Australian History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship 2011 School Certificate Test

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1 Australian History, Geography, Civics and Citizenship 2011 School Certificate Test Australian Geography, Civics and Citizenship Section General Instructions Reading time: 10 minutes for both sections Working time: 2 hours for both sections Attempt ALL questions Write using black or blue pen Black pen is preferred Do NOT write in pencil Write your Centre Number and Student Number at the top of pages 9, 11, 13 and 15 Section marks 50 Allow about 1 hour for this section This section has TWO parts Part A Questions marks Part B Questions marks 5040

2 Instructions for answering multiple-choice questions Complete your answers using black or blue pen. Black pen is preferred. Do NOT write in pencil. Select the alternative A, B, C or D that best answers the question. Fill in the response oval completely. Sample: = A B C D If you think you have made a mistake, put a cross through the incorrect answer and fill in the new answer. A B C D If you change your mind and have crossed out what you consider to be the correct answer, then indicate the correct answer by writing the word correct and drawing an arrow as follows. correct A B C D 2

3 Part A Questions marks Use the Australian Geography Part A Answer Sheet for Questions Which of the following would give the most precise location of a specific point on Earth s surface? Spot height Trig station Grid reference Area reference 2 Which instrument is used to measure air pressure? Barometer Clinometer Compass Thermometer 3 Which of the following would be the most appropriate response by an individual to the issue of waste management? Monitor water use Separate household rubbish Develop a national recycling plant Implement legislation to prosecute illegal dumping 3

4 Use Source A to answer Questions 4 7. Source A Synoptic Chart for Australia Awaiting copyright 4 Which TWO urban areas experienced rainfall in the previous 24 hours? Sydney and Cairns Hobart and Adelaide Port Hedland and Cairns Alice Springs and Darwin 4

5 5 What is the approximate latitude and longitude of Perth? 32 S 116 E 32 N 111 E 34 S 124 E 28 S 130 W 6 What is the approximate speed and direction of the wind at Alice Springs? 1 5 km/h South West 1 5 km/h North East 6 10 km/h South West 6 10 km/h North East 7 Which of the following weather conditions are likely to be experienced in Port Hedland within the next 24 hours? Increasing rainfall and wind speed Decreasing rainfall and temperature Increasing temperature and decreasing rainfall Increasing temperature and decreasing wind speed 8 Taylor has investigated a geographical issue through fieldwork and has created a presentation to communicate the results. What would be the next step in Taylor s Research Action Plan? Process and analyse the data collected Propose an action in response to the research findings Identify the techniques that will be used to collect the data Generate focus questions to be addressed by the investigation 9 Which term is used to refer to the fair treatment of individuals and groups within a community? Civics Citizenship Social justice Sustainable development 5

6 Use Source B to answer Questions Source B Awaiting copyright 10 What is the length of the North-South runway at the airport? 2.2 km 2.5 km 2.8 km 3.1 km 11 Which area reference has the highest building density? What is the bearing of the church (GR ) from the spot height (GR )?

7 13 What is the approximate area of Morgan s Lake? 2.5 km km km km 2 14 What is the correct sequence across the transect from point A to point B? Airport, church, bridge, hill Airport, Flynnville, bridge, hill Airport, Flynnville, river, valley Airport, church, bridge, valley 15 Which of the following is an example of active citizenship at a national level? A local business choosing to use recycled paper A school taking part in removing graffiti from local buildings A non-government organisation sponsoring a regional carnival A lobby group pressuring federal ministers to address human rights 16 Which of the following best describes the term spatial inequality? Where people are located The increase in the population of urban areas Fairness in the treatment of all members of a community The geographical divisions between affluent and poor areas 17 Source C Awaiting copyright In 2008, what percentage of Australia s trade with its top five trading partners was with China? 20% 26% 30% 34% 7

8 18 Which of the following best describes the term geographical processes? The living organisms on Earth that transform the world Areas of concern that arise due to changes in environments A part of Earth that includes all plant and animal life forms The physical and human forces that can form and transform the world Use Source D to answer Questions Source D Awaiting copyright 19 In 1971, of the following countries, which was the birthplace of the largest percentage of overseas-born Australian residents? Germany Greece Italy Malaysia 20 With reference to the specific countries listed in the table, what conclusion can be drawn by comparing the data for 1971 with the data for 1996? Percentage of overseas-born residents from Asia-Pacific from Europe Increased Increased Decreased Decreased Decreased Increased Increased Decreased 8 Board of Studies NSW 2011

9 School Certificate Test Australian Geography, Civics and Citizenship Centre Number Part B Questions marks Student Number Answer the questions in the spaces provided. These spaces provide guidance for the expected length of response. Question 21 (4 marks) Identify ONE trend in Australia s changing age structure, and describe the implications of this trend for urban planning. 9

10 BLANK PAGE 10 Board of Studies NSW 2011

11 School Certificate Test Australian Geography, Civics and Citizenship Centre Number Part B (continued) Student Number Question 22 (5 marks) Choose ONE of Australia s regional and global links from the box below. Aid Defence Migration Trade Describe the advantages of the chosen link for Australia. Chosen link:... 11

12 BLANK PAGE 12 Board of Studies NSW 2011

13 School Certificate Test Australian Geography, Civics and Citizenship Centre Number Part B (continued) Student Number Question 23 (6 marks) Discuss strategies that Australia can use to address the challenges in relation to EITHER human rights OR reconciliation. 13

14 BLANK PAGE 14 Board of Studies NSW 2011

15 School Certificate Test Australian Geography, Civics and Citizenship Centre Number Part B (continued) Student Number In your answer you will be assessed on your ability to: organise and communicate your knowledge and understanding effectively support your ideas with relevant examples use geographical terms appropriately Question 24 (15 marks) Choose ONE geographical issue affecting Australian environments and tick ( ) the box next to it. Land and water management Waste management Coastal management Air quality Urban growth and decline Spatial inequality How do individuals AND governments respond to the geographical issue you have chosen? In your answer, refer to: actions that promote sustainability and/or social justice the success of actions taken. Question 24 continues on page 16 15

16 Question 24 (continued) End of Section 16 Board of Studies NSW 2011

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