United Republic of Tanzania African Region

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1 % of deaths % of deaths African Region Neonatal and Child Health Profile Department of Maternal, Newborn, Child and Adolescent Health (MCA/WHO) Demographics and information system Health status indicators Under-five population (213) [1] 8,656,993 Stillbirth rate per 1, total births (29) [2] Number of births (213) [1] 1,931,39 Neonatal mortality rate per 1, live births (213)[3] 2.7 Birth registration coverage [2] 17 Number of neonatal deaths (213) [3] 38,611 Coverage of vital registration on causes of deaths [2] - Infant mortality rate per 1, live births (213) [3] Number of infant deaths (213) [3] Under-five mortality rate (213) [3] Number of under-five deaths (213) [3] , ,312 Sources: [1] United Nations, Department of Economic and Social Affairs, Population Division. World Population Prospects: The 212 Revision ; [2] WHO (213): Global Health Observatory Data Repository ( still birth rate originally published in Consens et al, Lancet 211); [3] UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality. Report Under-five mortality: when, where, and why When: Distribution of under-five deaths by age-groups 5 1% 5 1% 31% 29% -28 days of life 1-59 months Period of life -28 days of life 1-11 months 1- years of age Period of life Source: Calculated based on data from the UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 21 When: Distribution of neonatal deaths by day of life Days of life Based on 212 neonatal deaths

2 Deaths per 1, live births Deaths per 1 live births Where: Geographic variations in under-five deaths 2 15 No Data Available Northern Central Eastern Southern Western Southern Highland Lake Why: Estimated* distribution of causes of neonatal and under-five deaths, 213 Post neonatal deaths (aged 1-59 months) Non Pertussis, 3% Meningitis/ communicabl encephalitis, e diseases, 2% 8% HIV-AIDS, 1 No data Available Injuries, 1 Diarrheal diseases, 12% Other conditions, 16% Pneumonia, 22% Malaria, 16% Other conditions, 5% Pneumonia, 5% Congenital anomalies, 1% Neonatal deaths (< 1 month) No data Available Sepsis and other infectious conditions, 19% Tetanus, 1% Injuries, 1% Birth asphyxia & birth trauma, 31% Prematurity, 2% Source: CHERG/WHO/UNICEF for distribution of causes of neonatal and under-five deaths (published in Liu et al, Lancet 21). Notes: These are estimated proportions of causes of death obtained from models with input data from available Vital Registration data and population-based studies (for detailed methods and list of references please refer to Liu et al, Lancet 212). These estimates are not necessarily the same as those from the Member State, which may use alternative methods of estimation of causes of death. All Member Sates have undergone an official country consultation on the CHERG etsimation (documents available upon request). Rate of progress toward MDG No Data Available Year U5MR IMR NNMR Target for MDG Source: UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality. Report 21. Note: These figures are computed by the UN agencies through the IGME and are not necessarily the official statistics of the Member State, which may use alternative methods of estimation of mortality. All Member States have undergone an official country consultation on these estimations.

3 Morbidity and Nutrition Percentage of children aged 6-59 months with anemia Percentage of children under-five with symptoms of ARI in the two weeks preceding the survey Percentage of children under-five with diarrhoea in the two weeks preceding the survey Percentage of children under-five with fever in the two weeks preceding the survey Percentage of babies with low birth weight (52.9 % of all births had a reported birth weight) Percentage of babies with low birth weight (as perceived by mothers - babies not weighted ) Percentage of children under-five stunted (-2SD) Percentage of children under-five wasted (-2SD) Percentage of children under-five underweight (-2SD) Percentage of children under-five overweight Notes: Stunting = children under age five that fall below minus two standard deviations from the median height- for- age of the NCHS/WHO standard Wasting = children under five that fall below minus two standard deviations from the median weight- fo-r height of the NCHS/WHO standard Underweight = children under age five that fall below minus two standard deviations from the median weight- for- age of the NCHS/WHO standard Overweight = children under age five that fall above plus two standard devliations from the median weight-for-height of the NCHS/WHO standard Trend in nutritional status 5 % No Data Available2% 16% 16% % 5% Under-5s stunted (-2SD) Under-5s wasted (-2SD) Under 5s underweight (-2SD) Source: DHS

4 Outcome Indicators Coverage of maternal, newborn and children under-five interventions along the continuum of care 1 88% 8 6 3% 61% 5 7% 31% 33% 5 31% 6% 2 ANC (at least visits) IPT during ANC visit (any) Last birth protected against NNT Delivery at health facility Birth attended by a skilled provider PNC for mothers (<2 days of birth) Breastfeeding initiated within 1hr of birth Infants < 6 months exclusively breastfed Children months fully vaccinated suspected pneumonia taken to health suspected pneumonia who received antibiotics diarrhea who received ORT Under-5s sleeping under ITN fever who received antimararials Trends in coverage of interventions for maternal and newborn ANC (at least visits) IPT during ANC visit (any) Last birth protected against NNT Delivery at health facility Birth attended by a skilled provider PNC for mothers (<2 days of birth) Breastfeeding initiated within 1hr of birth Source: DHS Trends in coverage of interventions for infants and under-five Infants < 6 months exclusively breastfed Children months fully vaccinated suspected pneumonia taken to health diarrhea who received ORT Under-5s sleeping under ITN fever who received antimararials Source: DHS

5 Under 5 mortality rate Inequities Inequities in under-five mortality 15 No Data Available Urban 1 Rural Highest Lowest Highest Lowest 5 Place of residence Wealth quintile Mother's education Inequities in coverage of some interventions along the continuum of care by wealth quintile No Data Available 2 Any ANC Skilled attendant at birth Delivery at health facility Breastfeeding initiated within 1hr of birth Highest Lowest Under-fives with diarrhea who received ORT Under-fives with suspected pneumonia taken to health Notes: *Lowest=No education; Highest= Completed higher secondary+ Input Indicators National health policies 1 Policy on postnatal home visit within 2 hours after birth 1 New ORS formula and zinc management of diarrhoea 1 Community treatment of pneumonia with antibiotics 1 International Code of Marketing of Breastmilk Substitutes 1 Availability of costed national implementation plan(s) for MNCH 2 No Human resources and health expenditure Human Resources (26-213) 3 and Infrastructure Physicians per 1, population Nurses & midwives per 1, population Community Health Workers per 1, population Hospital beds per 1, population (26-212) Health expenditure (212) Per capita government expenditure on health at average exchange rate (US$) General government expenditure on health as % of total government expenditure Out-of-pocket expenditure as % of total expenditure on health Sources: 1 WHO Global Maternal Newborn Child and Adolescent Health policy Indicator Survey (213-1) 2 WHO and UNICEF(212). Countdown to 215, Building a Future for Women and Children: The 21 Report 3 The 213 update, Global Health Workforce Statistics, WHO, Geneva (http://www.who.int/hrh/statistics/hwfstats/) WHO (21). Global Health Expenditure Database (http://apps.who.int/nha/database/dataexplorerregime.aspx)

75% 50% 25% Source: Calculated based on data from the UNICEF/WHO/The World Bank/UN Pop Div. Levels and Trends in Child Mortality Report 2014

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