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1 Volcanoes Not an activity devised for the now not so current volcanic eruption in Iceland, but something from our paper archive devised by Susan Hart in 1981 when at Thomas Tallis School in Greenwich. Susan has kept her collaborative principles and is now researcher and author of the Learning Without Limits project at the University of Cambridge: We have only tweaked it slightly at this stage, but we also have a lot of extra material produced after the Mount St Helens eruption to add to this if there is demand. It satisfies the principles of collaborative work: builds on prior knowledge and gets children working together with a common purpose. Please send us more up to date versions of science talk and newpaper reporter speak! Notes: children work in pairs, but if they can cross check with other pairs this works well. The cards are printed in two sets but you need to print them in the same colour and mix them up before giving them out. The cloze activity takes out every seventh word which is a much better conversation producer than cloze where all the nouns are removed. Webaddress: Last update 27th June 2012 COLLABORATIVE LEARNING PROJECT Project Director: Stuart Scott We support a network of teaching professionals to develop and disseminate accessible talk-for-learning activities in all subject areas and for all ages. 17, Barford Street, Islington, London N1 0QB UK Phone: 0044 (0) Website: BRIEF SUMMARY OF BASIC PRINCIPLES BEHIND OUR TEACHING ACTIVITIES: The project is a teacher network, and a non-profit making educational trust. Our main aim is to develop and disseminate classroom tested examples of effective group strategies that promote talk across all phases and subjects. We hope they will inspire you to develop and use similar strategies in other topics and curriculum areas. We want to encourage you to change them and adapt them to your classroom and students. We run teacher workshops, swapshops and conferences throughout the European Union. The project posts online many activities in all subject areas. An online newsletter is also updated regularly. *These activities are influenced by current thinking about the role of language in learning. They are designed to help children learn through talk and active learning in small groups. They work best in non selective classes where children in need of language or learning support are integrated. They are well suited for the development of oracy. They provide teachers opportunities for assessment of talk. *They support differentiation by placing a high value on what children can offer to each other on a particular topic, and also give children the chance to respect each other s views and formulate shared opinions which they can disseminate to peers. By helping them to take ideas and abstract concepts, discuss, paraphrase and move them about physically, they help to develop thinking skills. *They give children the opportunity to participate in their own words and language in their own time without pressure. Many activities can be tried out in pupils first languages and afterwards in English. A growing number of activities are available in more than one language, not translated, but mixed, so that you may need more than one language to complete the activity. *They encourage study skills in context, and should therefore be used with a range of appropriate information books which are preferably within reach in the classroom. *They are generally adaptable over a wide age range because children can bring their own knowledge to an activity and refer to books at an appropriate level. The activities work like catalysts. *All project activities were planned and developed by teachers working together, and the main reason they are disseminated is to encourage teachers to work more effectively with each other inside and outside the classroom. They have made it possible for mainstream and language and learning support teachers to share an equal role in curriculum delivery. They should be adapted to local conditions. In order to help us keep pace with curriculum changes, please send any new or revised activities back to the project, so that we can add them to our lists of materials.

2 Volcanoes What do you already know about volcanoes? Discuss the questions and write down brief answers. What would you see/hear during a volcanic eruption? How is it different from an earthquake? What causes earthquakes and volcanoes? Anything else you know about volcanoes? Read your set of cards carefully and divide them into two piles: What a scientist might say when talking about a volcano What an eyewitness or newspaper reporter might say about a volcano Draw a picture of a volcano based on what you have read on the cards.

3 Volcanoes - eye witness cards There was a deafening roar like a giant explosion. A cloud of steam rose up from the top of the volcano. People were suffocated. They could not breathe because of the tremendous heat and poisonous gases. The sky grew pitch black. Then suddenly it was a blaze of fire. It was like a massive firework display. Houses and building toppled and fell. Others were buried in the burning rock and ashes. Crowds of people, screaming and crying, surged through the streets in panic trying to escape. The sea boiled and sent up clouds of steam. Huge waves battered the shore, rising higher and higher. A sheaf of flame, like a hurricane of fire, poured down the mountainside. Cinders and ashes rained on down on nearby villages.

4 Volcanoes - scientist cards The inside of the earth is very hot. The hot rock is called magma. Eventually a crack opens up and a volcano erupts. Hot rock and hot gases spurt through the vent. All the land on the surface of the earth was once joined together. Heat from inside the earth cracked it into huge pieces. These pieces, called continents, began to drift. The molten rock is called lava. It is so hot it sets fire to trees and bushes instantly. Volcanoes usually happen in the places where the continents have cracked. These cracks are called faults. Great heat and pressure build up in the rock under the earth s moving crust. There is evidence that without volcanoes the earth s crust would become arid and infertile. There are 485 active volcanoes in the world.

5 Volcanoes of the World Do this work in pairs. You each need a copy of an atlas. - one person finds a map of all the countries of the world. - the other person finds map show volcanoes in the world. Tick whether volcanoes are likely to happen in these countries Country Yes No Country Yes No United States of America United Kingdom Mexico Italy Colombia Greece Peru Russian Federation Chile Turkey Brazil China Argentina India Morocco Japan South Africa Sweden Egypt Australia Write here the names of other countries where volcanoes might happen:

6 Our Amazing World Write out the passage. Think of words that make sense to go in each of the blank? spaces. Compare your version with others. The greatest volcanic eruption in recent? was at Krakatoa in 1883, where? entire island blew itself up. The? of the explosion was heard four? later, 4,775 kilometres away. Rock was? 50 kilometres in the air, and? great cloud of dust circled the? for three years

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