Pronoun Study Guide. Part I: Pronouns and Antecedents

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1 Name: Date: Part I: Pronouns and Antecedents Pronoun Study Guide A pronoun is a word that takes the place of a noun or another pronoun. We use pronouns to keep our speaking and writing from becoming repetitive. The word a pronoun replaces is called its antecedent. Example of a repetitive paragraph (no prounouns): Mr. Maher got in Mr. Maher s car after school. Mr. Maher drove Mr. Maher s car to Wawa, since Mr. Maher needed to put gas in Mr. Maher s car. After leaving Wawa, Mr. Maher drove to Mr. Maher s house, where Mr. Maher worked on creating a pronoun study guide for Mr. Maher s class. Example of a much less repetitive paragraph (with pronouns): Mr. Maher got in his car after school. He drove his car to Wawa, since he needed to put gas in it. After leaving Wawa, he drove to his house, where he worked on creating a pronoun study guide for his class. In this paragraph, Mr. Maher is the antecedent, and he and his are the pronouns. Car is also an antecedent, replaced by the pronoun it. Circle the pronoun and draw an arrow to its antecedent. 1. Tony ate his popcorn during the movie. 2. Lia always takes her math homework seriously. 3. The entire class forgot their word study homework last week. 4. The team is getting ready in its locker room. 5. My family will have our portrait taken next week.

2 Part II: Subject and Object Pronouns Subject Pronouns A subject pronoun is a pronoun that is the subject of a verb. In other words, it is a pronoun that announces who or what is performing the action in the sentence. For example: He ate two slices of pizza. In this sentence, he is a subject pronoun because it tells us who ate the pizza. Here is another example: It is the biggest football stadium in the country! In this sentence, it is a subject pronoun because it tells us what the biggest stadium is. Here is a list of common subject pronouns. *It s not necessary to memorize this list. You just need to know how to correctly use them in a sentence. Singular I You He She It Plural We They Object Pronouns An object pronoun is a pronoun that is the object of a verb. In other words, it is a pronoun that receives the action in the sentence. For example: The president sent him a letter. In this sentence, him is an object pronoun because it tells us who was sent the letter. Here is another example: Our bus driver talks to us. In this sentence, us is an object pronoun because it explains who the bus driver talks to.

3 Here is a list of common object pronouns. Again, you don t need to memorize this list. Singular Me You Him Her It Plural Us Them **99% of the time, we use subject and object pronouns correctly because we began using them as young children and a sentence usually sounds weird if they are used incorrectly. There is an exception: Me and Bill are going to the movies this weekend. This is a common mistake. Me is an object pronoun, yet it is incorrectly being used as a subject pronoun. It should look like this: Bill and I are going to the movies this weekend. If you re ever unsure, you can always do this: We are going to the movies this weekend. Circle the correct subject/object pronoun in each sentence. 1. [She/Her] is going to the Justin Bieber concert on Friday. 2. [We/Us] have three tests next week. 3. Sarah and [me/i] are best friends for life. 4. I don t have my homework. My dog ate [them/it]. 5. Horses don t like [me/i]. 6. We watch [they/them] on TV.

4 Part III: Possessive Pronouns Possessive pronouns are pronouns that are used to show ownership. Examples of sentences with possessive pronouns: Mark is afraid of the monster under his bed. In this sentence, his is a possessive pronouns because it takes the place of Mark (the antecedent) and shows possession of the bed. I am eating my ice cream cone one lick at a time. In this sentence, my is a possessive pronoun because it takes the place of I (which is a subject pronoun), and shows possession of the ice cream cone. Here is a list of common possessive pronouns: My, Mine Your, Yours His Her, Hers Our, Ours Their, Theirs Whose Note: Even though most possessive nouns have an apostrophe, pronouns never do. Her s or It s are never correct (it s means it is). Circle the correct possessive pronoun. 1. My sister fell off [her, hers] bike. 2. That damaged bike is [her, hers]. 3. Please don t eat [mine, my] candy. 4. The football team lost all of [their, theirs] games. 5. The collection of video games is all [our, ours]. 6. Could you give me [you, your] phone number?

5 Part IV: Reflexive and Intensive Pronouns Reflexive Pronouns A reflexive pronoun is a pronoun that refers back to the subject of a sentence. An easy way to remember the function of a reflexive pronoun is to picture a mirror. A mirror reflects whatever person or thing it is facing. Picture the subject of the sentence looking in a mirror, and that will help you figure out the reflexive pronoun. Examples: Robert hurt himself playing football. In this sentence, himself is a reflexive pronoun, because it refers back to the subject, Robert. If Robert were looking into a mirror, he would see himself. The students rewarded themselves after they all passed the pronoun test. In this sentence, themselves is a reflexive pronoun, because it refers back to the subject, students. If the students were looking in a mirror, they would see themselves. Every reflexive pronoun ends in self or selves. **The ending selfs is NEVER used. The plural of words ending in f or fe always ends in ves. Here are some common reflexive pronouns: Singular Myself Yourself Himself Herself Itself Plural Ourselves Yourselves Themselvees **Sometimes, when people are speaking, they use the words hisself or theirselves. However, when writing formally, these are incorrect. Intensive Pronouns An intensive pronoun is a pronoun that adds a little extra oomph to a sentence. Intensive pronouns end in self and selves, just like reflexive pronouns. You can usually tell a pronoun is intensive if it meets the following criteria: ends in self or selves can be removed from the sentence and the sentence still makes sense often comes right after the noun or pronoun it refers to Examples:

6 I was very lucky to meet Mr. Justin Bieber himself. In this sentence, himself is an intensive pronoun because it ends in self, can be removed from the sentence and the sentence still works, and comes right after the noun it refers to (Justin Bieber). I myself like a little ice cream with my birthday cake. In this sentence, myself is an intensive pronoun because it ends in self, can be removed from the sentence and the sentence still makes sense, and it comes right after the pronoun it refers to (I). Tell whether the bold pronoun is reflexive or intensive. 1. J.K. Rowling approved the book cover herself. (Reflexive/Intensive) 2. We voted to give ourselves a raise this year. (Reflexive/Intensive) 3. My uncle treated himself to a new car. (Reflexive/Intensive) 4. Did you yourself write this book!? (Reflexive/Intensive) 5. The troublemakers just can t help themselves. (Reflexive/Intensive) 6. The boys baked that cake themselves. (Reflexive/Intensive) To study for the test, focus on the following: Know the definitions of: pronouns, antecedents, subject pronouns, object pronouns, possessive pronouns, reflexive pronouns, and intensive pronouns Look at the practice sentences. Most of the test will consist of activities like this. If you can complete these, you will be fine. Remember, you already use most pronouns correctly when you speak and write, but it s also important to know why you re using them. If you want more practice sentences, log into for more practice.

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