UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SARAWAK KOTA SAMARAHAN SARAWAK PSD2023 ALGORITHM & DATA STRUCTURE


 Walter King
 2 years ago
 Views:
Transcription
1 STUDENT IDENTIFICATION NO UNIVERSITI MALAYSIA SARAWAK KOTA SAMARAHAN SARAWAK FAKULTI SAINS KOMPUTER & TEKNOLOGI MAKLUMAT (Faculty of Computer Science & Information Technology) Diploma in Multimedia Technology THIRD, SIXTH, SEMESTER FINAL EXAMINATION, 2013/2014 SESSION PSD2023 ALGORITHM & DATA STRUCTURE DMTWEF1/12, DSEWEF1/13 7 MAY PM 4.00 PM (2 HOURS) INSTRUCTION TO STUDENT 1. This Examination paper has TWELVE (12) printed pages. 2. This question paper consists of FOUR (4) sections. Section A : Answer ALL questions. Section B : Answer ALL questions. Section C : Answer ALL questions. Section D : Answer ALL questions. 3. Please write all your answers in the Answer Booklet provided.
2 SECTION A : OBJECTIVE QUESTIONS (20 MARKS) INSTRUCTION : ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. 1. Which of the following is not a protection level provided by classes in C++? A. protected B. hidden C. private D. public 2. What is a constructor? A. A class automatically called whenever a new object of this class is created. B. A class automatically called whenever a new object of this class is destroyed. C. A function automatically called whenever a new object of this class is created. D. A function automatically called whenever a new object of this class is destroyed. 3. The operation of processing each element in the list is known as. A. sorting B. merging C. inserting D. traversal 4. In which linked list that the last node address is a null? A. Singly linked list B. Doubly linked list C. Circular list D. None of the above SFCS Page 2 of 12
3 5. A linear list that has node that point to the predecessor and successors nodes is called as. A. Singly Linked List B. Circular Linked List C. Doubly Linked List D. Linear Linked List 6. Consider a linear data structure that operates on the principles of Last In  First Out. Which of the following is the type of data structure will provide this functionality? A. Queue B. Linked List C. Stack D. Tree 7. Queue is a list. A. LIFO B. LILO C. FILO D. FIFO 8. Which one of the following is not a linear data structure? A. Array B. Binary Tree C. Queue D. Stack SFCS Page 3 of 12
4 9. Inserting an item into the stack when stack is not full is called. Operation and deletion of item form the stack, when stack is not empty is called operation. A. push, pop B. pop, push C. insert, delete D. delete, insert 10. is very useful in situation when data have to stored and then retrieved in reverse order. A. Stack B. Queue C. List D. Link list 11. A graph is a collection of nodes, called And line segments called arcs or that connect pair of nodes. A. vertices, edges B. edges, vertices C. vertices, paths D. graph node, edges 12. Which data structure represents a waiting line and limits insertions to be made at the back of the data structure and limits removals to be made from the front? A. Stack. B. Queue. C. Binary tree. D. Linked list. SFCS Page 4 of 12
5 13. What kind of linked list begins with a pointer to the first node, and each node contains a pointer to the next node, and the pointer in the last node points back to the first node? A. Circular, singlylinked list. B. Circular, doublylinked list. C. Singlylinked list. D. Doublylinked list. 14. How many pointers are contained as data members in the nodes of a circular, doubly linked list of integers with five nodes? A. 5 B. 8 C. 10 D Which of the following statements about stacks is incorrect? A. Stacks can be implemented using linked lists. B. Stacks are firstin, firstout (FIFO) data structures. C. New nodes can only be added to the top of the stack. D. The last node (at the bottom) of a stack has a null (0) link. 16. Which stack operation accomplishes retrieving the top item on the stack, leaving the stack unchanged? A. Push B. Pop C. GetStackTop D. CreateStack SFCS Page 5 of 12
6 17. Write the postfix notation of A + B * C / D A. A B C D + * / B. A B * / C D + C. A B C D * + / D. A B C * D / Write the prefix notation of A + B * (C D) / E A. A B C D * E / + B. A B C D E / * + C. + A / * B C D E D. + A * B /  C D E 19. Which of the following statements is NOT true for binary tree? A. Every binary tree has at least one node. B. Every nonempty tree has exactly one root node. C. Every node has at most two children. D. Every nonroot node has exactly one parent. 20. If each node in a tree has a value greater than every value in its left subtree and has value less than every value in its right subtree, the tree is called. A. complete tree B. full binary tree C. binary search tree D. AVL tree SFCS Page 6 of 12
7 SECTION B : TRUE OR FALSE QUESTIONS (10 MARKS) INSTRUCTION : ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. 1. The data fields in the class in C++ program are by default is public. 2. Two main measures for the efficiency of an algorithm are running time and total memory usage. 3. Public means all its data members restricted from other function in a same class. 4. Array allows random access, while the linked list allows sequential access. 5. Inserting an element to the beginning of an array (that is A[0] element) is more difficult than inserting an element to the beginning of a linked list. 6. The size of linked list will be changed automatically when the user insert more data into it. 7. Linked list is a data structure that consists of a sequence of nodes each of which contains a link to the next node in the sequence. 8. Stacks can be implemented in the scenario of waiting line for the plane to take off, landing. 9. Number of branches on the path from the root to the node is known as height. 10. Every binary search tree is not a binary tree. SFCS Page 7 of 12
8 SECTION C : SUBJECTIVE QUESTIONS (45 MARKS) INSTRUCTION : ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. Question 1 a) ADT stands for. b) Every class in C++ contain and. c) members are hidden from other modules and can only be accessed by function member of the same class. d) In a function definition s heading, the :: (double colon), used to reference identifiers in a class. (5 Marks) Question 2 a) Give ONE (1) advantage of a Linked List, as compared to an array. (2 Marks) b) Briefly explain with example of diagram TWO (2) type of linked list. (6 Marks) SFCS Page 8 of 12
9 Question 3 a) Convert the following infix expression to postfix and prefix expression: A + B * (C D) / (P R ) (5 Marks) b) Show the sequence of stack configuration in the evaluation of the postfix expression below. 2 3 * * / (13 Marks) Question Figure 1 a) Based on Figure 1 answer the following questions: i) What is the root element? ii) How many elements are in the tree? iii) How many leaves are in the tree? iv) What is the height of the tree? v) What are the ancestors of element 10? (5 Marks) SFCS Page 9 of 12
10 b) Based on Figure 1, what is the output for using the following order: i) Inorder Traversal ii) Postorder Traversal iii) Preorder Traversal (9 Marks) SFCS Page 10 of 12
11 SECTION D : PROGRAMMING QUESTIONS (25 MARKS) INSTRUCTION : ANSWER ALL QUESTIONS. Question 1 Given the Program class that consists of the following: Program code (eg: DSE) Program description (eg: Diploma in Software Engineering) Program duration (eg: 3 years) Faculty (offered by which faculty, eg: SOITMM) Program Head (name of the person incharge) class Program { private: char ProgCode[3]; char ProgDescription[30]; int ProgDuration; char ProgFaculty[20]; char ProgHead[50]; public: Program(); Program(char[], char[], int, char[], char[]); ~Program(); void setprogram(char[],char[],int,char[], char[]); char* getprogcode(); char* getprogdescription(); int getprogduration(); char* getprogfaculty(); char* getproghead(); void displayprogram(); }; SFCS Page 11 of 12
12 a) Based on a Program class, write a function definition for the following methods using C++: i) Normal constructor that set all data with values given through the parameter. (5 Marks) ii) Retriever or get method for each attributes. (5 Marks) iii) Printer method using displayprogram() defined method. (5 Marks) b) Based on Program class: i) How many constructors does class Program have? ii) What does it mean by the following statement ~Program();? iii) How many data members (attributes) does class Program have? (3 Marks) c) Write a main() program to test the class using C++. It should create TWO (2) object of class Program and then invite the user to input the program records. Finally it should print out the program records. (7 Marks) End of Page. SFCS Page 12 of 12
1) The postfix expression for the infix expression A+B*(C+D)/F+D*E is ABCD+*F/DE*++
Answer the following 1) The postfix expression for the infix expression A+B*(C+D)/F+D*E is ABCD+*F/DE*++ 2) Which data structure is needed to convert infix notations to postfix notations? Stack 3) The
More information12 Abstract Data Types
12 Abstract Data Types 12.1 Source: Foundations of Computer Science Cengage Learning Objectives After studying this chapter, the student should be able to: Define the concept of an abstract data type (ADT).
More informationData Structure [Question Bank]
Unit I (Analysis of Algorithms) 1. What are algorithms and how they are useful? 2. Describe the factor on best algorithms depends on? 3. Differentiate: Correct & Incorrect Algorithms? 4. Write short note:
More informationDATA STRUCTURES USING C
DATA STRUCTURES USING C QUESTION BANK UNIT I 1. Define data. 2. Define Entity. 3. Define information. 4. Define Array. 5. Define data structure. 6. Give any two applications of data structures. 7. Give
More information10CS35: Data Structures Using C
CS35: Data Structures Using C QUESTION BANK REVIEW OF STRUCTURES AND POINTERS, INTRODUCTION TO SPECIAL FEATURES OF C OBJECTIVE: Learn : Usage of structures, unions  a conventional tool for handling a
More informationQuiz 4 Solutions EECS 211: FUNDAMENTALS OF COMPUTER PROGRAMMING II. 1 Q u i z 4 S o l u t i o n s
Quiz 4 Solutions Q1: What value does function mystery return when called with a value of 4? int mystery ( int number ) { if ( number
More informationData Structures Using C++ 2E. Chapter 11 Binary Trees and BTrees
Data Structures Using C++ 2E Chapter 11 Binary Trees and BTrees Binary Trees Definition: a binary tree, T, is either empty or such that T has a special node called the root node T has two sets of nodes,
More informationCOURSE: B.TECHECE. IV Sem. Data structure Using C. b) Deletion of element in an array
COURSE: B.TECHECE. IV Sem Data structure Using C 1. Determine the formula to find the address location of an element in three dimensions array, suppose each element takes four bytes of space & elements
More informationPES Institute of TechnologyBSC QUESTION BANK
PES Institute of TechnologyBSC Faculty: Mrs. R.Bharathi CS35: Data Structures Using C QUESTION BANK UNIT I BASIC CONCEPTS 1. What is an ADT? Briefly explain the categories that classify the functions
More informationOverview of Data Structures
UNIT 3 Concrete Data Types Classification of Data Structures Concrete vs. Abstract Data Structures Most Important Concrete Data Structures Arrays Records Linked Lists Binary Trees Overview of Data Structures
More informationCS2 Final Study Guide
CS2 Final Study Guide  Know how to write an assignment operator, copy constructor and destructor for a simple class that has dynamically allocated memory. Trees 1. Define the following terms o binary
More informationData Structures Using C++ 2E. Chapter 5 Linked Lists
Data Structures Using C++ 2E Chapter 5 Linked Lists Doubly Linked Lists Traversed in either direction Typical operations Initialize the list Destroy the list Determine if list empty Search list for a given
More information1. The memory address of the first element of an array is called A. floor address B. foundation addressc. first address D.
1. The memory address of the first element of an array is called A. floor address B. foundation addressc. first address D. base address 2. The memory address of fifth element of an array can be calculated
More informationData Structures 2014
Unit1 Introduction Short Questions:1. Define data structure. 2. Define algorithm. 3. List out areas in which data structures are applied. 4. List out structure of algorithm. 5. List out properties of
More information5. A full binary tree with n leaves contains [A] n nodes. [B] log n 2 nodes. [C] 2n 1 nodes. [D] n 2 nodes.
1. The advantage of.. is that they solve the problem if sequential storage representation. But disadvantage in that is they are sequential lists. [A] Lists [B] Linked Lists [A] Trees [A] Queues 2. The
More informationLecture: #910. Binary Trees
Lecture: #910 Binary Trees Topics 1. Definition and Application of Binary Trees 2. Binary Search Tree Operations 3. Template Considerations for Binary Search Trees 192 1. Definition and Application of
More informationComp 245 Data Structures. Stacks
Comp 245 Data Structures Stacks What is a Stack? A LIFO (last in, first out) structure Access (storage or retrieval) may only take place at the TOP NO random access to other elements within the stack An
More informationKrishna Institute of Engineering & Technology, Ghaziabad Department of Computer Application MCA213 : DATA STRUCTURES USING C
Tutorial#1 Q 1: Explain the terms data, elementary item, entity, primary key, domain, attribute and information? Also give examples in support of your answer? Q 2: What is a Data Type? Differentiate
More informationData Structures. Level 6 C30151. www.fetac.ie. Module Descriptor
The Further Education and Training Awards Council (FETAC) was set up as a statutory body on 11 June 2001 by the Minister for Education and Science. Under the Qualifications (Education & Training) Act,
More informationHome Page. Data Structures. Title Page. Page 1 of 24. Go Back. Full Screen. Close. Quit
Data Structures Page 1 of 24 A.1. Arrays (Vectors) nelement vector start address + ielementsize 0 +1 +2 +3 +4... +n1 start address continuous memory block static, if size is known at compile time dynamic,
More informationTrees and Binary Relations. Debdeep Mukhopadhyay IIT Madras
Trees and Binary Relations Debdeep Mukhopadhyay IIT Madras Outline Tree : definition and its relation with binary relations Properties Expressions: Balancedness Infix, Postfix and Prefix Expression Trees
More informationAlgorithms and Data Structures
Algorithms and Data Structures Part 2: Data Structures PD Dr. rer. nat. habil. RalfPeter Mundani Computation in Engineering (CiE) Summer Term 2016 Overview general linked lists stacks queues trees 2 2
More informationOrdered Lists and Binary Trees
Data Structures and Algorithms Ordered Lists and Binary Trees Chris Brooks Department of Computer Science University of San Francisco Department of Computer Science University of San Francisco p.1/62 60:
More informationConverting a Number from Decimal to Binary
Converting a Number from Decimal to Binary Convert nonnegative integer in decimal format (base 10) into equivalent binary number (base 2) Rightmost bit of x Remainder of x after division by two Recursive
More informationSummary. Pre requisition. Content Details: 1. Basics in C++
Summary C++ Language is one of the approaches to provide objectoriented functionality with C like syntax. C++ adds greater typing strength, scoping and other tools useful in objectoriented programming
More informationMAX = 5 Current = 0 'This will declare an array with 5 elements. Inserting a Value onto the Stack (Push) 
=============================================================================================================================== DATA STRUCTURE PSEUDOCODE EXAMPLES (c) Mubashir N. Mir  www.mubashirnabi.com
More informationData Structures Using Java
Data Structures Using Java D. S. Malik P. S. Nair THOMSON COURSE TECHNOLOGY Australia Canada Mexico Singapore Spain United Kingdom United States TABLE OF Contents PREFACE XXV 1.Software Engineering Principles
More informationData Structures. Topic #8
Data Structures Topic #8 Today s Agenda Continue Discussing Table Abstractions But, this time, let s talk about them in terms of new nonlinear data structures trees which require that our data be organized
More informationQuestions 1 through 25 are worth 2 points each. Choose one best answer for each.
Questions 1 through 25 are worth 2 points each. Choose one best answer for each. 1. For the singly linked list implementation of the queue, where are the enqueues and dequeues performed? c a. Enqueue in
More informationBinary Search Trees CMPSC 122
Binary Search Trees CMPSC 122 Note: This notes packet has significant overlap with the first set of trees notes I do in CMPSC 360, but goes into much greater depth on turning BSTs into pseudocode than
More informationDefinition. E.g. : Attempting to represent a transport link data with a tree structure:
The ADT Graph Recall the ADT binary tree: a tree structure used mainly to represent 1 to 2 relations, i.e. each item has at most two immediate successors. Limitations of tree structures: an item in a tree
More informationAtmiya Infotech Pvt. Ltd. Data Structure. By Ajay Raiyani. Yogidham, Kalawad Road, Rajkot. Ph : 572365, 576681 1
Data Structure By Ajay Raiyani Yogidham, Kalawad Road, Rajkot. Ph : 572365, 576681 1 Linked List 4 Singly Linked List...4 Doubly Linked List...7 Explain Doubly Linked list: ...7 Circular Singly Linked
More informationTrees & Binary Search Trees
CMSC 132: ObjectOriented Programming II Trees & Binary Search Trees Department of Computer Science University of Maryland, College Park Trees Trees are hierarchical data structures Onetomany relationship
More informationBinary Search Trees. A Generic Tree. Binary Trees. Nodes in a binary search tree ( BST) are of the form. P parent. Key. Satellite data L R
Binary Search Trees A Generic Tree Nodes in a binary search tree ( BST) are of the form P parent Key A Satellite data L R B C D E F G H I J The BST has a root node which is the only node whose parent
More informationGUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT. Course Curriculum. DATA STRUCTURES (Code: 3330704)
GUJARAT TECHNOLOGICAL UNIVERSITY, AHMEDABAD, GUJARAT Course Curriculum DATA STRUCTURES (Code: 3330704) Diploma Programme in which this course is offered Semester in which offered Computer Engineering,
More informationStacks, Queues & Trees. The Stack Interface. The Stack Interface. Prof. Dr. Harald Gall. Institut für Informatik Universität Zürich
Stacks, Queues & Trees Prof. Dr. Harald Gall Institut für Informatik Universität Zürich http://seal.ifi.uzh.ch The Stack Interface!! Stack!! Data structure holding several items.!! New items added to the
More informationData Structure with C
Subject: Data Structure with C Topic : Tree Tree A tree is a set of nodes that either:is empty or has a designated node, called the root, from which hierarchically descend zero or more subtrees, which
More informationThe ADT Binary Search Tree. Recursive Tree Traversals. The ADT Binary Search Tree. The ADT Binary Search Tree. Inorder
Recursive Tree Traversals The ADT Binary Search Tree Inorder private void printinorder(treenode node) { if (node!= null) { printinorder(node.getleft()); System.out.print(node.getItem() + " "); printinorder(node.getright());
More informationDEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES CS6202PROGRAMMING AND DATA STRUCTURES I QUESTION BANK
DEPARTMENT OF SCIENCE AND HUMANITIES Sem/Year/Branch: II/I/CSE CS6202PROGRAMMING AND DATA STRUCTURES I QUESTION BANK UNIT I 1. Give two examples of C preprocessors with syntax.(apr/may 2015) 2. What are
More information1 23 Trees: The Basics
CS10: Data Structures and ObjectOriented Design (Fall 2013) November 1, 2013: 23 Trees: Inserting and Deleting Scribes: CS 10 Teaching Team Lecture Summary In this class, we investigated 23 Trees in
More informationECE 250 Data Structures and Algorithms MIDTERM EXAMINATION 20081023/5:156:45 REC200, EVI350, RCH106, HH139
ECE 250 Data Structures and Algorithms MIDTERM EXAMINATION 20081023/5:156:45 REC200, EVI350, RCH106, HH139 Instructions: No aides. Turn off all electronic media and store them under your desk. If
More informationBinary Trees and Binary Search Trees C++ Implementations
Binary Trees and Binary Search Trees C++ Implementations Learning Goals: Apply basic tree definitions to classification problems. Describe the properties of binary trees, binary search trees, and more
More informationTrees. Definition: A tree is a connected undirected graph with no simple circuits. Example: Which of these graphs are trees?
Section 11.1 Trees Definition: A tree is a connected undirected graph with no simple circuits. Example: Which of these graphs are trees? Solution: G 1 and G 2 are trees both are connected and have no simple
More informationPractice Problems (Midterm)
ECE250 Algorithms and Data Structures (Winter 2012) Practice Problems (Midterm) Disclaimer: Please do keep in mind that this problem set does not reflect the exact topics or the fractions of each of the
More informationAbstract Data Type. EECS 281: Data Structures and Algorithms. The Foundation: Data Structures and Abstract Data Types
EECS 281: Data Structures and Algorithms The Foundation: Data Structures and Abstract Data Types Computer science is the science of abstraction. Abstract Data Type Abstraction of a data structure on that
More informationMultiWay Search Trees (B Trees)
MultiWay Search Trees (B Trees) Multiway Search Trees An mway search tree is a tree in which, for some integer m called the order of the tree, each node has at most m children. If n
More informationIntroduction to Data Structures and Algorithms
Introduction to Data Structures and Algorithms Chapter: Elementary Data Structures(1) Lehrstuhl Informatik 7 (Prof. Dr.Ing. Reinhard German) Martensstraße 3, 91058 Erlangen Overview on simple data structures
More informationUnordered Linked Lists
Unordered Linked Lists Derive class unorderedlinkedlist from the abstract class linkedlisttype Implement the operations search, insertfirst, insertlast, deletenode See code on page 292 Defines an unordered
More informationData Structures and Algorithms
Data Structures and Algorithms CS2452016S06 Binary Search Trees David Galles Department of Computer Science University of San Francisco 060: Ordered List ADT Operations: Insert an element in the list
More informationLinked Lists Linked Lists, Queues, and Stacks
Linked Lists Linked Lists, Queues, and Stacks CSE 10: Introduction to C Programming Fall 200 Dynamic data structure Size is not fixed at compile time Each element of a linked list: holds a value points
More informationBinary Trees and Huffman Encoding Binary Search Trees
Binary Trees and Huffman Encoding Binary Search Trees Computer Science E119 Harvard Extension School Fall 2012 David G. Sullivan, Ph.D. Motivation: Maintaining a Sorted Collection of Data A data dictionary
More informationData Structures. Topic #9
Data Structures Topic #9 Today s Agenda Continue Discussing Trees Examine the algorithm to insert Examine the algorithm to remove Begin discussing efficiency of tree Are there any alternatives? 23 234
More informationData Structure. Lecture 3
Data Structure Lecture 3 Data Structure Formally define Data structure as: DS describes not only set of objects but the ways they are related, the set of operations which may be applied to the elements
More informationBinary Search Trees. Data in each node. Larger than the data in its left child Smaller than the data in its right child
Binary Search Trees Data in each node Larger than the data in its left child Smaller than the data in its right child FIGURE 116 Arbitrary binary tree FIGURE 117 Binary search tree Data Structures Using
More informationAnalysis of a Search Algorithm
CSE 326 Lecture 4: Lists and Stacks 1. Agfgd 2. Dgsdsfd 3. Hdffdsf 4. Sdfgsfdg 5. Tefsdgass We will review: Analysis: Searching a sorted array (from last time) List ADT: Insert, Delete, Find, First, Kth,
More information2. (a) Explain the strassen s matrix multiplication. (b) Write deletion algorithm, of Binary search tree. [8+8]
Code No: R05220502 Set No. 1 1. (a) Describe the performance analysis in detail. (b) Show that f 1 (n)+f 2 (n) = 0(max(g 1 (n), g 2 (n)) where f 1 (n) = 0(g 1 (n)) and f 2 (n) = 0(g 2 (n)). [8+8] 2. (a)
More informationData Structure and Algorithm I Midterm Examination 120 points Time: 9:10am12:10pm (180 minutes), Friday, November 12, 2010
Data Structure and Algorithm I Midterm Examination 120 points Time: 9:10am12:10pm (180 minutes), Friday, November 12, 2010 Problem 1. In each of the following question, please specify if the statement
More informationChapter There are nonisomorphic rooted trees with four vertices. Ans: 4.
Use the following to answer questions 126: In the questions below fill in the blanks. Chapter 10 1. If T is a tree with 999 vertices, then T has edges. 998. 2. There are nonisomorphic trees with four
More informationIntroduction to Data Structures
Introduction to Data Structures Albert Gural October 28, 2011 1 Introduction When trying to convert from an algorithm to the actual code, one important aspect to consider is how to store and manipulate
More informationStacks. Linear data structures
Stacks Linear data structures Collection of components that can be arranged as a straight line Data structure grows or shrinks as we add or remove objects ADTs provide an abstract layer for various operations
More informationBinary Search Trees (BST)
Binary Search Trees (BST) 1. Hierarchical data structure with a single reference to node 2. Each node has at most two child nodes (a left and a right child) 3. Nodes are organized by the Binary Search
More informationCommon Data Structures
Data Structures 1 Common Data Structures Arrays (single and multiple dimensional) Linked Lists Stacks Queues Trees Graphs You should already be familiar with arrays, so they will not be discussed. Trees
More informationBinary Heap Algorithms
CS Data Structures and Algorithms Lecture Slides Wednesday, April 5, 2009 Glenn G. Chappell Department of Computer Science University of Alaska Fairbanks CHAPPELLG@member.ams.org 2005 2009 Glenn G. Chappell
More informationData Structures and Data Manipulation
Data Structures and Data Manipulation What the Specification Says: Explain how static data structures may be used to implement dynamic data structures; Describe algorithms for the insertion, retrieval
More informationSymbol Tables. IE 496 Lecture 13
Symbol Tables IE 496 Lecture 13 Reading for This Lecture Horowitz and Sahni, Chapter 2 Symbol Tables and Dictionaries A symbol table is a data structure for storing a list of items, each with a key and
More informationCollections & Data Structures. CS 3: Computer Programming in Java
Collections & Data Structures CS 3: Computer Programming in Java Objectives The concept of a collection Separating the interface from the implementation Dynamic data structures Linked lists Queues and
More informationData Structures UNIT III. Model Question Answer
Data Structures UNIT III Model Question Answer Q.1. Define Stack? What are the different primitive operations on Stack? Ans: Stack: A stack is a linear structure in which items may be added or removed
More informationAS2261 M.Sc.(First Semester) Examination2013 Paper fourth SubjectData structure with algorithm
AS2261 M.Sc.(First Semester) Examination2013 Paper fourth SubjectData structure with algorithm Time: Three Hours] [Maximum Marks: 60 Note Attempts all the questions. All carry equal marks Section A
More informationPrevious Lectures. BTrees. External storage. Two types of memory. Btrees. Main principles
BTrees Algorithms and data structures for external memory as opposed to the main memory BTrees Previous Lectures Height balanced binary search trees: AVL trees, redblack trees. Multiway search trees:
More informationLinked Lists, Stacks, Queues, Deques. It s time for a chainge!
Linked Lists, Stacks, Queues, Deques It s time for a chainge! Learning Goals After this unit, you should be able to... Differentiate an abstraction from an implementation. Define and give examples of problems
More informationData Structures Using C++
Data Structures Using C++ 1.1 Introduction Data structure is an implementation of an abstract data type having its own set of data elements along with functions to perform operations on that data. Arrays
More informationINTERNATIONAL EDITION. Problem Solving with C++ Data Abstraction & SIXTH EDITION. Walls and Mirrors. Frank M. Carrano Timothy Henry
INTERNATIONAL EDITION Data Abstraction & Problem Solving with C++ Walls and Mirrors SIXTH EDITION Frank M. Carrano Timothy Henry Operator Meaning Associativity Usage * multiply left expr * expr / divide
More informationLearning Outcomes. COMP202 Complexity of Algorithms. Binary Search Trees and Other Search Trees
Learning Outcomes COMP202 Complexity of Algorithms Binary Search Trees and Other Search Trees [See relevant sections in chapters 2 and 3 in Goodrich and Tamassia.] At the conclusion of this set of lecture
More informationData Structures Using C++ 2E. Chapter 7 Stacks
Data Structures Using C++ 2E Chapter 7 Stacks Stacks Data structure Elements added, removed from one end only Last In First Out (LIFO) FIGURE 71 Various examples of stacks Data Structures Using C++ 2E
More informationCS271: Data Structures. Binary Search Trees
CS271: Data Structures Binary Search Trees This project has three parts: an implementation of a binary search tree class, a testing plan, and an experiment in tree height. 1. PART 1 Implement a binary
More informationData Structures Using C++ 2E. Chapter 7 Stacks
Data Structures Using C++ 2E Chapter 7 Stacks Linked Implementation of Stacks Disadvantage of array (linear) stack representation Fixed number of elements can be pushed onto stack Solution Use pointer
More informationExam study sheet for CS2711. List of topics
Exam study sheet for CS2711 Here is the list of topics you need to know for the final exam. For each data structure listed below, make sure you can do the following: 1. Give an example of this data structure
More informationThe following themes form the major topics of this chapter: The terms and concepts related to trees (Section 5.2).
CHAPTER 5 The Tree Data Model There are many situations in which information has a hierarchical or nested structure like that found in family trees or organization charts. The abstraction that models hierarchical
More informationChapter 13. Pointers and Linked Lists
Chapter 13 Pointers and Linked Lists Overview 13.1 Nodes and Linked Lists 13.2 Stacks and Queues Slide 132 13.1 Nodes and Linked Lists Nodes and Linked Lists n A linked list is a list that can grow and
More informationChapter 3: Restricted Structures Page 1
Chapter 3: Restricted Structures Page 1 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Restricted Structures Chapter 3 Overview Of Restricted Structures The two most commonly used restricted structures are Stack and Queue Both
More informationChapter 14 The Binary Search Tree
Chapter 14 The Binary Search Tree In Chapter 5 we discussed the binary search algorithm, which depends on a sorted vector. Although the binary search, being in O(lg(n)), is very efficient, inserting a
More informationCourse: Programming II  Abstract Data Types. The ADT Stack. A stack. The ADT Stack and Recursion Slide Number 1
Definition Course: Programming II  Abstract Data Types The ADT Stack The ADT Stack is a linear sequence of an arbitrary number of items, together with access procedures. The access procedures permit insertions
More informationChapter 7: Queues and Deques
Chapter 7: Queues and Deques After the stack, the next simplest data abstraction is the queue. As with the stack, the queue can be visualized with many examples you are already familiar with from everyday
More informationAnalysis of Algorithms I: Binary Search Trees
Analysis of Algorithms I: Binary Search Trees Xi Chen Columbia University Hash table: A data structure that maintains a subset of keys from a universe set U = {0, 1,..., p 1} and supports all three dictionary
More informationData Structures and Algorithms V22.0102. Otávio Braga
Data Structures and Algorithms V22.0102 Otávio Braga We use a stack When an operand is read, output it When an operator is read Pop until the top of the stack has an element of lower precedence Then push
More informationCSCI Trees. Mark Redekopp David Kempe
1 CSCI 104 23 Trees Mark Redekopp David Kempe 2 Properties, Insertion and Removal BINARY SEARCH TREES 3 Binary Search Tree Binary search tree = binary tree where all nodes meet the property that: All
More informationBinary Search Trees (BST)
Binary Search Trees (BST) 1. Hierarchical data structure with a single pointer to node 2. Each node has at most two child nodes (a left and a right child) 3. Nodes are organized by the Binary Search property:
More informationData Structures Fibonacci Heaps, Amortized Analysis
Chapter 4 Data Structures Fibonacci Heaps, Amortized Analysis Algorithm Theory WS 2012/13 Fabian Kuhn Fibonacci Heaps Lacy merge variant of binomial heaps: Do not merge trees as long as possible Structure:
More informationStacks. Stacks (and Queues) Stacks. q Stack: what is it? q ADT. q Applications. q Implementation(s) CSCU9A3 1
Stacks (and Queues) 1 Stacks Stack: what is it? ADT Applications Implementation(s) 2 CSCU9A3 1 Stacks and ueues A stack is a very important data structure in computing science. A stack is a seuence of
More information7.1 Our Current Model
Chapter 7 The Stack In this chapter we examine what is arguably the most important abstract data type in computer science, the stack. We will see that the stack ADT and its implementation are very simple.
More informationA TOOL FOR DATA STRUCTURE VISUALIZATION AND USERDEFINED ALGORITHM ANIMATION
A TOOL FOR DATA STRUCTURE VISUALIZATION AND USERDEFINED ALGORITHM ANIMATION Tao Chen 1, Tarek Sobh 2 Abstract  In this paper, a software application that features the visualization of commonly used
More informationTREE BASIC TERMINOLOGIES
TREE Trees are very flexible, versatile and powerful nonliner data structure that can be used to represent data items possessing hierarchical relationship between the grand father and his children and
More informationINTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PURE AND APPLIED RESEARCH IN ENGINEERING AND TECHNOLOGY A PATH FOR HORIZING YOUR INNOVATIVE WORK A REVIEW ON THE USAGE OF OLD AND NEW DATA STRUCTURE ARRAYS, LINKED LIST, STACK,
More informationCourse: Programming II  Abstract Data Types. The ADT Binary Tree
The ADT Binary Tree The Binary Tree is a more general ADT than the linear list: it allows one item to have two immediate successors. Definition The ADT Binary Tree is a finite set of nodes which is either
More informationCS 6202 PROGRAMMING & DATA STRUCTURESI PARTB UNITI ANNA UNIVERSITY QUESTIONS
PARTB UNITI 1. Write a function that returns a pointer to the maximum value of an array of double s.if the array is empty,return null? (8) Double*maximum(double*a,int size); 2. Write a c program to find
More informationStacks & Queues. Data structures and Algorithms
Stacks & Queues Data structures and Algorithms Acknowledgement: These slides are adapted from slides provided with Data Structures and Algorithms in C++ Goodrich, Tamassia and Mount (Wiley, 2004) Outline
More informationBBM 201 Data structures
BBM 201 Data structures Trees 20152016 Fall Content Terminology The ADT Binary Tree The ADT Binary Search Tree Data Structures and Problem Solving with C++: Walls and Mirrors, Carrano and Henry, 2013
More informationStacks. The stack ADT Stack Implementation. Stack Examples. using arrays using generic linked lists using List ADT. EECS 268 Programming II 1
Stacks The stack ADT Stack Implementation using arrays using generic linked lists using List ADT Stack Examples 1 Stacks and Queues Linear data structures each item has specific first, next, and previous
More informationV.S.B. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, KARUR. Academic Year: (ODD Semester) Department of Computer Science and Engineering
V.S.B. ENGINEERING COLLEGE, KARUR Academic Year: 20162017 (ODD Semester) Department of Computer Science and Engineering Question Bank (2013 Regulations) S.No. Name of the Subject / Lab Semester Page No.
More informationEE2204 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHM (Common to EEE, EIE & ICE)
EE2204 DATA STRUCTURES AND ALGORITHM (Common to EEE, EIE & ICE) UNIT I LINEAR STRUCTURES Abstract Data Types (ADT) List ADT arraybased implementation linked list implementation cursorbased linked lists
More information