Tree Identification Tips for Landowners. Chris Evans River to River CWMA

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1 Tree Identification Tips for Landowners Chris Evans River to River CWMA

2 Resources

3

4

5 Clues for Identification Leaves Buds Twigs Fruit Bark Location of the tree

6 Leaf Type Simple Palmately Compound Pinnately Compound

7 Leaf Type Simple Wild Black Cherry

8 Leaf Type Simple Black Oak

9 Leaf Type Palmately Compound Ohio Buckeye

10 Leaf Type Pinnately Compound Pignut Hickory

11 Leaf Type Pinnately Compound Black Walnut

12 Leaf Type Pinnately Compound Box Elder

13 Leaf Type Bi-Pinnately Compound Devil s Walkingstick

14 Leaf vs. Leaflet Leaflet Look for the bud! Pignut Hickory

15 Common Trees with Simple Leaves American Beech Basswood Birch Black cherry Black gum Cottonwood Dogwood Elms Hackberry Maple (excluding box elder) Oaks Pawpaw Redbud Sweetgum Sycamore Willows Yellow-poplar

16 Common Trees with Compound Leaves Ashes Black locust Black Walnut Box elder Buckeyes (Palmately compound) Butternut Elderberry Hickories Honey locust Kentucky coffeetree Sumac

17

18 Sassafras Polymorphic Leaves

19 Yellow poplar Four-lobed leaf

20 Sweetgum Star-shaped leaf

21 American holly Thick, spiny, evergreen leaves

22 White oaks vs. Red oaks Rounded lobes, no bristles Pointed lobes, bristles

23 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Opposite Alternate Whorled

24 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Opposite Green Ash

25 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Opposite Flowering Dogwood

26 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Opposite Silver Maple

27 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Opposite Ohio Buckeye Box Elder

28 Opposite Leaf/Twig Arrangement MAD Buck Maple Ash Dogwood BUCKeye

29 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Alternate Eastern redbud

30 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Alternate Wild Black Cherry

31 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Alternate White Oak

32 Leaf/Twig Arrangement Whorled Catalpa

33 LEAF TEST!! Star-shaped leaf Sweetgum

34 LEAF TEST!! Polymorphic leaves Sassafras

35 LEAF TEST!! Simple or Compound? SIMPLE River Birch

36 LEAF TEST!! Simple or Compound? SIMPLE Chinkapin oak

37 LEAF TEST!! Simple or Compound? Compound Honey Locust

38 LEAF TEST!! Opposite or Alternate? Alternate Hackberry

39 LEAF TEST!! Opposite or Alternate? Alternate American hop hornbeam

40 LEAF TEST!! Opposite or Alternate? Opposite Silver Maple

41 Twigs and Buds Help you determine leaf arrangement Often have unique features Important to know if identifying trees in winter

42 Bitternut hickory Sulfur yellow bud

43 Pawpaw Feathery bud

44 Flowering Dogwood Rounded flower bud

45 American Beech Long, cigar-shaped buds

46 Winged Elm Corky winging on twigs (not always evident)

47 Oaks Buds clustered towards end of twig

48 Box elder Opposite arrangement with green twigs

49 Sassafras Alternate arrangement with green twigs

50 Fruit Another important winter ID characteristic Look on tree and on ground under tree

51 Oaks Acorns

52 Maples Samara

53 Fruit Black Walnut Basswood Sycamore Osage Orange

54 TREE TEST!! Winging on twig Winged Elm

55 TREE TEST!! Long cigar-shaped buds American Beech

56 TREE TEST!! American Sycamore

57 Bark Wild Black Cherry Shagbark Hickory

58 Bark Yellow poplar Flowering Dogwood

59 Bark Common Hackberry American Sycamore

60 Bark American Basswood American Elm

61 White oaks vs. Red oaks Light colored, often flaky Darker colored, usually tight

62 Location Most native trees are associated with specific land types Bottomlands Ridges South/west aspects North/east aspects Don t expect bottomland trees on the ridges Don t expect ridge trees in the bottoms

63 Common Bottomland Species American elm American sycamore Black walnut Boxelder Butternut Cottonwood Green Ash Pawpaw Pin oak River birch Shellbark hickory Silver maple Swamp white oak Willows

64 Common Upland Species American elm Black cherry Black oak Black walnut Eastern redcedar Flowering dogwood Hackberry Mockernut hickory Pignut hickory Post oak Red mulberry Sassafras Shortleaf pine White ash White oak

65 Common North/East Aspect Trees American basswood American beech American elm Bitternut hickory Black oak Black walnut Flowering dogwood Mockernut hickory Northern red oak Post oak Red maple Sassafras Sugar maple Wild black cherry White oak

66 Common South/West Aspect Trees Black oak Blackjack oak Eastern red cedar Post oak Shagbark hickory Shortleaf pine Winged elm

67 Putting it all together Use the tips in this presentation to familiarize yourself with the common trees in your area Identify them with leaves and/or fruit on but study the other characteristics Winter = buds, bark, and location Use resources available Take pictures, build your own tree guide specific to your land! Get out in the woods!!

68 TREE TEST!! North Aspect Simple, alternate leaves Noticeable sprouting from base of tree American Basswood

69 TREE TEST!! Bottomlands Simple, alternate leaves Fruit is a compact ball that breaks apart into fluffy seeds American sycamore

70 TREE TEST!! East aspect Opposite, simple leaves Samara Sugar maple

71 TREE TEST!! Upland Alternate twigs Buds clustered towards tip Light colored, flaky bark White oak

72 Questions?

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