal Manchester Children s Hospital. Asthma. Information For Parents and Carers. Ward: Ward Telephone Number: Consultant:

Royal Manchester Children s Hospital. Asthma. Information For Parents and Carers. Ward: Ward Telephone Number: Consultant: Royal Manchester Children s Hospital Asthma Information For Parents and Carers Ward: Ward Telephone Number: Consultant: Understanding asthma Asthma is a common condition that affects approximately 1 in

More information

Asthma Triggers. What are they and what can be done about them?

Asthma Triggers. What are they and what can be done about them? Asthma Triggers What are they and what can be done about them? This brochure has been developed for the community by Asthma Australia It provides information about: Asthma triggers What you can do about

More information

Asthma Diagnosis and Management

Asthma Diagnosis and Management Asthma Diagnosis and Management Asthma is a condition characterized by narrowing and inflammation of the airways. This inflammation causes the airways to be very sensitive and react to a variety of stimuli

More information

GCE AS/A level 1661/01A APPLIED SCIENCE UNIT 1. Pre-release Article for Examination in January 2010 JD*(A09-1661-01A)

GCE AS/A level 1661/01A APPLIED SCIENCE UNIT 1. Pre-release Article for Examination in January 2010 JD*(A09-1661-01A) GCE AS/A level 1661/01A APPLIED SCIENCE UNIT 1 Pre-release Article for Examination in January 2010 JD*(A09-1661-01A) 2 BLANK PAGE 3 Information for Teachers The attached article on asthma is based on some

More information

ASTHMA IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN

ASTHMA IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN ASTHMA IN INFANTS AND YOUNG CHILDREN What is Asthma? Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disease of the airways. Symptoms of asthma are variable. That means that they can be mild to severe, intermittent to

More information

Information for Behavioral Health Providers in Primary Care. Asthma

Information for Behavioral Health Providers in Primary Care. Asthma What is Asthma? Information for Behavioral Health Providers in Primary Care Asthma Asthma (AZ-ma) is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods

More information

Ear Infections Asthma in childhood asthma in childhood

Ear Infections Asthma in childhood asthma in childhood Asthma Ear Infections in childhood asthma in childhood Asthma in childhood is common and it can be serious. About one in six children (aged less than 15 years) in Western Australia are affected by asthma.

More information

Asthma Guidance for Birmingham Schools.

Asthma Guidance for Birmingham Schools. Asthma Guidance for Birmingham Schools. May 2004 RECOMMENDED ASTHMA GUIDANCE FOR SCHOOL STAFF* This guidance is intended to complement the local Birmingham Administration and Management of Prescribed Medicines

More information

Seasonal Allergies. 1995-2012 The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com im010101 Last reviewed: 05/30/2012 1

Seasonal Allergies. 1995-2012 The Patient Education Institute, Inc. www.x-plain.com im010101 Last reviewed: 05/30/2012 1 Seasonal Allergies Introduction Seasonal allergies are allergies that develop during certain times of the year. Seasonal allergies are usually a response to pollen from trees, grasses, and weeds. Constant

More information

Where kids come first. Childhood asthma

Where kids come first. Childhood asthma 14 Where kids come first Childhood asthma In Canada, childhood asthma has quadrupled in the last decade. It is one of the most common reasons children are hospitalized or visit emergency departments. A

More information

ASTHMA DISCHARGE PLAN

ASTHMA DISCHARGE PLAN ASTHMA DISCHARGE PLAN Information Leaflet Your Health. Our Priority. Page 2 of 6 Asthma When a child with asthma comes into contact with something that irritates their airways (an asthma trigger) the muscles

More information

Hay Fever & Allergic Rhinitis

Hay Fever & Allergic Rhinitis Hay Fever & Allergic Rhinitis Rhinitis is inflammation of the nose, which is recognised by symptoms such as sneezing, runny nose, blocked / stuffy nose, itching and 'post-nasal drip' (the sensation of

More information

Frequently Asked Questions about Crab Asthma

Frequently Asked Questions about Crab Asthma Frequently Asked Questions about Crab Asthma 1. Occupational asthma to snow crab: What is it? Asthma is a condition that results in breathing difficulties. These breathing difficulties occur when the breathing

More information

What You And Your Family Can Do About Asthma

What You And Your Family Can Do About Asthma GLOBAL INITIATIVE FOR ASTHMA What You And Your Family Can Do About Asthma BASED ON THE GLOBAL STRATEGY FOR ASTHMA MANAGEMENT AND PREVENTION NHLBI/WHO WORKSHOP REPORT NATIONAL INSTITUTES OF HEALTH NATIONAL

More information

Primrose Hill School Asthma Policy

Primrose Hill School Asthma Policy Primrose Hill School Asthma Policy INTRODUCTION Euxton Primrose Hill Primary School acknowledges that asthma is the most prevalent disease of childhood and recognises that many pupils on roll in this school

More information

Allergies Your guide to testing and treatment

Allergies Your guide to testing and treatment Allergies Your guide to testing and treatment ENT and Allergy Center of Missouri 812 N. Keene St Columbia, MO 65201 (573) 817-3000 What causes allergies and how do I know if I have any? An allergy is really

More information

The Proper Treatment Of Asthma

The Proper Treatment Of Asthma The Proper Treatment Of Asthma Southwest Allergy & Asthma Foundation Page 1 of 10 INTRODUCTION The purpose of this pamphlet is to supply information which will give patients suffering with asthma, an intelligent

More information

Allergies: ENT and Allergy Center of Missouri YOUR GUIDE TO TESTING AND TREATMENT. University of Missouri Health Care

Allergies: ENT and Allergy Center of Missouri YOUR GUIDE TO TESTING AND TREATMENT. University of Missouri Health Care Allergies: YOUR GUIDE TO TESTING AND TREATMENT ENT and Allergy Center of Missouri University of Missouri Health Care 812 N. Keene St., Columbia, MO 65201 (573) 817-3000 www.muhealth.org WHAT CAUSES ALLERGIES

More information

ASTHMA - In Children SOCIETY ASTHMA OF IRELAND

ASTHMA - In Children SOCIETY ASTHMA OF IRELAND - In Children - In Children IN CHILDREN Introduction Asthma affects 15 per cent of children in Ireland. About 30 per cent of under fives have had at least one attack of wheezing. This means that a number

More information

Fostair Maintenance & Reliever Therapy (MART) for asthma

Fostair Maintenance & Reliever Therapy (MART) for asthma Fostair Maintenance & Reliever Therapy (MART) for asthma Turnberg Building Respiratory Medicine 0161 206 3158 All Rights Reserved 2014. Document for issue as handout. Name: Date: Best peak flow recording

More information

Asthma Care. Of course, your coach is there to answer any questions you have about your asthma, such as:

Asthma Care. Of course, your coach is there to answer any questions you have about your asthma, such as: Asthma Care All Health Coaches in the Asthma Care Management program are registered or certified respiratory therapists. Your coach will listen to your story of living with asthma. This will help your

More information

Asthma Management Policy. Audience: Purpose: Definition: School Community

Asthma Management Policy. Audience: Purpose: Definition: School Community Asthma Management Policy Audience: School Community Purpose: This policy will outline the procedures to: ensure staff and parents/guardians are aware of their obligations and the best practice management

More information

SmPC SYMBICORT pressurised inhalation, suspension Approved indications and posology given in Section 4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS

SmPC SYMBICORT pressurised inhalation, suspension Approved indications and posology given in Section 4. CLINICAL PARTICULARS Table VI-14 Risk miminisation by safety concern: off-label use of SYMBICORT pressurised inhalation, suspension for the treatment of asthma, in children, adolescents, or adults Safety concern Routine risk

More information

Things you might want to ask about asthma

Things you might want to ask about asthma Things you might want to ask about asthma This information is from Asthma UK. We are a charity that helps people with asthma. EasyRead version What is asthma? If you have asthma your airways do not work

More information

Script Notes: Good (morning, afternoon, evening), my name is, and I will present Asthma Basics for Schools. My goal today is to help you learn more

Script Notes: Good (morning, afternoon, evening), my name is, and I will present Asthma Basics for Schools. My goal today is to help you learn more Script Notes: Good (morning, afternoon, evening), my name is, and I will present Asthma Basics for Schools. My goal today is to help you learn more about asthma and the school age child, as well as the

More information

FLIXONASE ALLERGY Non Drowsy Nasal Spray 24 hour Effective Relief and Prevention Available in 60 & 150 sprays

FLIXONASE ALLERGY Non Drowsy Nasal Spray 24 hour Effective Relief and Prevention Available in 60 & 150 sprays FLIXONASE ALLERGY Non Drowsy Nasal Spray 24 hour Effective Relief and Prevention Available in 60 & 150 sprays CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION WHAT IS IN THIS LEAFLET? Please read this leaflet carefully before

More information

On completion of this chapter you should be able to: discuss the stepwise approach to the pharmacological management of asthma in children

On completion of this chapter you should be able to: discuss the stepwise approach to the pharmacological management of asthma in children 7 Asthma Asthma is a common disease in children and its incidence has been increasing in recent years. Between 10-15% of children have been diagnosed with asthma. It is therefore a condition that pharmacists

More information

Animal dander: Such as the hair and secretions of pets like cats and dogs.

Animal dander: Such as the hair and secretions of pets like cats and dogs. Allergies Allergic disorders are very common in Australia with approximately 4.1 million Australians¹ having at least one allergy. There are many different types of allergies, presenting with a variety

More information

Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust. Bronchiectasis. Issued by Respiratory Medicine

Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust. Bronchiectasis. Issued by Respiratory Medicine Northumbria Healthcare NHS Foundation Trust Bronchiectasis Issued by Respiratory Medicine The aim of this booklet is to help you manage your bronchiectasis. It contains information which you should find

More information

YOU VE BEEN REFERRED TO AN ASTHMA SPECIALIST...

YOU VE BEEN REFERRED TO AN ASTHMA SPECIALIST... YOU VE BEEN REFERRED TO AN ASTHMA SPECIALIST... ...HERE S WHAT TO EXPECT You have been referred to an allergist because you have or may have asthma. The health professional who referred you wants you to

More information

Your child s asthma We can control it.

Your child s asthma We can control it. ç Your child s asthma We can control it. Dec. 2015 Copyright Cook Children s ç Asthma control Asthma is a chronic airway disease. You cannot cure asthma, but you can control it. Treatment can improve asthma

More information

In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away.

In case of an urgent concern or emergency, call 911 or go to the nearest emergency department right away. Asthma Basics Patient and Family Education This teaching sheet contains general information only. Talk with your child s doctor or a member of your child s healthcare team about specific care of your child.

More information

Live well with COPD 1

Live well with COPD 1 Live well with COPD 1 Understanding COPD Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease describes several different lung conditions that can lead to blocking the airflow out of the lungs. Breathing can become more

More information

Hay Fever , The Patient Education Institute, Inc. imf30101 Last reviewed: 06/27/2013 1

Hay Fever , The Patient Education Institute, Inc.  imf30101 Last reviewed: 06/27/2013 1 Hay Fever Introduction Hay fever is another name for a pollen allergy. Trees, weeds and grasses release tiny pollen grains into the air. When pollen gets into your nose and throat, it can cause an allergic

More information

The Annual Direct Care of Asthma

The Annual Direct Care of Asthma The Annual Direct Care of Asthma The annual direct health care cost of asthma in the United States is approximately $11.5 billion; indirect costs (e.g. lost productivity) add another $4.6 billion for a

More information

Treatment of Asthma. Talk to your doctor about the various medications available to treat asthma.

Treatment of Asthma. Talk to your doctor about the various medications available to treat asthma. Please call 911 if you think you have a medical emergency. Treatment of Asthma The goals of asthma therapy are to prevent your child from having chronic and troublesome symptoms, to maintain your child's

More information

Asthma Management Policy

Asthma Management Policy Asthma Management Policy Policy Number 003 Version Number 1.01 Drafted by Executive Officer Approved Date: Review Date: Responsibility Relevant Policies Relevant Standards and Regulations Bubup Womindjeka

More information

Understanding Cough, Wheezing and Noisy Breathing in Children. Introduction

Understanding Cough, Wheezing and Noisy Breathing in Children. Introduction Understanding Cough, Wheezing and Noisy Breathing in Children Introduction Symptoms such as cough, wheezing or noisy breathing can be caused by a number of conditions. When these occur, it is natural for

More information

Virginia Tech Departmental Policy 27 Sports Medicine Key Function:

Virginia Tech Departmental Policy 27 Sports Medicine Key Function: Virginia Tech Departmental Policy 27 Sports Medicine Key Function: Review: Yearly Director of Athletic Training Title: Management of Asthma in Athletes Section: Treatment S-A Safety POLICY STATEMENT: This

More information

COPD Patient Education Resource

COPD Patient Education Resource Contact Information Prince of Wales Hospital Switchboard 02 9382 2222 Department of Respiratory Medicine 02 9382 4631 / 9382 8643 Respiratory Coordinated Care Program (RCCP) 02 9382 3486 Pulmonary Rehabilitation

More information

Anaphylaxis: a severe, life threatening allergic reaction usually involving swelling, trouble breathing, and can progress to shock

Anaphylaxis: a severe, life threatening allergic reaction usually involving swelling, trouble breathing, and can progress to shock Allergy is a condition in which the immune system causes sneezing, itching, rashes, and wheezing, or sometimes even life-threatening allergic reactions. The more you know about allergies, the better prepared

More information

Patient Instruction/Consent Form for Allergy Skin Testing

Patient Instruction/Consent Form for Allergy Skin Testing PRESCOTT VISION & EYE SURGERY CENTER Patient Instruction/Consent Form for Allergy Skin Testing Skin Test: Skin tests are methods of testing for allergic antibodies. A test consists of introducing small

More information

What You Should Know About ASTHMA

What You Should Know About ASTHMA What You Should Know About ASTHMA 200 Hospital Drive Galax, VA 24333 (276) 236-8181 www.tcrh.org WHAT IS ASTHMA? It s a lung condition that makes breathing difficult. The cause of asthma is not known.

More information

Occupational Asthma. A guide for Employers, Workers and their Representatives BOHRF. British Occupational Health Research Foundation BOHRF

Occupational Asthma. A guide for Employers, Workers and their Representatives BOHRF. British Occupational Health Research Foundation BOHRF Occupational Asthma Acknowledgements The evidence review report and the summaries of evidence have been made possible by the commitment of the Research Working Group, and others, listed in the full evidence

More information

This chain reaction can result in asthma symptoms. Symptoms can happen each time the airways are irritated. Asthma

This chain reaction can result in asthma symptoms. Symptoms can happen each time the airways are irritated. Asthma DCI Home: Lung Diseases: Asthma: Printer Friendly Summary Page What Is Asthma? Asthma (AZ-ma) is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that inflames and narrows the airways. Asthma causes recurring periods

More information

ALLERGY SKIN PRE-TESTING PATIENT INSTRUCTIONS Please read this entire form

ALLERGY SKIN PRE-TESTING PATIENT INSTRUCTIONS Please read this entire form ALLERGY SKIN PRE-TESTING PATIENT INSTRUCTIONS Please read this entire form You have been scheduled for allergy skin testing on at, in our office. Please allow 1 ½ - 2hrs for the test. Your follow up appointment

More information

written by Harvard Medical School Nasal Allergies

written by Harvard Medical School Nasal Allergies written by Harvard Medical School Nasal Allergies www.patientedu.org/allergies If your symptoms occur year-round (perennial allergic rhinitis), the cause is most likely indoor allergens, such as dust mites,

More information

understanding the professional guidelines

understanding the professional guidelines SEVERE ASTHMA understanding the professional guidelines This guide includes information on what the European Respiratory Society (ERS) and the American Thoracic Society (ATS) have said about severe asthma.

More information

Consumers. Allergic rhinitis. and your. Asthma. What you should know

Consumers. Allergic rhinitis. and your. Asthma. What you should know Consumers Allergic rhinitis and your Asthma What you should know Contents Allergic rhinitis facts...3 How allergic rhinitis can affect your asthma...3 What are the symptoms of allergic rhinitis?...4 What

More information

A ragweed pollen as a treatment for a ragweed allergy? It s called immunotherapy.

A ragweed pollen as a treatment for a ragweed allergy? It s called immunotherapy. A ragweed pollen as a treatment for a ragweed allergy? It s called immunotherapy. RAGWITEK is a prescription medicine used for sublingual (under the tongue) immunotherapy to treat ragweed pollen allergies

More information

Measuring Peak Flow. More on next page. Learn more about your health care.

Measuring Peak Flow. More on next page. Learn more about your health care. Measuring Peak Flow Peak flow meters are used to check your asthma the way that blood pressure cuffs are used to check high blood pressure. A peak flow meter is a device that measures how well (how fast)

More information

Marus Bridge Primary. Asthma Policy

Marus Bridge Primary. Asthma Policy Marus Bridge Primary Asthma Policy Date Reviewed Date of Next Review Summer 2014 Autumn 2016 Policy Review Sheet Asthma Policy Name/signature Asthma Guidance Notes for Staff. 1. Identification of Pupils

More information

Asthma can be triggered by a variety of factors, including things in our everyday environment. Common triggers include:

Asthma can be triggered by a variety of factors, including things in our everyday environment. Common triggers include: Asthma management Summary Taking control of your asthma gives you more freedom to do the things you want. The two main types of asthma medication are relievers that are taken just when needed and preventers

More information

BOHRF BOHRF. Occupational Asthma. A guide for Employers, Workers and their Representatives BOHRF. Occupational Health Research Foundation

BOHRF BOHRF. Occupational Asthma. A guide for Employers, Workers and their Representatives BOHRF. Occupational Health Research Foundation Occupational Asthma A guide for Employers, Workers and their Representatives March 2010 British O Occupational Health Research Foundation This leaflet summarises the key evidence based advice for policy

More information

Nose Disorders. This reference summary explains common nose disorders, including symptoms and treatment options. Sinus

Nose Disorders. This reference summary explains common nose disorders, including symptoms and treatment options. Sinus Nose Disorders Introduction Your nose is important to your health. It filters the air you breathe and removes dust and germs. It warms and moistens the air to keep your lungs and the tubes that lead to

More information

Q. What is allergic rhinitis? A. Bouts of sneezing, called allergic rhinitis in medical terminology, is one of the commonest forms of allergy.

Q. What is allergic rhinitis? A. Bouts of sneezing, called allergic rhinitis in medical terminology, is one of the commonest forms of allergy. 1 2 Q. What is allergic rhinitis? A. Bouts of sneezing, called allergic rhinitis in medical terminology, is one of the commonest forms of allergy. It may occur in children or in older people, but, mostly,

More information

Yoon Nofsinger, M.D. Tampa ENT Associates, 3450 East Fletcher Avenue, Tampa, FL 33613 Phone (813) 972-3353, Fax (813) 978 3667

Yoon Nofsinger, M.D. Tampa ENT Associates, 3450 East Fletcher Avenue, Tampa, FL 33613 Phone (813) 972-3353, Fax (813) 978 3667 Yoon Nofsinger, M.D. Tampa ENT Associates, 3450 East Fletcher Avenue, Tampa, FL 33613 Phone (813) 972-3353, Fax (813) 978 3667 General Information: Allergies and Injection Therapy 1. General: You have

More information

UNDERSTANDING YOUR ASTHMA 1. Woman: I like to hike and bike and run and before, I wasn t able to do anything, before I

UNDERSTANDING YOUR ASTHMA 1. Woman: I like to hike and bike and run and before, I wasn t able to do anything, before I UNDERSTANDING YOUR ASTHMA 1 [music, video montage] Woman: I like to hike and bike and run and before, I wasn t able to do anything, before I got treated. [music, title card: Understanding Your Asthma]

More information

Policy Asthma. Dream, believe, achieve together. Persons with Responsibility. All stakeholders

Policy Asthma. Dream, believe, achieve together. Persons with Responsibility. All stakeholders Policy Asthma Dream, believe, achieve together. Persons with Responsibility All stakeholders Linked Policies H&S Inclusion Safeguarding Medication P.E Trips SEND Next Review: June 2017 School Asthma Policy

More information

Salamol CFC-Free Inhaler

Salamol CFC-Free Inhaler NEW ZEALAND CONSUMER MEDICINE INFORMATION Salamol CFC-Free Inhaler Salbutamol (as sulphate) 100 micrograms per metered dose ( puff ) Please read this leaflet carefully before you start using Salamol. What

More information

WOOLENWICK JUNIOR SCHOOL ASTHMA POLICY V1

WOOLENWICK JUNIOR SCHOOL ASTHMA POLICY V1 WOOLENWICK JUNIOR SCHOOL ASTHMA POLICY V1 Policy Name Asthma Policy Created by Mike Crabtree/Sean Randall Responsibility of Resources Committee Reviewed by MC This Review Date Jan 2015 Next Review Due

More information

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER. Grazax 75,000 SQ-T oral lyophilisate

PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER. Grazax 75,000 SQ-T oral lyophilisate PACKAGE LEAFLET: INFORMATION FOR THE USER Grazax 75,000 SQ-T oral lyophilisate Standardised allergen extract of grass pollen from Timothy (Phleum pratense) Read all of this leaflet carefully before you

More information

Guide to. Allergies 020 8742 7042. A guide to allergies

Guide to. Allergies 020 8742 7042. A guide to allergies If you need advice on taking over-the-counter medicines speak to a pharmacist or call the Consumer Health Information Centre s Over-the-Counter Medicines Advice Line on 020 8742 7042. The advice line is

More information

Self-management plan for COPD

Self-management plan for COPD Sheffield Clinical Commissioning Group Sheffield Teaching Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust Self-management plan for COPD This is your personal management plan The aim of the plan is to help you have better

More information

TAKING CARE OF YOUR ASTHMA

TAKING CARE OF YOUR ASTHMA TAKING CARE OF YOUR ASTHMA WHAT IS ASTHMA? Asthma is a disease that affects the lungs. If you have asthma, you have it all the time, but will have an asthma attack only when something, known as a trigger,

More information

The Right Medicines Can Help You Get Control of Asthma. BlueCare SM TennCareSelect

The Right Medicines Can Help You Get Control of Asthma. BlueCare SM TennCareSelect The Right Medicines Can Help You Get Control of Asthma BlueCare SM TennCareSelect WHEEZING. COUGHING. SHORTNESS OF BREATH. CHEST TIGHTNESS. If you or a family member has asthma, you know these symptoms

More information

Medicines Use Review Supporting Information for Asthma Patients

Medicines Use Review Supporting Information for Asthma Patients Medicines Use Review Supporting Information for Asthma Patients What is asthma? Asthma is a chronic inflammatory disorder of the airways. The inflammation causes an associated increase in airway hyper-responsiveness,

More information

Self-care information on hay fever

Self-care information on hay fever Self-care information on hay fever 2 What is hay fever and what causes it? Hay fever is a common allergic condition. It is caused by an allergic reaction to pollen. Pollen is a fine powder released by

More information

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Asthma in Children and Adults

Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Asthma in Children and Adults Clinical Practice Guideline for the Management of Asthma in Children and Adults Assessment: A critical aspect of the diagnosis and management of asthma is the precise and periodic measurement of lung function

More information

Q. What is a nebulizer? A. A nebulizer is a machine that takes an asthma medication and through its compressor, turns it into a fine misty aerosol.

Q. What is a nebulizer? A. A nebulizer is a machine that takes an asthma medication and through its compressor, turns it into a fine misty aerosol. 1 2 Q. What is a nebulizer? A. A nebulizer is a machine that takes an asthma medication and through its compressor, turns it into a fine misty aerosol. The medication thus dispersed is inhaled directly

More information

Breathe Easy: Asthma and FMLA

Breathe Easy: Asthma and FMLA This article was published in the FMLA Policy, Practice, and Legal Update newsletter, by Business & Legal Reports, Inc. (BLR). BLR is a nationally recognized publisher of regulatory and legal compliance

More information

Background information

Background information Background information Asthma Asthma is a complex disease affecting the lungs that can be managed but cannot be cured. 1 Asthma can be controlled well in most people most of the time, although some people

More information

Adult asthma Hope and support

Adult asthma Hope and support Adult asthma Hope and support at every step Contents What is asthma? 4 What are the symptoms of asthma? 4 Who gets asthma? 4 What causes asthma? 5 What can treatment offer? 7 Diagnosing asthma 7 What your

More information

Understanding and Controlling Asthma Attacks. Information for parents

Understanding and Controlling Asthma Attacks. Information for parents Understanding and Controlling Asthma Attacks Information for parents Your child was recently seen by a doctor for asthma. This guide will help you gain a better understanding about your child's recent

More information

Take Action on Asthma. Environmental triggers of asthma and allergies

Take Action on Asthma. Environmental triggers of asthma and allergies Take Action on Asthma Environmental triggers of asthma and allergies What are asthma and allergies? They are both conditions where the body reacts to substances commonly found in the air. Asthma is a very

More information

Medication and Devices for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD)

Medication and Devices for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Medication and Devices for Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) Patients with COPD take a wide variety of medicines to manage their symptoms these include: Inhaled Short Acting Bronchodilators

More information

Dr. Justinich Discusses Eosinophilic Esophagitis EoE

Dr. Justinich Discusses Eosinophilic Esophagitis EoE Dr. Justinich Discusses Eosinophilic Esophagitis EoE Eosinophilic esophagitis is a condition that has become more frequently diagnosed in the last 15 years. Before that time there was an occasional case

More information

Children are at greater risk of developing asthma than adults; over 2.5 million children under age 18 suffer from allergic asthma.

Children are at greater risk of developing asthma than adults; over 2.5 million children under age 18 suffer from allergic asthma. Children are at greater risk of developing asthma than adults; over 2.5 million children under age 18 suffer from allergic asthma. Asthma What Is Asthma? Asthma is a chronic (long-term) lung disease that

More information

Allergy Shots and Allergy Drops for Adults and Children. A Review of the Research

Allergy Shots and Allergy Drops for Adults and Children. A Review of the Research Allergy Shots and Allergy Drops for Adults and Children A Review of the Research Is This Information Right for Me? This information may be helpful to you if: Your doctor* has said that you or your child

More information

About Conjunctivitis (source:

About Conjunctivitis (source: About Conjunctivitis (source: http://www.cdc.gov/conjunctivitis/about/index.html) Conjunctivitis is a common eye condition worldwide. It causes inflammation (swelling) of the conjunctiva the thin layer

More information

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease)

COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) COPD (Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease) A difficult problem explained in simple language. Introduction The normal lung Lung facts What is COPD? How does COPD damage your health? How can I tell if

More information

SPRINGFIELD CLINIC ASTHMA EDUCATION

SPRINGFIELD CLINIC ASTHMA EDUCATION SPRINGFIELD CLINIC ASTHMA EDUCATION Table of Contents 1. What is Asthma? 2. Asthma Triggers 3. Using Your Inhaler 4. Cleansing Practices for Inhaled Medication 5. Controlling Your Asthma 6. Fast Acting

More information

Your Go-to COPD Guide

Your Go-to COPD Guide Your Go-to COPD Guide Learning how to live with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) Inside, you ll learn: COPD facts COPD symptoms and triggers How to talk with your doctor Different treatment

More information

Asthma in children Common symptoms Treatment for asthma

Asthma in children Common symptoms Treatment for asthma TO PROVIDE THE VERY BEST CARE FOR EACH PATIENT ON EVERY OCCASION Asthma in children An information guide Asthma in children Asthma is a condition that affects the airways the small tubes that carry air

More information

Patient Information Leaflet for Flixonase Aqueous Nasal Spray (fluticasone propionate)

Patient Information Leaflet for Flixonase Aqueous Nasal Spray (fluticasone propionate) Patient Information Leaflet for Flixonase Aqueous Nasal Spray (fluticasone propionate) Your doctor has decided to prescribe Flixonase Aqueous Nasal Spray as part of your treatment. This leaflet tells you

More information

C Take control of OPD. and your life. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. a practical guide to living with. brought to you by

C Take control of OPD. and your life. Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease. a practical guide to living with. brought to you by C Take control of and your life Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease OPD a practical guide to living with brought to you by MY PERSONAL PLAN I will work on the following areas to manage my COPD: Take

More information

Learners Take Action to Reduce the Risk of Asthma

Learners Take Action to Reduce the Risk of Asthma Learners Take Action to Reduce the Risk of Asthma Lesson 2: What causes asthma? Identifying Asthma Triggers Teacher Instructions, Introduction, and Student Worksheets Objectives for Lesson 2: After completing

More information

Asthma Education for Health Professionals May 17 and 18, 2011 National Nursing Centers Consortium

Asthma Education for Health Professionals May 17 and 18, 2011 National Nursing Centers Consortium Asthma Education for Health Professionals May 17 and 18, 2011 National Nursing Centers Consortium Nancy L. Rothman, MSN, EdD, RN Independence Foundation Professor of Urban Community Nursing Department

More information

Allergic Rhinitis in Children

Allergic Rhinitis in Children Allergic Rhinitis in Children Symptoms Rhinitis means inflammation of the mucus membranes in the nose. The common symptoms associated with rhinitis are an itchy nose, red eyes, watery discharge from the

More information

Allergies. What Are Allergies?

Allergies. What Are Allergies? Allergies Your eyes itch, your nose is running, you're sneezing, and you're covered in hives. It's allergy season again, and all you want to do is curl up into a ball of misery. There has to be something

More information

ACTIVITY #3: LUNG HEALTH ASTHMA AND ALLERGIES

ACTIVITY #3: LUNG HEALTH ASTHMA AND ALLERGIES ACTIVITY #3: LUNG HEALTH ASTHMA AND ALLERGIES TIME 50 minutes, computer lab REQUIRED RESOURCES Activity Computer lab with internet access for student research Notepaper and pencil for research Poster board

More information

Subject ID: Subject Initials Date completed Interviewer. Person answering questions. 1 yes 2 no

Subject ID: Subject Initials Date completed Interviewer. Person answering questions. 1 yes 2 no COAST III Childhood Origins of ASThma Asthma Allergy Symptoms COAST 3 year visit Subject ID Subject ID: Subject Initials Date completed Interviewer Person answering questions 99. This form was completed

More information

Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye

Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Conjunctivitis - Pink Eye Introduction Conjunctivitis is often called pink eye. It causes inflammation of the thin, clear lining inside the eyelid and on the white of the eye. The inflammation gives the

More information

COPD and Asthma Differential Diagnosis

COPD and Asthma Differential Diagnosis COPD and Asthma Differential Diagnosis Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD) is the third leading cause of death in America. physician education Learning Objectives Use tools to effectively diagnose

More information

An Overview of Asthma - Diagnosis and Treatment

An Overview of Asthma - Diagnosis and Treatment An Overview of Asthma - Diagnosis and Treatment Asthma is a common chronic disorder of the airways that is complex and characterized by variable and recurring symptoms, airflow obstruction, bronchial hyperresponsiveness,

More information

Allergies and Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease

Allergies and Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease Allergies and Autoimmune Inner Ear Disease Allergy is the term used to describe an over-reaction of the body to a substance that is normally harmless to most people. This substance is called an allergen,

More information

Treatments for allergy are usually straightforward, safe and effective. Common treatments include:

Treatments for allergy are usually straightforward, safe and effective. Common treatments include: Allergy Medications The treatments prescribed for allergy control the symptoms and reactions; they do not cure the condition. However, using treatments as prescribed can show a huge change in a patient

More information

This way to better breathing

This way to better breathing STRIVERDI RESPIMAT (olodaterol) Inhalation Spray is a long-term, once-daily prescription medicine for adults that controls symptoms of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) and can help you breathe

More information