Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4

Save this PDF as:
 WORD  PNG  TXT  JPG

Size: px
Start display at page:

Download "Unit 2. The skeletal system. In this unit. Warm-up. Listening. Bones of the human skeleton. Exercise 1 4"

Transcription

1 Unit 2 The skeletal system In this unit Bones of the human skeleton: medical and common names Plural nouns of Latin origin Describing bones Adjectives describing anatomical position Bone structure Osteoporosis Warm-up Working in pairs, list the functions of the human skeleton. Listening Bones of the human skeleton Exercise 1 4 Listen and identify the bones in the picture below. 22

2 Atlas Axis 7 cervical vertebrae 12 thoracic vertebrae 5 lumbar vertebrae Tail bone (coccyx) Wrist bones (carpals) Palm bones (metacarpals) Finger bones (phalanges) Ankle bone (talus) Heel bone (calcaneus) Foot bones (metatarsals) Toe bones (phalanges) Tarsals Skull (cranium) Jaw bone (mandible) Collarbone (clavicle) 12 pairs of ribs Shoulder blade (scapula) Breastbone (sternum) Humerus Ulna Radius Hip bone (os coxae) Sacrum Thigh bone (femur) Kneecap (patella) Shin bone (tibia) Calf bone (fibula) 23

3 NOTE Over ninety per cent (90%) of technical terms in anatomy, surgery, clinical medicine and laboratory medicine are of Greek, Latin and Greco-Latin origin. Many of them have their English equivalents. The technical terms are used in the literature and between health professionals, but when you talk to patients, the rule is English, please! Exercise 2 4 Listen and repeat technical and common names of the bones. Follow them in the picture. Vocabulary building Exercise 3 Complete the table giving medical and common names of the following bones. How many can you name without referring to the picture in Exercise 1? Can you remember more medical terms or more common names? Kość Medical English name Common name czaszka kość krzyżowa kość łokciowa kość piszczelowa kość promieniowa kość ramienna kość strzałkowa kość udowa kości śródstopia kości stępu kręgosłup 24

4 łopatka mostek obojczyk paliczki rzepka żebra żuchwa Vocabulary axial skeleton kościec osiowy (głowy i tułowia) appendicular skeleton kościec kończyn thoracic cage (rib cage) klatka piersiowa extremities (limbs) kończyny shoulder girdle obręcz kończyny górnej Exercise 4 Read the description of the human skeleton adding the missing names of the bones, either common or technical. The skeleton of an adult human is formed by 206 bones. The bones are organised into two groups known as the axial skeleton and the appendicular skeleton. The axial skeleton includes the skull and the bones of the trunk (the vertebral column, rib cage and sternum, or ). The skull is made up of eight bones which form the cranium and fourteen bones which make the skeleton of the face. The only movable bone is the or lower jaw bone. The spinal column consists of 33 vertebrae. The rib cage (thoracic cage) is formed of twelve pairs of ribs with the top seven pairs of ribs attached directly to the 3. and known as true ribs. The next five pairs are called false ribs because they are not joined to the sternum directly. The 8 th, 9 th and 10 th ribs are fused with the rib above, but the 11 th and 12 th, called floating ribs, are unattached in front. The appendicular skeleton consists of the bones of extremities ( 4...) and the bones that attach them to the axial skeleton. The shoulder girdle is formed by the 5. or collarbones and the scapulae, or 6... It supports the upper limb attaching its skeleton to the axial skeleton. The bone of the upper arm is called the 7... The 8.. is the outer and shorter bone of the forearm. The other bone, inner and longer, is the 9.. The wrist contains eight bones called the 10.., each hand is formed of five bones 25

5 Vocabulary pelvic girdle obręcz kończyny dolnej flexible giętki, elastyczny tough twardy, wytrzymały framework szkielet brain mózg heart serce lungs płuca spinal cord rdzeń kręgowy viscus, pl. viscera narząd trzewny, trzewie bone marrow szpik kostny bloodstream krwiobieg ( 11.) and each set of has 14 bones known as phalanges. The pelvic girdle consists of the right hip bone and the left hip bone and connects the lower limbs to the axial skeleton. Each lower limb has four bones. These are the femur, or bone, the , or kneecap, and two bones in the lower leg which are the tibia, or bone and the fibula. The ankle contains seven bones ( 16...), the foot has five bones ( 17...) and each set of contains 14 bones. The bones are connected by joints (articulations) with tough bands of white fibrous connective tissue known as ligaments. Tendons, which are fibrous cords or bands attach the skeletal muscles to the bones. The skeleton, which is strong, movable and flexible, forms the framework of the body and is responsible for movement (locomotion). Its parts also protect soft tissues and internal organs. The skull protects the brain, the rib cage protects the heart and the lungs, the vertebral column protects the spinal cord and the pelvic bones give some protection to the viscera. In the bone marrow within bones blood cells are produced. The bones store calcium and other minerals which are released into the bloodstream when needed. Exercise 5 In the text above, what bones do these numbers refer to? Example: 1. There is only one (1) movable bone in the facial skeleton. It is the mandible, or lower jaw NOTE: With many foreign nouns the original plural is used, with some it is either the original plural or the more recently introduced anglicised plural, e.g. one scapula but two scapulae or two scapulas. 26

6 Listening Exercise 6 5 Listen and repeat the names of the bones with their plurals. singular original plural regular English plural calcaneus calcanei fibula fibulae fibulas humerus humeri phalanx phalanges radius radii scapula scapulae scapulas sternum sterna tibia tibiae tibias ulna ulnae ulnas vertebrae vertebrae Vocabulary building Exercise 7 Complete the table with appropriate nouns or adjectives. Noun axis ulna humerus vertebra sternum patella rib Adjective bony cranial tibial radial femoral clavicular costal coccygeal sacral 27

7 Exercise 8 Complete the table with the names of the bones under appropriate heading. You may add your own examples. calcaneus metacarpals femur humerus patella sternum tarsal vertebra facial bones vertebrae metatarsals radius scapula carpal bones tibia Bone(s) short flat long sesamoid triangular irregular Exercise 9 Identify the bones described below. 1. A paired long slender curved bone which forms the front part of the shoulder girdle is called the clavicle, or collar bone. 2. A flat bone which forms the front part of the thoracic cage is known as, or. 3. The bone of the upper arm is named. 4. The outer and shorter of the two bones of the forearm is referred to as. 5. The small bone situated in front of the knee is called.., or. 6. The larger of the two bones of the lower leg is known as., or. 7. The eight bones which make up the wrist are named. 8. The five bones in the hand between the fingers and the wrist are referred to as.. 9. Bones in fingers and toes are called. 10. One of the ring-shaped bones which form the spine is called. 11. The longest, and the largest and strongest bone is the body is named., or. 28

8 Exercise 10 Make your own descriptions of these bones. Work in pairs. Take turns reading the descriptions to a partner, whose task is to guess what bone you have described. ulna fibula calcaneus metatarsals humerus patella Adjectives describing anatomical position Exercise 11 The adjectives below are used to describe the relative position of the body parts. Match each adjective (1 10) with its meaning (a j). 29

9 1. superior a. inside the body, further from the skin 2. inferior b. above another part, higher up than another part, closer to the head 3. anterior c. at the back, behind 4. posterior d. in front 5. proximal e. below another part, lower down, closer to the feet 6. distal f. closer to a point of attachment 7. medial g. towards or nearer to the midline of the body 8. lateral h. towards or nearer the side 9. superficial i. located on or near the surface 10. deep j. farther away from the point of attachment c Exercise 12 Use the adjectives to describe the position of these parts/organs in relation to each other. 1. sternum/heart The sternum is anterior to the heart. The heart is posterior to the sternum. 2. vertebral column/sternum 3. wrist/elbow 4. muscles/skin 5. radius/ulna 6. fingers/wrist 7. chest/abdomen 30

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM FUNCTIONS OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE SKELETAL SYSTEM The skeleton is the body s bony framework which consists of 206 bones. The bones are made up of water(45%), calcium and phosphorous(35%) and other organic materials(20%). The calcium

More information

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I

THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I THE APPENDICULAR SKELETON BIO 137 ANATOMY AND PHYSIOLOGY I MARY CATHERINE FLATH, Ph.D. Dr. Mary Cat Flath, Copyright 2015 AXIAL SKELETON SKULL (all flat bones) Cranium = 8 bones Facial Skeleton with Mandible

More information

Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions

Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions Sports Medicine 15 Unit I: Anatomy Part 1 Anatomical Overview Bones, Joints, Anatomical positions By Andrew Morgan BPE/Bed, c.2003 Anatomy deals with the structure of the human body, and includes a precise

More information

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it.

Any animal that lives outside of water needs a skeleton to support it. LIFE AND LIVING SKELETONS The skeleton is the part of the body that forms the supporting structure in animals and humans. Without a skeleton, we would not be able to stand upright or walk. Animal Skeletons

More information

SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1

SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1 SESSION 8: SUPPORT SYSTEMS IN ANIMALS PART 1 KEY CONCEPTS hydrostatic skeleton, exoskeleton, endoskeleton examples, advantages & disadvantages human skeleton parts of axial & appendicular skeleton functions

More information

Model of the Human Skeleton

Model of the Human Skeleton Model of the Human Skeleton Have students read about the skeletal system below and take the two short answer quizzes. They can study the labeled skeleton and then try to label a whole skeleton themselves.

More information

Divisions of the Skeletal System

Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax-CNX module: m46344 1 Divisions of the Skeletal System OpenStax College This work is produced by OpenStax-CNX and licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution License 3.0 By the end of this

More information

Chapter 7: Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy

Chapter 7: Skeletal System: Gross Anatomy I. General Considerations A. How many bones in an average adult skeleton? B. Anatomic features of bones are based on II. Axial Skeleton A. Skull 1. Functionally the skull or cranium: a. Protects the b.

More information

The Skeletal and Muscular Systems

The Skeletal and Muscular Systems The Skeletal and Muscular Systems Lesson 2 Bones for Support, Muscles for Movement You depend on your skeletal and muscular systems to support you and help you move. The skeletal system is the framework

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System

SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System SKELETAL SYSTEM An Introduction to the Human Adult and Fetal Skeletal System Introduction: There are 206 bones that make up the organs of the skeletal system in an adult human. These bones are connected

More information

- the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions.

- the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions. SKELETAL SYSTEM - the bones of your skeleton. OSSEUS TISSUE. - Bone tissue is a type of connective tissue. Your skeleton performs several important functions. - support and protection - body movement -

More information

The Skeleton and Muscle Systems

The Skeleton and Muscle Systems The Skeleton and Muscle Systems OBJECTIVE: In this lab you will identify the major bone and muscle systems of the human body. By understanding bone and muscle structures you will have a better appreciation

More information

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM

BONE IDENTIFICATION STATION #1: THE SKULL OBJECTIVE: Skeletal System Activity #4 page 1 SKELETAL SYSTEM BIOLOGY II SKELETAL SYSTEM ACTIVITY #3 NAME DATE HOUR BONE IDENTIFICATION OBJECTIVE: 5. Identify the bones in the human skeleton. (pp. 130 149) STATION #1: THE SKULL 1. Color the following bones on the

More information

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton

Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton Vertebral Column and Upper Appendicular Skeleton The axial skeleton consists of 80 bones in the head and trunk of the human body. In this lab you will look at the vertebral column, just one part of that

More information

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21

Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN ACTIVITY ASSESSMENT OPPORTUNITIES. Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 activity 21 Human Bones BROWARD COUNTY ELEMENTARY SCIENCE BENCHMARK PLAN Grade 4 Quarter 3 Activity 21 SC.F.1.2.1 The student knows that the human body is made of systems with structures and functions

More information

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy

Skeletal System. Overview and General Anatomy Skeletal System Overview and General Anatomy 1 Bone Functions Support Protection Movement Storage Fat, calcium, phosphorus Hemopoiesis While we usually think of the skeleton as just our support framework,

More information

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1

Human Body Vocabulary Words Week 1 Vocabulary Words Week 1 1. arteries Any of the blood vessels that carry blood away from the heart to all parts of the body 2. heart The muscular organ inside the chest that pumps blood through the body

More information

The Skeleton. Provides the framework for the body. Gives structure and support. Protects delicate organs. Stores important minerals

The Skeleton. Provides the framework for the body. Gives structure and support. Protects delicate organs. Stores important minerals 1 The Skeleton Provides the framework for the body Gives structure and support Protects delicate organs Stores important minerals (calcium and phosphorus) Allows you to stand upright 2 The Bone Count ADULT

More information

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups:

Classification of bones Any bone may be classified into one of the following groups: Skeletal system This system is made up of hard tissues like bone and cartilages. This system gives form and shape to animal body The skeleton of a living animal is made up living structures of bones. The

More information

6 Musculoskeletal System

6 Musculoskeletal System 6 Musculoskeletal System A. Writing Word Parts Write the combining form(s) that correspond to each of the following 1. coccyx 2. femur 3. fibula 4. humerus 5. ilium 6. ischium 7. lumbar 8. pelvis 9. radius

More information

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy

Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy Class Outline: Anterior Anatomy 5 minutes Breath of Arrival and Attendance 5 minutes Howdy Partner 35 minutes Anterior Anatomy using Power Point Presentation 5 minutes Overview of skeletal segments 5 minutes

More information

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review

Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review Name: Period: Unit 4: Skeletal System Test Review Test Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON THE SKELETAL SYSTEM - THE AXIAL SKELETON Chapter 7 Anatomy and Physiology Lecture 1 THE SKELETAL SYSTEM THE AXIAL SKELETON Skeletal System forms the framework of the body. TYPES OF BONES: FOUR PRINCIPAL

More information

The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Pearson Education, Inc.

The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Pearson Education, Inc. 7 The Skeletal System: Appendicular Division Objectives: Distinguish between Left & Right bones Bone markings How they fit together Introduction The appendicular skeleton includes: Pectoral girdle Shoulder

More information

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body.

BONE BINGO. Blood Production Red and white blood cells are produced in the bone marrow, a substance found inside the larger bones of the body. BONE BINGO Background: The human skeleton is a framework of bones that is held together by ligaments and joints. Our skeleton has four major functions: Support The main job of the skeleton is to provide

More information

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone

Chapter 11. What are the functions of the skeletal system? More detail on bone Skeletal System Chapter 11 11.1 Overview of the skeletal system What are the functions of the skeletal system? 1. Supports the body 2. Protects the soft body parts 3. Produces blood cells 4. Stores minerals

More information

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6

Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Human Anatomy Study Guide The Skeletal System: Chapter 6 Name Unit Objectives At the end of this unit, you should be able to 1) List the functions of the skeletal system. 2) Describe the anatomy of a long

More information

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified:

Student Learning Objectives: Structures to be identified: Skeletal System Student Learning Objectives: Identify the major bones of the skeleton Identify the major landmark structures found on bones of the skeleton Identify the major types of articulations of

More information

Skeletal System 2. The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage

Skeletal System 2. The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage Skeletal System 2 The Axial Skeleton Consists of bones Three major regions Skull column cage The Skull Two sets of bones 1. bones Enclose the brain in the cranial cavity Cranial (calvaria) Cranial : anterior,

More information

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT

LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT UNIT - HUMAN PHYSIOLOGY Chapter 18 LOCOMOTION AND MOVEMENT Movement is an important feature of living organism. Both the microbes and macrobes show wide range of movements. The movements results in change

More information

Radiology Reference Guide

Radiology Reference Guide Radiology Reference Guide Your skeleton gives your body structure and support. It is made of living bone cells, living tissues, blood vessels, mineral deposits and water. Your skeleton also protects delicate

More information

17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4)

17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4) 17 Locomotion in humans 17.1 What makes up the skeleton? (Book 3, p.4) Structure of the skeleton (Book 3, p.4) The skeleton is made up of: (1) bones ( ) (2) cartilage Bones (Book 3, p.4) Bones are hard

More information

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company

Chapter 2 Skeletal System. Copyright 2001, F. A. Davis Company Chapter 2 Skeletal System Objectives Describe the functions of the skeleton Differentiate axial and appendicular skeleton Recognize and describe the composition of bone Identify and explain the structure

More information

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones.

Skeletal System Review. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. Skeletal System Review 1. List four functions of the skeletal system: a. b. c. d. 2. Define ossification and identify the roles of the osteoblasts, osteocytes, and osteoclasts in the growth of bones. 3.

More information

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS

THE SKELETAL AND MUSCULAR SYSTEMS i A Wealth of Information. A World of Ideas. Instructor s Guide The Human Body: How It Works Introduction This program is part of the nine-part series The Human Body: How It Works. The series uses physiologic

More information

Anatomy of Skeletal System

Anatomy of Skeletal System Anatomy of Skeletal System two main subdivisions of skeletal system: axial : skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular: arms and legs and girdles Bone Markings: Foramen: opening in bone passageway

More information

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton

Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs. LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton Geo 302D: Age of Dinosaurs LAB 4: The vertebrate skeleton Bone is a connective tissue unique to vertebrates. It serves several purposes: - It is a reservoir for chemicals used in metabolic processes, -

More information

Color Atlas of Human Anatomy

Color Atlas of Human Anatomy Color Atlas of Human Anatomy Volume 1: Locomotor System von Werner Platzer 1. Auflage Color Atlas of Human Anatomy Platzer schnell und portofrei erhältlich bei beck-shop.de DIE FACHBUCHHANDLUNG Thieme

More information

Human skeletal and muscular systems

Human skeletal and muscular systems Human skeletal and muscular systems Student Learning Outcomes After completing this exercise the student will be able to: 1. Define bones, ligaments, joints, skeletal muscles, tendons, muscle tone, posture,

More information

Biology Slide 1 of 40

Biology Slide 1 of 40 Biology 1 of 40 2 of 40 The Skeleton (All organisms need structural support. Unicellular organisms have a cytoskeleton. Multicellular animals have either an exoskeleton (arthropods) or an endoskeleton

More information

Bones of the Lower Extremity

Bones of the Lower Extremity Bones of the Lower Extremity Bones of the Pelvic Girdle The pelvic (or hip) girdle: Attaches the lower limbs to the axial skeleton Transmits the weight of the upper body to the lower limbs Supports the

More information

Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle. demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis;

Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle. demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis; CHAPTER 2 Human Anatomy: The Pieces of the Body Puzzle After completing this chapter you should be able to: demonstrate an understanding of the basis for anatomical description and analysis; use correct

More information

2 Bones and Muscles. Ancient Bones

2 Bones and Muscles. Ancient Bones 2 Bones and Muscles Ancient Bones The other day I saw a show about an archaeological site. One of the scientists said that bones talk to us. What do you think this means? Archaeologists have found lots

More information

The Human Body From Bradys Emergency Care 10 th Edition. 2. Which of the following is a description of the anatomical position?

The Human Body From Bradys Emergency Care 10 th Edition. 2. Which of the following is a description of the anatomical position? The Human Body From Bradys Emergency Care 10 th Edition 1. Where does gas exchange take place in the lungs? A. Bronchi B. Alveoli C. Trachea D. Bronchioles 2. Which of the following is a description of

More information

THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013

THE HUMAN SKELETON 29 MAY 2013 THE HUMN SKELETON 29 MY 2013 Lesson escription In this lesson we: iscuss important terminology Look at the axial skeleton & the appendicular skeleton iscuss the functions of the skeleton Work through a

More information

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION

LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION LABORATORY EXERCISE 12 BONE STRUCTURE AND CLASSIFICATION FIG. 12.1 1. Articular cartilage (hyaline cartilage) 6. Periosteum 2. Spongy bone (red marrow) 7. Proximal epiphysis 3. Medullary cavity 8. Diaphysis

More information

Avian Skeletal Morphology

Avian Skeletal Morphology Avian Skeletal Morphology To Know Skull/Face Trunk and Limbs Cranium Vertebral ribs Occipital Sternal ribs Parietal Uncinate processes Frontal Sternum and keel Squamosal Pectoral Girdle Jugal (zygomatic

More information

Structural Support and Movement. Chapter 36 Part 1

Structural Support and Movement. Chapter 36 Part 1 Structural Support and Movement Chapter 36 Part 1 Impacts, Issues Pumping Up Muscles Increasing muscle size and strength with drugs such as andro has unwanted side effects and can damage other organ systems

More information

Musculoskeletal System

Musculoskeletal System Component 3-Terminology in Healthcare and Public Health Settings Unit 3-Musculoskeletal System This material was developed by The University of Alabama at Birmingham, funded by the Department of Health

More information

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons

Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Name Class Date Chapter 33 Comparing Chordates Observing Vertebrate Skeletons Introduction One characteristic common to all vertebrates is the presence of a skeleton. The endoskeleton provides support,

More information

Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5)

Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5) Anatomy and Physiology Unit 4 Test Review Skeletal System (Chapter 5) Name KEY Hour Date 1. What are the major organs/structures that comprise the skeletal system? Bones, Joints, Cartilages, and ligaments.

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Slides 5.1 5.77 Lecture Slides in PowerPoint by Jerry L. Cook The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal

More information

2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity, and one cann

2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity, and one cann INQUIRY QUESTION How do bones and joints assist movement in sprinting? 2 Structure and function of the skeletal system The skeletal and muscular systems work together to produce movement in physical activity,

More information

THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING

THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING THE BIOMECHANICS OF SKIING 4 This chapter provides background information on the biomechanics most relevant to skiing. It outlines how the muscles and skeleton function as a system to create balanced movement.

More information

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton

BONES AND JOINTS. Axial Skeleton BONES AND JOINTS The adult human skeleton usually consists of 206 bones which are connected by various joints. Muscles produce force which causes movement at these joints. These bones can be grouped in

More information

Anatomy and Physiology Review Sheet. 1. Label all of Mr. Bones & Skull bones (on handout)

Anatomy and Physiology Review Sheet. 1. Label all of Mr. Bones & Skull bones (on handout) Anatomy and Physiology Review Sheet 1. Label all of Mr. Bones & Skull bones (on handout) 2. Function of the Skeletal System A. Support of the body B. Protection of soft organs C. Movement due to attached

More information

Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions

Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions Laboratory 1 Anatomical Planes and Regions Goals: Define the anatomical position, including the application of the terms right and left. List and correctly use the major directional terms used in anatomy.

More information

The Skeletal System. Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29

The Skeletal System. Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29 The Skeletal System Skull, Vertebral Column and Girdles Pages 27-29 Vertebral column Skull Thoracic cage (ribs and sternum) Sacrum Cranium Facial bones Clavicle Scapula Sternum Rib Humerus Vertebra Radius

More information

The Skeleto-muscular system

The Skeleto-muscular system Unit 1: Principles of Anatomy & Physiology in Sport and Unit 2: The Physiology of fitness The Skeleto-muscular system (P1, P2, P3, P4, M1) Unit 1 and (P1, P3, M1, M2) Unit 2 Student name:.. Tutor name:

More information

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton

Laerdal' Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton Laerdal Texas P.O. Box 38.226 EM. 116 Gatesville,Texas U.S.A.76528 U.S.A.1-800-433-5539 IntemationaI1-254-865-7221 24 Hour Fax 254-865-8011 ~ Laerdal' TABLE OF CONTENTS

More information

Cervical Vertebrae. Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical

Cervical Vertebrae. Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical Cervical Vertebrae Seven vertebrae (C 1 -C 7 ) are the smallest, lightest vertebrae C1 & C2 are atypical C 3 -C 7 are typical Oval body & wider side to side short spinous processes (except C7) and is bifid

More information

Skeletal System. Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition)

Skeletal System. Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition) Skeletal System Unit 6.4 (6 th Edition) Chapter 7.4 (7 th Edition) 1 Learning Objectives Understand the five functions of bones (physiology) Classify the four major types of bones Identify the major parts

More information

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8

Anatomy Lecture Notes Chapters 7 and 8 I. axial vs appendicular axial skeleton forms long axis of body: skull, vertebral column, rib cage appendicular - bones of upper and lower limbs including girdles that attach limbs to axial skeleton II.

More information

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V

MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V MUSCULAR AND SKELETAL SYSTEMS CFE 3272V CLOSED CAPTIONED NATIONAL GEOGRAPHIC SOCIETY 1994 Grade Levels: 5-10 20 minutes DESCRIPTION A strong, healthy body moves freely and rapidly in its daily activities,

More information

Chapter 6 Checkpoint Questions docx

Chapter 6 Checkpoint Questions docx Name: Date: Period: Chapter 6: Checkpoint Questions The Skeletal System 1. Name the five primary functions of the skeletal system. a. Support b. Storage reserves (of minerals and bone marrow) c. Blood

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND

SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND SKELETAL SYSTEM GRADE 3-6 BACKGROUND The Skeletal System is made up of the bones of the body and the joints between the bones, as well as certain connective tissue (cartilage and ligaments.) This lesson

More information

BONES & MUSCLES FOR LIFE. Bone & Muscle Review Level: Advanced

BONES & MUSCLES FOR LIFE. Bone & Muscle Review Level: Advanced Level: Advanced Objective: Students will identify bones, muscles, and corresponding joints of the body and describe how bones and muscles work together to create movement and promote the ability to have

More information

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

BTEC Level 3 Subsidiary Diploma in Sport Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport FRONT SHEET - Centre Number: 68706 Unit 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport Student Name: Date Set 4/1/12 Date to be handed in 10/1/12 Assignment 1 Principles of Anatomy and Physiology in Sport

More information

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System

Chapter 5 The Skeletal System Essentials of Human Anatomy & Physiology Elaine N. Marieb Seventh Edition Chapter 5 The Skeletal System The Skeletal System Parts of the skeletal system Bones (skeleton) Joints Cartilages Ligaments (bone

More information

Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings The Upper Limb The upper limb consists of the arm (brachium), forearm (antebrachium), and hand (manus) Thirty-seven bones form the skeletal framework of each upper limb Arm Articulates with the scapula

More information

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body

Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Epicranius Anatomy and Physiology 121: Muscles of the Human Body Covers upper cranium Raises eyebrows, surprise, headaches Parts Frontalis Occipitalis Epicranial aponeurosis Orbicularis oculi Ring (sphincter)

More information

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton:

THE SKELETAL SYSTEM. Introduction: Bone Markings Overview: Divisions of the skeleton: THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Introduction: The skeleton is the body s structural framework and is composed of two of the supportive tissues studied earlier; bone and cartilage. The main functions of the skeleton

More information

SECTION 45-1 REVIEW. VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below.

SECTION 45-1 REVIEW. VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below. SECTION 45-1 REVIEW THE HUMAN BODY PLAN VOCABULARY REVIEW Describe the functions of the tissues listed below. 1. nervous tissue 2. muscular tissue 3. skeletal muscle 4. epithelial tissue 5. connective

More information

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM

GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Biology 201 Human Anatomy Fall Semester 2009 GROSS ANATOMY OF THE SKELETAL SYSTEM References: Marieb, Mallatt, Wilhelm Human Anatomy, 5th ed. (2008) Marieb, Human Anatomy Laboratory Manual with Cat Dissections

More information

Chapter 7: Skeletal System. I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues:

Chapter 7: Skeletal System. I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues: Shier, Butler, and Lewis: Hole s Human Anatomy and Physiology, 13 th ed. Chapter 7: Skeletal System Chapter 7: Skeletal System I. Introduction (Outcome 7.1.1) 1. Bones include active, living tissues: (Outcome

More information

Anatomical Position. Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together. Deep/Superficial

Anatomical Position. Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together. Deep/Superficial Anatomical Position Standing erect Hands at side with palms facing forward Feet together Deep/Superficial Planes Hierarchy of Structures Within the Human Body Subatomic Particles Protons Neutrons Electrons

More information

Structure and Function of the Body

Structure and Function of the Body Structure and Function of the Body STRUCTURAL LEVELS OF ORGANIZATION A. Organization is an outstanding characteristic of the body structure. B. The body is a unit constructed of the following smaller units:

More information

Locating Common Bones*

Locating Common Bones* 4H1656 4ANATOMY & PHYSIOLOGY ACTIVITY Locating Common Bones* Skill Level: 4Beginner to advanced Life Skills: 4Communication, critical thinking, decision-making and teamwork Setting: 4Room with chairs arranged

More information

The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems

The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems The adult body is made up of: 100 trillion cells 206 bones 600 muscles 22 internal organs 11 organ systems 1. Circulatory System 2.Respiratory System ( 3.Immune System (many types of protein, cells, organs,

More information

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8)

Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Skeletal System: Axial and Appendicular Skeleton (Chapter 7 & 8) Lecture Materials for Amy Warenda Czura, Ph.D. Suffolk County Community College Eastern Campus Primary Sources for figures and content:

More information

The Skeletal System Musculo-Skeletal System

The Skeletal System Musculo-Skeletal System The Skeletal System The skeletal system includes connective tissues such as bone, cartilage, tendons, and ligaments. These tissues are combined with the various types of muscle tissue to form the Musculo-Skeletal

More information

SKELETAL SYSTEM (APPENDICULAR SKELETON) AND ARTICULATIONS

SKELETAL SYSTEM (APPENDICULAR SKELETON) AND ARTICULATIONS 5-1 LAB 5: SKELETAL SYSTEM (APPENDICULAR SKELETON) AND ARTICULATIONS In this lab you will continue to study the skeletal system. appendicular skeleton and associated articulations (joints) The focus of

More information

Medical Terminology, Anatompy & Physiology

Medical Terminology, Anatompy & Physiology 1. Which of the following BEST describes the anatomical position? a. Supine with arms crossed over the chest and knees slightly bent b. Standing, facing forward, with arms raised above the head c. Standing,

More information

The Skeletal System. "Support System"

The Skeletal System. Support System The Skeletal System "Support System" Types of skeletal systems in the animal Kingdom 1-Hydrostatic skeleton: as in flatworms and annelids, where the fluid found in their ceolom acts as a skeletal system

More information

There are 24 movable vertebrae in the spine; 7 in the cervical curvature, 12 in the thoracic curvature, 5 in the lumbar curvature.

There are 24 movable vertebrae in the spine; 7 in the cervical curvature, 12 in the thoracic curvature, 5 in the lumbar curvature. 1 Vertebral Column and thoracic cage Danil Hammoudi.MD The spine, or vertebral column, is composed of 5 main segments: the cervical, thoracic, and lumbar curvatures, the sacrum, and the coccyx. Each of

More information

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Anatomical Orientation - Page 1 of 9

Learning Modules - Medical Gross Anatomy Anatomical Orientation - Page 1 of 9 Anatomical Orientation - Page 1 of 9 In order to accurately describe the human body, a basic set of anatomical terms must be known. To start, there are 3 types of primary or cardinal planes that pass through

More information

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey

Human Anatomy Manual The Skeleton. Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey Carolina Biological Supply company 2700 York Road, Burlington, North Carolina 27215 HUMAN SKELETON 1 Survey 2, 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27.

More information

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide

Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Human Functional Anatomy Musculoskeletal Lab Notes and Guide Station #1 Vertebral Column Objectives: 1. Identify the parts of a typical vertebrae 2. Identify cervical, thoracic, lumbar, sacral, coccygeal

More information

Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System

Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System Biology 13A Lab #5: Skeletal System Lab #5 Table of Contents: Expected Learning Outcomes... 43 Introduction..... 44 Activity 1: Getting Wired... 44 Activity 2: Variation due to Sex and Age. 47 Expected

More information

Comprehensive Anatomy and Physiology for ICD-10-CM Coding

Comprehensive Anatomy and Physiology for ICD-10-CM Coding 2011 Comprehensive Anatomy and Physiology for ICD-10-CM Coding Your guide to the anatomical and physiological specificity of ICD-10-CM coding NEW! See sample pages of this new product. ICD-10 A full suite

More information

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings

Figure 1.7a. Copyright 2006 Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Benjamin Cummings Language of Anatomy Anatomical Position Body erect, feet slightly apart, palms facing forward, thumbs point away from body Right, left, front, back, top, bottom are the subject s (cadaver s) P.O.V. NOT

More information

INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes:

INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes: INTRODUCTION TO ADJUSTIVE TECHNIQUE: Body Planes: In order to describe the direction of movement, the body is divided into planes. The body is positioned in the anatomical position, which means the body

More information

Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System

Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System Educator s Guide and Script For Human Body: The Skeletal System 1 Table of Contents Page Table of Contents and Rights. 2 Introduction 2 Advanced Vocabulary Definitions. 2 Human Body: The Skeletal System

More information

Overview. Chapter 4. The Human Body. Anatomic Terms 9/11/2012. Anatomic Terms The Anatomic Position Descriptive Anatomic Terms

Overview. Chapter 4. The Human Body. Anatomic Terms 9/11/2012. Anatomic Terms The Anatomic Position Descriptive Anatomic Terms Chapter 4 The Human Body Slide 1 Overview Anatomic Terms The Anatomic Position Descriptive Anatomic Terms Body Systems Respiratory System Circulatory System Musculoskeletal System Nervous System Skin Digestive

More information

Practical 1 Worksheet

Practical 1 Worksheet Practical 1 Worksheet ANATOMICAL TERMS 1. Use the word bank to fill in the missing words. reference side stand body arms palms anatomical forward All anatomical terms have a(n) point which is called the

More information

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:.

SKELETON AND JOINTS G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION. Unit 1. Factors Affecting Participation and Performance. G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. G.C.S.E. PHYSICAL EDUCATION Unit 1 Factors Affecting Participation and Performance SKELETON AND JOINTS Name: G.C.S.E. P.E. Teacher:. By the end of this booklet you should be able to: Understand what the

More information

Anatomy for ICD-10-CM Part 2: Musculoskeletal

Anatomy for ICD-10-CM Part 2: Musculoskeletal Anatomy for ICD-10-CM Part 2: Musculoskeletal Presented by: Kim Reid, CPC, CPC-I, CEMC, CPMA 1 Objectives Understand the structure and function of the musculoskeletal system Review common terminology ICD-10-CM

More information

OBJECTIVES: WHAT TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL

OBJECTIVES: WHAT TO KNOW FOR PRACTICAL THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Individual bones are composed of bone, cartilage, and connective tissue; thus, they are organs, collectively comprising the skeletal system. Functions of the skeletal system are many,

More information

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc.

Skeletal system. 2012 Pearson Education, Inc. NURS1004 Week 6 Part I Prepared by Didy Button Skeletal system An Introduction to the Skeletal System The Skeletal System Includes: Bones of the skeleton Cartilages, ligaments, and connective tissues 6-1

More information

II. Axial Skeleton (Skull, Thoracic Cage, and Vertebral Column)

II. Axial Skeleton (Skull, Thoracic Cage, and Vertebral Column) THE SKELETAL SYSTEM Lab Objectives Students should be able to: 1. Recognize bones and bone markings for the axial and appendicular skeleton 2. Recognize bones disarticulated and/or articulated 3. Identify

More information