Integrated Cabinets and Thermal Systems May 15, 2014 Panduit Korea Technical System Engineer Chester Ki

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1 1 Integrated Cabinets and Thermal Systems May 15, 2014 Panduit Korea Technical System Engineer Chester Ki 4/10/2014

2 2 Agenda Market Trends Thermal Architectures Data Centre Cabinet Systems Net-Access Cabinet Net-SERV Server Cabinet Vertical Exhaust System Net-Contain Roadmap

3 3 Integrated Cabinet Overview The Integrated Cabinets Offering: Provides high level value to Panduit s integrated data centre strategy Facilitates the progression of offering passive components to fully integrated data centres Provides solutions and consultative services that support consolidation, virtualization, and environmental stewardship initiatives in the data centre. Reduces OpEx and risks to physical infrastructure availability while enabling agility today and in the future.

4 4 Top of Mind Issues Customers face challenges to: Effectively providing thermal management to ensure proper equipment operation and uptime Enabling scalability for data centre expansions and network upgrades Manage, protect and showcase cabling and equipment Allowing open-rack accessibility with the aesthetics and security of a cabinet Ensure correct cable bend radius resulting in greater network availability

5 5 Relevant Customer Business Trends Business Trends Include: Increasing power costs Government regulated power usage Increased pressure to reduce OPEX & CAPEX Speed to market Trends Within the Data Centre Include: Rise in the energy consumption curve Collapsing layers and network aggregation switches Rise in data centre construction cost Condensed implementation timelines Virtualization/consolidation Denser environments Higher bandwidth requirements

6 6 Equipment Heat Density Trends - ASHRAE Chart 2005 ASHRAE, Datacom Equipment Power Trends and Cooling Applications, American Society of Heating, Refrigerating and Air-Conditioning Engineers, Inc.,

7 Thermal Architectures

8 8 Types of Thermal Architecture Data Centre Thermal Architectures Include: Cooling Conservation Room, Row, and Rack Based Cooling (Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle) Over Row/Cabinet Cooling Hot Air Containment/Vertical Exhaust System (VES) Cold Aisle / Hot Aisle Containment

9 Cooling Conservation 9

10 Room, Row, and Rack Based Cooling Architectures 10

11 Room Cooling Architecture Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle 11

12 Thermal Analysis Results Standard Cabinets Without VED 12 Without exhaust duct, hot air re-circulates to the front of the cabinet heating the top 12 RU Above Ceiling Hot Air Return Plenum Cold Aisle Hot Aisle Under Floor Plenum Cold Aisle Hot Aisle Cold Aisle

13 Row Cooling Architecture Over-Row/Cabinet Cooling System 13

14 14 Room Cooling Architecture Hot Air Containment (Vertical Exhaust System) Based on ASHRAE Thermal Guidelines for Data Centre Processing Environments

15 15 Thermal Analysis Results Vertical Exhaust Duct Exhaust duct sends hot air to return plenum Uniform cold air available to server inlets Above Ceiling Hot Air Return Plenum Highest possible return air temperature to CRAC units for maximum cooling efficiency Cold Aisle Traditional Hot Aisle Under Floor Plenum Cold Aisle Traditional Hot Aisle Cold Aisle

16 Cold Aisle/Hot Aisle Containment 16

17 17 Summary and Analysis of Thermal Management Strategies A review and analysis suggests the following conclusions: Rack-oriented architecture is the: Most flexible Fastest to implement Achieves extreme density (additional expense) Room-oriented architecture is: Less flexible Time consuming to implement Less versatile at higher density, but has cost and simplicity advantages at lower density Row-oriented architecture provides: Flexibility, speed, and density advantages of the rack-oriented approach Cost similar to the room-oriented architecture

18 Data Centre Cabinet Systems

19 19 Net-Access Switch/Server Cabinet Overview Net-Access Switch /Server Cabinet features include: In-cabinet ducting solutions to enable optimized airflow of switches Large vertical pathways for high cable count applications Cable and thermal management are scalable to address future higher density applications Dual hinge door for maximum accessibility between adjacent cabinets StructuredGround Grounding System

20 20 Thermal Management Switch Cabinet The Switch Cabinet Thermal Management System: Uses ducting to adapt side-to-side airflow switches to hot aisle /cold aisle data centre layout Tested compatible with Cisco series switches Directs exhaust air to hot aisle Matches thermal performance of network switches in cabinets with ducting equal to open frame Utilizes front and rear perforated doors designed to maximize airflow Incorporates ventilation designs optimized with input from Cisco thermal engineers

21 21 Front View - Cut Through Centre of 6509 Switches No Ducts Alternate Racks Ducted

22 22 Net-Access Server Cabinet Overview Net-Access Server Cabinet features and options include: Same platform as switch cabinet to enable maximum flexibility and deployment options Vertical exhaust duct for optimal thermal performance Maximum cable management area and thermal performance Vertical patch panel configuration provides up to eight additional rack units in the same footprint

23 23 Thermal and Superior Cable Management Server Cabinet Server Cabinet Thermal Management System Key Features Include: Superior management of cables allows server fans to more efficiently exhaust air from cabinet Vertical and horizontal blanking panels direct intake air to servers and prevent cold air bypass

24 Net-SERV Server Cabinet

25 25 Net-SERV Server Cabinet Overview Net-SERV Server Cabinet features and options include: High density data and power cables are organized in segregated channels away from server exhaust for unobstructed air flow POU mounting brackets accommodate a wide range of server applications Variety of cabinet widths Multiple openings in top with fittings and sealing system Electrically bonded for single point ground Vertical patch panels maximize rack space utilization for additional servers and other devices

26 Net-Access and Net-SERV Vertical Exhaust System

27 27 Vertical Exhaust System For Maximum Energy Efficiency The Vertical Exhaust System: Removes heated air without additional moving parts through a passive system Channels heat from cabinet directly to the above ceiling return plenum increasing cooling efficiency Enables increased server densities by preventing hot and cold air mixing and eliminating hot spots Dampens noise in data centre Can be applied as modular system at initial installation or added when required as heat densities increase

28 28 Primary Application Deployed On All Heat Generating Cabinets Above Ceiling Hot Air Return Plenum Vertical Exhaust Duct Vertical Exhaust Duct Cooling Air Directed to Entire Room Cooling Air Directed to Entire Room Slab Floor * Vertical Exhaust System is also compatible with raised floor cooling systems

29 Alternate Implementation Deployed Only On Highest Heat Generating Cabinets 29 Above Ceiling Hot Air Return Plenum Vertical Exhaust Duct Raised Floor

30 30 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment (CAC) System The CAC System: Isolates the cold supply air from the hot equipment exhaust Prevents hot air recirculation Reduces cooling system operational costs Modular Containment System Allows: Mixing of Net-Access and Net-SERV 45RU cabinets A mix of cabinet sizes 32 (800mm) Allows End of Row switch and storage architectures Net-Access Net-SERV

31 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System 31 Vertical panel mounted to the cabinet Cross aisle tee beam Clear polycarbonate ceiling panels Fire suppression/detection cross bracket Cabinet Cabinet End of row doors

32 32 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System Airflow Comparison : Cold Aisle Containment versus Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle Cold Aisle Containment Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle Deployment Drop ceiling return plenum CRA C Unit CRA C Unit Raised floor air delivery

33 33 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis: Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle Hot air re-circulates over top of cabinets and at the end of rows to IT equipment inlets Under Floor Plenum Cold Aisle Hot Aisle Cold Aisle

34 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System Airflow Comparison: Cold Aisle Containment versus Hot Aisle/Cold Aisle 34 Cold Aisle Containment Drop ceiling Hot Air Return Plenum CRA C Unit CRA C Unit Raised floor air delivery

35 35 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System Computational Fluid Dynamics Analysis: Cold Aisle Containment Complete separation of hot and cold air to provide uniform temperature for IT equipment inlets Under Floor Plenum Cold Aisle Traditional Hot Aisle Cold Aisle

36 36 Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System Benefits Net-Contain Optimizes Airflow Distribution by: Preventing the mixing of cold and hot air streams Eliminating recirculation of hot air to cabinet inlets Providing uniform temperature at the inlets of IT equipment Preventing cold air bypass Net-Contain Improves Cooling System Thermal Performance by: Raising the supply air set point temperature Providing higher return air temperature increases to utilize the thermal capacity of cooling units Closely matching supply cooling airflow to IT equipment airflow 25% or more Cooling Energy Savings comes from: Fan Power Savings by reducing CRAH/CRAC fan speeds Chiller energy savings by raising the chiller water set point temperature Pump energy savings by reducing its throughput Increased hours of economizer usage Use of less number of cooling units

37 Increasing Heat Densities Cabinet System Overview Thermal Capacity Roadmap 37 0 kw Medium to High-Density Server Applications Low to Medium- Density Server Applications Switch Applications 10 kw PANDUIT Net-Access Switch Cabinets High-Density Server Applications 15 kw+ PANDUIT Net-Access Server Cabinets PANDUIT Scalable Cabinet Solution 30 kw+ PANDUIT Server Cabinet Vertical Exhaust System PANDUIT Net-Contain Cold Aisle Containment System

38 Questions

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