Ancient Greece Exercises 1

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1 Ancient Greece Exercises 1 1 A N S W E R T H E Q U E S T I O N S I N Y O U R O W N W O R D S! When and where did civilization in the eastern Mediterranean Sea begin? Who were the Dorians and where did they come from? Which city-states were the most powerful? What did Sparta concentrate on? Why did Sparta fight against Athens? Describe Alexander s empire? How far did it reach? Name a few thinkers and philosophers of ancient Greece? What was the difference between citizens and non-citizens? What did men and women in ancient Greece wear? What kind of sport did the ancient Greece focus on? Describe the features of Greek gods and goddesses! Name a few gods and goddesses! What was an oracle and what function did it have? How did citizens rule Athens?

2 Ancient Greece Exercises 2 2 M A T C H T H E W O R D S W I T H T H E D E F I N I T I O N S A jury the reasons you give for why something has happened B citizen where something is born or starts C birthplace illness that can lead to the death of many people D conquer to start living in a place E invade to find out new things F settle hard block of baked clay G surrounding group of people who decide if a person is innocent or guilty H surrender a person who is owned by someone else and works for them I plague to give up in a war J brick cloth that is made from the flax plant K explanation a person who lives in a country and has rights there L linen sport in which two people try to throw each other on the ground M sentence to enter a country with soldiers N slave nearby, neighbouring O wrestling to give someone punishment P explore to get control of a country by fighting

3 Ancient Greece Exercises 3 3 P U T T H E E V E N T S I N T O T H E I R C O R R E C T O R D E R! Darius invaded Greek cities on the Asian coast Alexander of Macedonia came to power in Greece 1 Minoans settled on the island of Crete The Romans took over Greece. Sparta defeated Athens in the Peloponnesian War Dorians and Ionians started building large cities After Alexander s death Greece broke up into many kingdoms Thebes defeated Sparta 4 T R U E O R F A L S E? Mycenae was a powerful town on the island of Crete. Sparta was a city state that had a great army. In 490 The Persians attacked the Greek mainland. Pericles was one of the great statesman of Sparta. Athens was defeated by the Spartan army. Phillip II was Alexander s successor in Greece. Alexander the Great conquered Persia. Most Greek women married at an early age. Students in Athens concentrated on military training. Socrates was sentenced to death because he did not want to become a soldier. Eros was the most important goddess in Greece. Gods and goddesses spoke to people through oracles. 30,000 citizens were chosen every year to run Athens. T F

4 Ancient Greece Exercises 4 5 C R O S S W O R D EclipseCrossword.com Across 1. Greek philosopher who was sentenced to death 4. great Greek thinker 5. god of war 6. city that defeated Sparta 10. god of love 11. powerful leader of Athens Down 2. Greek island on which civilization began 3. kingdom to the north of Greece 7. wife of Zeus 8. powerful city-state 9. most important god in Greece 12. most famous oracle of ancient Greece 12. Persian king who invaded Greek cities 13. Macedonian leader who built a great empire

5 Ancient Greece Exercises 5 6 F I L L I N T H E M I S S I N G W O R D S F R O M T H E B O X! In ancient Athens only men were. They were allowed to go to council meetings and serve in a. Every year 500 new citizens were among the 30,000 men in Athens. Women were not allowed to take part in. They had to look after the children and do the. Wealthy women had who did most of the work for them. Only citizens got. They were taught how to read and write. Teachers also taught them mathematics, music and different kinds of, like running and wrestling. In Sparta education was quite different. Boys were trained to become good. belt bricks citizens education elected explain goddesses government housework jury life Most Greek men and women wore robes made out of or cloth. Sometimes they wore a around their waste. Greek families lived in small houses made of dried. Only rich families had more than one room in the house. Ancient Greece became famous for its and great thinkers, among them Plato, Socrates and Aristotle. They tried to everyday objects. Not everyone believed them. Scientists explored many fields including mathematics, and biology. linen philosophers physics slaves soldiers sports People in ancient Greece believed in many gods and. There was a god for every aspect of. In love matters they turned to Aphrodite, when they wanted to know important things they went to Athena. Zeus was the king of gods. He lived on Mount Olympus with his wife, Hera.

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