End of Spanish Rule. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain acquires Louisiana. Spain Closes East Texas Missions

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1 End of Spanish Rule Spanish Texas Treaty of Paris of 1763: Great Britain gained Canada and all of French land east of the Mississippi River (except New Orleans) Treaty of Paris of 1763: Boundary between Spanish and foreign territory became the Mississippi River France no longer a colonial power in North America Great Britain s victory over France in the Seven Years War ( ) changed the balance of power in the Americas. Treaty of Paris of 1763: Spain received New Orleans and all French land west of the Mississippi Spain Closes East Texas Missions Does Spain still need East Texas missions and presidios? Marques de Rubi sent to investigate Spain did not have wealth or power to defend the missions

2 Spain Closes East Texas Missions Suggested abandon all but San Antonio and Goliad (La Bahia) Form alliances with Comanches and fight the Apache Nacogdoches Founded Both France and Spain support colonists during American Revolution WHY? Spain and Britain at war Spain keeps New Orleans and lower Mississippi Valley from British While Spain has problems in Texas, Americans east of Mississippi fight for independence Bernardo de Galvez (Spanish Louisiana Governor) Opened New Orleans Port Supplied weapons, clothing, money, medical supplies to American troops Peace Treaty between Britain and United States Spain keeps Florida U.S. and Britain gain trading rights on the Mississippi

3 Louisiana Purchase Spain forced to give LA back to France U.S. buys the LA territory from France for $15 million Doubles the size of U.S. Dispute over boundary between Spanish TX and LA U.S. claims Sabine River as boundary Spain claims border is from Arroyo Hondo to Calcasieu River in LA U.S. Commander Wilkinson and Colonel Herrera of Spanish East TX compromise and form the Neutral Territory Americans Migrate to Texas - GTT Farmers Traders Adventurers Filibusters - plotting to seize control of Texas Neutral Ground Haven for smugglers and fugitives - NO GOVERNMENT Adams - Onis Treaty Settled Dispute Spain gave U.S. Florida U.S. agrees to Sabine River as border and gives up claims to TX Neutral Ground now in U.S. History is the analysis of events. Usually one event produces, or causes, another event to happen. Historians look for cause-and-effect relationships to explain why things happen.

4 France loses Louisiana to Spain Spain closes East Texas missions The diagram shows that when France lost Louisiana to Spain, Spain no longer needed the missions in East Texas to protect its eastern boundary, so the missions were closed. France loses Louisiana to Spain Spain closes East Texas missions Often the effect of one action may in turn cause other events to occur. This is called a cause-andeffect chain. Because so many historical events are related, cause-and-effect chains can be very long and can include events that happen over a long period of time. Settlers move to San Antonio One effect may be produced by various causes. One event can produce several different effects. Look for words and phrases: because, as a result, for this reason, led to, produced, therefore, brought about, since, caused France loses Louisiana to Spain Spain closes East Texas missions Settlers move to San Antonio Spain gives Louisiana back to France, which then sells it to the United States

5 Practice Cause and Effect Place the following events in chronological order to complete the cause-and-effect flowchart. Adams-Onis Treaty gives the Neutral Ground to the U.S., which can then enforce laws there. Spain and the U.S. agree to create the Neutral Ground, which neither government rules. Spain and the U.S. dispute the boundary between Texas and Louisiana. Focused Writing Making Predictions: If France had not sold the Louisiana Territory to the United States in 1803, how might Texas be different today?

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