# GLE ID (Content Area, Grade, GLE No.) GLE 1. Count to 100 by ones and by tens. M Count to 100 by 1s, 5s, 10s, and 25s

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3 K.MD.1 K Measuremen t Data K.MD.2 K Measuremen t Data K.MD.3 K Measuremen t Data Describe compare measurable attributes. Describe compare measurable attributes. Classify objects count the number of objects in each category. K.G.1 K Geometry Identify describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, spheres). K.G.2 K Geometry Identify describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, spheres). K.G.3 K Geometry Identify describe shapes (squares, circles, triangles, rectangles, hexagons, cubes, cones, cylinders, spheres). 1. Describe measurable attributes of objects, such as length or weight. Describe several measurable attributes of a single object. 2. Directly compare two objects with a measurable attribute in common, to see which object has more of / less of the attribute, describe the difference. For example, directly compare the heights of two children describe one child as taller/shorter. 3. Classify objects into given categories; count the numbers of objects in each category sort the categories by count. 1. Describe objects in the environment using names of shapes, describe the relative positions of these objects using terms such as above, below, beside, in front of, behind, next to. 2. Correctly name shapes regardless of their orientations or overall size. 3. Identify shapes as two-dimensional (lying in a plane, flat ) or threedimensional ( solid ). M.K.15 M.K.21 M.K Use comparative superlative vocabulary in measurement settings (e.g., longest, shortest, most, hottest, heaviest, biggest ) 21. Collect organize concrete data using tally mark charts 16. Name identify basic shapes using concrete models (e.g., circles, squares, triangles, rectangles, rhombuses, balls, boxes, cans, cones) K K K The CCSS is specific in its focus on describing measurable attributes which is not found in the GLEs. The CCSS the GLEs do not share similar language regarding this CCSS. However, it was determined that the CCSS M.K.21 have a similar, if not mostly the same, intent. M.PK.10 also aligns. M.K.18 also aligns. The CCSS cluster statement includes hexagons which was not found in the aligned GLEs. M.PK.11 was considered as a possible match. However, it is not clear if the GLE means "recognize an object regardless of its position in space," or "recognize an object's position in space." Since the intent of the GLE could not be precisely determined, the GLE could not be considered a match for the CCSS. The CCSS includes specificity that is not found in the GLEs.

6 1.OA.8 1 Operations Algebraic Thinking 1.NBT.1 1 Number Operations in Base Ten 1.NBT.2 1 Number Operations in Base Ten 1.NBT.3 1 Number Operations in Base Ten Work with addition subtraction equations. Extend the counting sequence. Underst place value. Underst place value. 8. Determine the unknown whole number in an addition or subtraction equation relating to three whole numbers. For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8 +? = 11, 5 = _ 3, = _. 1. Count to 120, starting at any number less than 120. In this range, read write numerals represent a number of objects with a written numeral. 2. Underst that the two digits of a twodigit number represent amounts of tens ones. Underst the following as special cases 3. Compare two two-digit numbers based on meanings of the tens ones digits, recording the results of comparisons with the symbols >, =, <. M Find the missing number in an equation involving addition or subtraction (e.g., # + 4 = 7, 8 - # = 3) M Count to 100 by 1s, 5s, 10s, 25s M.1.5 M Model read place value in word, stard, exped form for numbers through Using a number line or chart, locate, compare, order whole numbers less than 100 identify the numbers coming before/after a given number between 2 given numbers 2 Because the CCSS makes no mention of use of objects, pictures, verbal information, the intent is that the unknown number can be determined based solely on the other numbers in the equation. M.1.19 was considered as a possible match, but it requires the use of objects, pictures, verbal information, which is not the same intent as the CCSS. 1 M.1.2 also aligns. 1 M.1.11 also aligns. The CCSS includes numbers to 120, but the GLEs include numbers to 100. The CCSS includes representing a number of objects with a written numeral which is not found in the GLEs. 1 M.3.2 also aligns. The CCSS includes comparing based on what is essentially place value, but M.1.10 specifically relates comparison in terms of using a number line or chart. While the fundamental intents of the CCSS the GLE are the same, there is a higher expectation level in the CCSS than what is found in the GLE. The CCSS includes recording comparisons with the symbols >, =, <, but use of two of these symbols does not occur until M.3.2.

8 1.MD.2 1 Measuremen t Data Measure lengths indirectly by iterating length units. 2. Express the length of an object as a whole number of length units, by laying multiple copies of a shorter object (the length unit) end to end; underst that the length measurement of an object is the number of same-size length units that span it with no gaps or overlaps. Limit to contexts where the object being measured is spanned by a whole number of length units with no gaps or overlaps. M.K Measure estimate length capacity using nonstard units (e.g., sticks, paper clips, blocks, beans) K The strongest alignment is to a Kindergarten GLE. 1.MD.3 1 Measuremen t Data 1.MD.4 1 Measuremen t Data Tell write time. Represent interpret data. 1.G.1 1 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 1.G.2 1 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 1.G.3 1 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 3. Tell write time in hours halfhours using analog digital clocks. 4. Organize, represent, interpret data with up to three categories; ask answer questions about the total number of data points, how many in each category, how many more or less are in one category than in another. 1. Distinguish between defining attributes (e.g., triangles are closed threesided) versus non-defining attributes (e.g., color, orientation, overall size); build draw shapes to possess defining attributes. 2. Compose two-dimensional shapes (rectangles, squares, trapezoids, triangles, half-circles, quarter-circles) or three-dimensional shapes (cubes, right rectangular prisms, right circular cones, right circular cylinders) to create a composite shape, compose new shapes from the composite shape. 3. Partition circles rectangles into two four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, fourths, quarters, use the phrases half of, fourth of, quarter of. Describe the whole as two of, or four of the shares. Underst for these examples that decomposing into more equal shares creates smaller shares. M.1.21 M.1.32 M.1.29 M Tell time to the hour half-hour, identify date, day, week, month, year on a calendar 32. Given a set of data, construct read information from bar graphs charts 29. Visualize, predict, create new shapes by cutting apart combining existing 2-3-dimensional shapes 6. Use region models sets of objects to demonstrate understing of the concept of halves 1 1 M.1.33 also aligns. 1 The CCSS includes distinguishing between defining non-defining attributes which is not found in the GLEs. 1 The CCSS includes partitions of four equal shares which is not found in M.1.6.

11 2.MD.2 2 Measuremen t Data 2.MD.3 2 Measuremen t Data 2.MD.4 2 Measuremen t Data 2.MD.5 2 Measuremen t Data Measure estimate lengths in stard units. Measure estimate lengths in stard units. Measure estimate lengths in stard units. Relate addition subtraction to length. 2. Measure the length of an object twice, using length units of different lengths for the two measurements; describe how the two measurements relate to the size of the unit chosen. 3. Estimate lengths using units of inches, feet, centimeters, meters. 4. Measure to determine how much longer one object is than another, expressing the length difference in terms of a stard length unit. 5. Use addition subtraction within 100 to solve word problems involving lengths that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as drawings of rulers) equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. M.2.14 M.2.19 M.2.14 M Measure appropriately label measures of length perimeter (i.e., inch, centimeter, foot), capacity (i.e., cup, quart, liter), weight/mass (i.e., pound, kilogram) 19. Estimate length in stard units (inch, foot, centimeter) 14. Measure appropriately label measures of length perimeter (i.e., inch, centimeter, foot), capacity (i.e., cup, quart, liter), weight/mass (i.e., pound, kilogram) 8. Recognize, select, connect, use operations, operational words symbols (+, -) for addition (join, part/part/whole) or subtraction (take away, comparison, missing addend, set/subset) situations 2 M.2.20 also aligns. Because the CCSS is very specific in terms of the activity (measuring a length twice in different units), neither GLE exactly matches the CCSS, but there are enough common elements between the CCSS the GLEs to align them. 2 The CCSS includes meters which is not found in M M.2.17 also aligns. The CCSS contains specificity related to the intended outcome of measuring, which is not found in the GLEs. 2 M.2.12 also aligns. 2.MD.6 2 Measuremen t Data 2.MD.7 2 Measuremen t Data 2.MD.8 2 Measuremen t Data Relate addition subtraction to length. Work with time money. Work with time money. 6. Represent whole numbers as lengths from 0 on a number line diagram with equally spaced points corresponding to the numbers 0, 1, 2,..., represent whole-number sums differences within 100 on a number line diagram. 7. Tell write time from analog digital clocks to the nearest five minutes, using a.m. p.m. 8. Solve word problems involving dollar bills, quarters, dimes, nickels, pennies, using \$ symbols appropriately. Example: If you have 2 dimes 3 pennies, how many cents do you have? M Read, write, compare, order whole numbers through 999 using words, number lines, models M Tell time to the nearest 5 minutes, identify the time one hour before or after a given time M Count write the value of amounts of money up to \$1.00 using \$ 2 The CCSS includes representing wholenumber sums differences within 100 on a number line diagram which could not be found in any GLE. 2 2 M.3.10 also aligns. The CCSS includes dollar bills which implies money amounts greater than \$1.00, but M.2.4 only has money amounts up to \$1.00. Both M.2.4 M.3.10 are required to meet the full intent of the CCSS.

12 2.MD.9 2 Measuremen t Data Represent interpret data. 9. Generate measurement data by measuring lengths of several objects to the nearest whole unit, or by making repeated measurements of the same object. Show the measurements by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in whole-number units. M Measure appropriately label measures of length perimeter (i.e., inch, centimeter, foot), capacity (i.e., cup, quart, liter), weight/mass (i.e., pound, kilogram) 2 M.2.26 also aligns. 2.MD.10 2 Measuremen t Data Represent interpret data. 2.G.1 2 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 2.G.2 2 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 2.G.3 2 Geometry Reason with shapes their attributes. 3.OA.1 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking Represent solve problems involving multiplication division. 10. Draw a picture graph a bar graph (with single-unit scale) to represent a data set with up to four categories. Solve simple put-together, take-apart, compare problems using information presented in a bar graph. 1. Recognize draw shapes having specified attributes, such as a given number of angles or a given number of equal faces. Identify triangles, quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, cubes. 2. Partition a rectangle into rows columns of same-size squares count to find the total number of them. 3. Partition circles rectangles into two, three, or four equal shares, describe the shares using the words halves, thirds, half of, a third of, etc., describe the whole as two halves, three thirds, four fourths. Recognize that equal shares of identical wholes need not have the same shape. 1. Interpret products of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 5 7 as the total number of objects in 5 groups of 7 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a total number of objects can be expressed as 5 7. M.1.32 M.1.26 M.2.18 M.2.2 M Given a set of data, construct read information from bar graphs charts 26. Compare, contrast, name, describe attributes (e.g., corner, side, straight, curved, number of sides) of shapes using concrete models [circle, rectangle (including square), rhombus, triangle] 18. Use non-stard units to cover a given region 2. Model the concepts of thirds, fourths, fifths sixths using regions, sets, fraction words (e.g., one-third, threefourths, five-sixths) 8. Recognize, select, connect, use operations, operational words, symbols (i.e., +, -, x, ) to solve real-life situations 1 The CCSS includes draw a picture graph solve simple problems using information presented in a bar graph which is not found in M The CCSS is more formal than M.1.26, likely because the GLE relies on concrete models which is a function of its grade level. M.1.26 was aligned because it seems to be closest in intent to the CCSS. The CCSS includes identifying quadrilaterals, pentagons, hexagons, cubes, which is not found in M M.1.6 also aligns. 3 The CCSS includes partitions of two, three, or four equal shares. M.1.6 includes halves, where M.2.2 does not, but this has minimal impact since it is 1 grade level before the CCSS. The CCSS does not include fifths sixths, but M.2.2 does contain them.

13 3.OA.2 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.3 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.4 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.5 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.6 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking Represent solve problems involving multiplication division. Represent solve problems involving multiplication division. Represent solve problems involving multiplication division. Underst properties of multiplication the relationship between multiplication division. Underst properties of multiplication the relationship between multiplication division. 2. Interpret whole-number quotients of whole numbers, e.g., interpret 56 8 as the number of objects in each share when 56 objects are partitioned equally into 8 shares, or as a number of shares when 56 objects are partitioned into equal shares of 8 objects each. For example, describe a context in which a number of shares or a number of groups can be expressed as Use multiplication division within 100 to solve word problems in situations involving equal groups, arrays, measurement quantities, e.g., by using drawings equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem. 4. Determine the unknown whole number in a multiplication or division equation relating three whole numbers. For example, determine the unknown number that makes the equation true in each of the equations 8? = 48, 5 = _ 3, 6 6 =?. 5. Apply properties of operations as strategies to multiply divide. Examples: If 6 4 = 24 is known, then 4 6 = 24 is also known. (Commutative property of multiplication.) can be found by 3 5 = 15, then 15 2 = 30, or by 5 2 = 10, then 3 10 = 30. (Associative property of multiplication.) Knowing that 8 5 = = 16, one can find 8 7 as 8 (5 + 2) = (8 5) + (8 2) = = 56. (Distributive property.) 6. Underst division as an unknownfactor problem. For example, find 32 8 by finding the number that makes 32 when multiplied by 8. M.3.8 M.3.8 M.4.19 M.3.4 M Recognize, select, connect, use operations, operational words, symbols (i.e., +, -, x, ) to solve real-life situations 8. Recognize, select, connect, use operations, operational words, symbols (i.e., +, -, x, ) to solve real-life situations 19. Solve one-step equations with whole number solutions 4. Use the concepts of associative commutative properties of multiplication to simplify computations 7. Recognize apply multiplication division as inverse operations 3 3 M.3.5, M.3.6, M.3.15, M.3.16, M.3.18 also align. 4 The CCSS focuses on determining an unknown in multiplication/division equations. Grade 3 GLEs M.3.15, M.3.16, M.3.18 were all considered as possible matches, but these GLEs are clearly focused on equations/number sentences as representations rather than on determining an unknown in them. 3 M.4.17 also aligns. 3 The CCSS includes use of properties as strategies to multiply divide. This intent is the same found in M.3.4. However, M.3.4 does not include distributive property. M.4.17 does include distributive property, so both GLEs are required to meet the full breadth of the CCSS.

14 3.OA.7 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.8 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.OA.9 3 Operations Algebraic Thinking 3.NBT.1 3 Number Operations in Base Ten 3.NBT.2 3 Number Operations in Base Ten 3.NBT.3 3 Number Operations in Base Ten Multiply divide within Fluently multiply divide within 100, using strategies such as the relationship between multiplication division (e.g., knowing that 8 5 = 40, one knows 40 5 = 8) or properties of operations. By the end of Grade 3, know from memory all products of two one-digit numbers. Solve problems involving the four operations, identify explain patterns in arithmetic. Solve problems involving the four operations, identify explain patterns in arithmetic. Use place value understing properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. Use place value understing properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. Use place value understing properties of operations to perform multi-digit arithmetic. 8. Solve two-step word problems using the four operations. Represent these problems using equations with a letter sting for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation estimation strategies including rounding. 9. Identify arithmetic patterns (including patterns in the addition table or multiplication table), explain them using properties of operations. For example, observe that 4 times a number is always even, explain why 4 times a number can be decomposed into two equal addends. 1. Use place value understing to round whole numbers to the nearest 10 or Fluently add subtract within 1000 using strategies algorithms based on place value, properties of operations, /or the relationship between addition subtraction. 3. Multiply one-digit whole numbers by multiples of 10 in the range (e.g., 9 80, 5 60) using strategies based on place value properties of operations. M.4.4 M.3.8 M.3.47 M.2.10 M.3.11 M Know all basic facts for multiplication division through 12 x , recognize factors of composite numbers less than Recognize, select, connect, use operations, operational words, symbols (i.e., +, -, x, ) to solve real-life situations 47. Find patterns to complete tables, state the rule governing the shift between successive terms, continue the pattern (including growing patterns) 10. Round numbers to the nearest 10 or 100 identify situations in which rounding is appropriate 11. Add subtract numbers of 3 digits or less 9. Know basic multiplication division facts [0s, 1s, 2s, 5s, 9s, turn-arounds (commutative facts), including multiplying by 10s] 4 M.3.9 also aligns. The CCSS includes multiplying/dividing within 100. M.4.4 is the stronger of the two matches because it covers basic facts through Even though this is beyond the CCSS requirement, M.3.9 omits too many basic facts to be considered for a st-alone alignment here. 3 M.3.18 also aligns. M.3.13 also aligns. 3 M.3.46 also aligns. M.4.42 also aligns. 2 M.3.12 also aligns. 3 The CCSS includes rounding to nearest 10 or 100, so M.2.10 is the most direct match. M.3.12 is matched also, but it extends rounding to the nearest 1, The CCSS includes specificity related to mutiplying by multiples of 10. In M.3.9, "including multiplying by 10s" was interpreted as having the same meaning as what appears in the CCSS. If this interpretation is beyond the intent of the GLE, then there is no GLE match for the CCSS.

15 3.NF.1 3 Number Operations Fractions 3.NF.2 3 Number Operations Fractions 3.NF.3 3 Number Operations Fractions 3.MD.1 3 Measuremen t Data Develop understing of fractions as numbers. Develop understing of fractions as numbers. Develop understing of fractions as numbers. Solve problems involving measurement estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects. 1. Underst a fraction 1/b as the quantity formed by 1 part when a whole is partitioned into b equal parts; underst a fraction a/b as the quantity formed by a parts of size 1/b. 2. Underst a fraction as a number on the number line; represent fractions on a number line diagram. 3. Explain equivalence of fractions in special cases, compare fractions by reasoning about their size. 1. Tell write time to the nearest minute measure time intervals in minutes. Solve word problems involving addition subtraction of time intervals in minutes, e.g., by representing the problem on a number line diagram. M.3.3 M Use region set models symbols to represent, estimate, read, write, show understing of fractions through tenths 24. Find elapsed time involving hours minutes, without regrouping, tell time to the nearest minute 3 The grade 3 CCSS footnote 5 limits denominators to 2, 3, 4, 6, 8. M.3.3 includes denominators beyond those specified in the grade 3 CCSS footnote. 3 The CCSS contains specificity related to understing a fraction as a number on the number line which is not found in the GLEs. M.3.3 was considered as a possible match, but region set models from the GLE are not equivalent to understing a fraction as a number on the number line as a foundation for understing how its position on the number line puts it in relation to other numbers on the number line. A st-alone region or set model shows little or no relation between numbers. The wording of the CCSS, including the substards, implies a foundational understing of fraction equivalence. This foundation should come before the mechanical steps of computing equivalent fractions. Based on this reasoning, M.5.2 was not considered. Partial alignment to the CCSS can be achieved through M.4.6 in terms of comparing two fractions from substard d. Some consideration was also given to M.3.14 on using inequality symbols, but since the comparables (fractions in this case) are not aligned to this grade level, then the use of these symbols by themselves does not align to the CCSS.

16 3.MD.2 3 Measuremen t Data 3.MD.3 3 Measuremen t Data 3.MD.4 3 Measuremen t Data 3.MD.5 3 Measuremen t Data Solve problems involving measurement estimation of intervals of time, liquid volumes, masses of objects. Represent interpret data. Represent interpret data. Geometric measurement: underst concepts of area relate area to multiplication to addition. 2. Measure estimate liquid volumes masses of objects using stard units of grams (g), kilograms (kg), liters (l). Add, subtract, multiply, or divide to solve one-step word problems involving masses or volumes that are given in the same units, e.g., by using drawings (such as a beaker with a measurement scale) to represent the problem. 3. Draw a scaled picture graph a scaled bar graph to represent a data set with several categories. Solve one- two-step how many more how many less problems using information presented in scaled bar graphs. For example, draw a bar graph in which each square in the bar graph might represent 5 pets. 4. Generate measurement data by measuring lengths using rulers marked with halves fourths of an inch. Show the data by making a line plot, where the horizontal scale is marked off in appropriate units whole numbers, halves, or quarters. 5. Recognize area as an attribute of plane figures underst concepts of area measurement. M.3.25 M.3.42 M.3.19 M Select use the appropriate stard units of measure, abbreviations, tools to measure length perimeter (i.e., in., cm, ft., yd., m), area (square inch, square centimeter), capacity (i.e., cup, pint, quart, gallon, liter), weight/mass (i.e., oz., lb., g, kg, ton) 42. Match a data set to a graph, table, or chart vice versa 19. Measure length to the nearest yard, meter, halfinch 23. Find the area in square units of a given rectangle (including squares) drawn on a grid or by covering the region with square tiles 3 M.3.21 also aligns. M.3.43 also aligns. 3 M.3.43 also aligns. The CCSS includes picture bar graphs. Pictographs are in M Bar graphs are in M Therefore, it is assumed that both graph types would be automatically included in any later grade even though M.3.42 does not specify either. In M.3.42, the verb "match" is significantly lower than the verb "draw" from the CCSS, but the GLE the CCSS were assumed to have similar intents. 3 M.3.42 also aligns. 3 M.4.20 also aligns because it specifies measures to the nearest quarter-inch. (M.3.19 only specifies to nearest half-inch.) The CCSS includes line plots. Line plots are in M.2.26, so it is assumed that line plots would be automatically included in any later grade even though M.3.42 does not specify them. In M.3.42, the verb "match" is significantly lower than the verb "show" in the phrase "show the data by making a line plot" from the CCSS, but the GLE the CCSS were assumed to have similar intents.

18 4.OA.2 4 Operations Algebraic Thinking 4.OA.3 4 Operations Algebraic Thinking 4.OA.4 4 Operations Algebraic Thinking Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems. Use the four operations with whole numbers to solve problems. Gain familiarity with factors multiples. 2. Multiply or divide to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, e.g., by using drawings equations with a symbol for the unknown number to represent the problem, distinguishing multiplicative comparison from additive comparison. 3. Solve multistep word problems posed with whole numbers having wholenumber answers using the four operations, including problems in which remainders must be interpreted. Represent these problems using equations with a letter sting for the unknown quantity. Assess the reasonableness of answers using mental computation estimation strategies including rounding. 4. Find all factor pairs for a whole number in the range Recognize that a whole number is a multiple of each of its factors. Determine whether a given whole number in the range is a multiple of a given one-digit number. Determine whether a given whole number in the range is prime or composite. M.5.7 M Select, sequence, use appropriate operations to solve multi-step word problems with whole numbers 1. Differentiate between the terms factor multiple, prime composite The CCSS contains specificity related to multiplying/dividing to solve word problems involving multiplicative comparison, including the use of equations, which is not found in the GLEs. There are several GLEs that include multiplication (M.4.4, M.4.10, M.4.11) two that include equations/number sentences (M.4.15 M.4.19). All of these GLEs were considered as possible matches, but none of them was interpreted as matching the intent of the CCSS in terms of its focus on multiplicative comparisons. 5 M.5.8 also aligns. The CCSS is broad in terms of its inclusion of solving whole-number word problems using the four operations. M.5.7 M.5.8 were determined to be the best matches for the CCSS because they are broader than many other GLEs that focus on specific operations /or number types. Other potential matches include M.4.10 (because of interpreting remainders), M.4.11, M.4.14, M.4.15, M.5.9 (because of attention to reasonableness of solutions). 5 M.4.4 also aligns. The CCSS includes factors, multiples, primes, composites. The stronger of the two GLE matches is M.5.1 because it includes factor, multiple, prime, composite. M.4.4 is only a starting point because it covers only factors of composite numbers less than 50. Taken alone, M.4.4 does not match the breadth or full intent of the CCSS.

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