1 The New Rite of Ordination Michael Davies: every prayer in the traditional rite [of Ordination] which stated specifically the essential role of a priest as a man ordained to offer propitiatory sacrifice for the living and dead has been removed [from the New Rite of Paul VI]. In most cases these were the precise prayers removed by the Protestant reformers, or if not precisely the same there are clear parallels. 1 In addition to having invalidating changes made to the Mass, the Devil knew that he had to tamper with the rite of ordination so that the priests of the New Church would be invalid as well. The New Rite of Holy Orders (bishops, priests, deacons) was approved and imposed by Paul VI on June 18, The following information is crucial for all Catholics to know, since it concerns the validity of essentially every priest ordained within the diocesan structure since approximately 1968; and consequently, it concerns the validity of countless confessions, indult Masses, etc. On Nov. 30, 1947, Pope Pius XII issued an apostolic Constitution called Sacramentum Ordinis. In this Constitution, Pope Pius XII declared, in virtue of his supreme apostolic authority, the words that are necessary for a valid ordination to the priesthood. TRADITIONAL FORM FOR ORDINATION OF PRIESTS Pope Pius XII, Sacramentum Ordinis, Nov. 30, 1947: But regarding the matter and form in the conferring of every order, by Our same supreme apostolic authority We decree and establish the following: In the ordination of priests, the matter is the first imposition of the bishop s hands which is done in silence But the form [of Ordination] consists of the words of the preface of which the following are essential and so required for validity: Grant, we beseech You, Almighty Father, to these Your servants, the dignity of the Priesthood (presbyterii dignitatem); renew the spirit of holiness within them, so that they may hold from You, O God, the office of the second rank in Your service and by the example of their behavior afford a pattern of holy living. 2 THE NEW FORM FOR ORDINATION OF PRIESTS Here is the form of the New Rite of Ordination of Priests: Grant, we beseech You, Almighty Father, to these Your servants, the dignity of the Priesthood; renew within them the spirit of holiness. May they hold from You, the office of the second rank in Your service and by the example of their behavior afford a pattern of holy living. 3 The difference between the two forms is that the Latin word ut (which means so that ) has been omitted in the New Rite. This may seem insignificant, but in Sacramentum Ordinis Pius XII declared that this word was essential for validity. Further, the omission of so that gives rise to a relaxation of the naming of the sacramental effect (conferring the office of the second rank). In other words, removing so that presupposes an ordination which has already taken place, but is not taking place as the words are being pronounced.
2 The New Rite of Ordination 113 Since the new rite purports to be the Roman Rite, this removal of ut (so that) renders the new rite of questionable validity. However, there is a much bigger problem which proves that the New Rite is invalid. THE BIGGEST PROBLEM WITH THE NEW RITE OF ORDINATION IS NOT THE FORM, BUT THE SURROUNDING CEREMONIES WHICH HAVE BEEN REMOVED The change to the essential form is not the only problem with the New Rite of Ordination promulgated by Paul VI. The following points are just as significant because the Sacrament of Order, although instituted by Our Lord Jesus Christ, was not instituted by Our Lord with a specific sacramental form unlike the Sacraments of the Eucharist and Baptism, which were instituted by Our Lord with a specific sacramental form so that the form of words in Ordination is given its meaning and significance by the surrounding rite and ceremonies. In his famous Bull, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896, Pope Leo XIII solemnly declared that Anglican Ordinations are invalid. This means that the Anglican sect doesn t have valid priests or bishops. Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: of Our own motion and certain knowledge We pronounce and declare that Ordinations carried out according to the Anglican rite have been and are absolutely null and utterly void. 4 In making this solemn pronouncement, it must be understood that Pope Leo XIII was not making Anglican Ordinations invalid, but rather he was declaring that they were invalid due to defects in the rite. But what were those defects or problems which Leo XIII saw with the Anglican Rite, which contributed to its invalidity? Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: When anyone has rightly and seriously made use of the due form and the matter requisite for effecting or conferring the sacrament he is considered by that very fact to do what the Church does. On this principle rests the doctrine that a sacrament is truly conferred by the ministry of one who is a heretic or unbaptized, provided the Catholic rite be employed. On the other hand, if the rite be changed, with the manifest intention of introducing another rite not approved by the Church, and of rejecting what the Church does, and what by the institution of Christ belongs to the nature of the sacrament, then it is clear that not only is the necessary intention wanting to the sacrament, but that the intention is adverse to and destructive of the sacrament. 5 Here we see Pope Leo XIII teaching that if a minister uses the Catholic rite in conferring the Sacrament of Order, with the correct matter and form, he is considered for that very reason to have intended to do what the Church does intending to do what the Church does is necessary for the validity of any sacrament. On the other hand, he tells us, if the rite is changed with the manifest intention of introducing a new rite not approved by the Church, and of rejecting what the Church does, then the intention is not only insufficient, but is destructive of the Sacrament. And what were the things that Pope Leo XIII described as showing the destructive intention of the Anglican rite of Ordination?
3 The New Rite of Ordination 114 Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: For, to put aside other reasons which show this to be insufficient for the purpose in the Anglican rite, let this argument suffice for all: from them has been deliberately removed whatever sets forth the dignity and office of the priesthood in the Catholic rite. That form consequently cannot be considered apt or sufficient for the sacrament which omits what it ought essentially to signify. 6 Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: So it comes to pass that, as the Sacrament of Orders and the true sacerdotium [sacrificing priesthood] of Christ were utterly eliminated from the Anglican rite, and hence the sacerdotium [priesthood] is in no wise conferred truly and validly in the Episcopal consecration of the same rite, for the like reason, therefore, the Episcopate can in no wise be truly and validly conferred by it; and this the more so because among the first duties of the Episcopate is that of ordaining ministers for the Holy Eucharist and sacrifice. 7 Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: Being fully cognizant of the necessary connection between faith and worship, between the law of believing and the law of praying, under a pretext of returning to the primitive form, they corrupted the liturgical order in many ways to suit the errors of the reformers. For this reason in the whole Ordinal not only is there no clear mention of the sacrifice, of consecration, of the sacerdotium [sacrificing priesthood], but, as we have just stated, every trace of these things, which had been in such prayers of the Catholic rite as they had not entirely rejected, was deliberately removed and struck out. In this way the native character or spirit as it is called of the Ordinal clearly manifests itself. Hence, if vitiated in its origin it was wholly insufficient to confer Orders, it was impossible that in the course of time it could become sufficient since no change had taken place. 8 Dear reader, these things described above by Pope Leo XIII as the downfall of the Anglican Rite of Ordination the systematic removal of every reference to the sacrifice of the Mass, consecration and the true sacrificing priesthood are exactly the things that occurred in the New Rite of Ordination promulgated by Paul VI! In his book The Order of Melchisedech, despite his false conclusions on this and other matters, Michael Davies is forced to admit the following stunning facts: Michael Davies: As the previous section made clear, every prayer in the traditional rite [of Ordination] which stated specifically the essential role of a priest as a man ordained to offer propitiatory sacrifice for the living and dead has been removed [from the New Rite of Paul VI]. In most cases these were the precise prayers removed by the Protestant reformers, or if not precisely the same there are clear parallels. 9 Michael Davies: there is not one mandatory prayer in the new rite of ordination itself which makes clear that the essence of the Catholic priesthood is the conferral of the powers to offer the sacrifice of the Mass and to absolve men of their sins, and that the sacrament imparts a character which differentiates a priest not simply in degree but in
4 The New Rite of Ordination 115 essence from a layman There is not a word in it that is incompatible with Protestant belief. 10 Here are some of the specific prayers and ceremonies which set forth the true nature of the priesthood in the Traditional Rite which have been specifically eliminated from the New Rite of Ordination of Paul VI. The following information is found in Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, pp. 79 and following. In the Traditional Rite, the bishop addresses the ordinands and says: For it is a priest s duty to offer sacrifice, to bless, to lead, to preach and to baptize. This admonition has been abolished. The Litany of the Saints then follows in the Traditional Rite. It has been cut short in the New Rite. The New Rite abolishes the following unecumenical assertion: That Thou wouldst recall all who have wandered from the unity of the Church, and lead all believers to the light of the Gospel. Later on in the Traditional Rite, after pronouncing the essential form, which has been changed in the New Rite (see above), the bishop says another prayer, which includes the following: Theirs be the task to change with blessing undefiled, for the service of thy people, bread and wine into the Body and Blood of Thy Son. This prayer has been abolished. In the Traditional Rite, the bishop then intones the Veni Creator Spiritus. While anointing each priest he says: Be pleased, Lord, to consecrate and sanctify these hands by this anointing, and our blessing. That whatsoever they bless may be blessed, and whatsoever they consecrate may be consecrated and sanctified in the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. This prayer has been abolished. And this prayer was so significant that it was even mentioned by Pius XII in Mediator Dei #43: Pope Pius XII, Mediator Dei (# 43), Nov. 20, 1947: they alone [priests] have been marked with the indelible sign conforming them to Christ the Priest, and that their hands alone have been consecrated, in order that whatever they bless may be blessed, whatever they consecrate may become sacred and holy, in the name of Our Lord Jesus Christ. 11 Notice that Pius XII, in speaking of how the priests have been marked in ordination, makes reference to this very important prayer which was specifically abolished by Paul VI s new 1968 Rite. Shortly after this prayer in the Traditional Rite, the bishop says to each ordinand:
5 The New Rite of Ordination 116 Receive the power to offer sacrifice to God, and to celebrate Mass, both for the living and the dead, in the name of the Lord. This exceptionally important prayer has been abolished in the New Rite. In the Traditional Rite, the new priests then concelebrate Mass with the bishop. At the end, each new priest kneels before the bishop who lays both hands upon the head of each and says: Receive the Holy Ghost. Whose sins you shall forgive, they are forgiven them; and whose sins you shall retain, they are retained. This ceremony and prayer has been abolished. In the Traditional Rite: the new priests then promise obedience to their bishop who charges them to bear in mind that offering Holy Mass is not free from risk and that they should learn everything necessary from diligent priests before undertaking so fearful a responsibility. This admonition has been abolished. Finally, before completing the Mass, the bishop imparts a blessing: The blessing of God Almighty, the Father, the Son, and the Holy Ghost, come down upon you, and make you blessed in the priestly Order, enabling you to offer propitiatory sacrifices for the sins of the people to Almighty God. This blessing has been abolished. Conclusion: It is totally obvious from these facts that there is no intention in the New Rite of ordaining a true sacrificing priest. Every single mandatory reference to the true sacrificing priesthood was deliberately removed, just like in the Anglican Rite which was declared invalid for that very reason by Pope Leo XIII. Thus, the following words declared by Pope Leo XIII apply exactly to the New Rite of Paul VI. Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: For this reason in the whole Ordinal not only is there no clear mention of the sacrifice, of consecration, of the sacerdotium [sacrificing priesthood], but, as we have just stated, every trace of these things, which had been in such prayers of the Catholic rite as they had not entirely rejected, was deliberately removed and struck out. In this way the native character or spirit as it is called of the Ordinal clearly manifests itself. 12 The New Rite fits this description precisely. Could anyone deny this fact? No, to do so one would have to bear false witness. The New Rite of Ordination specifically eliminated the sacrificing priesthood. The intention it manifests is therefore contrary to the intention of the Church and cannot suffice for validity. Pope Leo XIII, Apostolicae Curae, Sept. 13, 1896: For, to put aside other reasons which show this to be insufficient for the purpose in the Anglican rite, let this argument suffice for all: from them has been deliberately removed whatever sets forth the dignity and office of the priesthood in the Catholic rite. That form consequently cannot be
6 The New Rite of Ordination 117 considered apt or sufficient for the sacrament which omits what it ought essentially to signify. 13 Michael Davies proves the New Rite is invalid In his book, The Order of Melchisedech, Michael Davies (a man who actually defended the validity of the New Rite of Ordination) is forced to make, in the face of the undeniable evidence, statement after statement which proves that the New Rite of Ordination must be considered invalid, just as the Anglican Rite. Here are a few: Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, p. 97: If the new Catholic rite is considered satisfactory, then the entire case put by Apostolicae Curae [of Leo XIII] is undermined If the new Catholic rite, shorn of any mandatory prayer signifying the essential powers of the priesthood, is valid, then there seems no reason why the 1662 Anglican rite should not be valid too, and still less can there be any possible objection to the 1977 Anglican Series III Ordinal. Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, p. 99: As a final comment on the new Catholic ordinal, I would like to quote a passage from Apostolicae Curae and to ask any reader to demonstrate to me how the words which Pope Leo XIII wrote of Cranmer s rite cannot be said to apply to the new Catholic Ordinal, at least where mandatory prayers are concerned. Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, p. 109:... the differences between the 1968 Catholic rite and the new Anglican Ordinal are so minimal that it is hard to believe that they are not intended for the same purpose It will be found that every imperative formula which could be interpreted as conferring any specifically sacerdotal power denied to the faithful at large has been carefully excluded from the new rite. Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, pp : When the changes [to the Rite of Ordination] are considered as a whole it seems impossible to believe that any Catholic of integrity could deny that the parallel with Cranmer s reform [the Anglican reform] is evident and alarming. It is quite obvious that there are powerful forces within the Catholic Church and the various Protestant denominations determined to achieve a common Ordinal at all costs The sixteenth century Protestants changed the traditional Pontificals because they rejected the Catholic doctrine of the priesthood. Archbishop Bugnini and his Consilium changed the Roman Pontifical in a manner which makes it appear that there is little or no difference between Catholic and Protestant belief, thus undermining Apostolicae Curae [of Leo XIII]. 14 St. Thomas Aquinas, Summa Theologica, Pt. III, Q. 60, A. 8: intention is essential to the sacrament, as will be explained further on. Wherefore if he intends by such addition or suppression to perform a rite other than that which is recognized by the Church, it seems that the sacrament is invalid; because he seems not to intend to do what the Church does. It s also worth noting that Cranmer, in creating the invalid Anglican Rite, abolished the subdiaconate and minor orders and replaced them with a ministry in three degrees bishops, priests, and deacons. This is exactly what Paul VI did in changing the Catholic rites.
7 The New Rite of Ordination 118 The New Rite does mention that the candidates for ordination are to be elevated to the priesthood but so does the invalid Anglican. The fact is that Pope Leo XIII explained in Apostolicae Curae that if an ordination rite implies the exclusion of the power to offer propitiatory sacrifices, as the New Rite does, then it is necessarily invalid, although it may express or mention the word priest. The Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments admitted that the Catholic theology of the priesthood was not made explicit in the 1968 rite. 15 The fact is that the New Rite of Paul VI is an entirely new rite, which rejects what the Church does, by rejecting what by the institution of Christ belongs to the nature of the sacrament [the sacrificing priesthood], so it is clear that the necessary intention manifested by this rite is insufficient, and even adverse to and destructive of the Sacrament of Holy Orders (Leo XIII). These facts prove that the New Rite of Ordination of Paul VI cannot be considered valid, but must be considered invalid. Conclusion: This means that any Confessions made of grave sins to priests ordained in the New Rite must be made again to a validly ordained priest who was ordained in the Traditional Rite of Ordination by a bishop consecrated in the Traditional Rite of Episcopal Consecration. If one cannot remember which sins were confessed to New Rite priests, and which were forgiven by a priest ordained in the Traditional Rite, then a Catholic must make a general confession mentioning all grave sins (if there were any) that may have been confessed to a priest ordained in the rite of Paul VI (the New Rite). Obviously, no Catholic may lawfully approach priests ordained in the New Rite of Paul VI for either Communion or confession or any other sacrament requiring a valid priesthood under pain of grave sin, since they are not valid priests. As mentioned already, Pope Innocent XI, Decree of the Holy Office, March 4, 1679, 16 condemns the idea that Catholics can receive "probable" sacraments. In other words, even if one believed that the New Rite of Ordination is probably valid (which is clearly false, since it is clearly invalid), one is still forbidden to receive sacraments from those ordained in it under pain of mortal sin. Sacraments may only be received when matter and form are certainly valid. These facts mean that all indult Masses celebrated by priests ordained in the New Rite of Paul VI (1968 Rite) are invalid and cannot be attended. The Society of St. Pius X occasionally has men join their society who were ordained in the New Rite of Ordination, and they don t always have them conditionally ordained or at least they don t publicly admit it. The Masses offered by such priests would be invalid. Those priests who were ordained in this New Rite of Paul VI who are open to the truth must be re-ordained by a validly consecrated bishop in the Traditional Rite. This also necessarily means that the Novus Ordo Missae (the New Mass), without even considering its own problems which render it invalid, is of course invalid if celebrated by any priest ordained in the New Rite of Ordination.
8 The New Rite of Ordination 119 Endnotes for Section 10: 1 Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, Harrison, NY: Roman Catholic Books, 1993, p Denzinger, The Sources of Catholic Dogma, B. Herder Book. Co., Thirtieth Edition, 1957, no The Oratory Catechism, Published by the Oratory of Divine Truth, 2000, p. 340; also The Rites of the Catholic Church, The Liturgical Press, Vol. 2, 1991, pp The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, Rockford, IL: Tan Books, 1995, p. 405; Denzinger The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, p The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, p The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, p The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, pp Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, Harrison, NY: Roman Catholic Books, 1993, p Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, p. xix. 11 The Papal Encyclicals, by Claudia Carlen, Raleigh: The Pierian Press, 1990, Vol. 4 ( ), p The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, pp The Great Encyclical Letters of Pope Leo XIII, p Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, pp Michael Davies, The Order of Melchisedech, p. xxii. 16 Denzinger 1151.
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As the procession enters, all stand and sing: 1. PROCESSIONAL HYMN 2. GREETING In the name of the Father, and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit. Grace, mercy and peace to you from God our Father and our
Understanding the Sacrament of the Anointing of the Sick THE HEALING SACRAMENT OF THE LIVING Are any of you sick? They should call for the elders of the Church and have them pray over them, anointing them
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A Picture Book of THE ENTRANCE PROCESSION The priest, the altar servers, and the lector enter the church and process to the altar. Mass is beginning, and this is when we begin to pay close attention. THE
Let us pray: Heavenly Father, You not only sent Your Son into this world to live and to die for us, but You also sent us Your Holy Spirit. We come to You today to thank You for sending us the Counselor,
Liturgical Guidelines for the Celebration of Mass with the Bishop. Issued September 2013 This booklet is intended to help you to prepare for the forthcoming liturgical celebration with The Right Reverend
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HOW GOD DISTRIBUTES HIS GIFTS THE SACRAMENTS Jesus promised he would not leave us orphans (John 14:18) but would send the Holy Spirit to guide and protect us (John 15:26). He gave the sacraments to heal,
CELEBRATION OF THE RITE OF ACCEPTANCE INTO THE ORDER OF CATECHUMENS AND OF THE RITE OF WELCOMING BAPTIZED BUT PREVIOUSLY UNCATECHIZED ADULTS WHO ARE PREPARING FOR CONFIRMATION AND/OR EUCHARIST OR RECEPTION
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Acknowledgements GOING TO MASS Sponsored by the Office for Ministry with Persons with Disabilities, Catholic Life & Evangelization Diocese of Allentown Director, Sr. Janice Marie Johnson, R.S.M. Parish